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Mid Year Unit Exam

160 Questions  I  By Chimingbelles
Mid Year Unit Exam

  
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1.  James Polk went to war with Mexico
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following was NOT an essential feature of the factory system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  John Tyler initiated the politics of Manifest Destiny
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which one of the following was an important premise of Manifest Destiny?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  ________, the hero of San Jacinto, became the first president of the Texas Republic.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The arrival of large numbers of immigrants
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The rallying cry "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight" referred to which desired territory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  For the American economy, railroads
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Young America movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Manifest Destiny was based, in part, on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The increasing employment of immigrants in the 1840s and 1850s
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  In ________, Herman Melville produced a novel, original in form and conception, to fulfill the demand of Young Americans for a New Literature.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The majority of immigrants became
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Characteristic of the change in labor in the 1830s and 1840s was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The ________ immigrants to the United States settled in the Northeast and faced prejudice.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  For former rural folk, the transition to industrial wage labor
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The major factor that pushed the Irish immigrant to the United States in the 1840s and 1850s was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  In 1830, California, Texas, and New Mexico were under the sovereignty of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  One of the most important effects of the American industrial revolution was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  California in the 1830s and 1840s was controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The Mormon community, established in Utah,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Most German immigrants came to the United States to escape
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The leader of the Mormon trek to Utah was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following was NOT Mexican territory in 1825?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Opposition to Tyler's plan for the annexation of Texas came, primarily, from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  An important result of the changing character of labor was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Shippers did not immediately shift to the railroads because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Between the 1830s and 1840s, most of the immigrants to the United States came from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The inventor of the mechanical reaper was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The founder of the Mormon Church was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  German immigrants
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Who was president of the United States when the Mexican War began?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  In the presidential election of 1844,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The transformation of the American economy in the 1840s and 1850s was primarily the result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Local and state governments in the United States
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The growth of American industry in the 1830s and 1840s was NOT influenced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The evidence that shows that economics was a major motivation for immigration was found in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The majority of Irish immigrants settled in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  California in the 1820s and 1830s
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which one of the following states actually existed for ten years as an independent nation before its admission to the Union?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The winner of the election of 1844 was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The most important overland route for American migration to the far West was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The American population moved westward in the 1830s and 1840s for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The most plausible reason for the Texas Revolution was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settled a boundary dispute between ________ over ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The United States expected the Mexican War
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  One of the first to use the phrase "Young America" was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The possibility of war with Great Britain over Oregon was increased by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following Mexican policies irritated the Anglo-American settlers of Texas in the early 1830s?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The Republican Party platform in 1860
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The first significant effort to create a broadly based sectional party, addressing itself to voters' concerns about the extension of slavery, was the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The Republican Party
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The Compromise of 1850
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The anticipated economic stimulus which would help the development of Kansas and Nebraska was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  A smaller civil war, which was a rehearsal for the later political disaster in the United States, was fought in which state during the late 1850s?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Southerners viewed the election of James Buchanan in 1856
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  In his debates with Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Northern attempts to attack slavery were limited by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The winner of the election of 1848 was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The failure of the political parties to develop distinctive issues in the election of 1852
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The growing division between North and South during the 1840s and 1850s
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which of the following was not a presidential candidate in the 1860 election?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  President ________ was a staunch opponent of the key elements contained in the Compromise of 1850.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The controversy in Kansas suggested that popular sovereignty
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which one of the following individuals was most responsible for coming up with the idea of popular sovereignty?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The political party known especially for its anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic philosophy was the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The Wilmot Proviso sought to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The Dred Scott Decision
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court decision was largely the work of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The nativist third party that opposed immigration was known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The Kansas-Nebraska Act
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Hinton R. Helper's The Impending Crisis of the South
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The Lecompton constitution
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The Republicans were successful in the election of 1860 because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The second party system describes
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Underlying the rapid growth of the Republican party was its
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The major reason for Winfield Scott's defeat in 1852 was his
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The Free Soil movement supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The "free-state" capital of Kansas was at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Popular sovereignty failed in the 1854 Kansas elections because of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  In the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Stephen Douglas attempted to set up territorial government on the basis of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Why did the Know-Nothings become popular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following, more than anything else, gave birth to the Republican Party in the North?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  In the Dred Scott case, the first question faced by the Supreme Court was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The author of Uncle Tom's Cabin was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Wilmot's Proviso
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  What bothered nativists most about the Irish and German immigrants was that so many of them were  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  According to the principle of popular sovereignty,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  On the issue of slavery, Republicans defended the rights of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The key organizer of the Compromise of 1850 was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  During the war the North
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The Crittenden Plan
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  The bloodiest one-day battle of the war was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Which one of the following does NOT apply to Lincoln's initial policy toward the Confederacy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  To secure the necessary troops for the war,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  When Lincoln became president of the United States,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  One of the South's greatest challenges during the war was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  As a war leader, Jefferson Davis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  In the beginning, the Civil War was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  The attack on Fort Sumter
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
102.  Copperheads
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  During the war, the South
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Lincoln and Davis learned early in the war that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
105.  During the Civil War, how many African Americans served in the Union Army?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
106.  The Union general who replaced Winfield Scott as commander of Union forces was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Which of the following was NOT a Union military advantage during the Civil War?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
108.  The Thirteenth Amendment
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The first major battle of the war, at Bull Run, resulted in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  During the war, the Confederate economy
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
111.  Which of the following individuals was NOT a Union general during the Civil War?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Which of the following Southern states was the first to secede from the Union?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  The diplomatic objective of the Union was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The Confederate Constitution was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
115.  Many wealthy Northerners and Southerners avoided military service in the war by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Lincoln's main concern when he entered the presidency was how to maintain federal authority
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  Confederate leaders were confident of British recognition, because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  Which of the following was NOT a provision of the Confederate Constitution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  In the fall of 1861, which two Confederates were seized by Union naval officers on board the British steamer Trent, creating a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Great Britain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
120.  One significant difference between the North and the South was that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  As the nation emerged from the Civil War,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Which one of the following was NOT a Northern advantage throughout the war?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  The 1862 Confederate offensive that resulted in the Battle of Antietam
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  The first state to secede from the Union was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
125.  The first shots of the Civil War were fired at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Recovery for the South from the devastation of the Civil War
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
127.  The Redeemers
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
128.  Black Codes showed that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  Which of the following constitutional amendments gave civil rights to the former slaves?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  The term Reconstruction refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
131.  Johnson's Reconstruction plan
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  In his response to the Wade-Davis Bill, Lincoln
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  The First Reconstruction Act of 1867
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  Which one of the following groups was not part of the Southern coalition supporting Radical Reconstruction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  Which one of the following is an INCORRECT match?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
137.  The result of the disputed election of 1876 was significant because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  The Radical Republicans showed that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  The Fourteenth Amendment stipulated that any state that denied the right to vote to African Americans would
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  The organization that symbolized most vividly the "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
141.  The escaped slave who captured a Confederate steamship and later went on to become a U. S. congressman was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  What amendment to the Constitution states that no person could be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143.  As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring Southern state governments based on ________ percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
144.  By the end of 1865, most freedmen had
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  In the Congressional elections of 1866,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  In Johnson's Reconstruction plan, which group had the most difficult time securing pardons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
147.  ________ was a prominent Liberal Republican.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  Which one of the following constitutional amendments abolished slavery?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Andrew Johnson believed that Reconstruction should
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  Which of the following was NOT a scandal during the Grant administration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151.  A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  President Andrew Johnson was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
153.  The state laws subjecting former slaves to a series of special regulations and restrictions on their freedom were known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
154.  The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  The initial government policy toward the Plains tribes was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
156.  The Homestead Act did not work well in the Far West because
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
157.  Which of the following stimulated the western cattle industry?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  The 1860s writer who urged easterners to "Go west, young man" was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
159.  Frederick Jackson Turner was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  The leader of the flight of the Nez Perce toward Canada in 1877 was
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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