The volume of blood stretching the left ventricle at the end of diastole
The volume of blood ejected by the left ventricle during each contraction
The pressure against which the ventricles has to eject blood through the semilunar valves
The volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle in one minute
Conduction time decreases
Baroreceptors become more sensitive
The left ventricle increases in size
Systemic vascular resistance decreases
A 39-year-old female patient complaining of indigestion, discomfort, and states that she feels like she has to "catch her breath."
A 51-year-old male patient who states "It hurts when I breathe!"
A 42-year-old female patient complaining of pain traveling up and down her chest
A 27-year old male patient complaining of a dull ache on his chest, palpitations, and numbness in his fingertips
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
First check the BP at the sitting position. After 3 minutes, have patient at the prone position. Wait for 1 minute to auscultate the BP and count the radial pulse.
First check the BP at the supine position, After 3 minutes, have patient sit or stand. Wait for 1 minute to auscultate the BP and count the radial pulse.
Wait for 1 minute to auscultate the BP and count the radial pulse while the patient is sitting. Then have the patient at the supine position and check for the BP.
First check the BP at the prone position, After 3 minutes, have patient sit or stand. Wait for 1 minute to auscultate the BP and count the radial pulse.
Possibility for hypertension
Possibility for aortic stenosis
Possibility for ventricular hypertrophy
A normal finding
"I shouldn't take my digoxin before catheterization."
"I will be under general anesthesia."
"I shouldn't eat anything after midnight."
"Coughing is normal during the procedure."
"I shouldn't use my Verapamil before the test."
"It is important that I have a large meal before the test."
"I'm allowed to drink my coffee on the day of the test."
"I'm going to take a long hot shower after the test."
Serum lipid panel
PT and INR
Right ventricular failure