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Med Surg Test II Cardiac

16 Questions
med surg test II cardiac

Cardiac disorders

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is also considered a back flow. The valve does not close properly and blood backflows through the valve. This disorder is also known as:
    • A. 

      Stenosis

    • B. 

      Valve Prolapse

    • C. 

      Regurgitation

    • D. 

      Mitral Valve Prolapse

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Regurgitation

    • B. 

      Stenosis

    • C. 

      Mitral Valve Prolapse

    • D. 

      Valve Prolapse

  • 3. 
    Define Valve prolapse (overstretching of valves)
    • A. 

      Backflow of blood from the left ventricle during systole. Leaflets of mital valve is not closing

    • B. 

      The valve does not close properly and blood backflows through the valve.

    • C. 

      The valve does not open completely and blood flow through the valve is reduced.

    • D. 

      The stretching of an atrioventricular valve leaflet into the atrium during diastole.

  • 4. 
    When teaching a patient with Mitral Valve Prolapse. Patient teaching may Include:
    • A. 

      Rest when you feel tired

    • B. 

      Monitor Weight Daily

    • C. 

      Avoid Exercising

    • D. 

      Avoid Caffeing and Alcohol

  • 5. 
    Define Mitral Valve Prolapse
    • A. 

      – backflow of blood from the left ventricle during systole. Leaflets of mital valve is not closing.

    • B. 

      Obstructive of blood from left atrium to left ventricle. May be caused by Rheumatic encephalitis.

    • C. 

      ): the valve does not close properly and blood backflows through the valve.

    • D. 

      – does not progress, asymptomatic, doesn’t normally leads to suddent death. May be caused by inherited tissue disorder.

  • 6. 
    Mitral Valve Regurgitation is caused by many symptoms.  It is defined as a backflow of blood from the left ventricle during systole. Leaflets of mitral valve is not closing. Chordinae tendinae thickens or fibrous. Caused by degenerative changes to the Mitral valves. What are other symptoms that the patient may experience?
    • A. 

      Dyspnea and Chest Pain

    • B. 

      Lung Congestion (Caused by some back flow in the Atrium)

    • C. 

      A symptomatic that may lead to Heart Failure

    • D. 

      Restricted Activites

  • 7. 
    What are some disorders that may lead to Mitral Stenosis (Thickening of the heart Valve) http://C:\Users\SCHOOL\Documents\ADN\Chapter029 Management of Patients With Structural, Infectious, and Inflammatory Cardiac Disorders SC_files\slide0043.htm
    • A. 

      Mitral Valve Prolapse

    • B. 

      Rheumatic Encephalitis

    • C. 

      Myocardial Infarction

    • D. 

      Angina

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Avoid episodes that may lead to hypertension

    • B. 

      Reduce Physical Exercise

    • C. 

      Avoid high salt

    • D. 

      Avoid Physical Exercise

  • 9. 
    This is the Narrowing of the orfice of the LV and the aorta. Result of regenerative calcification. 
    • A. 

      Aortic Stenosis

    • B. 

      Aortic hemorrhage

    • C. 

      Aortic aneurysm

    • D. 

      Aortic Regurgitation

  • 10. 
    This type of Valve Replacement benefits includes: –Do not deteriorate or become infected as easily, but are thrombogenic and require life-long anticoagulation therapy. ATB may be required for a period of time. May use cow valves or patients own valve
    • A. 

      Tissue Valves

    • B. 

      Mechanical Valve

    • C. 

      Auto Valves (Patient's own valve)

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Complete ATB

    • B. 

      Oral Hygiene

    • C. 

      Monitor Weight

    • D. 

      Infection Prevention

    • E. 

      Avoiding the public

  • 13. 
    Patients with myocarditis are sensitive to digitalis. What might be an expected change in order for digitalis for these patients?
    • A. 

      Increase in dosage is required

    • B. 

      Decrease in dosage is required

    • C. 

      No change in dosage is required

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Norepinephrines and sedation Medication

    • B. 

      ATB, Aspirin and corticosteroids

    • C. 

      Anticoagulants and Cholinergics

    • D. 

      Steroids

  • 15. 
    What factors may lead to Infective Endocarditis?
    • A. 

      Heart Disorder

    • B. 

      IV Therapy

    • C. 

      Illegal Drug Use

    • D. 

      Needle sticks

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Pain Management

    • B. 

      IV Drugs

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Tripod or Orthopneic positioning

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