The territories ruled by ancient Rome which at one time encompassed most of the Mediterranean world and parts of France, England, and Germany. The empire lasted from 27 BCE to 395 CE.
A person who belongs to a group of people who move from place to place seasonally in search of food and water.
A society that has a high level of culture and social organization including organized government, job specialization, and a organized belief system.
A person who is skilled at a craft, such as weaving, or woodcarving.
A person who specializes in the study of astronomical bodies.
A hard, fine ceramic material used to make a variety of products.
Trade route from China to the Middle East.
Political ruler of a country of nation. Similar to a king.
Islamic holy book.
A Mesoamerican civilization of Central America and southern Mexico. Achievements include mathematics, architecture, and a 365 day a year calendar. They flourished between the 4th and 12th centuries C.E..
A record keeping system that used colored, knotted string developed by the Incan Civilization.
A time in a culture of high achievement in arts, literature, and science. Generally occurs in times of peace.
Destruction of books containing Greek and Roman ideas
Beginning of pilgrimages to Mecca
Major discoveries in mathematics and science
Opposition to freedom of thought and to foreign ideas by rulers
Advances in mathematics
Gunpowder and guns
The location protected the people from land invasion
Periodic flooding left rich soil, which was ideal for farming
These rivers provided a direct trade route between Europe and Asia
These rivers flowed into the Mediterranean Sea
Each society’s religious beliefs were based on monotheism
Urban communities were built using iron and steel tools
The form of government in each community was based on male suffrage
Transportation and communication were promoted by a mild climate, fertile soil, and natural waterways
Dependent on fertile land
Dependent on each other for trade
Developed extensive writing systems
Emphasized equality in education
Established monotheistic religions
Encouraged democratic participation in government
Goode's Interrupted Projection
Architectural accomplishments that reflect religious beliefs
The influence of Buddhist architecture on conquered nations
Ancient architectural monuments no longer in use
The influence of cultural diffusion on contemporary architecture
The ruler should be chosen democratically
The evil in humans must be eliminated
Ancestor worship should be discontinued
Individuals should know and do what is expected of them
|The Analects:“In his [the leader] personal conduct, he was respectful. In his serving his superiors, he was reverent. In his nourishing the people, he was kind. In governing the people, he was righteous.” — ConfuciusThese selections show that the ancient civilizations who developed these concepts placed emphasis on|