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Through the vascular system
Through the chloroplasts
Through the stomata
The release of O2 into the atmosphere
The production of sugars
Green, which is why plants are green
Blue-violet and red-orange
The range absorbed by carotenoids
They gain electrons
They lose energy
Their electrons become excited
Their protons become exictied
ATP ... NADPH ... oxygen
Oxygen ... sugar ... ATP
Chlorophyll ... ATP ... NADPH
NADPH ... ATP ... oxygen
H2O ... NADPH-producing photosystem
H2O ... the water-splitting photosystem
CO2 ... both the NADPH-producing photosystem
CO2 ... Calvin cycle
NADP+ ... NADH
Calvin cycle ... electron transport
NADPH ... NADH
Obtain electrons from water
Reduce NAD+, forming NADP
Are surrounded by a single membrane
Use an H+ gradient to produce ATP
In sugar molecules
As molecular oxygen and in sugar molecules
In sugar molecules and in water
It reduces atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus reduces greenhouse warming.
It increases atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus increases the greenhouse effect.
It increases atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus reduces the greenhouse effect.
It has no impact on the greenhouse effect.
It reduces atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus increases greenhouse warming.
It helps produce ATP from the light reactions.
It absorbs light energy.
It forms part of the water-splitting photosystem.
It is the primary electron acceptor.
It forms NADPH to be used in the Calvin cycle.
Produce oxygen gas
Convert light energy to chemical energy
Assemble sugar molecules by incorporating carbon
All of the above
The reactions in the stomata ... the reactions in the thylakoid
He Calvin cycle ... the incorporation of carbon dioxide
The light reactions that occur in the thylakoids ... the incorporation of carbon dioxide
The light reactions ... reactions in the thylakoids