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Economics Midterm Study Guide

45 Questions  I  By Xamboozi
Economics Quizzes & Trivia
Midterm Questions

  
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1.  A minimum wage:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Gross Domestic Product (GDP) equals the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Opportunity cost is defined
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  If real GDP increased by 3 percent, then
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  All final goods and services that make up GDP can be expressed in the form:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following is not true regarding a change in quantity demanded?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Macroeconomics is best described as the study of
A.
B.
C.
D.
8. 
  National income account (billions of   dollars)  
  Personal consumption expenditures (C) $500  
  Government expenditures (G) 50  
  Gross private domestic investment (I) 300  
  Exports (X) 50 
  Imports (M) 100
  As shown in the above exhibit, GDP as calculated by the expenditure approach is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Economists emphasize the importance of equilibrium in markets because
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A firm hires labor in a labor market. If the wage rate is $44, the firm should hire
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The communal nature of a highway means that no one individual is motivated to pay for it because even those who do not pay for it will still benefit from using it. This is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  When the additional satisfaction from a good declines as more of it is consumed, this illustrates the law of
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A public good:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  As a result of the decline in the demand for beef in the United States, the demand for cattle ranchers has
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Oligopolistic industries consist of
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  If Stimpson University increases tuition in order to increase its revenue, it will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The market produces too few public goods because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following is not necessarily a characteristic of perfect competition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A model is defined as a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Market failure occurs when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Suppose the market for hot pretzels in New York City is perfectly competitive. What is true of demand in this market?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Monopolistic competition is identified by
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A demand curve usually has a
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  If all resources are used efficiently to produce goods and services, a nation will find itself producing
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  An improvement in a firm's technology that reduces its production costs will result in a (an):
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The golden rule of profit maximization states that any firm maximizes profit by producing where
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Marginal physical product is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is the best example of a microeconomic topic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following statements are true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  If the tea harvest is very good in a particular year, the supply of tea will be
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A firm is currently operating where the MC of the last unit produced = $64, and the MR of this unit = $70, i.e. MR > MC. What would you advise this firm to do?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  If the price of peanut butter increases, other things constant, demand for jelly will
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  In order to demand a good, the buyer must
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following is true for monopoly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Economics
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  If the quantity of concert tickets sold decreases by 10 percent when the price increases by 5 percent, the price elasticity of demand over this range of the demand curve is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  If the MPP of an additional unit of labor is 20 units per hour, the product price is $5 per unit, and the wage rate is $60 per hour, then, (Hint: MRP = MPP X p)
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Marginal cost is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following items is included in the calculation of GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  ____ is the situation in which the marginal product of labor is declining as more labor is hired.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The optimal mix of output is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A perfectly competitive firm is a price taker because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Compared to a perfectly competitive firm, a monopolist:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A monopolist is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The short run is a period of time:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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