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Earth Science- Weathering And Erosion Quiz

47 Questions  I  By Falvs17
Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia
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1.  A smaller plateau that are tablelike areas.
A.
B.
C.
2.  Most important result of weathering is
A.
B.
C.
3.  What are the factors that determin soil makeup?
A.
B.
C.
4.  Process by which rocks break down as a result of chemical reactions.
A.
B.
C.
5.  Examples of mechanical weathering. (mark all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
6.  Soil made from local bedrock.
A.
B.
C.
7.  Soil that was moved by wind or glacier.
A.
B.
C.
8.  Wearing down of particles.
A.
B.
C.
9.  Rock is split or broken into smaller material without changing its composition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Three examples of wind erosion.
A.
B.
C.
11.  The slow, downslope flow of soil saturated with water over hard or frozen layers in areas surrounding glaciers at high elevations is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Subsoil, more clay is washed down.
A.
B.
C.
13.  Warm and wet, speed up chemical weathering.
A.
B.
C.
14.  Building steplike ridges that follow the contours of a sloped field, thus slowing the down slope movement of water.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A relatively flat landform near seal level.
A.
B.
C.
16.  Examples of chemical weathering. (mark all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
17.  What is the rapid fall of rocks, ranging in size from tiny fragments to large boulders, from a steep cliff?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What may occur in dry regions guring a sudden, heavy rainfall or as a result of volcanic eruptions, with mud churning and tumbling down slopes and through valleys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Planting a field with one type of crop one year and a different type of crop the next year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  An accelerated soil erosion caused by the plowing of furrows up and down slopes that allows water to run swiftly over soil, carrying away the topsoil, is called
A.
B.
C.
21.  Found in western half of U.S. where rainfall is less than 25 inches a year, basic soil.
A.
B.
C.
22.  Zone of soil are called
A.
B.
C.
23.  Topsoil, gray or black, has humus.
A.
B.
C.
24.  Small, narrow-topped formations.
A.
B.
C.
25.  Rates of weathering. (mark all that apply)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
26.  What are the four agents of erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The breakdown of rock due to exposure to the atmosphere, weather, plants and animals.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What occrs along very steep slopes when saturation by water and loss of friction with underlying rock cause loose soil to slip downhill in one huge piece?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Most important factor affecting soil is
A.
B.
C.
31.  Constant erosion reduces the __________ of the soil by removing the A horizon, which contains humus.
A.
B.
C.
32.  A broad, flat landform that has a high elevation. Subject to much more erosion than a plain.
A.
B.
C.
33.  This horizon is formed from the leaching of horizon A.
A.
B.
C.
34.  Definition of creep.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Thin sheets of soil removed prevent by--grass, continued plowing, crop rotation, strip crop, terraces.
A.
B.
C.
36.  High elevation and latitude, very few layers, shallow..permafrost.
A.
B.
C.
37.  Rock fragments and slighty weathered bedrock..you keep diging here, you'll eventually hit soil rock.
A.
B.
C.
38.  Once the plants die that are on top of the horizon, the nutrients make
A.
B.
C.
39.  Occuring as a result of heavy rainfall, spring thaws, volcanic eruptions, or earthquakes, the sudden fall down a steep slope of masses of loose rock combined with soil is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Plowing soil in curved bands that follow the shape of the land, thus preventing soil from flowing directly down slopes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What are five examples of mass movements?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  How do some farming and ranching practices increase soil erosion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Planting crops in alternating bands, one of which is a cover crop that slows rain runoff.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The entire arrangement of horizons are called
A.
B.
C.
45.  Running what is the most effective agent of erosion.
A.
B.
46.  Removal of loose particles by wind--most important effect by wind.
A.
B.
C.
47.  Found in eastern half of U.S. where amout of rainfall exceeds 25 inches a year, a lot of vegetation and acidic soil.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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