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Earth Science Test #3

26 Questions
Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The largest reservoir of freshwater that is available to humans is ____________. 
    • A. 

      River water

    • B. 

      Lakes and reservoirs glaciers groundwater lakes and reservoirs glaciers groundwater lakes and reservoirs

    • C. 

      Glaciers

    • D. 

      groundwater

  • 2. 
    The single most important agent sculpturing Earth's land surface is _________.
    • A. 

      Ice

    • B. 

      Waves

    • C. 

      Groundwater

    • D. 

      Wind

    • E. 

      Running water

  • 3. 
    Raising a stream's base level will cause the stream to ____________. 
    • A. 

      Change course

    • B. 

      Erode

    • C. 

      Stop flowing

    • D. 

      Deposit material

    • E. 

      Meander

  • 4. 
    Along a stream meander, the maximum velocity of water occurs ____________. 
    • A. 

      In the center, below the surface

    • B. 

      In the center, on the surface

    • C. 

      Near the inner bank of meander

    • D. 

      Near the outer bank of meander

    • E. 

      Near the stream's bed

  • 5. 
    The function of artificial levees built along a river is to control ____________. 
    • A. 

      Flooding

    • B. 

      Meandering

    • C. 

      Gradient

    • D. 

      Oxbow lakes

    • E. 

      Erosion

  • 6. 
    During periods when rain does not fall, rivers are sustained by ____________. 
    • A. 

      Runoff

    • B. 

      Groundwater

    • C. 

      Atmospheric moisture

    • D. 

      Evaporation

    • E. 

      Transpirated water

  • 7. 
    Which one of the following would least likely be found in a wide valley?
    • A. 

      Cutoff

    • B. 

      Oxbow lake

    • C. 

      Floodplain

    • D. 

      Meanders

    • E. 

      Rapids

  • 8. 
    Along straight stretches, the highest water velocities in a river are near the ____________ of the channel, just below the surface. 
    • A. 

      Center

    • B. 

      Sides

    • C. 

      End

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    The combined effects of mass wasting and ____________ produce stream valleys. 
    • A. 

      Capacity

    • B. 

      Crystallization

    • C. 

      Tectonics

    • D. 

      Weathering

    • E. 

      Running water

  • 10. 
    Which one of the following is a measure of a material's ability to transmit water through interconnected pore spaces? 
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Permeability

    • C. 

      Gradient

    • D. 

      Capacity

    • E. 

      Competence

  • 11. 
    In a typical stream, where gradient is steep, discharge is ____________. 
    • A. 

      Reversed

    • B. 

      Small

    • C. 

      Variable

    • D. 

      Impossible to calculate

    • E. 

      Large

  • 12. 
    Drawdown of a well creates a roughly conical lowering of the water table called the cone of ____________. 
    • A. 

      Permeability

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Saturation

    • D. 

      Aeration

    • E. 

      Lowering

  • 13. 
    Most streams carry the largest part of their load ____________. 
    • A. 

      Near their head

    • B. 

      During the dry season

    • C. 

      As bed load

    • D. 

      In solution

    • E. 

      In suspension

  • 14. 
    The great majority of hot springs and geysers in the United States are found in the ____________. 
    • A. 

      South

    • B. 

      West

    • C. 

      North

    • D. 

      East

  • 15. 
    Whenever the water table intersects the ground surface, a natural flow of water, called a(n) ____________, results. 
    • A. 

      Sinkhole

    • B. 

      Aquitard

    • C. 

      Stalagmite

    • D. 

      Spring

    • E. 

      Geyser

  • 16. 
    How many types of faults are there?
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      6

  • 17. 
    On which type of wall can you stand on?
    • A. 

      Hanging Wall

    • B. 

      Foot Wall

    • C. 

      Standing Wall

    • D. 

      Push Wall

  • 18. 
    What is a dip?
    • A. 

      Horizontal line of the break

    • B. 

      Exposed plane of fault

    • C. 

      Vertical angle of break, slope

    • D. 

      A hole in a road

  • 19. 
    A strike is?
    • A. 

      Vertical angle of break, slope

    • B. 

      Horizontal line of the break

    • C. 

      Exposed plane of fault

    • D. 

      A crack in the earth

  • 20. 
    A fault scarp is?
    • A. 

      Vertical angle of break, slope

    • B. 

      Horizontal line of the break

    • C. 

      Exposed plae of fault

    • D. 

      Where one fault meets another

  • 21. 
    What type of fault is when its sideways movement due to a shear?
    • A. 

      Transform

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Reverse

    • D. 

      Thrust

  • 22. 
    Which fault is stretching and the hanging wall moves down relative to footwall?
    • A. 

      Transform

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Reverse

    • D. 

      Oblique Slip

  • 23. 
    What type of fault is where sqeezing occurs and the hanging wall moves up the hanging wall?
    • A. 

      Transform

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Reverse

    • D. 

      Thrust

  • 24. 
    What fault is vertical movement?
    • A. 

      Transform

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Reverse

    • D. 

      Both Normal and Reverse

  • 25. 
    An Oblique Slip is when___________________________?
    • A. 

      A vertical fault occurs

    • B. 

      A hortizontal fault occurs

    • C. 

      A vertical and hortizontal fault occurs

    • D. 

      No faults are occur and is a fault all on its own

  • 26. 
    When cooling of igneous rock occurs this is called expansion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False