Earth Science Chapter 8 & 9

33 Questions  I  By SDunkel
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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia
Quiz on Chapter 8 & 9 from the Prentice Hall Earth Science textbook.

  
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  • 1. 
    The location on the surface directly above the earthquake focus is called the
    • A. 

      Fault

    • B. 

      Magnitude

    • C. 

      Epicenter

    • D. 

      Moho


  • 2. 
    The point at which an earthquake begins is called
    • A. 

      The Moho

    • B. 

      The epicenter

    • C. 

      A foreshock

    • D. 

      The focus


  • 3. 
    Earth's crust and the uppermost part of the mantle is called the 
    • A. 

      Moho

    • B. 

      Asthenosphere

    • C. 

      Mesosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere


  • 4. 
    Push-pull waves that push (or compress) and pull (or expand) particles in the direction the waves travel are called
    • A. 

      Surface waves

    • B. 

      P waves

    • C. 

      S waves

    • D. 

      Body waves


  • 5. 
    In areas where soil is saturated with water, earthquakes can turn stable soil into liquid during a process called
    • A. 

      Subsidence

    • B. 

      Liquefaction

    • C. 

      Faulting

    • D. 

      Tsunamis


  • 6. 
    Waves that can travel through solids, but not liquids are called 
    • A. 

      P waves

    • B. 

      Surface waves

    • C. 

      Transverse waves

    • D. 

      Body waves


  • 7. 
    Waves that can travel through both liquids and solids are called 
    • A. 

      Transverse waves

    • B. 

      Surface waves

    • C. 

      P waves

    • D. 

      Body waves


  • 8. 
    A more precise means of measuring earthquakes is called the
    • A. 

      Richter scale

    • B. 

      Seismograph

    • C. 

      Moment magnitude scale

    • D. 

      Modified mercalli scale


  • 9. 
    A break in the lithosphere is called a
    • A. 

      Fault creep

    • B. 

      Seismic gap

    • C. 

      Epicenter

    • D. 

      Fault


  • 10. 
    The flow of metallic iron within the _______ generates Earth's magnetic field. 
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Inner core

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Outer core


  • 11. 
    The boundary that separates the crust from the underlying mantle is called
    • A. 

      Lithosphere

    • B. 

      Shadow zone

    • C. 

      Moho

    • D. 

      Athenosphere


  • 12. 
    Movements after a major earthquake that often generate smaller earthquakes are called
    • A. 

      Aftershocks

    • B. 

      Surface waves

    • C. 

      Landslides

    • D. 

      Foreshocks


  • 13. 
    A destructive wave caused by an earthquake in the ocean floor is called a
    • A. 

      P wave

    • B. 

      Moho

    • C. 

      S wave

    • D. 

      Tsunami


  • 14. 
    The oceanic crust is composed of 
    • A. 

      Basaltic and gabbro rock

    • B. 

      Stony meteorites

    • C. 

      Granodiorite

    • D. 

      Basaltic rock


  • 15. 
    The composition of the continental crust is
    • A. 

      Metallic meteorites

    • B. 

      Basaltic rock

    • C. 

      Granodiorite

    • D. 

      Gabbro rock


  • 16. 
    Some parts of the fault show a slow, gradual movement known as
    • A. 

      Fault creep

    • B. 

      Fault scarp

    • C. 

      Slippage

    • D. 

      Fractures


  • 17. 
    When deformed rock along a fault springs back after an earthquake it is called 
    • A. 

      Elastic energy

    • B. 

      Slippage

    • C. 

      Elastic rebound

    • D. 

      Ground vibrations


  • 18. 
    Transform fault boundaries occur where
    • A. 

      Two of Earth's plates move together

    • B. 

      Two of Earth's plates grind past each other

    • C. 

      Two of Earth's plates move apart

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 19. 
    Convergent boundaries can form between
    • A. 

      Two pieces of oceanic lithosphere

    • B. 

      Continental and oceanic lithosphere

    • C. 

      Two pieces of continental lithosphere

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 20. 
    The San Andreas Fault is a geographic example of a 
    • A. 

      Divergent boundary

    • B. 

      Transform fault boundary

    • C. 

      Subduction

    • D. 

      Convergent boundary


  • 21. 
    A rising column of hot, solid mantle rock is called a
    • A. 

      Ridge-push

    • B. 

      Mantle plume

    • C. 

      Slab-pull

    • D. 

      Mantle push


  • 22. 
    In _________ the stiff ocean lithosphere slides down the athenosphere that is elevated near mid-ocean ridges.
    • A. 

      Slab-pull

    • B. 

      Ridge-pull

    • C. 

      Ridge-push

    • D. 

      Slab-push


  • 23. 
    In _______ the force of gravity pulls old ocean lithosphere down into the deep mantle.
    • A. 

      Ridge-push and slab-pull

    • B. 

      Ridge-push

    • C. 

      Mantle plume

    • D. 

      Slab-pull


  • 24. 
    Complex mountain systems such as the Appalachians and the Himalayas were formed by
    • A. 

      Continental-continental convergence

    • B. 

      Oceanic-continental convergence

    • C. 

      Continental volcanic arcs

    • D. 

      Oceanic-oceanic convergence


  • 25. 
    What hypothesis is Alfred Wegener best known for?
    • A. 

      Sea-floor spreading

    • B. 

      Continental drift

    • C. 

      Subduction

    • D. 

      Plate tectonics


  • 26. 
    A range of volcanic mountains produced in part by subduction of oceanic lithosphere is called a
    • A. 

      Continetal island arc

    • B. 

      Volcanic island arc

    • C. 

      Subduction zone

    • D. 

      Continental volcanic arc


  • 27. 
    How many major plates are there on Earth?
    • A. 

      7

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      5

    • D. 

      3


  • 28. 
    According to Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift, the continents once formed a single supercontinent called 
    • A. 

      Panamerica

    • B. 

      Atlantis

    • C. 

      Euroamerica

    • D. 

      Pangaea


  • 29. 
    When Earth's magnetic field lines up in the same direction as the present magnetic field, it is said to have __________  
    • A. 

      Reverse polarity

    • B. 

      Normal polarity

    • C. 

      Paleomagnetism

    • D. 

      Magnetic properties


  • 30. 
    When the magnetic field lines up in the opposite direction, it is said to have ________
    • A. 

      Paleomagnetism

    • B. 

      Normal polarity

    • C. 

      Magnetic pole

    • D. 

      Reverse polarity


  • 31. 
    On the ocean floor what do the strips of low intensity magnetism represent? 
    • A. 

      Areas of different types of rocks

    • B. 

      Areas where the rock has normal polarity

    • C. 

      Areas with no magnetism

    • D. 

      Areas where the rocks have reverse polarity


  • 32. 
    Most scientist rejected Wegener's continental drift hypothesis because he could not describe a _________ capable of moving the continents. 
    • A. 

      Process

    • B. 

      Mechanism

    • C. 

      Theory

    • D. 

      Shield


  • 33. 
    The evidence Wegener presented to support his hypothesis of continental drift was
    • A. 

      Similar fossils, matching types of rocks, and glacial deposits

    • B. 

      Different types of rocks and glacial deposits

    • C. 

      Icebergs and similar fossils

    • D. 

      Matching types of rocks and Mesosaurus fossils

    • E. 

      None of the above


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