Earth Science Chapter 8 & 9

33 Questions  I  By SDunkel on April 1, 2010
Quiz on Chapter 8 & 9 from the Prentice Hall Earth Science textbook.

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  The location on the surface directly above the earthquake focus is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The point at which an earthquake begins is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Earth's crust and the uppermost part of the mantle is called the 
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B.
C.
D.
4.  Push-pull waves that push (or compress) and pull (or expand) particles in the direction the waves travel are called
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B.
C.
D.
5.  In areas where soil is saturated with water, earthquakes can turn stable soil into liquid during a process called
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B.
C.
D.
6.  Waves that can travel through solids, but not liquids are called 
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B.
C.
D.
7.  Waves that can travel through both liquids and solids are called 
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B.
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D.
8.  A more precise means of measuring earthquakes is called the
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9.  A break in the lithosphere is called a
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D.
10.  The flow of metallic iron within the _______ generates Earth's magnetic field. 
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B.
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D.
11.  The boundary that separates the crust from the underlying mantle is called
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B.
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D.
12.  Movements after a major earthquake that often generate smaller earthquakes are called
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D.
13.  A destructive wave caused by an earthquake in the ocean floor is called a
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D.
14.  The oceanic crust is composed of 
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D.
15.  The composition of the continental crust is
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16.  Some parts of the fault show a slow, gradual movement known as
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17.  When deformed rock along a fault springs back after an earthquake it is called 
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D.
18.  Transform fault boundaries occur where
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19.  Convergent boundaries can form between
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20.  The San Andreas Fault is a geographic example of a 
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21.  A rising column of hot, solid mantle rock is called a
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D.
22.  In _________ the stiff ocean lithosphere slides down the athenosphere that is elevated near mid-ocean ridges.
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B.
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D.
23.  In _______ the force of gravity pulls old ocean lithosphere down into the deep mantle.
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D.
24.  Complex mountain systems such as the Appalachians and the Himalayas were formed by
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D.
25.  What hypothesis is Alfred Wegener best known for?
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26.  A range of volcanic mountains produced in part by subduction of oceanic lithosphere is called a
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D.
27.  How many major plates are there on Earth?
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D.
28.  According to Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift, the continents once formed a single supercontinent called 
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D.
29.  When Earth's magnetic field lines up in the same direction as the present magnetic field, it is said to have __________  
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B.
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D.
30.  When the magnetic field lines up in the opposite direction, it is said to have ________
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D.
31.  On the ocean floor what do the strips of low intensity magnetism represent? 
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D.
32.  Most scientist rejected Wegener's continental drift hypothesis because he could not describe a _________ capable of moving the continents. 
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33.  The evidence Wegener presented to support his hypothesis of continental drift was
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