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Cognitive 2

49 Questions  I  By SingleL0zer
Cognitive 2

  
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1.  Recent fMRI work suggest that brain areas used in
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2.  According to a semantic-network model, when we think about cats, the ____ for cats becomes ______.
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B.
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D.
3.  In studies of working memory, which list of words is recalled worst?
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B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following is an accurate description of results obtained in a major study concerning mental rotations?
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D.
5.  In short term memory, you can remember the 12 letters: HBO, ABC, NBC, and CBS easily compared to these 12 letters: ANC, BOH, CDP, and ZFQ. Why?
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D.
6.  People often report this annoying memory failure: they walk from one end of their house to the other for something and when they get to their destination, they forget what they went to the other side of the house for. As soon as they return to the first room, they are reminded of what they wanted in the first place. This common experience best illustrates the principle of...
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D.
7.  Imagery includes
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8.  Saul Sternberg (1966) did an important study on retrieval of information from Short Term Memory. He hypothesized that processing of an information set in Short Term Memory could be either
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9.  Memory serves many wide ranging purposes for us. Some of these include:
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D.
10.  Which two processes contribute the most to effective learning?
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D.
11.  The connectionist Model of LTM storage states that a concept is best defined as...
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D.
12.  ________ occurs when competing information causes us to forget something.
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D.
13.  When looking at the map that a friend drew of your hometown, you notice that streets with odd or angled intersections appear to be more perpendicular than what they really are. This is an example of...
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D.
14.  The limits for the amount of information stored in Long Term Memory are 
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15.  In the parallel distributed processing model proposed by McClelland and Rumelhart, the network comprises
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16.  Sensory memory is believed by many cognitive psychologists to be responsible for all of the following except
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D.
17.  Which model of memory consists of nodes and links between the nodes and suggests that knowledge is represented in the connections between the nodes
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D.
18.  According to the levels-of-processing framework, as originally proposed, if you were shown semantically related words (Ex: dog and animal), rhyming words (Ex:) dog and log), as well as related words, the words most easily recalled would be the
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19.  Flashbulb memories tend to be
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20.  In an exhaustive serially processing search of short-term memory, people generally take ____ amount(s) of time to find a target _______.
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21.  Week after week, Steph and Rachel watch Glle on television. They never planned to memorize the names of Will and Sue and Emma, but somehow, they now know them all quite well. This sort of learning is called
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D.
22.  Which two memory functions are closely tied to each other?
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D.
23.  An essay exam is an example of what sort of memory task?
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D.
24.  When you try to remember what you were doing on October 28, 2008, you use what process?
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D.
25.  At the most general level, memory process include
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D.
26.  It is easier to perform two tasks at the same time if...
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D.
27.  Which of the following lists of letter would you be least likely to remember accurately in STM?
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D.
28.  When you tie your shoelace, you are using which memory process?
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D.
29.  This model of memory consists of several elements including the central executive, the phonological loop and the visuospatial sketchpad. This model is known as...
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D.
30.  A typical serial position curve shows that recall of words in a list is best for items _____ of the list and poorest for items _______.
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D.
31.  Research compared memory of chess masters and beginner chess players for the position of game pieces on sample chess boards. They found that the chess masters remembered positions better than the beginners when the board was arranged consistent with a real game but not when the pieces were randomly placed. the importance of this finding was that...
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B.
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D.
32.  Not all of the members of everyday categories have the same qualities. Most fish have gills, fins, and scales. Sharks lack the feature of scales yet they are still categorized as fish. This poses a problem for the _______ approach to categorization
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D.
33.  Which of the following is a conclusion drawn by Stephen Kosslyn in a study dealing with image size?
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D.
34.  On his way to the supermarket, John remembers that he needs paper towels and toilet paper. He then remembers that he also needs cheese, eggs, and milk. The order in which he remembered the grocery items illustrates that information stored in long-term memory seems to be primarily encoded
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D.
35.  STM's capacity is best estimated as 7 (plus or minus two)
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D.
36.  Brief sensory memory for visual information is known as
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37.  Louise put a light bulb on a lamp, turned it on, and looked at it directly. Immediately after that, she looked away and she could still "see" the bulb shining brightly. This visual persistence is an example of the type of information held in the _________ store
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D.
38.  Sandra has just come from studying with some classmates to whom she has just been introduced. She then runs into a good friend who introduces her to David. As Sandra walks away, she realizes that she can't remember David's name. This description illustrates
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D.
39.  You have a test scheduled for Thursday at noon. Which of the following studying strategies will produce the best result?
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D.
40.  Loftu's "car-crash slides" experiment described in the text shows how a seemingly minor word change can produce a change in a person's memory report. In this study, Misleading Postevent Information (MPI) was (were) the word (s)...
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D.
41.  Connectionist nets are often referred to as neural nets because
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42.  Research on eyewitness testimony has shown that the more confident the person giving the testimony of his or her memories...
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43.  According to Craik and Lockhart's levels of processing model, information which is stored based on ______ is remembered best.
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44.  This exam uses what process to test your memory
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45.  Edward Tolman argued that rats running a maze learn a ____, an internal representation of the maze
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46.  In general, it appears that most information in Short Term Memory is stored using
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47.  ________ interference is caused by an activity occurring after we learn something, but before we are asked to recall that thing.
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48.  Consider your knowledge of STM. Let's say we conduct an experiment where participants see a number of target letters flashed briefly on a screen and are told to immediately write down the letters in the order they were presented. It is most likely that the target letter "P" will be misidentified as...
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D.
49.  Conrad (1964) visually presented participants with series of letters and asked them to recall them immediately. A typical list of letter presented was: BCFMPSTVX. Common recall errors were
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D.
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