Child Development 1

100 Questions  I  By Hmchurch

  
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1.  Jessica believes that development takes place in stages where children change rapidly as they step up to a new level and then changed very little for a while. Jessica views development as
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2.  In her research, Dr. Rosenblum explores why shy chidren develop differently from their outgoing agemates. Dr. R most likely emphasizes ___________ in her research
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B.
C.
D.
3.  Charlene believes that her daughter's ability to think in complex ways is largely the result of an inborn timetable of growth. Charlene's view emphasizes
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4.  Dr. Kudrow views development as open to change in response to influential experiences. Dr. Kudrow probably emphasizes
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D.
5.  According to research on resilience, which of the following children has an increased chance of offsetting the impact of a stressful home life?  
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B.
C.
D.
6.  All contemporary child development theories view children as
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7.  The most consistent asset of resilient children is
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8.  Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon's intelligence test was developed as a way to
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9.  The psycholanalytic perspective emphasizes
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10.  According to Freud, the __________ is the conscious, rational part of personality
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11.  Erik Erikson was one of the first theorists to
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12.  Every time 10 month old Rita eats a pea, her father claps and says "good girl!" in response to her father's praise Rita excitedly eats the remaining peas. Rita's behavior is an example of
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D.
13.  When John taught Albert, an 11 month old infant, to fear a neatral stimulus by presenting it several times with a sharp, loud sound. JOhn applied __________ to children's behavior
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D.
14.  Which of the following is true about social learning theory?
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D.
15.  At home, Paul's parents hit him as punishment for misbehavior. At preschool, Paul angrily hits a playmate who takes his toy. According to social learning theory, Paul is displaying
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16.  On a few occasions, Jack's mother gave him candy to keep him quiet when she took him to the doctor's ofice. Now everytime Jack goes to the doctor he asks his mother for candy. This is an example of
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D.
17.  Which of the following is an example of behavior modification?
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D.
18.  According to Piaget's theory, in the sensorimotor stage, Children
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19.  Children can evaluate the logic of verbal statements without referring to real world circumstances in Piaget's ___________ stage.
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20.  A classroom environment based on Piaget's theory of cognitive development would likely emphasize
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D.
21.  Development of language and make believe play take place in Piaget's  _________ stage
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22.  In a research study, 10 year old Joe was given a pile of block varying in size, shape and weight and was asked to build a bridge over a "river" that was too wide for any singleblock to span. The researcher carefully tracked Joe's efforts using a flowchart. The researcher was probably applying which recent theoretical perspective?
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B.
C.
D.
23.  Observations of imprinting led to which of the following major concerns in child development?
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D.
24.  Dr. McMath is an evolutionary developmental psychologist. Which of the following is probably ture about Dr. McMath?
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25.  According to Vygotsky's Theory,
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26.  Which of the following behavior is consistent with Vygotsky's theory?
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27.  Dr. Brown observes behavior in a laboratory, where conditions are the same for all participants. This is an example of
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28.  Dr. Kempsell combines interviews, observations, and test scores to obtain a full pricture of one individual's psychological functioning. This is an example of
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29.  Dr. Newman spent three years in Botswana, participating in the daily life of a community there. She gathered extensive field notes, consisting of a mix of self reports from members of the community and her own observations Which research method did Dr newman most likely use in her research?
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D.
30.  Immigrant parents of successful youths typically
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31.  An _________ perments influences about cause and effect.
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32.  The independent variable is the one that
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33.  Dr. Kirk wants to study sibliing relationships at differing ages. Dr Kirk has children with one or more sibilings in grades 3, 6, 9 and 12 complete his questionnaire. This is an example of a __________ study
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D.
34.  Sustained musical experiences such as music lessons, can lead to
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35.  Directly observable characterisitcs are affected by an individual's lifelong history of experiences and also by the individual's
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36.  Chromosomes
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37.  Individuals around the world are about ________ percent genetically identical
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38.  ___________ halves the number of chromosomes normally present in body cells.
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39.  Taylor's twenty-third pair of chromosomes is XY. Taylor
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40.  Which of the folllowing is a major cause of the dramatic rise in fraternial twinning in industrialized nations?
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41.  Which of the following is a recessive trait?
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42.  Sickle cell anemia
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43.  Which of the following seroius diseases is due to dominant alleles?
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D.
44.  Fragile X Syndrome
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45.  The most frequently occuring form of Down syndrome results from
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D.
46.  Mr. and Mrs Sedgwick's child was diagnosed with Turner syndrome. Their child has a(n) _________ chromosome
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47.  Mr and Mrs White are told that their son has the most common chromosomal disorder. The Whites' son has ________ syndrome
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D.
48.  Angela and Tony's first child died in infancy. They badly want to have another child but are worried about angela's family history of genetic disorders. They want to find out if Angela is a carrier. Angela and Tony are candidates for
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D.
49.  Which of the following is true about adoption?
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50.  Most adopted children
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51.  Which of the following is true about surrogate motherhood?
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52.  Contemporary researchers view the family as
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53.  Jonelle can promote her grandchildren's development indirectly by
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54.  Which of the following children are least likely to participate in an available neighborhood organization?
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D.
55.  Parent-teacher contact is more frequent in
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D.
56.  In the United States today, African American parents ______________ then Caucasian- American parents.
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57.  Which of the following is a reason why attempts to help children and youths have been difficult to realize in the United States?
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58.  In a kinship study of intelligence, which of the following siblings pair will likely share a high correlation?
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59.  In an extremely under-stimulating environment, both Bella and Alice would have low intelligence. However, in a highly-stimulating environment, Alice's performace would greatly exceed Bella's performance. This is an example of
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D.
60.  Jada provides her baby with a healthy diet, which promotes brain growth, leading to new connections among nerve cells, which transform gene expression. This sequence opens the door to new gene-environment exchanges, such as advanced exploration of objects and interactions with caregivers. This is an example of
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D.
61.  Marcus, a cooperative, attentive child, recieves more patient and sensitive interactions from his parents than they give Erica, his distractible, inattentive sister. This is an example of a(n) ____________ genetic-environmental correlation.
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D.
62.  Extended family living is associated with
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63.  Which of the following statements reflects a widely held opinion in the United States?
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64.  Most children with sex chromosomes disorders
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65.  Nate, whose parents are involved in his school activites probably
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66.  Which of the following individuals are more likely to score high in impulsivity, according to research on smoking?
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D.
67.  In the United States today, _______ percent of married couples bear children
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68.  Which of the following statements is true about only children?
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69.  Most conceptions result from intercourse during the
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70.  Valerie, 2 months pregnant wonders how food and oxygen are delivered to the developing organism. You should tell Valerie that the ________ performs this function
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71.  During the period of the fetus, the
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72.  Carmen is prematurely delivering her baby at 28 weeks. the baby will probably
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73.  Monica provides her fetus with stimulation specially designed to enhance later mental development. Monica should know that
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74.  Sophie weighed 8.9 pounds when she was born. Research shows that she is at an increased risk of _________ in adulthood
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75.  The harm done by teratogens
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76.  The effects of teratogens
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77.  Jesse weighed 3.3 pounds when he was born. Research shows that he is at an increased risk of _______ in adulthood.
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78.  Beatrice has smoked throughout her pregnancy. Now in her seventh month, Beatrice is considering quitting. You can tell her that:
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D.
79.  Jenna's physical growth is slow. She has short eyelid openings, a thin upper lip, a flattened philtrum, and brain injury. Jenna's mother probably _________ during pregnancy
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D.
80.  Which of the following statements is true about HIV and AIDS
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D.
81.  Danica is a healthy 35 year old women who is pregnant with her first child. Danica is
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D.
82.  The Nurse-Family Partnership is a
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D.
83.  Infants born to teenagers have a higher rate of problems because
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84.  Kali's face, hands and feet began to swell in the second half of her pregnancy. Kali's doctor began to monitor her blood pressure. The doctor was probably concerned about
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D.
85.  Nearly 30 percent of adolescent mothers
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D.
86.  Which of the following statements about models of effective parenthood is true?
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D.
87.  During the second month of pregnancy, the
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88.  During the period of the fetus, the
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89.  The _________ produces blood cells until the developing liver, spleen, and bone marrow are mature enough to take over this function
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90.  Research on childbearing reveals that
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D.
91.  Which of the following statements is supposed by research on family size?
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D.
92.  The _______ secretes hormone that prepare the lining of the uterus to receive a fertilized ovum.
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D.
93.  Spern can survive for up to
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D.
94.  The period of the zygote lasts
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95.  During the third month of pregnancy
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96.  Which of the following statements is true about Zola's third month of pregnancy
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D.
97.  During her first prenatal visit, LaToya's doctor explains that the ________ prevent(s) the skin from chaping during the long months spent bathing in the amniotic fluid
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D.
98.  During the second trimester
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