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Child Development 1

100 Questions
Child Development 1
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Jessica believes that development takes place in stages where children change rapidly as they step up to a new level and then changed very little for a while. Jessica views development as
    • A. 

      Discontinuous

    • B. 

      Determined by nature

    • C. 

      Continuous

    • D. 

      Determined by nurture

  • 2. 
    In her research, Dr. Rosenblum explores why shy chidren develop differently from their outgoing agemates. Dr. R most likely emphasizes ___________ in her research
    • A. 

      A role of distinct contexts

    • B. 

      The nature-nurture controversy

    • C. 

      The concept of stage

    • D. 

      Continuous development

  • 3. 
    Charlene believes that her daughter's ability to think in complex ways is largely the result of an inborn timetable of growth. Charlene's view emphasizes
    • A. 

      Nurture

    • B. 

      Nature

    • C. 

      Plasticity

    • D. 

      Early experiences

  • 4. 
    Dr. Kudrow views development as open to change in response to influential experiences. Dr. Kudrow probably emphasizes
    • A. 

      Stability

    • B. 

      Heredity

    • C. 

      Stages

    • D. 

      Plasticity

  • 5. 
    According to research on resilience, which of the following children has an increased chance of offsetting the impact of a stressful home life?  
    • A. 

      Praise as a reward

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • C. 

      Physical punishment

    • D. 

      Any form of discipline

  • 6. 
    All contemporary child development theories view children as
    • A. 

      Naturally endowed with a sense of right and wrong

    • B. 

      Passive and emotionally fragile

    • C. 

      Adults in training

    • D. 

      Active, purposeful beings

  • 7. 
    The most consistent asset of resilient children is
    • A. 

      High self esteem

    • B. 

      Access to high quality child car

    • C. 

      A strong bond to a competent, caring adult

    • D. 

      Being identified as gifted

  • 8. 
    Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon's intelligence test was developed as a way to
    • A. 

      Identify children with learning problems who needed to be placed in special classes

    • B. 

      Accurately predict school achievement and vocational success

    • C. 

      Document developmental improvements in children's intellectual functioning

    • D. 

      Measure individual differences in development as a function of race, gender and birth order

  • 9. 
    The psycholanalytic perspective emphasizes
    • A. 

      Normative information that represents typical development

    • B. 

      The unique history of each child

    • C. 

      Stimuli and responses

    • D. 

      Modeling or imitation

  • 10. 
    According to Freud, the __________ is the conscious, rational part of personality
    • A. 

      Id

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Superego

    • D. 

      Superid

  • 11. 
    Erik Erikson was one of the first theorists to
    • A. 

      Study the nature-nurture controversy

    • B. 

      Focus on the impact of early experiences on later behavior

    • C. 

      Recognize the lifespan nature of development

    • D. 

      View children as passive beings

  • 12. 
    Every time 10 month old Rita eats a pea, her father claps and says "good girl!" in response to her father's praise Rita excitedly eats the remaining peas. Rita's behavior is an example of
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Modeling

    • C. 

      Behavior modification

    • D. 

      Operant conditioning

  • 13. 
    When John taught Albert, an 11 month old infant, to fear a neatral stimulus by presenting it several times with a sharp, loud sound. JOhn applied __________ to children's behavior
    • A. 

      Innate reflexes

    • B. 

      Observational learning

    • C. 

      Classical conditioning

    • D. 

      Operant conditioning

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is true about social learning theory?
    • A. 

      It emphasizes modeling also known as imitation or observational learning, as a powerful source of development

    • B. 

      It maintains the behaviorism offers little or no effective explanation of the development of children's social behavior

    • C. 

      It is criticized because it places little emphasis on how children are influenced by the behavior of their parents and peers

    • D. 

      It emphasizes classical over operant conditioning and relies heavily on the precise concepts of psychoanalytic theory

  • 15. 
    At home, Paul's parents hit him as punishment for misbehavior. At preschool, Paul angrily hits a playmate who takes his toy. According to social learning theory, Paul is displaying
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Behavior modification

    • D. 

      Observational learning

  • 16. 
    On a few occasions, Jack's mother gave him candy to keep him quiet when she took him to the doctor's ofice. Now everytime Jack goes to the doctor he asks his mother for candy. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Classical conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant conditioning

    • C. 

      Observational learning

    • D. 

      Modeling

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an example of behavior modification?
    • A. 

      Letting children with acute burn injuries play a virtual reality game while nurses engage in the painful process of changing their bandages

    • B. 

      Modeling quiet reading for children to teach them to sit quietly while they read

    • C. 

      Talking with children about fears in attempt to uncover the underlying cause of thumb sucking

    • D. 

      Taking away treasured toys for an increased amount of time each time a child bites his or her nails

  • 18. 
    According to Piaget's theory, in the sensorimotor stage, Children
    • A. 

      Can think of all the possible outcomes in a scientific problem

    • B. 

      Organize objects into hierarchies of classes and subclasses

    • C. 

      Think by acting on the world with their eyes, hands, ears and mouth

    • D. 

      Can evaluate the logic of verbal statements without referring to real world circumstances

  • 19. 
    Children can evaluate the logic of verbal statements without referring to real world circumstances in Piaget's ___________ stage.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 20. 
    A classroom environment based on Piaget's theory of cognitive development would likely emphasize
    • A. 

      Joint problem solving with older children or adults

    • B. 

      Reinforcing children with tokens they could exchange for treats

    • C. 

      Formal mathematics and learning drills

    • D. 

      Discovery learning and direct contact with the environment

  • 21. 
    Development of language and make believe play take place in Piaget's  _________ stage
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 22. 
    In a research study, 10 year old Joe was given a pile of block varying in size, shape and weight and was asked to build a bridge over a "river" that was too wide for any singleblock to span. The researcher carefully tracked Joe's efforts using a flowchart. The researcher was probably applying which recent theoretical perspective?
    • A. 

      Ecological systems theory

    • B. 

      Evolutionary developmental psychology

    • C. 

      Information processing

    • D. 

      Sociocultural theory

  • 23. 
    Observations of imprinting led to which of the following major concerns in child development?
    • A. 

      Behavior modification

    • B. 

      Observational learning

    • C. 

      The critical period

    • D. 

      The chronosystem

  • 24. 
    Dr. McMath is an evolutionary developmental psychologist. Which of the following is probably ture about Dr. McMath?
    • A. 

      He is primary concerned with the genetic and biological basis of development

    • B. 

      He wants to understand the entire organism- environment system

    • C. 

      He is primarily concerned with environmental influences on development

    • D. 

      He focuses on how culture is transmitted to the next generation

  • 25. 
    According to Vygotsky's Theory,
    • A. 

      Todays lifestyle differ so radically from those of our evolutionary ancestors that certain evolved behaviors are no longer adaptive

    • B. 

      Children shape their own development during both sensitive and critical developmental periods

    • C. 

      Children revise incorrect ideas in their ongoing efforts to achieve equilibrium between internal structures and everyday information

    • D. 

      Social interaction is necessary for children to acquire the ways of thinking and behaving that make up a community's culture

  • 26. 
    Which of the following behavior is consistent with Vygotsky's theory?
    • A. 

      When his mother takes him to the grocery story. Tom is well behaved because he knows that his mother will reward him with candy

    • B. 

      When playing in her sandbox, Amy builds the same sort of castle that she observed her best friend build yesterday

    • C. 

      Yesica, a child candy seller with no schooling, develops sophisticated mathematical abilities as a result of her work

    • D. 

      When working on her math homework, Michelle tries several solutions before she arrives at the correct answer

  • 27. 
    Dr. Brown observes behavior in a laboratory, where conditions are the same for all participants. This is an example of
    • A. 

      The clinical method

    • B. 

      A structured observation

    • C. 

      A naturalistic observation

    • D. 

      An ethnography

  • 28. 
    Dr. Kempsell combines interviews, observations, and test scores to obtain a full pricture of one individual's psychological functioning. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Naturalistic observation

    • B. 

      Structured observation

    • C. 

      A structured interview

    • D. 

      The critical method

  • 29. 
    Dr. Newman spent three years in Botswana, participating in the daily life of a community there. She gathered extensive field notes, consisting of a mix of self reports from members of the community and her own observations Which research method did Dr newman most likely use in her research?
    • A. 

      Ethnography

    • B. 

      Structured observation

    • C. 

      The microgenetic design

    • D. 

      The case study method

  • 30. 
    Immigrant parents of successful youths typically
    • A. 

      View school successes as less important than native born parents

    • B. 

      Develop close ties to an ethic community

    • C. 

      Encourage full assimilation into the majority culture

    • D. 

      Stress individualistic values over collectivist values

  • 31. 
    An _________ perments influences about cause and effect.
    • A. 

      Correlation coefficient

    • B. 

      Experimental design

    • C. 

      Correlational design

    • D. 

      Case study

  • 32. 
    The independent variable is the one that
    • A. 

      The investigator expects to be influenced by another variable

    • B. 

      Is randomly assigned

    • C. 

      Shows the strength of the correlational relationship

    • D. 

      The investigator expects to cause changes in another variable

  • 33. 
    Dr. Kirk wants to study sibliing relationships at differing ages. Dr Kirk has children with one or more sibilings in grades 3, 6, 9 and 12 complete his questionnaire. This is an example of a __________ study
    • A. 

      Cross-sectional

    • B. 

      Longitudinal

    • C. 

      Microgenetic

    • D. 

      Sequential

  • 34. 
    Sustained musical experiences such as music lessons, can lead to
    • A. 

      Substantial increase in intelligence that do not arise from comparable drama lessons

    • B. 

      Substantial decreases in social maturity that do not arise from comparable drama lessons

    • C. 

      Small increases in intelligence that do not arise from comparable drama lessons

    • D. 

      Small increases in social maturity that do not arise from comparable drama lessons

  • 35. 
    Directly observable characterisitcs are affected by an individual's lifelong history of experiences and also by the individual's
    • A. 

      Karotype

    • B. 

      Phenotype

    • C. 

      Gamete

    • D. 

      Genotype

  • 36. 
    Chromosomes
    • A. 

      Store and transmit genetic information

    • B. 

      Come in 46 matching pairs

    • C. 

      Are inherited from the mother only

    • D. 

      Are inherited from the father only

  • 37. 
    Individuals around the world are about ________ percent genetically identical
    • A. 

      39.1

    • B. 

      59.1

    • C. 

      79.1

    • D. 

      99.1

  • 38. 
    ___________ halves the number of chromosomes normally present in body cells.
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Meiosis

    • D. 

      Autosome formation

  • 39. 
    Taylor's twenty-third pair of chromosomes is XY. Taylor
    • A. 

      Has PKU

    • B. 

      Had Down Syndrome

    • C. 

      Is male

    • D. 

      Is female

  • 40. 
    Which of the folllowing is a major cause of the dramatic rise in fraternial twinning in industrialized nations?
    • A. 

      Temperature changes

    • B. 

      Older maternal age

    • C. 

      Late fertilization of the ovum

    • D. 

      Variation in oxygen levels

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is a recessive trait?
    • A. 

      Curly hair

    • B. 

      Facial dimples

    • C. 

      Double-jointedness

    • D. 

      Red hair

  • 42. 
    Sickle cell anemia
    • A. 

      Is common among Jews of European descent

    • B. 

      Is common in children whose parents are of Mediterranean descent

    • C. 

      Occurs in full form when a child inherits two recessive alleles

    • D. 

      Is a homogeneous condition

  • 43. 
    Which of the following seroius diseases is due to dominant alleles?
    • A. 

      Cooley's anemia

    • B. 

      Sickle cell anemia

    • C. 

      Huntington disease

    • D. 

      Hemophilia

  • 44. 
    Fragile X Syndrome
    • A. 

      Is an example of polygenic inheritance

    • B. 

      Occurs when there is a sudden but permanent change in the segment of DNA

    • C. 

      Is the most common inherited cause of mental retardation

    • D. 

      Occurs most often in females than males because of the disorder is X linked

  • 45. 
    The most frequently occuring form of Down syndrome results from
    • A. 

      An extra broken piece of a twenty first chromosome attaching to another chromosome

    • B. 

      An error during the early stages of mitosis

    • C. 

      A failure of the twenty first pair of chromosomes to seperate during meiosis

    • D. 

      The inheritance of an extra X chromosome

  • 46. 
    Mr. and Mrs Sedgwick's child was diagnosed with Turner syndrome. Their child has a(n) _________ chromosome
    • A. 

      Extra X

    • B. 

      Missing X

    • C. 

      Missing Y

    • D. 

      Extra Y

  • 47. 
    Mr and Mrs White are told that their son has the most common chromosomal disorder. The Whites' son has ________ syndrome
    • A. 

      Klinefelter

    • B. 

      Down

    • C. 

      Triple X

    • D. 

      Turner

  • 48. 
    Angela and Tony's first child died in infancy. They badly want to have another child but are worried about angela's family history of genetic disorders. They want to find out if Angela is a carrier. Angela and Tony are candidates for
    • A. 

      In vitro fertilization

    • B. 

      Genetic counseling

    • C. 

      Donor insemination

    • D. 

      Aminocentesis

  • 49. 
    Which of the following is true about adoption?
    • A. 

      In north america more unwed mothers give up their babies than in the past

    • B. 

      Children adopted after infancy fare as well or better than those adopted as infants

    • C. 

      In North America the availability of healthy babies has declined

    • D. 

      Fewer adoptive parents are accepting children who have known developmental problems

  • 50. 
    Most adopted children
    • A. 

      Fare well and make rapid progress

    • B. 

      Have persistent cognitive delays

    • C. 

      Suffer from severe emotional problems

    • D. 

      Have persistent social problems

  • 51. 
    Which of the following is true about surrogate motherhood?
    • A. 

      Most surrogates have no children of their own

    • B. 

      Surrogates cannot be paid for their childbearing services

    • C. 

      It usually involves the wealthy as contractors for infacts and the less economically advantaged as surrogates

    • D. 

      It usually involved younger couples as contractors and older women as surrogates

  • 52. 
    Contemporary researchers view the family as
    • A. 

      A network of interdependent relationships

    • B. 

      Primarily influenced by third parties

    • C. 

      A macrosystem

    • D. 

      A chronosystem

  • 53. 
    Jonelle can promote her grandchildren's development indirectly by
    • A. 

      Responding warmly to the children

    • B. 

      Gently reprimanding the children when they misbehave

    • C. 

      Providing financial assistance to their parents

    • D. 

      Implementing a reward system for the children's good behavior

  • 54. 
    Which of the following children are least likely to participate in an available neighborhood organization?
    • A. 

      Megan, who lives in a lower middle class area

    • B. 

      Francis who lives in a low income area

    • C. 

      Chantel who lives in a upper middle class area

    • D. 

      Lucas who lives in an affluent area

  • 55. 
    Parent-teacher contact is more frequent in
    • A. 

      Small towns

    • B. 

      Large cities

    • C. 

      Low SES schools

    • D. 

      Small schools

  • 56. 
    In the United States today, African American parents ______________ then Caucasian- American parents.
    • A. 

      Live farther away from extended family members

    • B. 

      See fewer relatives during the week

    • C. 

      Perceive their relatives as less important in their lives

    • D. 

      More often live in extended family households

  • 57. 
    Which of the following is a reason why attempts to help children and youths have been difficult to realize in the United States?
    • A. 

      While good social programs are inexpensive, they must compete for a share of the country's economic resources

    • B. 

      Cultural values of interdependence and responsibility to others have made federal programs unnecessary

    • C. 

      Children cannot vote or lobby to protect their own interests

    • D. 

      Public policies aimed at fostering children's development do not yield valuable returns

  • 58. 
    In a kinship study of intelligence, which of the following siblings pair will likely share a high correlation?
    • A. 

      Max and martin, nontwin brothers

    • B. 

      Jabar and tobias identical twins

    • C. 

      Marci and sonia, fraternal twins

    • D. 

      Mary jane and susan, nontwin sisters

  • 59. 
    In an extremely under-stimulating environment, both Bella and Alice would have low intelligence. However, in a highly-stimulating environment, Alice's performace would greatly exceed Bella's performance. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Canalization

    • B. 

      Niche-picking

    • C. 

      Reaction range

    • D. 

      Genetic-environmental correlation

  • 60. 
    Jada provides her baby with a healthy diet, which promotes brain growth, leading to new connections among nerve cells, which transform gene expression. This sequence opens the door to new gene-environment exchanges, such as advanced exploration of objects and interactions with caregivers. This is an example of
    • A. 

      Niche-picking

    • B. 

      Canalization

    • C. 

      Epigenesis

    • D. 

      Range of reaction

  • 61. 
    Marcus, a cooperative, attentive child, recieves more patient and sensitive interactions from his parents than they give Erica, his distractible, inattentive sister. This is an example of a(n) ____________ genetic-environmental correlation.
    • A. 

      Passive

    • B. 

      Evocative

    • C. 

      Active

    • D. 

      Dynamic

  • 62. 
    Extended family living is associated with
    • A. 

      More positive mother child interaction during the preschool years

    • B. 

      Increased antisocial behavior in adolescents

    • C. 

      Decreased self-reliance in adolescents

    • D. 

      Lower rates of adolescent pregnancy and parenthood

  • 63. 
    Which of the following statements reflects a widely held opinion in the United States?
    • A. 

      The government should help poor people raise their children

    • B. 

      Most people are content with other intruding into family life as long as help is needed

    • C. 

      If you decide to have a baby, you should be ready to care for it.

    • D. 

      People should try to define themselves as part of a group

  • 64. 
    Most children with sex chromosomes disorders
    • A. 

      Suffer from mental retardation

    • B. 

      Have verbal differences

    • C. 

      Have trouble with spatial relations

    • D. 

      Have very specific intellectual problems

  • 65. 
    Nate, whose parents are involved in his school activites probably
    • A. 

      Resents his parent's involvement in his education

    • B. 

      Shows better academic achievement than his agemates whose parents are uninvolved

    • C. 

      Lives in a low SES household with many siblings

    • D. 

      Attends a private school in a large city

  • 66. 
    Which of the following individuals are more likely to score high in impulsivity, according to research on smoking?
    • A. 

      Daniel, who has DD genetic makeup and a mother who smoked during pregnancy

    • B. 

      Reba, who has a DD genetic make up and a nonsmoking mother

    • C. 

      John who has a DD genetic makeup and a mother who smoked prior to becoming pregnant

    • D. 

      Samantha, who has a DB genetic makeup and a mother who smoked during pregnancy.

  • 67. 
    In the United States today, _______ percent of married couples bear children
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      60

    • C. 

      70

    • D. 

      80

  • 68. 
    Which of the following statements is true about only children?
    • A. 

      They are more intelligent than children with siblings

    • B. 

      They are as well adjusted as children with siblings

    • C. 

      They have more emotional problems than children with siblings

    • D. 

      They are less intelligent than children with siblings

  • 69. 
    Most conceptions result from intercourse during the
    • A. 

      First week of the menstrual cycle

    • B. 

      Last week of the menstrual cycle

    • C. 

      Day of ovulation and the two days following it

    • D. 

      Two days preceding ovulation and the day of ovulation

  • 70. 
    Valerie, 2 months pregnant wonders how food and oxygen are delivered to the developing organism. You should tell Valerie that the ________ performs this function
    • A. 

      Chorion

    • B. 

      Amnion

    • C. 

      Placenta

    • D. 

      Neural tube

  • 71. 
    During the period of the fetus, the
    • A. 

      Developing organism increases rapidly in size

    • B. 

      Most rapid prenatal changes take place

    • C. 

      Heart begins to pump blood

    • D. 

      Brain is formed

  • 72. 
    Carmen is prematurely delivering her baby at 28 weeks. the baby will probably
    • A. 

      Not survive

    • B. 

      Need oxygen assistance to breathe

    • C. 

      Experience intense pain

    • D. 

      Spend the next few weeks with no periods of alertness

  • 73. 
    Monica provides her fetus with stimulation specially designed to enhance later mental development. Monica should know that
    • A. 

      Playing classical music is likely to have a long lasting impact on cognitive development

    • B. 

      Reading aloud is likely to have a long lasting impact on cognitive development

    • C. 

      Later experiences can override the impact of fetal stimulation

    • D. 

      Prolonged exposure to sounds is just as harmless to fetal inner ear structure as they are to the mature ear

  • 74. 
    Sophie weighed 8.9 pounds when she was born. Research shows that she is at an increased risk of _________ in adulthood
    • A. 

      Breast cancer

    • B. 

      Lung cancer

    • C. 

      Heart disease

    • D. 

      Stroke

  • 75. 
    The harm done by teratogens
    • A. 

      Is simple and straightforward

    • B. 

      Always creates a "monstrosity" or malformation

    • C. 

      Depends on dose, heredity, age, and other negative influences

    • D. 

      Can rarely be prevented

  • 76. 
    The effects of teratogens
    • A. 

      May not show up for decades

    • B. 

      Rarely go beyond physical damage

    • C. 

      Are always immediate

    • D. 

      Are always obvious

  • 77. 
    Jesse weighed 3.3 pounds when he was born. Research shows that he is at an increased risk of _______ in adulthood.
    • A. 

      Prostate cancer

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Lymphatic cancer

    • D. 

      Alzheimer's disease

  • 78. 
    Beatrice has smoked throughout her pregnancy. Now in her seventh month, Beatrice is considering quitting. You can tell her that:
    • A. 

      The damage was already done during the zygotic period

    • B. 

      If she quits now, she reduces the likelihood that her baby will be born underweight

    • C. 

      The damage was already done during the embryonic period

    • D. 

      Quitting now will not reduce the likelihood that her baby will have colic

  • 79. 
    Jenna's physical growth is slow. She has short eyelid openings, a thin upper lip, a flattened philtrum, and brain injury. Jenna's mother probably _________ during pregnancy
    • A. 

      Drank heavily

    • B. 

      Smoked cigarettes

    • C. 

      Used cocaine

    • D. 

      Used methadone

  • 80. 
    Which of the following statements is true about HIV and AIDS
    • A. 

      HIV positive pregnant women pass the virus to their fetus 20 to 30 percent of the time

    • B. 

      About 25-35 percent of the prenatal AIDS babies die by 1 years of age

    • C. 

      There are no antiviral drugs that reduce prenatal AIDS transmission without harmful consequences

    • D. 

      Most infant HIV cases are curable if caught and treated early

  • 81. 
    Danica is a healthy 35 year old women who is pregnant with her first child. Danica is
    • A. 

      More likely than a younger women to have a low birth weight baby

    • B. 

      Likely to have a longer and more difficult labor than a younger women

    • C. 

      More likely to have prenatal complications than a woman in her twenties

    • D. 

      As likely as a younger women to have no prenatal or birth complications

  • 82. 
    The Nurse-Family Partnership is a
    • A. 

      Health care program currently implemented in developing countries

    • B. 

      Voluntary home visiting programs for first time low income expectant mothers

    • C. 

      Mandatory home visiting program for new mothers with speical needs infants

    • D. 

      Community service program available for pregnant teens in urban areas

  • 83. 
    Infants born to teenagers have a higher rate of problems because
    • A. 

      Teenagers' reproductive organs are not yet mature enough to support a pregnancy

    • B. 

      Teenagers are not yet physically ready to give birth

    • C. 

      Many pregnant teenagers do not receive adequate prenatal care

    • D. 

      Teenagers are exposed to more teratogens than other pregnant mothers

  • 84. 
    Kali's face, hands and feet began to swell in the second half of her pregnancy. Kali's doctor began to monitor her blood pressure. The doctor was probably concerned about
    • A. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • B. 

      Maternal diabetes

    • C. 

      RH incompatibility

    • D. 

      Preeclampsia

  • 85. 
    Nearly 30 percent of adolescent mothers
    • A. 

      Receive inadequate prenatal care

    • B. 

      Give birth at home

    • C. 

      Give up their babies for adoption

    • D. 

      Develop preeclampsia in the third trimester

  • 86. 
    Which of the following statements about models of effective parenthood is true?
    • A. 

      Overall men are more likely than women to come to terms with negative experiences in their own childhoods and build healthier and happier relationships with their children

    • B. 

      In most cases, people who have negative experiences in their own childhoods have conflicted relationships with their children

    • C. 

      Many people come to terms with negative experiences in their own childhoods and build healthier and happier relationships with their children

    • D. 

      Most people are unable to come to terms with negative experiences in their own childhoods and have conflicted relationships with their own children

  • 87. 
    During the second month of pregnancy, the
    • A. 

      Embryo react to light

    • B. 

      Embryo kicks and bends its arms

    • C. 

      Heart begins to pump blood

    • D. 

      Heart develops separate chambers

  • 88. 
    During the period of the fetus, the
    • A. 

      Developing organism increases rapidly in size

    • B. 

      Most rapid prenatal changes take place

    • C. 

      Heart begins to pump blood

    • D. 

      Brain is formed

  • 89. 
    The _________ produces blood cells until the developing liver, spleen, and bone marrow are mature enough to take over this function
    • A. 

      Amnion

    • B. 

      Chorion

    • C. 

      Placenta

    • D. 

      Yolk sac

  • 90. 
    Research on childbearing reveals that
    • A. 

      Fertility problems do no increase for mean between ages 25 and 45

    • B. 

      Fertility problems among women do not show any increase until age 40

    • C. 

      Reproductive technologies are equally successful among younger and older parents

    • D. 

      A 45 year old man is less fertile than a 25 year old man

  • 91. 
    Which of the following statements is supposed by research on family size?
    • A. 

      Parental quality declines as new children are born

    • B. 

      New births lead to an increase in maternal affection toward older siblings

    • C. 

      Limiting family size increases the chances of having children with high intelligence scores

    • D. 

      Parents who have many children tend to reallocate their energies

  • 92. 
    The _______ secretes hormone that prepare the lining of the uterus to receive a fertilized ovum.
    • A. 

      Ovaries

    • B. 

      Corpus luteum

    • C. 

      Fallopian tubes

    • D. 

      Cervix

  • 93. 
    Spern can survive for up to
    • A. 

      Twelve hours

    • B. 

      Two days

    • C. 

      Four days

    • D. 

      Six days

  • 94. 
    The period of the zygote lasts
    • A. 

      For about 13 weeks or a trimester

    • B. 

      From fertilization to implantation

    • C. 

      For about six weeks

    • D. 

      During conception to fertilization

  • 95. 
    During the third month of pregnancy
    • A. 

      The fetus can suck its thumb

    • B. 

      Tiny buds become arms, legs, fingers and toes

    • C. 

      Neuron production begins

    • D. 

      The eyes, ears and nose form

  • 96. 
    Which of the following statements is true about Zola's third month of pregnancy
    • A. 

      She should be able to feel the baby move

    • B. 

      She should avoid regular exercise

    • C. 

      She should be able to hear the heartbeat through a stethoscope

    • D. 

      She should have gained at least 10 pounds since becoming pregnant

  • 97. 
    During her first prenatal visit, LaToya's doctor explains that the ________ prevent(s) the skin from chaping during the long months spent bathing in the amniotic fluid
    • A. 

      Villi

    • B. 

      Vernix

    • C. 

      Glial cells

    • D. 

      Chorion

  • 98. 
    During the second trimester
    • A. 

      Convolutions appear on the surface of the brain

    • B. 

      The fetus takes on the beginnings of a personality

    • C. 

      Lanugo appears over the entire body

    • D. 

      The fetus can distinguish the tone and rhythm of different voices

  • 99. 
    The age of viability occurs sometime between _______ and _______ weeks
    • A. 

      18; 22

    • B. 

      20; 24

    • C. 

      22; 26

    • D. 

      26; 30

  • 100. 
    In one study, more active fetuses during the third trimester became 1 year olds who ___________ than those who were less active prenatally.
    • A. 

      Could better handle frustration

    • B. 

      Less readily interacted with unfamiliar adults

    • C. 

      Were more fearful

    • D. 

      Less readily interacted with toys

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