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Chapter 9 Joints

47 Questions
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Questions that will DEFINITELY BE ON THE EXAM. Well some of them. :D

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Some joints become synotoses by
    • A. 

      The replacement of fibers with bone

    • B. 

      The replacement of cartilage with fibers

    • C. 

      The replacement of fibers with cartilage

    • D. 

      The replacement of bone with cartilage

    • E. 

      The replacement of bone with fibers

  • 2. 
    The joint between L2 and L3 is a
    • A. 

      Synostosis

    • B. 

      Syndesmosis

    • C. 

      Symphysis

    • D. 

      Synchondrosis

    • E. 

      Gomphosis

  • 3. 
    These are the major categories of joints, except
    • A. 

      Synovial

    • B. 

      Elastic

    • C. 

      Cartilaginous

    • D. 

      Bony

    • E. 

      Fibrous

  • 4. 
    The joint between the costal cartilage 1 and the sternum is a           , whereas the other costal cartilages are joined to the sternum by
  • 5. 
    The epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone in a child are bound by a
    • A. 

      Plane suture

    • B. 

      Symphysis

    • C. 

      Lap suture

    • D. 

      Serrate suture

    • E. 

      Synchondrosis

  • 6. 
    Unlike other joints, a                         does not join two bones to each other.
    • A. 

      Suture

    • B. 

      Cartilaginous joint

    • C. 

      Syndesmosis

    • D. 

      Gomphosis

    • E. 

      Bony joint

  • 7. 
    Which of these is a first class lever?
    • A. 

      Any metacapophalangeal joint

    • B. 

      The talocrural joint

    • C. 

      Atlanto-occipital joint

    • D. 

      The humeroulnar joint

    • E. 

      The knee joint

  • 8. 
    These are all anatomical components of a synovial joint, except
    • A. 

      A fibrous capsule

    • B. 

      An interosseous membrane

    • C. 

      An articular cartilage

    • D. 

      A synovial membrane

    • E. 

      A joint cavity

  • 9. 
    The study of joint structure function, and dysfunction is called
    • A. 

      Arthrology

    • B. 

      Kinesiology

    • C. 

      Osteology

    • D. 

      Synostology

    • E. 

      Biomechanics

  • 10. 
    Coronal, sagittal, and lambdoid are examples of
    • A. 

      Syndesmoses

    • B. 

      Plane sutures

    • C. 

      Gomphosis

    • D. 

      Serrate sutures

    • E. 

      Lap sutures

  • 11. 
    What do sutures, gomphoses, and syndesmoses have in common?
    • A. 

      These are fibrous joints

    • B. 

      These are joints found only in the axial skeleton

    • C. 

      These are joints found only in the appendicular skeleton

    • D. 

      These are cartilaginous joints

    • E. 

      These are bony joints.

  • 12. 
    The radioulnar joint is a
    • A. 

      Gomphosis

    • B. 

      Syndesmosis

    • C. 

      Suture

    • D. 

      Symphysis

    • E. 

      Synchondrosis

  • 13. 
    Which are the least immovable joints?
    • A. 

      Symphysis

    • B. 

      Gomphoses

    • C. 

      Synotosis

    • D. 

      Synchondrosis

    • E. 

      Syndesmosis

  • 14. 
    A(n)                    is a sac of fluid associated with a synovial joint
    • A. 

      Synovial vesicle

    • B. 

      Articular cavity

    • C. 

      Bursa

    • D. 

      Articular sac

    • E. 

      Meniscus

  • 15. 
    The metacarpophalangeal joints at the base of the fingers are          joints
    • A. 

      Hinge

    • B. 

      Condylar

    • C. 

      Ball-and-socket

    • D. 

      Plane(gliding)

    • E. 

      Pivot

  • 16. 
    When you hold out your hands with the palms up,               of your wrists will tip your palms toward you.
    • A. 

      Circumduction

    • B. 

      Rotation

    • C. 

      Hyperextension

    • D. 

      Flexion

    • E. 

      Abduction

  • 17. 
    Which of the following are is true of joints that are first-class levers?
    • A. 

      Their mechanical advantage is always less than 1.0

    • B. 

      Their mechanical advantage may be either less or greater than 1.0

    • C. 

      Their joint (fulcrum) is at the opposite end from the tendinous insertion (effort)

    • D. 

      Their output force is always greater than the input force

    • E. 

      Their resistance is between the joint (fulcrum) and the distal end of the bone (effort)

  • 18. 
    Which are the most movable joints?
    • A. 

      Synovial

    • B. 

      Synchondrosis

    • C. 

      Syndesmoses

    • D. 

      Symphyses

    • E. 

      Gomphoses

  • 19. 
    Which is a joint that is a multiaxial joint?
    • A. 

      The metatarsaophalangeal

    • B. 

      The radioulnar

    • C. 

      The atlantoaxial

    • D. 

      The humeroscapular

    • E. 

      The humeroulnar

  • 20. 
    Raising your arm to one side of the body to stop a taxi is an example of                       of your wrists will your palms toward you.
    • A. 

      Adduction

    • B. 

      Rotation

    • C. 

      Abduciton

    • D. 

      Circumduction

    • E. 

      Protraction

  • 21. 
    The radioulnar joint is a
    • A. 

      Saddle joint

    • B. 

      Hinge joint

    • C. 

      Ball and socket joint

    • D. 

      Pivot joint

    • E. 

      Condylar joint

  • 22. 
    When you walk up the stairs your hip and knee joints                    to lift your body weight
    • A. 

      Extend

    • B. 

      Flex

    • C. 

      Rotate

    • D. 

      Adduct

    • E. 

      Abduct

  • 23. 
    If you stand tiptoes to reach something high, you are performing                at the ankle
    • A. 

      Plantar flexion

    • B. 

      Opposition

    • C. 

      Dorisflexion

    • D. 

      Eversion

    • E. 

      Abduction

  • 24. 
    The proximal and middle phalanges form                 joints
    • A. 

      Plane(gliding)

    • B. 

      Hinge

    • C. 

      Saddle

    • D. 

      Pivot

    • E. 

      Condylar (ellipsoid)

  • 25. 
    Normal chewing in humans involves                 of the mandible
    • A. 

      Elevation and pronation

    • B. 

      Protraction and retraction

    • C. 

      Elevation and depression

    • D. 

      Opposition and reposition

    • E. 

      Supination and depression

  • 26. 
    Range of motion of a joint is normally determined by the following factors expect
    • A. 

      The length of the bone

    • B. 

      The stiffness of the ligaments

    • C. 

      The shapes of the bone

    • D. 

      The action of the muscles assosciated with the joint

    • E. 

      The strength of the ligaments

  • 27. 
    Suppose you cup your hands to hold some water. This action would most likely involve
    • A. 

      Circumduction of the wrists

    • B. 

      Opposition of the thumb

    • C. 

      Adduction of the fingers

    • D. 

      Pronation of the forearm

    • E. 

      Abduction of the fingers

  • 28. 
    A monoaxial joint like the elbow is capable of which one of the following movements?
    • A. 

      Supination and pronation

    • B. 

      Circumduction

    • C. 

      Flexion and extension

    • D. 

      Rotation

    • E. 

      Abduction

  • 29. 
    A man raises his chin to shave his neck. This action is
    • A. 

      Dorsiflexion of the neck

    • B. 

      Hyperextension of the neck

    • C. 

      Extension of the neck

    • D. 

      Abduction of the neck

    • E. 

      Elevation of the neck

  • 30. 
    A baseball player winding up for the pitch                       the shoulder
    • A. 

      Circumducts

    • B. 

      Rotates

    • C. 

      Flexes

    • D. 

      Extends

    • E. 

      Rotates

  • 31. 
    The rotator cuff tendons enclose the shoulder joint on all sides except                          , which explains in part the nature of most shoulder dislocations.                  
    • A. 

      Superiorly

    • B. 

      Anteriorly

    • C. 

      Medially

    • D. 

      Inferiorly

    • E. 

      Posteriorly

  • 32. 
    Your sholders                     when you reach to push a revolving door
    • A. 

      Retract

    • B. 

      Protract

    • C. 

      Supinate

    • D. 

      Hyperextend

    • E. 

      Elevate

  • 33. 
    Suppose you are looking at the back of your hand and you turn your fingers upward to admire a new ring.
    • A. 

      Dorisflexion of hand

    • B. 

      Hyperextension of the wrist

    • C. 

      Extension of wrist

    • D. 

      Flexion of wrist

    • E. 

      Hyperextension of the metacarpophalangeal joints

  • 34. 
    These are all structures found in the shoulder joint except
    • A. 

      Radioulnar ligament

    • B. 

      The glenohumeral ligament

    • C. 

      The transverse humeral ligament

    • D. 

      The coracohumeral ligament

    • E. 

      The rotator cuff

  • 35. 
    Which is the most stable joint?
    • A. 

      Coxal joint

    • B. 

      Glenohumeral joint

    • C. 

      Tibiofemoral joint

    • D. 

      Humerlulnar joint

    • E. 

      Humeroradial joint

  • 36. 
                               tips the soles medially, like facing each other, and               tips the soles laterally, away from each other
    • A. 

      Retraction; protraction

    • B. 

      Opposition; reposition

    • C. 

      Medial excursion; lateral excursion

    • D. 

      Inversion;eversion

    • E. 

      Dorisflexion; plantar flexion

  • 37. 
    The jaw joint is the articulation of
    • A. 

      Mandible and zygomatic

    • B. 

      Mandible and sphenoid bone

    • C. 

      Maxilla and zygomatic bone

    • D. 

      Mandible and temporal bone

    • E. 

      Mandible and maxilla

  • 38. 
    The                               deepens the socket of the hip joint and helps stabilize in body
    • A. 

      Acetabular labrum

    • B. 

      Ischial tuberosity

    • C. 

      Lesser trochanter

    • D. 

      Greater trochanter

    • E. 

      Fovea capitis

  • 39. 
    The                                 bursa does not belong to the glenohumeral joint
    • A. 

      Subacromial

    • B. 

      Subpetellar

    • C. 

      Subdeltoid

    • D. 

      Subcoracoid

    • E. 

      Subscalpular

  • 40. 
    The talocrural joint is a meeting of
    • A. 

      The femur, calcaneous, and talus

    • B. 

      The femur, tibia, ad patella

    • C. 

      Tibia,fibula, and talus

    • D. 

      The tibia, fibula, and calcaneous

    • E. 

      The tibia, calcaneous and talus

  • 41. 
    To raise your hand and place it on the shoulder of a person standing in front of you involve                   of the shoulder.
    • A. 

      Extention

    • B. 

      Abduction

    • C. 

      Elevation

    • D. 

      Flexion

    • E. 

      Adduction

  • 42. 
    What structure in the knee prevents hyperextension?
    • A. 

      The medius meniscus

    • B. 

      The lateral meniscus

    • C. 

      The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

    • D. 

      The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

    • E. 

      The fibular (lateral) collateral ligament

  • 43. 
    Radial (lateral) and the ulnar (medial) collateral ligaments restrict side to side movements of the                   joint
    • A. 

      Elbow

    • B. 

      Shoulder

    • C. 

      Hip

    • D. 

      Knee

    • E. 

      Wrist

  • 44. 
    The             does not belong to the tibiofemoral joint.
    • A. 

      Fibular (lateral) collateral ligament

    • B. 

      Posterior tibiofibular ligament

    • C. 

      Tibial (medial) collateral ligament

    • D. 

      Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

    • E. 

      Lateral meniscus

  • 45. 
    The                       is not found in the elbow.
    • A. 

      Anular joint

    • B. 

      Distal radioulnar joint

    • C. 

      Proximal radioulnar joint

    • D. 

      Humeroradial joint

    • E. 

      Humeroulnar joint

  • 46. 
    The temporomandibular joint is a(n)                        joint
    • A. 

      Osseous

    • B. 

      Bony

    • C. 

      Synovial

    • D. 

      Fibrous

    • E. 

      Cartilaginous

  • 47. 
    Which is the largest and most complex diarthrosis in the body?
    • A. 

      The wrist

    • B. 

      The shoulder

    • C. 

      The elbow

    • D. 

      The knee

    • E. 

      The hip

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