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Immune System Chapter 21

37 Questions
Immune System Chapter 21

Anatomy :Immune System

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    B and T cells are
    • A. 

      Tonsils

    • B. 

      Lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Lymph nodes

    • D. 

      Antibodies

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Jaundice

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Thrombosis

    • D. 

      Wheezing and hypotension

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Immunocompetence

    • C. 

      Autoimmunity

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Artificially acquired active immunity

    • B. 

      Artificially acquired passive immunity

    • C. 

      Naturally acquired passive immunity

    • D. 

      Naturally acquired active immunity

  • 5. 
    An allergen is a(n)
    • A. 

      Antibody

    • B. 

      Macrophage

    • C. 

      Lymphokine

    • D. 

      Antigen

  • 6. 
    A booster
    • A. 

      Increases antibodies to an antigen

    • B. 

      Stimulates the liver to detoxify antigens

    • C. 

      Kills a pathogen

    • D. 

      Conveys passive immunity

  • 7. 
    A severe anaphylactic reaction causes death by
    • A. 

      Renal failure

    • B. 

      Respiractory obstruction

    • C. 

      Bleeding

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      A bronchconstricting agent

    • B. 

      Gamma gobulin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Histamine

  • 9. 
    Which of the following represents specific immunity?
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Interferons

    • C. 

      Natural killer cells

    • D. 

      B and T cells

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Hyoersensitivity reaction

    • B. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Autoimmune disease

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Is a function only of the T cell

    • B. 

      Is a form of specific immunity

    • C. 

      Does not require a specific antigen

    • D. 

      Is mediated through antibodies

  • 12. 
    IgE, IgA, and IgG are
    • A. 

      Antigens

    • B. 

      Interferons

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Complement proteins

  • 13. 
    This cell engages in cell-to-cell combat
    • A. 

      Erythrocyte

    • B. 

      Platelet

    • C. 

      B cell

    • D. 

      T cell

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Neutrophils

    • B. 

      Eosinophils

    • C. 

      B cells

    • D. 

      T cells

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Tears

    • B. 

      Saliva

    • C. 

      Sneezing

    • D. 

      Plasma cells

  • 16. 
    Which of the following cells engulfs the pathogen to achieve "antigen presentation"?
    • A. 

      A red blood cell

    • B. 

      A macrophage

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Vaccines

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is classified as killer, helper, suppressor, and memory?
    • A. 

      Granulocytes

    • B. 

      T cells

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Vaccines

  • 18. 
    Which of the following T cells destroys pathogens by punching holes in their cell membrane and secreting lymphokines?
    • A. 

      Killer T cells

    • B. 

      Helper T cells

    • C. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • D. 

      Memory T cells

  • 19. 
    Because antibodies are carried by the blood, this type of immunity is also called
    • A. 

      Immunotolerance

    • B. 

      Cell-mediated immunity

    • C. 

      Humoral immunity

    • D. 

      Autoimmunity

  • 20. 
    Which cells secrete a lymphokine that stimulates both T and B cells?
    • A. 

      Platelets

    • B. 

      Killer T cells

    • C. 

      Erythrocytes

    • D. 

      Helper T cells

  • 21. 
    A vaccine
    • A. 

      Is a gamma globulin

    • B. 

      Conveys active immunity

    • C. 

      Contains antibodies

    • D. 

      Is the same as an antitoxin

  • 22. 
    These T cells do not participate in the destruction of the pathogen, but allow for a more rapid response if the antigen is presented at a later time.
    • A. 

      Killer T cells

    • B. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • C. 

      Thrombocytes

    • D. 

      Memory T cells

  • 23. 
    HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) produces severe impairment of the immune system by attacking these cells
    • A. 

      Plasma cells

    • B. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • C. 

      Helper T cells

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 24. 
    Which of the following conditions is most common in people with AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)?
    • A. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • B. 

      Autoimmune disease

    • C. 

      Infections

    • D. 

      hypertension

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is most associated with a low plasma level of antibodies?
    • A. 

      The "booster" response

    • B. 

      The primary response

    • C. 

      An autoimmune response

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

  • 26. 
    What is the term that refers to the level of antibodies in your blood?
    • A. 

      T cell count

    • B. 

      Titer

    • C. 

      White blood cell count

    • D. 

      Hematocrit

  • 27. 
    Which of the following indicates why you will not get chickenpox as an adult is you were infected as a child?
    • A. 

      Naturally acquired passive immunity

    • B. 

      Naturally acquired active immunity

    • C. 

      Artificially acquired active immunity

    • D. 

      Artificially acquired passive immunity

  • 28. 
    Binding of the bee venom allergen to antibodies on the mast cells causes a massive release of which substance?
    • A. 

      Vaccine

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Bilirubin

    • D. 

      Intrinsic factor

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is most related to the placental transfer of antibodies from mother to the fetus?
    • A. 

      Naturally acquired active immunity

    • B. 

      Naturally acquired passive immunity

    • C. 

      Artificially acquired active immunity

    • D. 

      Artificially acquired passive immunity

  • 30. 
    What is the term that refers to the use of dead or attenuated pathogens to stimulate antibody production?
    • A. 

      Immunotolerance

    • B. 

      Autoimmunity

    • C. 

      Immunization

    • D. 

      Inflammation

  • 31. 
    What is the name of the toxin that has been altered so that it is harmless, yet still antigenic?
    • A. 

      Vaccine

    • B. 

      Antibody

    • C. 

      Gamma globulin

    • D. 

      Toxoid

  • 32. 
    The purpose of vaccination is to provide an initial exposure to an antigen to stimulate the formation of __________________.
    • A. 

      Killer T cells

    • B. 

      Complement

    • C. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • D. 

      Memory cells

  • 33. 
    A breastfed infant is initially immune to the same diseases as her mom.  Which of the following describes the infant's immunity?
    • A. 

      Naturally acquired passive immunity

    • B. 

      Naturally acquired active immunity

    • C. 

      Artificially acquired active immunity

    • D. 

      Artificially acquired passive immunity

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is characterized by a local tissue response to T cell activity?
    • A. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • B. 

      Wheezing, edema, and hypotension

    • C. 

      Contact dermititis

    • D. 

      Immunotolerance

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is true of activation of mast cells?
    • A. 

      Causes the release of epinephrine

    • B. 

      Is necessary for T-cell activation

    • C. 

      Prevents the development of anaphylaxis

    • D. 

      Causes the release of histamine

  • 36. 
    Which group in incorrect?
    • A. 

      First line of defense: skin, mucous membrane, tears, sneezing

    • B. 

      Specific immunity: B cells, T cells

    • C. 

      Mechanical barriers: skin, mucous membrane

    • D. 

      Chemical barriers: tears, saliva, stomach acid, B cells, T cells

  • 37. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Mechanical barriers: skin, mucous membrane

    • B. 

      Protective proteins: interferons, complement proteins

    • C. 

      Nonspecific immunity: inflammation, NK cells, fever, T cells

    • D. 

      Signs of inflammation: redness, heat, swelling, pain