Chapter 19 - Cardiovascular System: The Blood

31 Questions  I  By Larainahailey
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1.  Which of the following are true?  (1) White blood cells (WBCs) leave the blood stream by emigration; (2) Adhesion molecules help WBCs stick to the endothelium, which aids emigration; (3) Neutrophils and macrophages are active in phagocytosis; (4) The attraction of phagocytes to microbes and inflamed tissue is termed chemotaxis; (5) Leukopenia is an increase in WBC count that occurs during infection.
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2.  Occur as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
3.  Stimulate white blood cell formation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
4.  Which of the following statements explain why red blood cells (RBCs) are highly specialized for oxygen transport?  (1) RBCs contain hemoglobin; (2) RBCs lack a nucleus; (3) RBCs have many mitochondria and thus generate ATP aerobically; (4) The bioncave shape of RBCs provides a large surface area for the inward and outward diffusion of gas molecules; (5) RBCs can carry up to four oxygen molecules for each hemoglobin molecule.
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5.  Which of the following are not required for clot formation?  (1) vitamin K; (2) calcium; (3) prostacyclin; (4) plasmin; (5) fibrinogen
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6.  Hemoglobin functions in transporting both oxygen and carbon dioxide and in regulating blood pressure.
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7.  Plasma minus its clotting proteins is termed ______________.
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8.  Monocytes that roam the tissues and gather at sites of infection or inflammation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
9.  Cells that give rise to all the formed elements in blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
10.  The most numerous white blood cells in a differential white blood cell count of a healthy individual are the neutrophils.
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11.  Hormone that increases the numbers of red blood cell precursors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
12.  Give rise to red blood cells, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils & platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
13.  Monocytes that leave the blood and reside in a particular tissue such as alveolar macrophages in the lungs.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
14.  Older neutrophils with several differently shaped nuclear lobes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
15.  Respond to tissue destruction by bacteria; release lysozyme, strong oxidants, & defensins.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
16.  Which of the following would not cause an increase in erythropoietin?
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17.  Involved in inflammatory & allergic reactions; are involved in hypersensitivity reactions.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
18.  Cell fragments enclosed by a piece of the cell membrane of megakaryocytes; contain clotting factors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
19.  A person with type A Rh- blood can receive a blood transfusion from which of the following types?   (1) A Rh+  (2) B Rh-   (3) AB Rh-   (4) O Rh-  (5) A Rh-
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20.  Contain hemoglobin & function in gas transport.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
21.  ____________ is the consolidation or tightening of the fibrin clot that helps to bring the edges of a damaged vessel closer together.
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22.  Cells no longer capable of replenshing themselves; can only give rise to more specific formed elements of blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
23.  A person with B positive blood receives a transfusion of type AB positive blood.  What will happen?
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24.  White blood cell showing a kidney-shaped nucleus; capable of phagocytosis.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
25.  Released from the red bone marrow, they develop into mature red blood cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
26.  Give rise to lymphocytes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
27.  Individual forms of progenitor cells; named on the basis of the mature elements in blood they will ultimately produce.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
28.  Hormone that stimulates formation of platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
29.  What happens to the iron (Fe3+) that is released during the breakdown of damaged RBCs?
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30.  Combat the effects of histamine and other mediators of inflammation in allergic reactions; also phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
31.  Place the steps involved in hemstasis in the correct order.  (1) conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin; (2) conversion of prothrombin into thrombin; (3) adhesion and aggregation of platelets on damaged vessel; (4) prothrombinase formed by extrinsic or intrinsic pathway; (5) reduction of blood loss by initiation of a vascular spasm.
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