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Chapter 19 - Cardiovascular System: The Blood

31 Questions  I  By Larainahailey
Chapter 19 - Cardiovascular System: The Blood
Wiley and Study Outline Questions

  
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1.  Give rise to lymphocytes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
2.  Combat the effects of histamine and other mediators of inflammation in allergic reactions; also phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
3.  Cell fragments enclosed by a piece of the cell membrane of megakaryocytes; contain clotting factors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
4.  The most numerous white blood cells in a differential white blood cell count of a healthy individual are the neutrophils.
A.
B.
5.  Individual forms of progenitor cells; named on the basis of the mature elements in blood they will ultimately produce.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
6.  ____________ is the consolidation or tightening of the fibrin clot that helps to bring the edges of a damaged vessel closer together.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following statements explain why red blood cells (RBCs) are highly specialized for oxygen transport?  (1) RBCs contain hemoglobin; (2) RBCs lack a nucleus; (3) RBCs have many mitochondria and thus generate ATP aerobically; (4) The bioncave shape of RBCs provides a large surface area for the inward and outward diffusion of gas molecules; (5) RBCs can carry up to four oxygen molecules for each hemoglobin molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following would not cause an increase in erythropoietin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What happens to the iron (Fe3+) that is released during the breakdown of damaged RBCs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Place the steps involved in hemstasis in the correct order.  (1) conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin; (2) conversion of prothrombin into thrombin; (3) adhesion and aggregation of platelets on damaged vessel; (4) prothrombinase formed by extrinsic or intrinsic pathway; (5) reduction of blood loss by initiation of a vascular spasm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following are true?  (1) White blood cells (WBCs) leave the blood stream by emigration; (2) Adhesion molecules help WBCs stick to the endothelium, which aids emigration; (3) Neutrophils and macrophages are active in phagocytosis; (4) The attraction of phagocytes to microbes and inflamed tissue is termed chemotaxis; (5) Leukopenia is an increase in WBC count that occurs during infection.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Contain hemoglobin & function in gas transport.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
13.  Occur as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
14.  Involved in inflammatory & allergic reactions; are involved in hypersensitivity reactions.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
15.  A person with B positive blood receives a transfusion of type AB positive blood.  What will happen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Hormone that stimulates formation of platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
17.  Cells no longer capable of replenshing themselves; can only give rise to more specific formed elements of blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
18.  Released from the red bone marrow, they develop into mature red blood cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
19.  Stimulate white blood cell formation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
20.  Older neutrophils with several differently shaped nuclear lobes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
21.  White blood cell showing a kidney-shaped nucleus; capable of phagocytosis.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
22.  Hormone that increases the numbers of red blood cell precursors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
23.  Monocytes that roam the tissues and gather at sites of infection or inflammation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
24.  Cells that give rise to all the formed elements in blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
25.  Plasma minus its clotting proteins is termed ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following are not required for clot formation?  (1) vitamin K; (2) calcium; (3) prostacyclin; (4) plasmin; (5) fibrinogen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Respond to tissue destruction by bacteria; release lysozyme, strong oxidants, & defensins.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
28.  Monocytes that leave the blood and reside in a particular tissue such as alveolar macrophages in the lungs.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
29.  Give rise to red blood cells, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils & platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
30.  A person with type A Rh- blood can receive a blood transfusion from which of the following types?   (1) A Rh+  (2) B Rh-   (3) AB Rh-   (4) O Rh-  (5) A Rh-
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Hemoglobin functions in transporting both oxygen and carbon dioxide and in regulating blood pressure.
A.
B.
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