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Chapter 19 - Cardiovascular System: The Blood

31 Questions
Blood Quizzes & Trivia

Wiley and Study Outline Questions

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Plasma minus its clotting proteins is termed ______________.
    • A. 

      Plasmin

    • B. 

      Buffy coat

    • C. 

      Serum

    • D. 

      Thin blood

  • 2. 
    ____________ is the consolidation or tightening of the fibrin clot that helps to bring the edges of a damaged vessel closer together.
    • A. 

      Suture

    • B. 

      Collagen

    • C. 

      Fibrin

    • D. 

      Clot retraction

  • 3. 
    Hemoglobin functions in transporting both oxygen and carbon dioxide and in regulating blood pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The most numerous white blood cells in a differential white blood cell count of a healthy individual are the neutrophils.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True

  • 5. 
    Which of the following are not required for clot formation?  (1) vitamin K; (2) calcium; (3) prostacyclin; (4) plasmin; (5) fibrinogen
    • A. 

      1, 2, and 5

    • B. 

      3, 4, and 5

    • C. 

      4 and 5

    • D. 

      1, 2, and 3

    • E. 

      3 and 4

  • 6. 
    Place the steps involved in hemstasis in the correct order.  (1) conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin; (2) conversion of prothrombin into thrombin; (3) adhesion and aggregation of platelets on damaged vessel; (4) prothrombinase formed by extrinsic or intrinsic pathway; (5) reduction of blood loss by initiation of a vascular spasm.
    • A. 

      5, 3, 4, 2, 1

    • B. 

      5, 4, 3, 1, 2

    • C. 

      3, 5, 4, 2, 1

    • D. 

      5, 3, 2, 1, 4

    • E. 

      5, 3, 2, 4, 1

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3, 5

    • B. 

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • D. 

      1, 3, 5

    • E. 

      2, 4, 5

  • 8. 
    Which of the following are true?  (1) White blood cells (WBCs) leave the blood stream by emigration; (2) Adhesion molecules help WBCs stick to the endothelium, which aids emigration; (3) Neutrophils and macrophages are active in phagocytosis; (4) The attraction of phagocytes to microbes and inflamed tissue is termed chemotaxis; (5) Leukopenia is an increase in WBC count that occurs during infection.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • B. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • C. 

      1, 2, 3, 4

    • D. 

      1, 3, 5

    • E. 

      1, 2, 4

  • 9. 
    A person with type A Rh- blood can receive a blood transfusion from which of the following types?   (1) A Rh+  (2) B Rh-   (3) AB Rh-   (4) O Rh-  (5) A Rh-
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      3 only

    • C. 

      4 only

    • D. 

      4 and 5

    • E. 

      1 and 5

  • 10. 
    A person with B positive blood receives a transfusion of type AB positive blood.  What will happen?
    • A. 

      The recipient's antibodies will react with the donor's RBCs

    • B. 

      The donor's antigens will destroy the recipient's antibodies

    • C. 

      The donor's antibodies will react with and destroy all the recipient's RBCs

    • D. 

      The recipient's blood type will change from Rh+ to Rh-

    • E. 

      These blood types are compatible, and the transfusion will be accepted

  • 11. 
    What happens to the iron (Fe3+) that is released during the breakdown of damaged RBCs?
    • A. 

      It is used to synthesize proteins

    • B. 

      It is transported to the liver where it becomes part of bile

    • C. 

      It is converted into urobilin and excreted in urine

    • D. 

      It attaches to transferrin and is transported to bone marrow for use in hemoglobin synthesis

    • E. 

      It is utilized by intestinal bacteria to convert bilirubin into urobilinogen

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would not cause an increase in erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      High altitude

    • C. 

      Hemorrahage

    • D. 

      Donating blood to a blood bank

    • E. 

      Polycythemia

  • 13. 
    Contain hemoglobin & function in gas transport.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 14. 
    Cell fragments enclosed by a piece of the cell membrane of megakaryocytes; contain clotting factors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 15. 
    Individual forms of progenitor cells; named on the basis of the mature elements in blood they will ultimately produce.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 16. 
    White blood cell showing a kidney-shaped nucleus; capable of phagocytosis.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 17. 
    Monocytes that roam the tissues and gather at sites of infection or inflammation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 18. 
    Occur as B cells, T cells, and natural killer cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 19. 
    Give rise to red blood cells, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils & platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 20. 
    Combat the effects of histamine and other mediators of inflammation in allergic reactions; also phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 21. 
    Respond to tissue destruction by bacteria; release lysozyme, strong oxidants, & defensins.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 22. 
    Older neutrophils with several differently shaped nuclear lobes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 23. 
    Released from the red bone marrow, they develop into mature red blood cells.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 24. 
    Give rise to lymphocytes.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 25. 
    Cells no longer capable of replenshing themselves; can only give rise to more specific formed elements of blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 26. 
    Hormone that stimulates formation of platelets.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 27. 
    Monocytes that leave the blood and reside in a particular tissue such as alveolar macrophages in the lungs.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 28. 
    Involved in inflammatory & allergic reactions; are involved in hypersensitivity reactions.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 29. 
    Stimulate white blood cell formation.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 30. 
    Cells that give rise to all the formed elements in blood.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
  • 31. 
    Hormone that increases the numbers of red blood cell precursors.Enter 1-19 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) neutrophils; (2) lymphocytes; (3) monocytes; (4) eosinophils; (5) basophils; (6) pluripotent cells; (7) colony-forming units; (8) red blood cells; (9) reticulocytes; (10) polymorphs; (11) myeloid stem cells; (12) lymphoid cells; (13) progenitor cells; (14) platelets; (15) fixed macrophages; (16) wandering macrophages; (17) erythropoietin; (18) thrombopoietin; (19) cytokines
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