Chapter 18 - The Endocrine System

35 Questions  I  By Larainahailey
Self test questions from chapter 18 wiley book

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Helps control water & electrolyte homeostasis.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
2.  Stimulates synthesis and release of T4 and T3.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
3.  Decreases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
4.  In the direct gene activation method of hormone action, the hormone enters the target cell and binds to an intracellular receptor.  The activated receptor-hormone complex then alters gene expression to produce the protein that causes the physiological responses that are characteristic of the hormone.
A.
B.
5.  Increases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
6.  Stimulates & inhibits secretion of anterior pituitary hormones.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
7.  The pituitary gland (1) is located in the cribform plate of the ethmoid bone; (2) is linked to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum; (3) has a posterior portion that contains axon terminals from hypothalamic neurosecretory cells; (4) produces releasing and inhibiting hormones; (5) has a vascular connection with the hypothalamus known as the hypophyseal portal system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The three stages of the stress response or general adaptation syndrome, in order of occurence are _________, ____________, and ___________.(1) fright; (2) startle; (3) fight-or-flight response; (4) refrain; (5) resistance reaction; (6) completion; (7) exhaustion
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Increases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
10.  The ___________ is the major integrating link between the nervous and endocrine systems, acts as an endocrine gland itself, and helps control the stress response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Local hormones involved in inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, & blood flow.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
12.  Stimulates protein synthesis, inhibits protein breakdown, stimulates lipolysis, & retards use of glucose for ATP production.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
13.  Place in correct order the action of a water-soluble hormone on its target cell.  (1) Adenylate cyclase is activated, catalyzing the conversion of ATP to cAMP.  (2) Enzymes catalyze reactions that produce a physiological response attributed to the hormone.  (3) The hormone binds to a membrane receptor.  (4) Activated protein kinases phosphorylate cellular proteins.  (5) The hormone-receptor complex activates G proteins.  (6) Cyclic AMP activates protein kinases.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Increases skin pigmentation when present in excess.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
15.  Match:  hyperthyroidism, an autoimmune disease
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Hormones (1) generally utilize negative feedback mechanisms to regulate their secretion; (2) will only affect target cells far removed from the hormone-producing secretory cells; (3) must bind to transport proteins in order to circulate in the blood; (4) may be released in low concentrations but can produce large effects in the target cells because of amplification; (5) can regulate the responsiveness of the target issue by controlling the number of receptor sites for the hormone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Stimulates egg and sperm formation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
18.  Stimulates sex hormone production; triggers ovulation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
19.  Augments fight-or-flight responses.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
20.  Initiates & maintains milk secretion by the mammary glands.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
21.  Stimulates growth of axillary & pubic hair.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
22.  Which of the following comparisons are true?  (1) Nerve impulses produce their effects quickly; hormonal responses generally are slower.  (2) Nervous system effects are brief; endocrine system effects are longer lasting.  (3) The nervous system controls homeostasis through mediator molecules called neurotransmitters; the endocrine system works through mediator molecules called hormones.  (4) The nervous system can stimulate or inhibit the release of hormones; some hormones are released by neurons as neurotransmitters.  (5) Neurotransmitters transmit impulses directly; hormones must bind to receptors on or in target cells in order to exert their effects.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Enhances uterine contractions during labor; stimulates milk ejection.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
24.  Suppresses release of FSHEnter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
25.  Decreases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
26.  Regulates the body's biological clock.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
27.  The class of adrenal gland hormones that provides resistance to stress, produces anti-inflammatory effects, and promotes normal metabolism to ensure adequate quantities of ATP is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Promotes T cell maturation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
29.  If the effect of two or more hormones acting together is greater than the sum of each acting alone, then the two hormones are said to have a permissive effect.
A.
B.
30.  Which of the following is not a category of water-soluble hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Down-regulation makes a target cell ________ sensitive to a hormone while up-regulation makes a target cell _________ sensitive to a hormone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Regulates oxygen use, basal metabolic rate, cellular metabolism, growth & development.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
33.  Inhibits water loss through the kidneys.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
34.  Regulates metabolism & resistance to stress.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
35.  Insulin and thyroxine arrive at an organ at the same time.  Thyroxine causes an effect on the organ but insulin does not.  Why?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top


to post comments.

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz