Take Another Quiz

Chapter 18 - The Endocrine System

35 Questions
Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Self test questions from chapter 18 wiley book

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The three stages of the stress response or general adaptation syndrome, in order of occurence are _________, ____________, and ___________.(1) fright; (2) startle; (3) fight-or-flight response; (4) refrain; (5) resistance reaction; (6) completion; (7) exhaustion
    • A. 

      2, 3, 6

    • B. 

      1, 5, 7

    • C. 

      2, 1, 5

    • D. 

      3, 5, 7

    • E. 

      3, 4, 6

  • 2. 
    The ___________ is the major integrating link between the nervous and endocrine systems, acts as an endocrine gland itself, and helps control the stress response.
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Pineal gland

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Brain

  • 3. 
    Down-regulation makes a target cell ________ sensitive to a hormone while up-regulation makes a target cell _________ sensitive to a hormone.
    • A. 

      More, less

    • B. 

      Less, more

    • C. 

      Downward, upward

    • D. 

      Semi, totally

  • 4. 
    If the effect of two or more hormones acting together is greater than the sum of each acting alone, then the two hormones are said to have a permissive effect.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In the direct gene activation method of hormone action, the hormone enters the target cell and binds to an intracellular receptor.  The activated receptor-hormone complex then alters gene expression to produce the protein that causes the physiological responses that are characteristic of the hormone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Which of the following comparisons are true?  (1) Nerve impulses produce their effects quickly; hormonal responses generally are slower.  (2) Nervous system effects are brief; endocrine system effects are longer lasting.  (3) The nervous system controls homeostasis through mediator molecules called neurotransmitters; the endocrine system works through mediator molecules called hormones.  (4) The nervous system can stimulate or inhibit the release of hormones; some hormones are released by neurons as neurotransmitters.  (5) Neurotransmitters transmit impulses directly; hormones must bind to receptors on or in target cells in order to exert their effects.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    • B. 

      1, 2, 3, 4

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • D. 

      1, 4, 5

    • E. 

      1, 4, 5

  • 7. 
    Insulin and thyroxine arrive at an organ at the same time.  Thyroxine causes an effect on the organ but insulin does not.  Why?
    • A. 

      Thyroxine is a lipid-soluble hormone and insulin is not.

    • B. 

      The target cells in the organ have up-regulated for thyroxine.

    • C. 

      Thyroxine is a local hormone and insulin is a circulating hormone.

    • D. 

      Thyroxine inhibits the action of insulin.

    • E. 

      The organ's cells have receptors for thyroxine but not for insulin.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is not a category of water-soluble hormones?
    • A. 

      Peptides

    • B. 

      Amines

    • C. 

      Eicosanoids

    • D. 

      Steroids

    • E. 

      Proteins

  • 9. 
    Place in correct order the action of a water-soluble hormone on its target cell.  (1) Adenylate cyclase is activated, catalyzing the conversion of ATP to cAMP.  (2) Enzymes catalyze reactions that produce a physiological response attributed to the hormone.  (3) The hormone binds to a membrane receptor.  (4) Activated protein kinases phosphorylate cellular proteins.  (5) The hormone-receptor complex activates G proteins.  (6) Cyclic AMP activates protein kinases.
    • A. 

      3, 5, 1, 6, 4, 2

    • B. 

      3, 1, 5, 6, 4, 2

    • C. 

      5, 1, 4, 2, 3, 6

    • D. 

      3, 4, 5, 1, 6, 2

    • E. 

      6, 3, 5, 1, 4, 2

  • 10. 
    Hormones (1) generally utilize negative feedback mechanisms to regulate their secretion; (2) will only affect target cells far removed from the hormone-producing secretory cells; (3) must bind to transport proteins in order to circulate in the blood; (4) may be released in low concentrations but can produce large effects in the target cells because of amplification; (5) can regulate the responsiveness of the target issue by controlling the number of receptor sites for the hormone.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 3

    • B. 

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4

    • D. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • E. 

      1, 4, 5

  • 11. 
    The pituitary gland (1) is located in the cribform plate of the ethmoid bone; (2) is linked to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum; (3) has a posterior portion that contains axon terminals from hypothalamic neurosecretory cells; (4) produces releasing and inhibiting hormones; (5) has a vascular connection with the hypothalamus known as the hypophyseal portal system.
    • A. 

      1, 2, 4

    • B. 

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • C. 

      2, 3, 5

    • D. 

      1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    • E. 

      2, 4, 5

  • 12. 
    The class of adrenal gland hormones that provides resistance to stress, produces anti-inflammatory effects, and promotes normal metabolism to ensure adequate quantities of ATP is:
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Mineralocorticoids

    • C. 

      Androgens

    • D. 

      Catecholamines

    • E. 

      Gonadocorticoids

  • 13. 
    Match:  hyperthyroidism, an autoimmune disease
    • A. 

      Graves disease

    • B. 

      Cushings syndrome

    • C. 

      Addison's disease

    • D. 

      Gigantism

  • 14. 
    Increases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 15. 
    Increases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 16. 
    Decreases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 17. 
    Decreases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 18. 
    Initiates & maintains milk secretion by the mammary glands.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 19. 
    Regulates the body's biological clock.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 20. 
    Stimulates sex hormone production; triggers ovulation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 21. 
    Augments fight-or-flight responses.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 22. 
    Regulates metabolism & resistance to stress.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 23. 
    Helps control water & electrolyte homeostasis.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 24. 
    Suppresses release of FSHEnter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 25. 
    Stimulates growth of axillary & pubic hair.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 26. 
    Promotes T cell maturation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 27. 
    Regulates oxygen use, basal metabolic rate, cellular metabolism, growth & development.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 28. 
    Stimulates protein synthesis, inhibits protein breakdown, stimulates lipolysis, & retards use of glucose for ATP production.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 29. 
    Inhibits water loss through the kidneys.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 30. 
    Stimulates egg and sperm formation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 31. 
    Enhances uterine contractions during labor; stimulates milk ejection.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 32. 
    Stimulates & inhibits secretion of anterior pituitary hormones.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 33. 
    Increases skin pigmentation when present in excess.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 34. 
    Stimulates synthesis and release of T4 and T3.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol
  • 35. 
    Local hormones involved in inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, & blood flow.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol