Chapter 14 American History

20 Questions  I  By Hlitten
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American History Quizzes & Trivia
This quiz covers the industrialization of America from 1869 - 1900.

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    What two main findings helped to bring about the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Iron + oil

    • B. 

      Gold + silver

    • C. 

      Bessemer Process + steel

    • D. 

      Oil + Bessemer Process

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 2. 
    How did we extract Black Gold most efficiently?
    • A. 

      With a steam-powered engine

    • B. 

      We dug for it

    • C. 

      Used large manual drills

    • D. 

      Steam engine drill

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 3. 
    What was the Bessemer Process?
    • A. 

      Turned iron to steel

    • B. 

      Turned oil to kerosene

    • C. 

      Turned oil to gasoline

    • D. 

      Turned oil to kerosene + gasoline

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 4. 
    How did the Bessemer Process work?
    • A. 

      Turned crude oil to usable oil through constant heating and cooling

    • B. 

      Injected air into molten iron to get rid of impurities

    • C. 

      Divided all oil types out through distillation in large tubes

    • D. 

      Iron was mixed with tin to create steel at high temperatures

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 5. 
    What were the main uses for steel?
    • A. 

      Railroad track (1000's of miles)

    • B. 

      Barbed wire

    • C. 

      Farm machines

    • D. 

      Bridges + skyscrapers

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 6. 
    What was electricity first used for?
    • A. 

      Anything from fans to printing-presses; time saving appliances

    • B. 

      Electromagnetic research

    • C. 

      Powering giant power grids

    • D. 

      Anything electronic from computers to microwaves

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 7. 
    What were two extremely important inventions of the time?
    • A. 

      Lightbulb + telegram

    • B. 

      Electricity + typewriter

    • C. 

      Electricity + telegram

    • D. 

      Lightbulb + typewriter

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 8. 
    What time period was the Age of Railroads?
    • A. 

      1870 - 1910

    • B. 

      1880 - 1900

    • C. 

      1900 - 1920

    • D. 

      1860 - 1880

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 9. 
    What did the railroad companies abuse?
    • A. 

      Misused land grants

    • B. 

      Wouldn't allow service to blacks

    • C. 

      They didn't abuse anything

    • D. 

      Were corrupt from the Italian mobs at the time

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 10. 
    What are some stats on the depression following the Panic of 1893?
    • A. 

      600 banks + 15,000 businesses closed

    • B. 

      500 banks + 10,000 businesses closed

    • C. 

      400 banks + 12,000 businesses closed

    • D. 

      9 million people were unemployed

    • E. 

      Both C + D


  • 11. 
    Who led an industrial experiment with a controlled town (environment)?

  • 12. 
    What was a construction company used for manipulation?

  • 13. 
    What act allowed the federal government to supervise railroad activity?

  • 14. 
    Who owned the largest steel company until 1901?

  • 15. 
    What is the theory (used in business) called for biological evolution?

  • 16. 
    Who owned the Standard Oil Company (richest man net-worth wise of all time)?

  • 17. 
    What act was created to prevent monopolies in substantial businesses?

  • 18. 
    Who led a children's march for child working conditions and lived to 100yrs old?

  • 19. 
    Differentiate between vertical integration and horizontal integration. In your opinion, which way would you use if you started a manufacturing business like Carnegie or Rockefeller?

  • 20. 
    How were the transcontinental railroads one of the wonders of the world at the time and what made them so difficult to complete? What did they bring to society at the time?

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