Chapter 13

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Chapter 13
Disorders

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    The system used by psychologists to classify psychological disorders is the
    • A. 

      APA clinical handbook

    • B. 

      Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV)

    • C. 

      Physicians desk reference

    • D. 

      Encyclopedia of psychological disorders


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not one of the three most common types of psychological disorders?
    • A. 

      Mood disorders

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Substance use disorders

    • D. 

      Anxiety disorders


  • 3. 
    Anxiety disorders are a class of psychological disorders characterized by
    • A. 

      Emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes

    • B. 

      Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior

    • C. 

      Physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions

    • D. 

      Feelings of excessive apprehension and worry


  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not an anxiety disorder?
    • A. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder

    • B. 

      Hypochondriasis

    • C. 

      Excessive-complusive disorder

    • D. 

      Phobic disorder


  • 5. 
    The anxiety disorder that is characterized by a chronic high level of anxiety that is exhibited by constant worry and is often associated with physical symptoms such as heart palpitations and muscle tension is
    • A. 

      OCD

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Panic disorder


  • 6. 
    Paralyzing attacks of overwhelming anxiety along with physical symptoms that may occur at any time are characteristic of
    • A. 

      Panic disorder

    • B. 

      Schizophrenic disorder

    • C. 

      Phobic disorder

    • D. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder


  • 7. 
    Maria is afraid to leave her home to go shopping or to even go to work. She avoids all public places. Most likely Maria has
    • A. 

      Agoraphobia

    • B. 

      OCD

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Bipolar disorder


  • 8. 
    Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by
    • A. 

      Recurrent, sudden, and unexpected attacks of overwhelming anxiety

    • B. 

      Enduring psychological disturbances attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event

    • C. 

      A chronic high level of anxiety

    • D. 

      A persistent and irrational fear of an object or stimulation


  • 9. 
    Typically and individual who has which of the following anxiety disorders would be most successful in controlling her anxiety?
    • A. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder

    • B. 

      Panic disorder

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Phobic disorder


  • 10. 
    Seligman's concept of preparedness best accounts for the development of
    • A. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder

    • B. 

      OCD

    • C. 

      An elevator phobia

    • D. 

      A spider phobia


  • 11. 
    The cognitive approach to explaining the idealogical of anxiety disorders maintains that people who are more likely to develop anxiety disorders tend to do all the following except
    • A. 

      Focus excessive attention on perceived threats

    • B. 

      Have a pessimistic explanatory style

    • C. 

      Selectively recall information that seems threatening

    • D. 

      Misinterpret harmless situations as threatening


  • 12. 
    Mood disorders are a class of psychological disorders characterized by
    • A. 

      Emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes

    • B. 

      Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior

    • C. 

      Physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions

    • D. 

      Feelings of excessive apprehension and worry


  • 13. 
    Which of the following is a mood disorder?
    • A. 

      Fugue

    • B. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • C. 

      Panic disorder

    • D. 

      Conversion disorder


  • 14. 
    The psychological disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure is
    • A. 

      Fugue

    • B. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Bipolar disorder


  • 15. 
    People who display relatively mild symptoms of chronic depression are most likely to be given a diagnosis of 
    • A. 

      Major depressive disorder

    • B. 

      Dysthymic disorder

    • C. 

      Cyclothymic disorder

    • D. 

      Minor depressive disorder


  • 16. 
    The psychological disorder characterized by separate episodes of depression and mania is
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • B. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder

    • C. 

      Schizophrenic disorder

    • D. 

      Major depressive disorder


  • 17. 
    Research concerning the etiology of mood disorders suggests that the influence of genetic factors 
    • A. 

      Is stronger for bipolar disorder than for major depressive disorder

    • B. 

      Is stronger for major depressive disorder than for bipolar disorder

    • C. 

      Is equally strong for major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      Is not associated with bipolar disorder


  • 18. 
    Mood disorders have been associated with abnormal levels of the neurotransmittors 
    • A. 

      GABA and serotonin

    • B. 

      Serotonin and norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine and dopamine

    • D. 

      Dopamine and GABA


  • 19. 
    Recent research has revealed that the __________ is about 8-10% smaller in depressed individuals compared to non-depressed individuals.
    • A. 

      Prefrontal cortex

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

    • D. 

      Corpus colosseum


  • 20. 
    Inadequate social skills, and therefore a decrease in the sources of social support, have been suggested as factors that contribute to the development of 
    • A. 

      Anxiety disorders

    • B. 

      Dissociative disorders

    • C. 

      Schizophrenic disorders

    • D. 

      Depressive disorders


  • 21. 
    Schizophrenic disorders are a class of psychological disorders characterized by 
    • A. 

      Emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes

    • B. 

      Delusions, hallucinations,. disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior

    • C. 

      Physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions

    • D. 

      Feelings of excessive apprehension and worry


  • 22. 
    The central feature or symptom of schizophrenic disorders involves 
    • A. 

      Disturbed or irrational thought processes

    • B. 

      An absence of or flattening of emotions

    • C. 

      Hallucinations

    • D. 

      Noticeable deterioration in the quality of routine functioning and work, social relations, and personal care


  • 23. 
    It is fairly typical for an individual with a schizophrenic disorder to exhibit
    • A. 

      Inappropriate emotions

    • B. 

      A lack of or flattening of emotions

    • C. 

      Either a lack of or inappropriate emotions

    • D. 

      At times a lack of emotions and at other times inappropriate emotions


  • 24. 
    According to a recent approach to describing subtypes of schizophrenic disorders, an individual experiencing hallucinations, delusions, and hyperactive behavior would be said to exhibit
    • A. 

      Negative symptoms

    • B. 

      Positive symptoms

    • C. 

      Perceptual symptoms

    • D. 

      Behavioral symptoms


  • 25. 
    Research concerning the etiology of schizophrenic disorders has implicated excessive activity of the neurotransmitter(s)
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      GABA

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Serotonin and epinephrine


  • 26. 
    Which of the following has not been proposed as a factor associated with the development of schizophrenic disorders?
    • A. 

      Neurological damage during prenatal development

    • B. 

      Excessive levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine

    • C. 

      Structural abnormalities in the brain

    • D. 

      Inadequate social skills


  • 27. 
    The stress-vulnerability model of schizophrenic and mood disorders emphasizes the unifying theme in psychology that
    • A. 

      Psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context

    • B. 

      Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior

    • C. 

      Psychology is theoretically diverse

    • D. 

      Behavior is shaped by cultural heritage


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