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Ch 17: Lymphatic System Practice Questions

29 Questions
Ch 17: Lymphatic System Practice Questions

Practice Test for the Ch 17 Exam, 2011

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Interstitial fluid

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Lymph

  • 2. 
    Which best describes a lymph node?
    • A. 

      A type of pathogen that attacks the immune system

    • B. 

      A special kind of immune cell that is found in the lymph

    • C. 

      A “dead end” where a lymphatic vessel comes to an end

    • D. 

      A capsule in the lymph vessels that are filled with B cells and T cells

    • E. 

      Any organ that is being attacked by pathogens

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      The unshaded area has no lymph nodes

    • B. 

      The different shades show the different kinds of lymph nodes

    • C. 

      The differerent shades show where the 2 kinds of lymph is found

    • D. 

      The different shades show where the lymph is returned to circulation

  • 5. 
    Which organ receives immature T cells, then raises them to maturity- then releases them?
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Heart

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Natural killer cells

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Red blood cells

    • E. 

      Tiny little soldiers

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Gravity and skeletal muscle contractions

    • B. 

      Muscle contractions and gravity

    • C. 

      Pressure changes caused by breathing and gravity

    • D. 

      He beating of the heart and gravity

    • E. 

      Muscle contractions and pressure changes caused by breathing

  • 8. 
    What happens in the lymph nodes as lymph flows through them
    • A. 

      Reticular fibers filter out debris

    • B. 

      Foreign substances are destroyed

    • C. 

      Plasma and mature T cells are added

    • D. 

      White blood cells are made

    • E. 

      A, B and C are correct

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Macrophages fight pathogens when the blood flows into the spleen

    • B. 

      Red blood cells are created

    • C. 

      B and T cells carry out immune responses

    • D. 

      Lymph is made here

    • E. 

      A and C are correct

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Platelets are stored there

    • B. 

      Defective RBCs and platelets are removed

    • C. 

      Red blood cells are produced there until death

    • D. 

      A and B are correct

    • E. 

      B and C are correct

  • 11. 
    What is the role of mucus in the immune system?
    • A. 

      To transport macrophages

    • B. 

      To transport B and T cells

    • C. 

      To trap microbes

    • D. 

      To supply lymph

    • E. 

      A and B are correct

  • 12. 
    The role of the lacrimal glands is to ___
    • A. 

      Produce mucous to protect the throat

    • B. 

      Produce tears to protect the eyes

    • C. 

      Produce mucous to protect the nose

    • D. 

      Produce saliva to protect the mouth

    • E. 

      A and C are correct

  • 13. 
    What is the role of cilia in the mucous membrane?
    • A. 

      To move mucous

    • B. 

      To warm the throat

    • C. 

      To absorb water

    • D. 

      To store B and T cells

    • E. 

      C and D are correct

  • 14. 
    The role of the salivary glands is to ___
    • A. 

      Produce mucous to protect the throat

    • B. 

      Produce tears to protect the eyes

    • C. 

      Produce mucous to protect the nose

    • D. 

      Produce saliva to protect the mouth

    • E. 

      A and C are correct

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Gastric juice

    • B. 

      Tears

    • C. 

      Sebum

    • D. 

      Urine

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Urine

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Mucous

    • D. 

      Vaginal secretions

  • 17. 
    How does fever affect microbes?
    • A. 

      It slows them down when moving

    • B. 

      It makes them swell

    • C. 

      It dehydrates them

    • D. 

      It slows their growth

    • E. 

      It makes them sweat

  • 18. 
    What passes through the urethra to clear it of microbes?
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Mucous

    • D. 

      Urine

    • E. 

      Air

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Blood clotting creates heat

    • B. 

      White blood cells are warm

    • C. 

      The increased blood flow makes it warm

    • D. 

      Muscle contractions cause heat to be released

    • E. 

      The area around the wound cools, making the wound feel warmer

  • 20. 
    When tissue is inflammed, the tissue is swollen.  Why?
    • A. 

      Blood vessels have increased permeability, so fluids leak out

    • B. 

      White blood cells are large, so they take up more space

    • C. 

      The decreased blood flow causes swelling

    • D. 

      Muscle contractions cause the muscle to get enlarged

    • E. 

      The area around the wound shrinks, making the wound look bigger

  • 21. 
    Not long after sticking yourself with a pin, you see pus draining from the wound.  What is pus?
    • A. 

      Dead immune cells

    • B. 

      Interstitial fluid

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Lymphatic fluid

    • E. 

      Platelets

  • 22. 
    An antigen is...
    • A. 

      A type of immune cell

    • B. 

      A substance that the immune system recognizes as foreign

    • C. 

      A cell that attacks microbes

    • D. 

      A symptom of an allergic attack

    • E. 

      A and C are correct

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      The ability to tolerate illness

    • B. 

      The ability to withstand a fever

    • C. 

      The ability to allow certain pathogens to exist in the body

    • D. 

      The ability to turn immunity on or off

    • E. 

      The immune systems ability to recognize tissues as being self

  • 24. 
    An autoimmune disease is..
    • A. 

      The loss of immunity

    • B. 

      The loss of self tolerance

    • C. 

      The loss of an antigen

    • D. 

      The loss of lymph

    • E. 

      The loss of blood

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Macrophage

    • B. 

      T-cell

    • C. 

      Red blood cell

    • D. 

      B-cell

  • 26. 
    Aids is...
    • A. 

      An opportunistic disease

    • B. 

      The cause of HIV

    • C. 

      The last stage in HIV infection

    • D. 

      The source of the HIV infection

  • 27. 
    The HIV virus can be killed by which item?
    • A. 

      The immune system

    • B. 

      Opportunistic diseases

    • C. 

      Detergents

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 28. 
    As the body ages, the T-cells and B-cells become less responsive to ___
    • A. 

      Antigens

    • B. 

      Self tolerance

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Immunity

  • 29. 
    Which is true about the thymus?
    • A. 

      It makes B cells

    • B. 

      It makes T cells

    • C. 

      It stops working as you age

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct