Ch. 10 Motivation & Emotion Review Quiz

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  • 1. 
    Gorging on food and then vomiting or taking laxatives to avoid gaining weight is called
    • A. 

      behavioral dieting.

    • B. 

      Fad dieting.

    • C. 

      Purging.

    • D. 

      Bulimia nervosa.


  • 2. 
    Buford complains that he can play his tuba beautifully at home, but each time he tries to play at the local talent show he sounds like a bull elk in rutting season. His problem is explained by
    • A. 

      the Yerkes-Dodson Law.

    • B. 

      The effects of homeostasis.

    • C. 

      Habituation.

    • D. 

      Biorhythms.


  • 3. 
    According to the Cannon-Bard theory,
    • A. 

      The thalamus plays a central role in producing emotions.

    • B. 

      the cerebellum must give the go-ahead for emotion.

    • C. 

      Activity in the occipital and parietal lobes happens simultaneously to produce emotion.

    • D. 

      The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems work in concert.


  • 4. 
    People from different cultures can recognize which facial expressions?
    • A. 

      fear

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Disgust

    • D. 

      All of these


  • 5. 
    If the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, a rat will
    • A. 

      drink more water than biologically needed.

    • B. 

      Refuse to drink until forced to do so.

    • C. 

      Eat until it becomes obese.

    • D. 

      Refuse to eat until force fed.


  • 6. 
    If the ventromedial hypothalamus is destroyed, a rat will
    • A. 

      eat until it becomes obese.

    • B. 

      Refuse to eat until forced to do so.

    • C. 

      Drink excessively.

    • D. 

      Refuse to drink until forced to do so.


  • 7. 
    Intrinsic motivation occurs when
    • A. 

      Obligations or approval are factors.

    • B. 

      There is no obvious external reward for one's behavior.

    • C. 

      There are obvious external factors controlling behavior.

    • D. 

      Extrinsic motivation is also high.


  • 8. 
    The hypothalamus has __________ hunger center(s).
    • A. 

      no control over

    • B. 

      Total control over

    • C. 

      The most direct control over

    • D. 

      One


  • 9. 
    Push is to pull as __________ is to __________.
    • A. 

      incentive; drive

    • B. 

      Response; need

    • C. 

      Episodic; cyclic

    • D. 

      Drive; incentive


  • 10. 
    Unlearned biological motives necessary for survival are termed
    • A. 

      Primary motives.

    • B. 

      Secondary motives.

    • C. 

      Drives.

    • D. 

      Stimulus motives.


  • 11. 
    Which theory of emotion holds the view that bodily changes PRECEDE emotion and that we experience an emotion AFTER our body reacts?
    • A. 

      The common sense theory

    • B. 

      The Cannon-Bard theory

    • C. 

      Attribution theory

    • D. 

      The James-Lange theory


  • 12. 
    In hunger, a set point is
    • A. 

      Similar to a body's thermostat for blood sugar.

    • B. 

      The weight you maintain when you attempt to diet.

    • C. 

      Related to the proportion of body fat your body normally maintains.

    • D. 

      Determined by adult eating habits.


  • 13. 
    What is the correct order of needs in Maslow's hierarchy?
    • A. 

      Physiological; esteem; safety; self-actualization; love and belonging

    • B. 

      Self-actualization; physiological; safety; love and belonging; esteem

    • C. 

      Physiological; safety; love and belonging; esteem; self-actualization

    • D. 

      Self-actualization; safety; love and belonging; esteem; physiological


  • 14. 
    According to Maslow's theory, the basic needs include
    • A. 

      Physiological needs, safety, and security.

    • B. 

      Safety, love, and belonging

    • C. 

      Physiological needs and belonging.

    • D. 

      Security and esteem.


  • 15. 
    Which theory holds that we are afraid because we run or are angry because we strike?
    • A. 

      attribution

    • B. 

      James-Lange

    • C. 

      Cannon-Bard

    • D. 

      Cognitive


  • 16. 
    At the top of Maslow's hierarchy of motives are
    • A. 

      Love and belonging.

    • B. 

      Esteem and self-esteem.

    • C. 

      Self-actualization.

    • D. 

      Safety and security.


  • 17. 
    Which theory claims that emotions are organized in the brain and that emotional feelings and bodily expressions occur simultaneously?
    • A. 

      the common sense theory

    • B. 

      The Cannon-Bard theory

    • C. 

      Attribution theory

    • D. 

      The James-Lange theory


  • 18. 
    A part of the nervous system that prepares the body for emergencies is the __________ division.
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic

    • B. 

      Sympathetic

    • C. 

      Somatic

    • D. 

      Adaptive


  • 19. 
    A circadian rhythm refers to a cycle
    • A. 

      Of sexual receptivity caused by hormone cycles.

    • B. 

      Of bodily activity approximately 24 hours in length.

    • C. 

      Of emotional arousal.

    • D. 

      During which various bodily systems are in phase.


  • 20. 
    The __________ describes the relationship between arousal level, task difficulty, and efficiency of performance.
    • A. 

      arousal theory

    • B. 

      Drive reduction theory

    • C. 

      Yerkes-Dodson Law

    • D. 

      inverted-U function


  • 21. 
    Which of the following is an assumption of arousal theory?
    • A. 

      Zero level of arousal is the most desirable.

    • B. 

      High levels of arousal are the most desirable.

    • C. 

      Optimal levels of arousal exist for each person.

    • D. 

      Optimal levels of arousal exist for various activities.


  • 22. 
    Electrically stimulating the lateral hypothalamus will cause a rat to
    • A. 

      Start eating.

    • B. 

      Stop eating.

    • C. 

      Start drinking.

    • D. 

      Stop drinking.


  • 23. 
    The body structure most closely associated with thirst is the
    • A. 

      pancreas.

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland.

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • D. 

      Limbic system


  • 24. 
    Extrinsic motivation stems from
    • A. 

      Obvious external factors.

    • B. 

      Intrinsic motivation.

    • C. 

      Primary drives.

    • D. 

      Self-actualization.


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