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Cancer By Rnpedia.com

60 Questions
Cancer By Rnpedia.com

Mark the letter of the letter of choice then click on the next button. Answer will be revealed after each question. No time limit to finish the exam. Good luck!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nina, an oncology nurse educator is speaking to a women’s group about breast cancer. Questions and comments from the audience reveal a misunderstanding of some aspects of the disease. Various members of the audience have made all of the following statements. Which one is accurate?
    • A. 

      Mammography is the most reliable method for detecting breast cancer.

    • B. 

      Breast cancer is the leading killer of women of childbearing age.

    • C. 

      Breast cancer requires a mastectomy.

    • D. 

      Men can develop breast cancer.

  • 2. 
    Nurse Meredith is instructing a premenopausal woman about breast self-examination. The nurse should tell the client to do her self-examination:
    • A. 

      At the end of her menstrual cycle.

    • B. 

      On the same day each month.

    • C. 

      On the 1st day of the menstrual cycle.

    • D. 

      Immediately after her menstrual period.

  • 3. 
    Nurse Kent is teaching a male client to perform monthly testicular self-examinations. Which of the following points would be appropriate to make? 
    • A. 

      Testicular cancer is a highly curable type of cancer

    • B. 

      Testicular cancer is very difficult to diagnose.

    • C. 

      Testicular cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in males.

    • D. 

      Testicular cancer is more common in older men.

  • 4. 
    Rhea, has malignant lymphoma. As part of her chemotherapy, the physician prescribes chlorambucil (Leukeran), 10 mg by mouth daily. When caring for the client, the nurse teaches her about adverse reactions to chlorambucil, such as alopecia. How soon after the first administration of chlorambucil might this reaction occur?
    • A. 

      Immediately

    • B. 

      1 week

    • C. 

      2 to 3 weeks

    • D. 

      1 month

  • 5. 
    A male client is receiving the cell cycle–nonspecific alkylating agent thiotepa (Thioplex), 60 mg weekly for 4 weeks by bladder instillation as part of a chemotherapeutic regimen to treat bladder cancer. The client asks the nurse how the drug works. How does thiotepa exert its therapeutic effects? 
    • A. 

      It interferes with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) replication only.

    • B. 

      It interferes with ribonucleic acid (RNA) transcription only.

    • C. 

      It interferes with DNA replication and RNA transcription.

    • D. 

      It destroys the cell membrane, causing lysis.

  • 6. 
    The nurse is instructing the 35 year old client to perform a testicular self-examination. The nurse tells the client: 
    • A. 

      To examine the testicles while lying down

    • B. 

      That the best time for the examination is after a shower

    • C. 

      To gently feel the testicle with one finger to feel for a growth

    • D. 

      That testicular self-examination should be done at least every 6 months

  • 7. 
    A female client with cancer is receiving chemotherapy and develops thrombocytopenia. The nurse identifies which intervention as the highest priority in the nursing plan of care? 
    • A. 

      Monitoring temperature

    • B. 

      Ambulation three times daily

    • C. 

      Monitoring the platelet count

    • D. 

      Monitoring for pathological fractures

  • 8. 
    Ian, a community health nurse is instructing a group of female clients about breast self-examination. The nurse instructs the client to perform the examination: 
    • A. 

      At the onset of menstruation

    • B. 

      Every month during ovulation

    • C. 

      Weekly at the same time of day

    • D. 

      1 week after menstruation begins

  • 9. 
    Nurse Cecilia is caring for a client who has undergone a vaginal hysterectomy. The nurse avoids which of the following in the care of this client? 
    • A. 

      Elevating the knee gatch on the bed

    • B. 

      Assisting with range-of-motion leg exercises

    • C. 

      Removal of antiembolism stockings twice daily

    • D. 

      Checking placement of pneumatic compression boots

  • 10. 
    Mina, who is suspected of an ovarian tumor is scheduled for a pelvic ultrasound. The nurse provides which preprocedure instruction to the client?
    • A. 

      Eat a light breakfast only

    • B. 

      Maintain an NPO status before the procedure

    • C. 

      Wear comfortable clothing and shoes for the procedure

    • D. 

      Drink six to eight glasses of water without voiding before the test

  • 11. 
    A male client is diagnosed as having a bowel tumor and several diagnostic tests are prescribed. The nurse understands that which test will confirm the diagnosis of malignancy? 
    • A. 

      Biopsy of the tumor

    • B. 

      Abdominal ultrasound

    • C. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging

    • D. 

      Computerized tomography scan

  • 12. 
    A female client diagnosed with multiple myeloma and the client asks the nurse about the diagnosis. The nurse bases the response on which description of this disorder? 
    • A. 

      Altered red blood cell production

    • B. 

      Altered production of lymph nodes

    • C. 

      Malignant exacerbation in the number of leukocytes

    • D. 

      Malignant proliferation of plasma cells within the bone

  • 13. 
    Nurse Bea is reviewing the laboratory results of a client diagnosed with multiple myeloma. Which of the following would the nurse expect to note specifically in this disorder? 
    • A. 

      Increased calcium

    • B. 

      Increased white blood cells

    • C. 

      Decreased blood urea nitrogen level

    • D. 

      Decreased number of plasma cells in the bone marrow

  • 14. 
    Vanessa, a community health nurse conducts a health promotion program regarding testicular cancer to community members. The nurse determines that further information needs to be provided if a community member states that which of the following is a sign of testicular cancer? 
    • A. 

      Alopecia

    • B. 

      Back pain

    • C. 

      Painless testicular swelling

    • D. 

      Heavy sensation in the scrotum

  • 15. 
    The male client is receiving external radiation to the neck for cancer of the larynx. The most likely side effect to be expected is: 
    • A. 

      Dyspnea

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Sore throat

    • D. 

      Constipation

  • 16. 
    Nurse Joy is caring for a client with an internal radiation implant. When caring for the client, the nurse should observe which of the following principles? 
    • A. 

      Limit the time with the client to 1 hour per shift

    • B. 

      Do not allow pregnant women into the client’s room

    • C. 

      Remove the dosimeter badge when entering the client’s room

    • D. 

      Individuals younger than 16 years old may be allowed to go in the room as long as they are 6 feet away from the client

  • 17. 
    A cervical radiation implant is placed in the client for treatment of cervical cancer. The nurse initiates what most appropriate activity order for this client? 
    • A. 

      Bed rest

    • B. 

      Out of bed ad lib

    • C. 

      Out of bed in a chair only

    • D. 

      Ambulation to the bathroom only

  • 18. 
    A female client is hospitalized for insertion of an internal cervical radiation implant. While giving care, the nurse finds the radiation implant in the bed. The initial action by the nurse is to:
    • A. 

      Call the physician

    • B. 

      Reinsert the implant into the vagina immediately

    • C. 

      Pick up the implant with gloved hands and flush it down the toilet

    • D. 

      Pick up the implant with long-handled forceps and place it in a lead container.

  • 19. 
    The nurse is caring for a female client experiencing neutropenia as a result of chemotherapy and develops a plan of care for the client. The nurse plans to: 
    • A. 

      Restrict all visitors

    • B. 

      Restrict fluid intake

    • C. 

      Teach the client and family about the need for hand hygiene

    • D. 

      Insert an indwelling urinary catheter to prevent skin breakdown

  • 20. 
    The home health care nurse is caring for a male client with cancer and the client is complaining of acute pain. The appropriate nursing assessment of the client’s pain would include which of the following?
    • A. 

      The client’s pain rating

    • B. 

      Nonverbal cues from the client

    • C. 

      The nurse’s impression of the client’s pain

    • D. 

      Pain relief after appropriate nursing intervention

  • 21. 
    Nurse Mickey is caring for a client who is postoperative following a pelvic exenteration and the physician changes the client’s diet from NPO status to clear liquids. The nurse makes which priority assessment before administering the diet? 
    • A. 

      Bowel sounds

    • B. 

      Ability to ambulate

    • C. 

      Incision appearance

    • D. 

      Urine specific gravity

  • 22. 
    A male client is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of Hodgkin’s disease. Which assessment findings would the nurse expect to note specifically in the client? 
    • A. 

      Fatigue

    • B. 

      Weakness

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Enlarged lymph nodes

  • 23. 
    During the admission assessment of a 35 year old client with advanced ovarian cancer, the nurse recognizes which symptom as typical of the disease?
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Hypermenorrhea

    • C. 

      Abdominal bleeding

    • D. 

      Abdominal distention

  • 24. 
    Nurse Kate is reviewing the complications of colonization with a client who has microinvasive cervical cancer. Which complication, if identified by the client, indicates a need for further teaching? 
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Hemorrhage

    • C. 

      Cervical stenosis

    • D. 

      Ovarian perforation

  • 25. 
    Mr. Miller has been diagnosed with bone cancer. You know this type of cancer is classified as: 
    • A. 

      Sarcoma

    • B. 

      Lymphoma

    • C. 

      Carcinoma

    • D. 

      Melanoma

  • 26. 
    Sarah, a hospice nurse visits a client dying of ovarian cancer. During the visit, the client expresses that “If I can just live long enough to attend my daughter’s graduation, I’ll be ready to die.” Which phrase of coping is this client experiencing?
    • A. 

      Anger

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 27. 
    The female client who has been receiving radiation therapy for bladder cancer tells the nurse that it feels as if she is voiding through the vagina. The nurse interprets that the client may be experiencing:
    • A. 

      Rupture of the bladder

    • B. 

      The development of a vesicovaginal fistula

    • C. 

      Extreme stress caused by the diagnosis of cancer

    • D. 

      Altered perineal sensation as a side effect of radiation therapy

  • 28. 
    The client with leukemia is receiving busulfan (Myleran) and allopurinol (Zyloprim). The nurse tells the client that the purpose if the allopurinol is to prevent:
    • A. 

      Nausea

    • B. 

      Alopecia

    • C. 

      Vomiting

    • D. 

      Hyperuricemia

  • 29. 
    A male client has an abnormal result on a Papanicolaou test. After admitting, he read his chart while the nurse was out of the room, the client asks what dysplasia means. Which definition should the nurse provide?
    • A. 

      Presence of completely undifferentiated tumor cells that don’t resemble cells of the tissues of their origin

    • B. 

      Increase in the number of normal cells in a normal arrangement in a tissue or an organ

    • C. 

      Replacement of one type of fully differentiated cell by another in tissues where the second type normally isn’t found

    • D. 

      Alteration in the size, shape, and organization of differentiated cells

  • 30. 
    For a female client with newly diagnosed cancer, the nurse formulates a nursing diagnosis of Anxiety related to the threat of death secondary to cancer diagnosis. Which expected outcome would be appropriate for this client?
    • A. 

      “Client verbalizes feelings of anxiety.”

    • B. 

      “Client doesn’t guess at prognosis.”

    • C. 

      “Client uses any effective method to reduce tension.”

    • D. 

      “Client stops seeking information.”

  • 31. 
    A male client with a cerebellar brain tumor is admitted to an acute care facility. The nurse formulates a nursing diagnosis of Risk for injury. Which “related-to” phrase should the nurse add to complete the nursing diagnosis statement?
    • A. 

      Related to visual field deficits

    • B. 

      Related to difficulty swallowing

    • C. 

      Related to impaired balance

    • D. 

      Related to psychomotor seizures

  • 32. 
    A female client with cancer is scheduled for radiation therapy. The nurse knows that radiation at any treatment site may cause a certain adverse effect. Therefore, the nurse should prepare the client to expect:
    • A. 

      Hair loss.

    • B. 

      Stomatitis

    • C. 

      Fatigue

    • D. 

      Vomiting

  • 33. 
    Nurse April is teaching a client who suspects that she has a lump in her breast. The nurse instructs the client that a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by:
    • A. 

      Breast self-examination.

    • B. 

      Mammography

    • C. 

      Fine needle aspiration.

    • D. 

      Chest X-ray.

  • 34. 
    A male client undergoes a laryngectomy to treat laryngeal cancer. When teaching the client how to care for the neck stoma, the nurse should include which instruction?
    • A. 

      “Keep the stoma uncovered.”

    • B. 

      “Keep the stoma dry.”

    • C. 

      “Have a family member perform stoma care initially until you get used to the procedure.”

    • D. 

      “Keep the stoma moist.”

  • 35. 
    A female client is receiving chemotherapy to treat breast cancer. Which assessment finding indicates a fluid and electrolyte imbalance induced by chemotherapy?
    • A. 

      Urine output of 400 ml in 8 hours

    • B. 

      Serum potassium level of 3.6 mEq/L

    • C. 

      Blood pressure of 120/64 to 130/72 mm Hg

    • D. 

      Dry oral mucous membranes and cracked lips

  • 36. 
    Nurse April is teaching a group of women to perform breast self-examination. The nurse should explain that the purpose of performing the examination is to discover:
    • A. 

      Cancerous lumps.

    • B. 

      Areas of thickness or fullness.

    • C. 

      Changes from previous self-examinations.

    • D. 

      Fibrocystic masses.

  • 37. 
    A client, age 41, visits the gynecologist. After examining her, the physician suspects cervical cancer. The nurse reviews the client’s history for risk factors for this disease. Which history finding is a risk factor for cervical cancer?
    • A. 

      Onset of sporadic sexual activity at age 17

    • B. 

      Spontaneous abortion at age 19

    • C. 

      Pregnancy complicated with eclampsia at age 27

    • D. 

      Human papillomavirus infection at age 32

  • 38. 
    A female client is receiving methotrexate (Mexate), 12 g/m2 I.V., to treat osteogenic carcinoma. During methotrexate therapy, the nurse expects the client to receive which other drug to protect normal cells?
    • A. 

      Probenecid (Benemid)

    • B. 

      Cytarabine (ara-C, cytosine arabinoside [Cytosar-U]

    • C. 

      Thioguanine (6-thioguanine, 6-TG)

    • D. 

      Leucovorin (citrovorum factor or folinic acid [Wellcovorin])

  • 39. 
    The nurse is interviewing a male client about his past medical history. Which preexisting condition may lead the nurse to suspect that a client has colorectal cancer?
    • A. 

      Duodenal ulcers

    • B. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Polyps

  • 40. 
    Nurse Amy is speaking to a group of women about early detection of breast cancer. The average age of the women in the group is 47. Following the American Cancer Society guidelines, the nurse should recommend that the women:
    • A. 

      Perform breast self-examination annually.

    • B. 

      Have a mammogram annually.

    • C. 

      Have a hormonal receptor assay annually.

    • D. 

      Have a physician conduct a clinical examination every 2 years.

  • 41. 
    A male client with a nagging cough makes an appointment to see the physician after reading that this symptom is one of the seven warning signs of cancer. What is another warning sign of cancer?
    • A. 

      Persistent nausea

    • B. 

      Rash

    • C. 

      Indigestion

    • D. 

      Chronic ache or pain

  • 42. 
    For a female client newly diagnosed with radiation-induced thrombocytopenia, the nurse should include which intervention in the plan of care?
    • A. 

      Administering aspirin if the temperature exceeds 102° F (38.8° C)

    • B. 

      Inspecting the skin for petechiae once every shift

    • C. 

      Providing for frequent rest periods

    • D. 

      Placing the client in strict isolation

  • 43. 
    Nurse Lucia is providing breast cancer education at a community facility. The American Cancer Society recommends that women get mammograms:
    • A. 

      Yearly after age 40.

    • B. 

      After the birth of the first child and every 2 years thereafter.

    • C. 

      After the first menstrual period and annually thereafter

    • D. 

      Every 3 years between ages 20 and 40 and annually thereafter.

  • 44. 
    Which intervention is appropriate for the nurse caring for a male client in severe pain receiving a continuous I.V. infusion of morphine?
    • A. 

      Assisting with a naloxone challenge test before therapy begins

    • B. 

      Discontinuing the drug immediately if signs of dependence appear

    • C. 

      Changing the administration route to P.O. if the client can tolerate fluids

    • D. 

      Obtaining baseline vital signs before administering the first dose

  • 45. 
    A 35 years old client with ovarian cancer is prescribed hydroxyurea (Hydrea), an antimetabolite drug. Antimetabolites are a diverse group of antineoplastic agents that interfere with various metabolic actions of the cell. The mechanism of action of antimetabolites interferes with:
    • A. 

      Cell division or mitosis during the M phase of the cell cycle.

    • B. 

      Normal cellular processes during the S phase of the cell cycle.

    • C. 

      The chemical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and chemical binding between DNA molecules (cell cycle–nonspecific)

    • D. 

      One or more stages of ribonucleic acid (RNA) synthesis, DNA synthesis, or both (cell cycle–nonspecific).

  • 46. 
    The ABCD method offers one way to assess skin lesions for possible skin cancer. What does the A stand for?
    • A. 

      Actinic

    • B. 

      Asymmetry

    • C. 

      Arcus

    • D. 

      Assessment

  • 47. 
    When caring for a male client diagnosed with a brain tumor of the parietal lobe, the nurse expects to assess:
    • A. 

      Short-term memory impairment.

    • B. 

      Tactile agnosia.

    • C. 

      Seizures

    • D. 

      Contralateral homonymous hemianopia.

  • 48. 
    A female client is undergoing tests for multiple myeloma. Diagnostic study findings in multiple myeloma include:
    • A. 

      A decreased serum creatinine level

    • B. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • C. 

      Bence Jones protein in the urine.

    • D. 

      A low serum protein level.

  • 49. 
    A 35 years old client has been receiving chemotherapy to treat cancer. Which assessment finding suggests that the client has developed stomatitis (inflammation of the mouth)?
    • A. 

      White, cottage cheese–like patches on the tongue

    • B. 

      Yellow tooth discoloration

    • C. 

      Red, open sores on the oral mucosa

    • D. 

      Rust-colored sputum

  • 50. 
    During chemotherapy, an oncology client has a nursing diagnosis of impaired oral mucous membrane related to decreased nutrition and immunosuppression secondary to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy. Which nursing intervention is most likely to decrease the pain of stomatitis?
    • A. 

      Recommending that the client discontinue chemotherapy

    • B. 

      Providing a solution of hydrogen peroxide and water for use as a mouth rinse

    • C. 

      Monitoring the client’s platelet and leukocyte counts

    • D. 

      Checking regularly for signs and symptoms of stomatitis

  • 51. 
    What should a male client over age 52 do to help ensure early identification of prostate cancer?
    • A. 

      Have a digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test done yearly.

    • B. 

      Have a transrectal ultrasound every 5 years.

    • C. 

      Perform monthly testicular self-examinations, especially after age 50.

    • D. 

      Have a complete blood count (CBC) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels checked yearly.

  • 52. 
    A male client complains of sporadic epigastric pain, yellow skin, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and fatigue. Suspecting gallbladder disease, the physician orders a diagnostic workup, which reveals gallbladder cancer. Which nursing diagnosis may be appropriate for this client?
    • A. 

      Anticipatory grieving

    • B. 

      Impaired swallowing

    • C. 

      Disturbed body image

    • D. 

      Chronic low self-esteem

  • 53. 
    A male client is in isolation after receiving an internal radioactive implant to treat cancer. Two hours later, the nurse discovers the implant in the bed linens. What should the nurse do first?
    • A. 

      Stand as far away from the implant as possible and call for help.

    • B. 

      Pick up the implant with long-handled forceps and place it in a lead-lined container.

    • C. 

      Leave the room and notify the radiation therapy department immediately.

    • D. 

      Put the implant back in place, using forceps and a shield for self-protection, and call for help.

  • 54. 
    Jeovina, with advanced breast cancer is prescribed tamoxifen (Nolvadex). When teaching the client about this drug, the nurse should emphasize the importance of reporting which adverse reaction immediately?
    • A. 

      Vision changes

    • B. 

      Hearing loss

    • C. 

      Headache

    • D. 

      Anorexia

  • 55. 
    A female client with cancer is being evaluated for possible metastasis. Which of the following is one of the most common metastasis sites for cancer cells?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Colon

    • C. 

      Reproductive tract

    • D. 

      White blood cells (WBCs)

  • 56. 
    A 34-year-old female client is requesting information about mammograms and breast cancer. She isn’t considered at high risk for breast cancer. What should the nurse tell this client?
    • A. 

      She should have had a baseline mammogram before age 30.

    • B. 

      She should eat a low-fat diet to further decrease her risk of breast cancer.

    • C. 

      She should perform breast self-examination during the first 5 days of each menstrual cycle.

    • D. 

      When she begins having yearly mammograms, breast self-examinations will no longer be necessary.

  • 57. 
    Nurse Brian is developing a plan of care for marrow suppression, the major dose-limiting adverse reaction to floxuridine (FUDR). How long after drug administration does bone marrow suppression become noticeable?
    • A. 

      24 hours

    • B. 

      2 to 4 days

    • C. 

      7 to 14 days

    • D. 

      21 to 28 days

  • 58. 
    The nurse is preparing for a female client for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm or rule out a spinal cord lesion. During the MRI scan, which of the following would pose a threat to the client?
    • A. 

      The client lies still.

    • B. 

      The client asks questions.

    • C. 

      The client hears thumping sounds.

    • D. 

      The client wears a watch and wedding band.

  • 59. 
    Nurse Farah is caring for a client following a mastectomy. Which assessment finding indicates that the client is experiencing a complication related to the surgery? 
    • A. 

      Pain at the incisional site

    • B. 

      Arm edema on the operative side

    • C. 

      Sanguineous drainage in the Jackson-Pratt drain

    • D. 

      Complaints of decreased sensation near the operative site

  • 60. 
    The nurse is admitting a male client with laryngeal cancer to the nursing unit. The nurse assesses for which most common risk factor for this type of cancer? 
    • A. 

      Alcohol abuse

    • B. 

      Cigarette smoking

    • C. 

      Use of chewing tobacco

    • D. 

      Exposure to air pollutants

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