APUSH Chapter 16-18

42 Questions  I  By Hookemhorns6767
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  • 1. 
    The southern planter aristocracy was strongly attracted to medieval cultural ideals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    Most southern slaveowners owned twenty or more slaves
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    Poor whites supported slavery because it made them feel racially superior and because they hoped someday to be able to buy slaves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    Free blacks enjoyed considerable status and wealth in both the North and the South before the Civil War
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    Slavery almost completely destroyed the black family
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    Abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison quickly attained great popularity in the North
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    After about 1830, the South no longer tolerated even moderate pro-abolitionist discussion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    By the 1840's, the bitter memories of two Anglo-American wars had disappeared, putting an end to major British-American conflicts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    A primary motive driving Americans to annex Texas was fear that the Lone Star Republic would become an ally or protectorate of Britain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    In the dispute with Britain over Oregon, the United States repeatedly demanded control of the whole territory as far as "fifty-four forty."
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    Polk's victory in 1844 was interpreted as a mandate for the Manifest Destiny and led directly to the annexation of Texas and a favorable settlement of the Oregon dispute.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    The immediate cause of the Mexican War was an attempt by Mexico to reconquer Texas.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    The overwhelming American military victory over Mexico led some Americans to call for the United States to take over all of Mexico.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    The outcome of the Mexican war became a source of continuing bad feeling between the United States and much of Latin America.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    The Free Soil party consisted of a small, unified band of radical abolitionists.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Southerners demanded a more effective fugitive-slave law to stop the "Underground Railroad" from running escaped slaves to Canada.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    In the key provisions of the Compromise of 1850, New Mexico and Utah were admitted as slave states, while California was left open to popular sovereignty. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    The greatest political winner in the Compromise of 1850 was the South.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    The Pierce administration's expansionist efforts in Central America, Cuba, and the Gadsden Purchase were basically designed to serve southern proslavery interests.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act was intended to organize western territories so that a transcontinental railroad could be built along a northern road.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act wrecked the Compromise of 1850 and created deep divisions within the Democratic Party.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    The invention that transformed the southern cotton economy was...
    • A. 

      The sewing machine

    • B. 

      The mechanical cotton-picker

    • C. 

      The cotton gin

    • D. 

      The steamboat


  • 23. 
    Among the economic consequences of the South's cotton economy was...
    • A. 

      Increasing immigration of laborers from Europe

    • B. 

      A dependence on the North for trade and manufacturing

    • C. 

      A stable system of credit and finance

    • D. 

      A relatively equal distribution of property and wealth


  • 24. 
    Even though they owned no slaves, most southern whites supported the slave system because...
    • A. 

      They were bribed by the planter class

    • B. 

      The enjoyed the economic benefits of slavery

    • C. 

      They felt radically superior to blacks and hoped to be able to buy slaves

    • D. 

      The disliked the northern abolitionists


  • 25. 
    The condition of the 500,000 or so free blacks was...
    • A. 

      Considerably better in the North than in the South

    • B. 

      Notably improving in the decades before the Civil War

    • C. 

      As bad or worse in the North than in the South

    • D. 

      Politically threatened but economically secure


  • 26. 
    Most slaveowners treated their slaves as...
    • A. 

      Objects to be beaten and brutalized as often as possible

    • B. 

      Economically profitable investments

    • C. 

      Members of their extended family

    • D. 

      Potential converts to evangelical Christianity


  • 27. 
    Most of the early abolitionists were motivated by...
    • A. 

      A desire to create an independent black republic in Africa

    • B. 

      Anger at the negative economic consequences of slavery

    • C. 

      Religious feeling against the "sin" of slavery

    • D. 

      A philosophical commitment to racial integration


  • 28. 
    After 1830, most southerners came to look on slavery as...
    • A. 

      A curse on their religion

    • B. 

      A necessary evil

    • C. 

      A positive good

    • D. 

      A threat to their social ideals


  • 29. 
    Among the major sources of tension between Britain and the United States in the 1840s was...
    • A. 

      American involvement in Canadian rebellions and border disputes

    • B. 

      Britain support for American abolitionists

    • C. 

      American anger at British default on canal and railroad systems

    • D. 

      American intervention in the British West Indies


  • 30. 
    During the early 1840s, Texas maintained its independence by...
    • A. 

      Waging a constant war against Mexico

    • B. 

      Refusing to sign treaties with any outside powers

    • C. 

      Relying on the military power of the United States

    • D. 

      Establishing friendly relations with Britain and other European powers


  • 31. 
    Texas was finally admitted to the Union in 1844 as a result of...
    • A. 

      The Mexican War

    • B. 

      The Texans' willingness to abandon slavery

    • C. 

      President Tyler's interpretation of the election of 1844 as a "mandate" to acquire Texas

    • D. 

      A compromise agreement with Britain


  • 32. 
    Britain eventually lost out in the contest for the disputed Oregon territory because...
    • A. 

      A rapidly growing number of American settlers overwhelmed the small British population

    • B. 

      The British recognized the greater validity of American legal claims on the territory

    • C. 

      Superior American naval forces made the British position in the region untenable

    • D. 

      An international arbitration commission ruled in favor of the American claims


  • 33. 
    The final result of the British-American conflict over the Oregon country in 1844-1846 was...
    • A. 

      An American success in winning the goal of a boundary at "fifty-four forty"

    • B. 

      An agreement to continue the joint occupation of Oregon for twenty years more

    • C. 

      A compromise agreement on a border at the forty-ninth parallel

    • D. 

      An outbreak of war between the two nations


  • 34. 
    The phrase "spot resolutions" refers to...
    • A. 

      President Polk's message asking Congress to declare war on Mexico "on the spot"

    • B. 

      The amendment introduced after the Mexican War declaring that not one new spot of land be open to slavery

    • C. 

      Congressman Abraham Lincoln's resolution demanding to know the exact spot of American soil where American blood had been shed

    • D. 

      The congressional act determining which spots of Mexican land should be ceded to the United States


  • 35. 
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ending the Mexican War provided for...
    • A. 

      A return to the status quo that had existed before the war

    • B. 

      The eventual American acquisition of all of all of Mexico

    • C. 

      American acquisition of about half of Mexico and payment of several million dollars in compensation

    • D. 

      The acquisition of California and joint U.S.-Mexican control of Arizona and New Mexico


  • 36. 
    The election of 1848, the response of the Whig and Democratic parties to the rising controversy over slavery was...
    • A. 

      A strong proslavery stance by the Democrats and a strong antislavery stance by the whigs

    • B. 

      Platforms stressing both parties' clear differences with the antislavery Free Soil party

    • C. 

      An attempt to ignore the issue

    • D. 

      To free each individual candidate to take his own stand on the issue


  • 37. 
    The proposed admission of California directly into the Union was dangerously controversial because...
    • A. 

      The territory was in a condition of complete lawlessness and anarchy

    • B. 

      The Mexicans were threatening renewed warfare if California joined the Union

    • C. 

      California's admission as a free state would destroy the equal balance of slave and free states in the senate

    • D. 

      There was a growing movement to declare California an independent nation


  • 38. 
    Among the notable advocates of compromise in the controversy over slavery in the 1850s were...
    • A. 

      William Seward and Zachary Taylor

    • B. 

      Henry Clay and Daniel Webster

    • C. 

      John C. Calhoun and Abraham Lincoln

    • D. 

      Stephen Douglas and Harriet Tubman


  • 39. 
    Under the terms of the Compromise of 1850,
    • A. 

      California was admitted to the Union as a free state, and slavery in Utah and New Mexico territories would be left up to popular sovereignty

    • B. 

      California was admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico as slave states

    • C. 

      California, Utah, and New Mexico were kept as territories but with slavery prohibited

    • D. 

      New Mexico and Texas were admitted as slave states and Utah and California as free states


  • 40. 
    The greatest winner in the Compromise of 1850 was...
    • A. 

      The North

    • B. 

      The South

    • C. 

      Neither the North nor the South

    • D. 

      The border states


  • 41. 
    The conflict over slavery after the election of 1852 led shortly to...
    • A. 

      The death of the Whig party

    • B. 

      The death of the Democratic party

    • C. 

      The death of the Republican party

    • D. 

      The rise of the Free Soil party


  • 42. 
    The primary goal of Commodore Matthew Perry's treaty with Japan in 1854 was...
    • A. 

      Establishing a balance of power in East Asia

    • B. 

      Opening Japan to American trade

    • C. 

      Guaranteeing the territorial integrity of China

    • D. 

      Establishing American naval bases in Hawaii and Okinawa


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