Anatomy Test Chapter 5

60 Questions  I  By Caitlinnorthcutt
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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
Anatomy. Test. Chapter. 5.

  
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  • 1. 
    The condition known as erythema, the skin takes on a(n) ________ color. 
    • A. 

      Red

    • B. 

      Blue

    • C. 

      Orange

    • D. 

      Yellow

    • E. 

      Black


  • 2. 
    ________ is a pigment found in vegetables that can make the skin appear orange or yellow
    • A. 

      Carotene

    • B. 

      Albino

    • C. 

      Melanoma

    • D. 

      Rickets


  • 3. 
    Hairs are produced within organs called ________.  
    • A. 

      Hair roots

    • B. 

      Hair follicles

    • C. 

      Languno

    • D. 

      Cyanosis


  • 4. 
    ________ are fine hairs (like "velvet") that lack pigment and cover much of the body surface
    • A. 

      Rickets

    • B. 

      Lanugo

    • C. 

      Keloid

    • D. 

      Blister


  • 5. 
    The substance called sebum is commonly known as ________.  
    • A. 

      Sweat

    • B. 

      Hair

    • C. 

      Thick

    • D. 

      Oil

    • E. 

      Blister


  • 6. 
    A deficiency disease that illustrates the effect of integumentary system function on the structure of the skeletal system is ________.
    • A. 

      Rickets

    • B. 

      Melanoma

    • C. 

      Vitamin d defiecency


  • 7. 
    A thickened area of scar tissue that is covered by a shiny, smooth epidermal surface is called a(n) ________.  
    • A. 

      Blister

    • B. 

      Scar

    • C. 

      Keloid

    • D. 

      Tissue cell


  • 8. 
    A fibrin clot that is formed over a skin wound is called a(n) ________.  
    • A. 

      Keloid

    • B. 

      Scab

    • C. 

      Tissue cells

    • D. 

      Scar


  • 9. 
    The combination of fibrin clot, fibroblasts, and extensive capillary network that is formed in injured skin is called ________.  
    • A. 

      Scar cell

    • B. 

      Scar tissue

    • C. 

      Granulation tissue

    • D. 

      Keloid tissue


  • 10. 
    Rapid water loss from burned skin is an extreme form of ________ perspiration.  
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Dehyrdation

    • C. 

      Sensiable

    • D. 

      Insensiable


  • 11. 
    The skin appearance that results from dark-red hemoglobin is called ________.  
    • A. 

      Brusing

    • B. 

      Albino

    • C. 

      Cyanosis

    • D. 

      Maligment malanoma


  • 12. 
    ________ are accumulations of fluid within the epidermis or between the epidermis and the dermis
    • A. 

      Fluid build up

    • B. 

      Melanoma

    • C. 

      Deyhydration

    • D. 

      Blisters


  • 13. 
    A bacterial infection that is often fatal in burn patients is called ________.  
    • A. 

      Melanoma

    • B. 

      Sepsis

    • C. 

      Blisters

    • D. 

      Scarring sepsis


  • 14. 
    )Four signs useful for determining if a suspicious mark on the skin is melanoma follow the ABCD mnemonic. Identify what each letter abbreviates.  
    • A. 

      Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter

    • B. 

      Asymmentry, Bone, Color, Distance

    • C. 

      Angle, Burn, Case, Depth

    • D. 

      Apotine, Blister, Cause, Diameter


  • 15. 
    The most dangerous type of skin cancer is termed ________.  
    • A. 

      First degree

    • B. 

      Malignant melanoma

    • C. 

      Synopisis

    • D. 

      Sun burn


  • 16. 
    Provide one beneficial effect of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.  
    • A. 

      Vitmain D

    • B. 

      Nice tan

    • C. 

      Strong bones

    • D. 

      Healthy skin


  • 17. 
    A bruise turns "black and blue" because of ________ in the dermis.  
    • A. 

      Heat

    • B. 

      Scarring

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Blood

    • E. 

      Bone


  • 18. 
    Melanin is produced by melanocytes within the stratum ________.  
    • A. 

      Germinatavium

    • B. 

      Structure

    • C. 

      Platlet

    • D. 

      Plasma

    • E. 

      Skin


  • 19. 
    Each of the following is a function of the integumentary system, except   
    • A. 

      Excretion of salts and wastes

    • B. 

      Provision of sensation.

    • C. 

      Synthesis of vitamin C.

    • D. 

      Maintenance of body temperature.

    • E. 

      Protection of underlying tissue.


  • 20. 
    The two components of the integumentary system are the  
    • A. 

      Epidermis and dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis and superficial fascia.

    • C. 

      Integument and hypodermis.

    • D. 

      Cutaneous membrane and hypodermis.

    • E. 

      Cutaneous membrane and accessory structures


  • 21. 
    Accessory structures of the skin include all of the following, except   
    • A. 

      Nails.

    • B. 

      Sebaceous glands.

    • C. 

      Epidermis.

    • D. 

      Hair follicles.

    • E. 

      Sweat glands.


  • 22. 
    The tough "horny" superficial layer of the epidermis is known as the
    • A. 

      Stratum granulosum.

    • B. 

      Stratum corneum.

    • C. 

      Stratum spinosum.

    • D. 

      Stratum lucidum.

    • E. 

      Stratum germinativum


  • 23. 
    Water loss due to evaporation of fluid that has penetrated through the skin is termed ________ perspiration.  
    • A. 

      Latent

    • B. 

      Sensible

    • C. 

      Inactive

    • D. 

      Insensible

    • E. 

      Active


  • 24. 
    The layer of the epidermis that contains abundant desmosomes is the  
    • A. 

      Stratum granulosum.

    • B. 

      Stratum corneum.

    • C. 

      Stratum spinosum

    • D. 

      Stratum lucidum

    • E. 

      Stratum germinativum.


  • 25. 
    An albino individual lacks the ability to produce  
    • A. 

      Perspiration.

    • B. 

      Keratin

    • C. 

      Eleidin.

    • D. 

      Melanin.

    • E. 

      Carotene.


  • 26. 
    Which of the following is not an effect of ultraviolet radiation
    • A. 

      Wrinkles

    • B. 

      Vitiligo

    • C. 

      Production of cholecalciferol within epidermal cells

    • D. 

      Increased activity by melanocytes

    • E. 

      Chromosomal damage in germinative cells or melanocytes


  • 27. 
    The layer of hard keratin that coats the hair is termed the  
    • A. 

      Hair bulb.

    • B. 

      Shaft.

    • C. 

      Cuticle.

    • D. 

      Root.

    • E. 

      Medulla.


  • 28. 
    Variations in hair color reflect differences in the pigment produced by  
    • A. 

      Melanocytes.

    • B. 

      Keratinocytes.

    • C. 

      Dermal papillae

    • D. 

      Soft keratin.

    • E. 

      Carotene cells.


  • 29. 
    Glands that discharge an oily secretion into hair follicles are ________ glands.  
    • A. 

      Apocrine sweat

    • B. 

      Ceruminous

    • C. 

      Mammary

    • D. 

      sebaceous

    • E. 

      Merocrine sweat


  • 30. 
    The ________ glands in the axilla become active at the time of puberty
    • A. 

      Ceruminous

    • B. 

      Merocrine sweat

    • C. 

      Apocrine sweat

    • D. 

      Axillary

    • E. 

      Sebaceous


  • 31. 
    The highest concentration of merocrine sweat glands is found 
    • A. 

      In the axillae.

    • B. 

      On the upper back

    • C. 

      On the chest.

    • D. 

      Surrounding the genitals.

    • E. 

      On the palms of the hands.


  • 32. 
    A child who skins his knee in a fall has a(n)
    • A. 

      Puncture.

    • B. 

      Incision.

    • C. 

      Contusion

    • D. 

      Abrasion

    • E. 

      Laceration.


  • 33. 
    The layer of the skin that provides a barrier against bacteria as well as chemical and mechanical injuries is the  
    • A. 

      Sebum layer

    • B. 

      Dermis.

    • C. 

      Epidermis.

    • D. 

      Stratum corneum

    • E. 

      Subcutaneous layer.


  • 34. 
    ) In a penetrating wound, ________ divide to produce mobile cells that repair the dermis.  
    • A. 

      Dendritic cells

    • B. 

      Granulation cells

    • C. 

      Macrophages

    • D. 

      Fibroblasts

    • E. 

      Muscle cells


  • 35. 
    An important vitamin that is formed in the skin when it is exposed to sunlight is  
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Vitamin B.

    • C. 

      Vitamin C.

    • D. 

      Vitamin D

    • E. 

      Vitamin E.


  • 36. 
    When the arrector pili muscles contract,  
    • A. 

      The skin changes color

    • B. 

      Hairs are shed.

    • C. 

      Sweat is released from sweat glands

    • D. 

      Shivering occurs.

    • E. 

      Goose bumps" are formed.


  • 37. 
    Epidermal growth factor exerts which of these effects on the epidermis
    • A. 

      Promotes cell division

    • B. 

      Speeds up glandular function

    • C. 

      Accelerates tissue repair

    • D. 

      Stimulates keratin synthesis

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 38. 
    If a fair-skinned person is sunburned, why does his or her skin turn red
    • A. 

      Melanocytes increase production of red pigments

    • B. 

      The number of red melanocytes in the skin increases

    • C. 

      The blood flow to the skin increases

    • D. 

      Increased heat causes the skin to turn red

    • E. 

      The blood supply to the skin decreases.


  • 39. 
    All of the following are true of the pigment melanin, except that it
    • A. 

      Is usually some shade of brown or black

    • B. 

      Increases with increased levels of the hormone MSH.

    • C. 

      Is produced by cells called melanocytes.

    • D. 

      Decreases in concentration within cells during exposure to the sun.

    • E. 

      Protects DNA from the damaging effects of UV radiation.


  • 40. 
    Of the following are true of the subcutaneous layer, except it
    • A. 

      Contains many blood vessels

    • B. 

      Permits independent movement of deeper structures

    • C. 

      Is attached to the dermis by a basement membrane

    • D. 

      Is well supplied with nerves that pass into the skin

    • E. 

      Contains large amounts of adipose tissue.


  • 41. 
    Stretch marks occur when
    • A. 

      Athletes overextend a muscle

    • B. 

      The skin is stretched in normal movements

    • C. 

      Surgical incisions are made perpendicular to the skin's lines of cleavage.

    • D. 

      The skin is so extensively stretched that its elastic limits are exceeded.

    • E. 

      The hair follicles cease to produce hairs


  • 42. 
    Each of the following statements concerning sebaceous glands and sebum is true, except one. Identify the exception
    • A. 

      Sebum can function as an antibiotic

    • B. 

      Most sebaceous glands open into hair follicles

    • C. 

      Most sebaceous glands are coiled tubular glands

    • D. 

      Sebum functions to lubricate the hair and skin

    • E. 

      Acne involves inflammation of sebaceous glands


  • 43. 
    The following are stages in the regeneration of skin following an injury 1.blood clot/scab formation 2.cellular migration 3.epidermis covers granulation tissue 4.epidermis covers scar tissue
    • A. 

      ) 2, 4, 1, 3.

    • B. 

      1, 2, 3, 4.

    • C. 

      3, 4, 1, 2

    • D. 

      4, 3, 2, 1.

    • E. 

      4, 3, 1, 2.


  • 44. 
    Scar tissue is the result of
    • A. 

      A lack of sebaceous glands in the injured area

    • B. 

      Large numbers of collagen fibers and relatively few blood vessels in the injured area

    • C. 

      A thickened stratum germinativum in the area of the injury

    • D. 

      Increased numbers of epidermal layers in the area of the injury

    • E. 

      Increased numbers of fibroblasts in the injured area


  • 45. 
    Which of the following happens if body temperature rises above normal?
    • A. 

      Evaporative cooling stops.

    • B. 

      Circulation in the skin decreases.

    • C. 

      Blood flow to the skin increases.

    • D. 

      The activity of melanocytes increases

    • E. 

      Sweat gland activity decreases.


  • 46. 
    The protein that permits stretching and recoiling of the skin is
    • A. 

      Carotene.

    • B. 

      Elastin.

    • C. 

      Melanin.

    • D. 

      Keratin

    • E. 

      Collagen


  • 47. 
    The primary pigments contained in the epidermis are
    • A. 

      Xanthophyll and melanin

    • B. 

      Carotene and xanthophyll

    • C. 

      Carotene and melanin

    • D. 

      Melanin and chlorophyll

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 48. 
    Thin skin contains ________ layer(s) of keratinocytes, and thick skin contains ________ layers.
    • A. 

      1; 2

    • B. 

      2; 3

    • C. 

      3; 4

    • D. 

      4; 5

    • E. 

      5; 6


  • 49. 
    Cyanosis signifies that a patient
    • A. 

      Has been exposed to cyanide

    • B. 

      Has been kept out of the sun.

    • C. 

      Has had too much sun

    • D. 

      Has oxygen-starved skin

    • E. 

      Has an allergic reaction.


  • 50. 
    Jaundice is indicated by
    • A. 

      A yellowish skin coloration.

    • B. 

      A brown skin coloration.

    • C. 

      An orange skin coloration.

    • D. 

      A bluish skin coloration.


  • 51. 
    While assessing a patient, you discover that after pinching the skin on the back of the hand, it remains peaked. This is a sign of
    • A. 

      Hydration intoxication

    • B. 

      Water intoxication.

    • C. 

      Malfunctioning elastin.

    • D. 

      Dehydration.

    • E. 

      Advanced skin cancer


  • 52. 
    A surgical incision parallel to the lines of cleavage
    • A. 

      Heals slower than incisions made perpendicular to the lines of cleavage

    • B. 

      Closes and heals with relatively little scarring

    • C. 

      Requires no sutures

    • D. 

      Does not affect the healing process

    • E. 

      Has a tendency to reopen


  • 53. 
    Treatment of full-thickness burns includes which of the following
    • A. 

      Replace fluids

    • B. 

      ) prevent infection

    • C. 

      Assist tissue repair

    • D. 

      Increase caloric intake

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 54. 
    Which of the following statements about rickets is not true
    • A. 

      Is usually genetic

    • B. 

      Prevented by sunlight

    • C. 

      Leads to weak bones

    • D. 

      Leads to skeletal deformity

    • E. 

      Prevented by vitamin D


  • 55. 
    ________ sweat glands are widely distributed across the body surface, ________ glands are located wherever hair follicles exist, and ________
    • A. 

      Merocrine; sebaceous; apocrine

    • B. 

      Apocrine; sebaceous; merocrine

    • C. 

      Merocrine; apocrine; sebaceous

    • D. 

      Apocrine; merocrine; sebaceous

    • E. 

      Sebaceous; merocrine; apocrine


  • 56. 
    From what structure does sensible perspiration occur
    • A. 

      Hair shaft 6

    • B. 

      Sepacious gland 7

    • C. 

      Arrector pili muscle 8

    • D. 

      Nerve fibers 9

    • E. 

      Sweat glands 10


  • 57. 
    An intradermal injection is administered into which layer
    • A. 

      1. epidermis

    • B. 

      2. papiliarry layer

    • C. 

      3. reticular layer

    • D. 

      4. dermis

    • E. 

      5. hypodermis


  • 58. 
    Which layer is the primary barrier against environmental hazards
    • A. 

      1. epidermis

    • B. 

      2. papiliarry layer

    • C. 

      3. reticular layer

    • D. 

      4. dermis

    • E. 

      5. hypodermis


  • 59. 
    Which tissue is located in the region labeled "2
    • A. 

      Cartilage and blood

    • B. 

      Areolar connective tissue

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous epithelium

    • D. 

      Reticular connective tissues

    • E. 

      Adipose tissue


  • 60. 
    Which layer contains most of the epidermal derivatives
    • A. 

      2. papilary layer

    • B. 

      4. dermis

    • C. 

      3. reticular layer

    • D. 

      1. epidermis

    • E. 

      5. hypodermis


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