Anatomy Test Chapter 5

60 Questions  I  By Caitlinnorthcutt
Anatomy. Test. Chapter. 5.

  
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1.  The condition known as erythema, the skin takes on a(n) ________ color. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ________ is a pigment found in vegetables that can make the skin appear orange or yellow
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Hairs are produced within organs called ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  ________ are fine hairs (like "velvet") that lack pigment and cover much of the body surface
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The substance called sebum is commonly known as ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A deficiency disease that illustrates the effect of integumentary system function on the structure of the skeletal system is ________.
A.
B.
C.
7.  A thickened area of scar tissue that is covered by a shiny, smooth epidermal surface is called a(n) ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A fibrin clot that is formed over a skin wound is called a(n) ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The combination of fibrin clot, fibroblasts, and extensive capillary network that is formed in injured skin is called ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Rapid water loss from burned skin is an extreme form of ________ perspiration.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The skin appearance that results from dark-red hemoglobin is called ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  ________ are accumulations of fluid within the epidermis or between the epidermis and the dermis
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A bacterial infection that is often fatal in burn patients is called ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  )Four signs useful for determining if a suspicious mark on the skin is melanoma follow the ABCD mnemonic. Identify what each letter abbreviates.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The most dangerous type of skin cancer is termed ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Provide one beneficial effect of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A bruise turns "black and blue" because of ________ in the dermis.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Melanin is produced by melanocytes within the stratum ________.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Each of the following is a function of the integumentary system, except   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The two components of the integumentary system are the  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Accessory structures of the skin include all of the following, except   
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The tough "horny" superficial layer of the epidermis is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Water loss due to evaporation of fluid that has penetrated through the skin is termed ________ perspiration.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The layer of the epidermis that contains abundant desmosomes is the  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  An albino individual lacks the ability to produce  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following is not an effect of ultraviolet radiation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The layer of hard keratin that coats the hair is termed the  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Variations in hair color reflect differences in the pigment produced by  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Glands that discharge an oily secretion into hair follicles are ________ glands.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The ________ glands in the axilla become active at the time of puberty
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The highest concentration of merocrine sweat glands is found 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  A child who skins his knee in a fall has a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The layer of the skin that provides a barrier against bacteria as well as chemical and mechanical injuries is the  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  ) In a penetrating wound, ________ divide to produce mobile cells that repair the dermis.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  An important vitamin that is formed in the skin when it is exposed to sunlight is  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  When the arrector pili muscles contract,  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Epidermal growth factor exerts which of these effects on the epidermis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  If a fair-skinned person is sunburned, why does his or her skin turn red
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  All of the following are true of the pigment melanin, except that it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Of the following are true of the subcutaneous layer, except it
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Stretch marks occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Each of the following statements concerning sebaceous glands and sebum is true, except one. Identify the exception
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The following are stages in the regeneration of skin following an injury 1.blood clot/scab formation 2.cellular migration 3.epidermis covers granulation tissue 4.epidermis covers scar tissue
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Scar tissue is the result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following happens if body temperature rises above normal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The protein that permits stretching and recoiling of the skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The primary pigments contained in the epidermis are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Thin skin contains ________ layer(s) of keratinocytes, and thick skin contains ________ layers.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Cyanosis signifies that a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Jaundice is indicated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  While assessing a patient, you discover that after pinching the skin on the back of the hand, it remains peaked. This is a sign of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  A surgical incision parallel to the lines of cleavage
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Treatment of full-thickness burns includes which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following statements about rickets is not true
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  ________ sweat glands are widely distributed across the body surface, ________ glands are located wherever hair follicles exist, and ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  From what structure does sensible perspiration occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  An intradermal injection is administered into which layer
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Which layer is the primary barrier against environmental hazards
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which tissue is located in the region labeled "2
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which layer contains most of the epidermal derivatives
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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