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Anatomy & Physiology Review Questions

120 Questions
Anatomy & Physiology Review Questions

Ncct MA Exams practice review

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The sebaceous glands, skin, hair, and nails make up the ______ system:
    • A. 

      Nervous

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular

    • C. 

      Sensory

    • D. 

      Integumentary

  • 2. 
    The heart, lymphatic, organs, and blood vessels are in the _____ system:
    • A. 

      Respiratory

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular

    • C. 

      Digestive

    • D. 

      Urinary

  • 3. 
    The liver, stomach, mouth and pancreas are in the _______ system:
    • A. 

      Reproductive

    • B. 

      Sensory

    • C. 

      Digestive

    • D. 

      Muscular

  • 4. 
    The bladder, urethra, kidney, and ureters are in the ______ system:
    • A. 

      Urinary

    • B. 

      Reproductive

    • C. 

      Respiratory

    • D. 

      Muscular

  • 5. 
    In the human body, the senses include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ears

    • B. 

      Eyes

    • C. 

      Teeth

    • D. 

      Nose

  • 6. 
    The brain, nerves, and spinal cord are in the ____ system:
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Nervous

    • C. 

      Sensory

    • D. 

      Endocrine

  • 7. 
    The trachea, nose, lungs, and pharynx are in the ___ system:
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Nervous

    • D. 

      Sensory

  • 8. 
    Tendons, joints, bones, and cartilages are in the ____ system:
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Muscular

    • D. 

      Endocrine

  • 9. 
    The upper middle area of the abdomen is called the:
    • A. 

      Hypogastric region

    • B. 

      Epigastric region

    • C. 

      Umbilical region

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 10. 
    The lower middle area of the abdomen is called the:
    • A. 

      Hypogastric region

    • B. 

      Epigastric region

    • C. 

      Umbilical region

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 11. 
    The central middle area of the abdomen is called the:
    • A. 

      Hypogastric region

    • B. 

      Epigastric region

    • C. 

      Umbilical region

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 12. 
    The humerus is located in the:
    • A. 

      Leg

    • B. 

      Arm

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Neck

  • 13. 
    The pubis is located in the:
    • A. 

      Pelvis

    • B. 

      Chest

    • C. 

      Neck

    • D. 

      Foot

  • 14. 
    The femus is located in the:
    • A. 

      Leg

    • B. 

      Arm

    • C. 

      Foot

    • D. 

      Neck

  • 15. 
    The patella is located in the:
    • A. 

      Knee

    • B. 

      Elbow

    • C. 

      Neck

    • D. 

      Head

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Back

    • B. 

      Foot

    • C. 

      Leg

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 17. 
    The tibia is located in the:
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Arm

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Leg

  • 18. 
    The fibula is located in the:
    • A. 

      Leg

    • B. 

      Arm

    • C. 

      Foot

    • D. 

      Hand

  • 19. 
    The radius is located in the:
    • A. 

      Arm

    • B. 

      Leg

    • C. 

      Foot

    • D. 

      Hand

  • 20. 
    The maxilla is located in the:
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Foot

    • C. 

      Chest

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 21. 
    The metatarsals are located in the:
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Hand

    • C. 

      Leg

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 22. 
    The metacarpals are located in the:
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Hand

    • C. 

      Back

    • D. 

      Chest

  • 23. 
    The name for the collar bone is:
    • A. 

      Carpals

    • B. 

      Clavicle

    • C. 

      Fossa

    • D. 

      Femur

  • 24. 
    The smaller of the lower leg bones is called:
    • A. 

      Fibula

    • B. 

      Tibia

    • C. 

      Patella

    • D. 

      Femur

  • 25. 
    The zygomatic bone is located in the:
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Chest

    • C. 

      Leg

    • D. 

      Knee

  • 26. 
    The mandible bone is located in the:
    • A. 

      Chest

    • B. 

      Head

    • C. 

      Foot

    • D. 

      Leg

  • 27. 
    The sphenoid bone is located in the:
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Chest

    • C. 

      Leg

    • D. 

      Head

  • 28. 
    The vertebrae are located in the:
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Back

    • C. 

      Leg

    • D. 

      Arm

  • 29. 
    Bones are:
    • A. 

      Meant to be pliable and bend easily

    • B. 

      Built to provide support & structure

    • C. 

      Filled with carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Soild,sturdy calcuim structures

  • 30. 
    The study of bones is called:
    • A. 

      Osteology

    • B. 

      Morphology

    • C. 

      Neurology

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 31. 
    The majority of the bones in the arms and legs are ______ bones:
    • A. 

      Short

    • B. 

      Long

    • C. 

      Flat

    • D. 

      Irregular

  • 32. 
    Bones of the wrist and ankle are called __ bones:
    • A. 

      Long

    • B. 

      Short

    • C. 

      Flat

    • D. 

      Sesamoid

  • 33. 
    The muscle that flexes and supinates the forearm is called:
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Biceps brachii

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris

    • D. 

      Castus lateralis

  • 34. 
    The major artery to the head is called the:
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Carotid

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Renal

  • 35. 
    One of the arteries that supplies the hand and forearm is called :
    • A. 

      Intercostal

    • B. 

      Ulnar

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Renal

  • 36. 
    The major artery that supplies the abdomen is called the ____ artery:
    • A. 

      Celiac

    • B. 

      Carotid

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Iliac

  • 37. 
    The major artery that supplies the thorax is called the ____ artery:
    • A. 

      Renal

    • B. 

      Intercostal

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 38. 
    The major artery that supplies the kidney is called the ____ artery:
    • A. 

      Celiac

    • B. 

      Renal

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Brachial

  • 39. 
    The major artery that supplies the bladder, rectum, and some reproductive organs is called the:
    • A. 

      Iliac

    • B. 

      Celiac

    • C. 

      Carotid

    • D. 

      Ilnar

  • 40. 
    The major artery that supplies the upper arm is called the:
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Carotid

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Iliac

  • 41. 
    The major artery that supplies the knee is called the:
    • A. 

      Popliteal

    • B. 

      Dorsalis pedis

    • C. 

      Ilnar

    • D. 

      Carotid

  • 42. 
    The major artery that supplies the foot is called the:
    • A. 

      Dorsalis pedis

    • B. 

      Popliteal

    • C. 

      Iliac

    • D. 

      Renal

  • 43. 
    The major vein that drains the upper arm is called the:
    • A. 

      Jugular

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Femoral

  • 44. 
    The major vein that drains the head and brain is called the:
    • A. 

      Jugular

    • B. 

      Vertebral

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Ulnar

  • 45. 
    The major vein that drains the liver is called the:
    • A. 

      Hepatic

    • B. 

      Axillary

    • C. 

      Ulnar

    • D. 

      Femoral

  • 46. 
    The major vein that drains the kidneys is called the:
    • A. 

      Hepatic

    • B. 

      Renal

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Femoral

  • 47. 
    The major vein that drains the pelvis is called the:
    • A. 

      Common iliac

    • B. 

      Hepatic

    • C. 

      Renal

    • D. 

      Ulnar

  • 48. 
    The point at which air enters the respiratory tract is called the:
    • A. 

      Larynx

    • B. 

      Lung

    • C. 

      Nasal cavity

    • D. 

      Bronchus

  • 49. 
    The wind pipe which conducts air between the larynx and lungs is called the:
    • A. 

      Larynx

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Trachea

    • D. 

      Larynx

  • 50. 
    The divisions of the trachea which enter the lungs are called the:
    • A. 

      Pharynx

    • B. 

      Trachea

    • C. 

      Bronchi

    • D. 

      Larynx

  • 51. 
    Located between the pharynx and trachea and containing the vocal cords is the :
    • A. 

      Larynx

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Nasal cavity

    • D. 

      Trachea

  • 52. 
    A condition of the nasal turning away from midline is called a:
    • A. 

      Sinusitis

    • B. 

      Deviated septum

    • C. 

      Dislocated sinus

    • D. 

      Nasal polyp

  • 53. 
    The medical name for nose bleed is called:
    • A. 

      Epistaxis

    • B. 

      Sinusitits

    • C. 

      Pleurisy

    • D. 

      Coryza

  • 54. 
    Inflammation of the sinus cavity is called:
    • A. 

      Sinusitis

    • B. 

      Epistaxis

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 55. 
    Inflammation of the pleura is called:
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Pleurisy

    • C. 

      Atelectasis

    • D. 

      Pleural effusion

  • 56. 
    Escape of fluid into thoracic cavity is called:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary edema

    • B. 

      Pleural effusion

    • C. 

      Emphysema

    • D. 

      Pneymonia

  • 57. 
    Inflammation of the nasal mucosa results in:
    • A. 

      Nasal polyps

    • B. 

      Sinusitis

    • C. 

      Rhinitis

    • D. 

      Pleurisy

  • 58. 
    An accumulation of air in the pleural cavity after the lungs collapse is known as:
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Pneumothorax

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Pleural effusion

  • 59. 
    Whooping cough is another name for;
    • A. 

      Croup

    • B. 

      Pertussis

    • C. 

      Pleurisy

    • D. 

      Pneumonia

  • 60. 
    Inflammation of the mucus lining of the vagina is called:
    • A. 

      Phlegmon

    • B. 

      Vaginitis

    • C. 

      Pyorrhea

    • D. 

      Thrush

  • 61. 
    Inflammation of the gums is called:
    • A. 

      Stomatitis

    • B. 

      Gingivitis

    • C. 

      Dental inflammation

    • D. 

      Thrush

  • 62. 
    Lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach are called_______ulcers.
    • A. 

      Gastric

    • B. 

      Intestinal

    • C. 

      Duodenal

    • D. 

      Follicular

  • 63. 
    A serious chronic disease of the liver is called:
    • A. 

      Hiatal hernia

    • B. 

      Cirrhosis

    • C. 

      Cholecystitis

    • D. 

      Pancreatitis

  • 64. 
    Chronic inflammation of the colon is called:
    • A. 

      Colitis

    • B. 

      Colonitis

    • C. 

      Pancreatitis

    • D. 

      No correct anwser

  • 65. 
    Inflammation of the gallbladder is called:
    • A. 

      Cystitis

    • B. 

      Colitis

    • C. 

      Diverticulitis

    • D. 

      Cholecystitis

  • 66. 
    Inflammation of the pancreas is called:
    • A. 

      Pancreatitis

    • B. 

      Colitis

    • C. 

      Diverticulitis

    • D. 

      Cholesystitis

  • 67. 
    Inflammation of the appendix is called:
    • A. 

      Pancreatitis

    • B. 

      Appendicitis

    • C. 

      Cholecystitis

    • D. 

      Diverticulitis

  • 68. 
    Dilated veins that occur in the rectum are known as :
    • A. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • B. 

      Hepatitis

    • C. 

      Hernias

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 69. 
    Identify # 69
    • A. 

      Nasal

    • B. 

      Zygomatic

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Radius

  • 70. 
    Identify the # 70
    • A. 

      Clavicle

    • B. 

      Sternum

    • C. 

      Scapula

    • D. 

      Ilium

  • 71. 
    Identify # 71
    • A. 

      Radius

    • B. 

      Clavicle

    • C. 

      Humerus

    • D. 

      Ulna

  • 72. 
    Identify # 72
    • A. 

      Femur

    • B. 

      Sacrum

    • C. 

      Ilium

    • D. 

      Coccyx

  • 73. 
    Idenitfy #73
    • A. 

      Tibia

    • B. 

      Femur

    • C. 

      Fibula

    • D. 

      Patella

  • 74. 
    Identify # 74
    • A. 

      Talus

    • B. 

      Femur

    • C. 

      Tibia

    • D. 

      Fibula

  • 75. 
    Identify # 75
    • A. 

      Scupula

    • B. 

      Sternum

    • C. 

      Clavicle

    • D. 

      Maxilla

  • 76. 
    Identify # 76
    • A. 

      Clavicle

    • B. 

      Humerus

    • C. 

      Sternum

    • D. 

      Sacrum

  • 77. 
    Identify # 77
    • A. 

      Femur

    • B. 

      Sacrum

    • C. 

      Patella

    • D. 

      Fibula

  • 78. 
    Identify # 78
    • A. 

      Talus

    • B. 

      Phalanges

    • C. 

      Patella

    • D. 

      Metatarsals

  • 79. 
    When the internal environment of the body is functioning properly, a condition of:
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Dysfunction

    • C. 

      Hemorrhage

    • D. 

      Euphoria

  • 80. 
    The science of the function of cells, tissues, and organs of the body is called:
    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Histology

    • D. 

      Gross anatomy

  • 81. 
    The lateral movement of the limbs away from the median plane of the body is called:
    • A. 

      Extension

    • B. 

      Internal rotation

    • C. 

      Abduction

    • D. 

      Supination

  • 82. 
    An extrauterine pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum begins to develop outside the uterus is:
    • A. 

      Eclampsia

    • B. 

      Toxemia

    • C. 

      Ectopic

    • D. 

      PID

  • 83. 
    The second portion of the small intestine is called the:
    • A. 

      Decalvant

    • B. 

      Sigmoid

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Jejunum

  • 84. 
    One of the vital functions of long bones is the formation of:
    • A. 

      White blood cells

    • B. 

      Red blood cells

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Cellulite

  • 85. 
    A unilateral paralysis that follows damage to the brain is called:
    • A. 

      Hemiplegia

    • B. 

      Quadriplegia

    • C. 

      Paraplegia

    • D. 

      Sciatica

  • 86. 
    Identify # 86
    • A. 

      Trapezius

    • B. 

      Deltoid

    • C. 

      Triceps brachii

    • D. 

      Pectoralis major

  • 87. 
    Identify # 87
    • A. 

      Zygomatic

    • B. 

      Brachialis

    • C. 

      Trapezius

    • D. 

      Sternocleidomastoid

  • 88. 
    Identify #88
    • A. 

      Brachioradialis

    • B. 

      External Oblique

    • C. 

      Teres major

    • D. 

      Latissimus dorsi

  • 89. 
    Identify # 89
    • A. 

      Semitendinosus

    • B. 

      Piriformis

    • C. 

      Adductor magnus

    • D. 

      Gluteus medius

  • 90. 
    Identify # 90
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • B. 

      Gracilis

    • C. 

      Transversus abdominis

    • D. 

      Adductor magnus

  • 91. 
    Identify # 91
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Biceps Brachii

    • C. 

      Trapezius

    • D. 

      Brachioadialis

  • 92. 
    Identify # 92
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Biceps brachii

    • C. 

      Trapezius

    • D. 

      Pectoralis major

  • 93. 
    Identify #93
    • A. 

      Quadriceps femoris

    • B. 

      Sartoris

    • C. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • D. 

      Peronesus longus

  • 94. 
    The use of ultrasound to produce a picture of the structure of the heart is called:
    • A. 

      Cardiac catheterzation

    • B. 

      A cardiac stress test

    • C. 

      Echocardiography

    • D. 

      Electrocardiography

  • 95. 
    Digestion begins in the mouth where food is chewed and mixed with a substance called:
    • A. 

      Amino acid

    • B. 

      Saliva

    • C. 

      Fatty acid

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 96. 
    The lining of the duodenum is composed of thousands of tiny-finger like projections called:
    • A. 

      Ulcers

    • B. 

      Villi

    • C. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • D. 

      Hernias

  • 97. 
    Infected pressure sores on the skin are called:
    • A. 

      Decubitus ulcers

    • B. 

      Carbuncles

    • C. 

      Furuncles

    • D. 

      Decubitus blisters

  • 98. 
    Varicose veins of the anal canal or outside the external sphincter are called:
    • A. 

      Hemorrhoids

    • B. 

      Villi

    • C. 

      Peritonitis

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 99. 
    Carcinogenic means______ causing...
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Disease

    • C. 

      Cough

    • D. 

      Cancer

  • 100. 
    A weakness in the walls of muscle that allows underlying tissue to push through it is called:
    • A. 

      An ulcer

    • B. 

      A hernia

    • C. 

      A hemorrhoid

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 101. 
    A gallbladder disorder involving stones in the gallbladder is:
    • A. 

      Cholecystitis

    • B. 

      Intestinal obstruction

    • C. 

      Heptatitis

    • D. 

      Cholithiasis

  • 102. 
    Inflammation of the retina is:
    • A. 

      Retinitis

    • B. 

      Peritonitis

    • C. 

      Colitis

    • D. 

      Hernia

  • 103. 
    Foods that are mild in flavor and easy to digest ( non- spicy) comprise a:
    • A. 

      Clear liquid diet

    • B. 

      Low calorie diet

    • C. 

      Diabetic diet

    • D. 

      Bland diet

  • 104. 
    A tube inserted into one of the patient's nostrils and down the back of the throat, through the esophagus until the end reaches the patient's stomach is a (n):
    • A. 

      A test tube

    • B. 

      Nasogastric tube

    • C. 

      Irrigation tube

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 105. 
    Washing out of the stomach through a nasogastric tube is called:
    • A. 

      Gavage

    • B. 

      Lavage

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 106. 
    The healthy adult excretes daily approximately:
    • A. 

      1000 to 1500 milliliters

    • B. 

      5 to 100 milliliters

    • C. 

      4000 to 6000 milliliters

    • D. 

      100 to 500 milliliters

  • 107. 
    The inability to control the passage of urine in the bladder is called:
    • A. 

      Specimen

    • B. 

      Urine analysis

    • C. 

      Urinary incontinence

    • D. 

      Dripping

  • 108. 
    Painful voiding is called:
    • A. 

      Urine burn

    • B. 

      Dysuria

    • C. 

      Hydronephrosis

    • D. 

      Cystitis

  • 109. 
    If the septum of the heart has abnormal opening it is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Stenosis

    • B. 

      A septal defect

    • C. 

      Phlebitis

    • D. 

      A heart murmur

  • 110. 
    Branches  of the bundle branches, which transmit the impulses to the walls of the ventricles, causing the ventricles to contract are called:
    • A. 

      Bundle of his

    • B. 

      Purkinje fibers

    • C. 

      Left bundle branches

    • D. 

      Right bundle branches

  • 111. 
    A coronary occlusion causing a condition that produces chest pain which may radiate to the left arm, shoulder, jaw or neck due to lack of blood supply to the heart is called:
    • A. 

      Angina pectoris

    • B. 

      Arteriolosclerosis

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Hypertension

  • 112. 
    An  obstruction of a coronary artery causing death of an area of myocardium due to blockageof blood supply and oxygen supply is called:
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • C. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • D. 

      Primary hypertension

  • 113. 
    Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the:
    • A. 

      Vena cava

    • B. 

      Lung

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Pharynx

  • 114. 
    When the right atrium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the ___ventricle
    • A. 

      Left

    • B. 

      Top

    • C. 

      Right

    • D. 

      Inner

  • 115. 
    The right ventricle pumps the used blood to the lungs by way of the _________ artery
    • A. 

      Superior

    • B. 

      Vena cava

    • C. 

      Pulmonary

    • D. 

      Atria

  • 116. 
    Identify # 12
    • A. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • B. 

      Superior vena cava

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Right atrium

  • 117. 
    Identify # 13
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Superior vena cava

    • C. 

      Left pulmonary artery

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 118. 
    Identify # 14
    • A. 

      Purkinje fibers

    • B. 

      Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Apex

  • 119. 
    Identify # 15
    • A. 

      Apex

    • B. 

      Triscuspid septum

    • C. 

      Interventricular septum

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 120. 
    Identify # 16
    • A. 

      Apex

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Interventricular septum