Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Lymphatic System And Immunity

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Lymphatic System And Immunity
Questions about the lymphatic system and immunity. Linked to the "Infancy" unit.

  
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the lymphatic and immune system?
    • A. 

      Draining excess interstitial fluid

    • B. 

      Maintaining water homeostasis in the body

    • C. 

      Transporting dietary lipids

    • D. 

      Carrying out immune responses


  • 2. 
    What is the major difference between lymph and interstitial fluid?
    • A. 

      Composition of electrolytes

    • B. 

      White blood cells are present in lymph

    • C. 

      Location

    • D. 

      Types of proteins present

    • E. 

      Red blood cells are present in interstitial fluid


  • 3. 
    Lack of resistance is also known as:
    • A. 

      Pathogenic

    • B. 

      Innate

    • C. 

      Specific

    • D. 

      Susceptibility

    • E. 

      Lymphatic


  • 4. 
    What causes lymph from the small interstines to appear white?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      WBC

    • C. 

      RBC

    • D. 

      Lipids

    • E. 

      Fats


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not considered an organ of the immune system?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Lymph node

    • C. 

      Red bone marrow

    • D. 

      Thymus

    • E. 

      Pancreas


  • 6. 
    The left subclavian vein receives lymph from
    • A. 

      Left axillary vein

    • B. 

      Lumbar trunk

    • C. 

      Jugular trunk

    • D. 

      Thoracic duct

    • E. 

      Right lymphatic duct


  • 7. 
    The lymph from the right foot empties into the
    • A. 

      Left axillary vein

    • B. 

      Lumbar trunk

    • C. 

      Jugular trunk

    • D. 

      Thoracic duct

    • E. 

      Right lymphatic duct


  • 8. 
    The skeletal muscle and respiratory pumps are used in
    • A. 

      Lymphatic system

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular system

    • C. 

      Immune system

    • D. 

      Lymphatic and immune systems

    • E. 

      Lymphatic, immune and cardiovascular systems


  • 9. 
    Which of the below produces the hormone that promotes maturation of T cells?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Lymph node

    • C. 

      Red bone marrow

    • D. 

      Thymus

    • E. 

      Pancreas


  • 10. 
    In the thymus, where is it speculated that T cels die?
    • A. 

      Capsule

    • B. 

      Trabeculae

    • C. 

      Epithelial cells

    • D. 

      Hasall's corpuscles

    • E. 

      T cells do not die in the thymus


  • 11. 
    This portion of the lymph node does not contain any lymphatic nodules.
    • A. 

      Inner cortex

    • B. 

      Outer cortex

    • C. 

      Medulla

    • D. 

      Sinuses

    • E. 

      Trabeculae


  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a function of the spleen?
    • A. 

      Removese worn out blood cells

    • B. 

      Circulates lymph

    • C. 

      Cleanses interstitial fluid

    • D. 

      Cleanses lymph

    • E. 

      Traps microbes with mucus


  • 13. 
    Which of these does NOT provide a physical or chemical barrier?
    • A. 

      Macrophages

    • B. 

      Saliva

    • C. 

      Urine

    • D. 

      Mucus

    • E. 

      Stratified squamous epithelium


  • 14. 
    Which of these provides a non-specific cellular disease resistance mechanism?
    • A. 

      Macrophages

    • B. 

      T lymphocytes

    • C. 

      B lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Memory B cells

    • E. 

      Stratified squamous epithelium


  • 15. 
    These anti-microbial substances will diffuse to uninfected cells and reduce production of viral proteins.
    • A. 

      Transferrins

    • B. 

      Perforins

    • C. 

      Complement proteins

    • D. 

      Defensins

    • E. 

      Interferons


  • 16. 
    These anti-microbial substances promote cytolysis, phagocytosis and inflammation.
    • A. 

      Transferrins

    • B. 

      Perforins

    • C. 

      Complement proteins

    • D. 

      Defensins

    • E. 

      Interferons


  • 17. 
    These are mainly used to kill infectious microbes and tumour cells.
    • A. 

      Natural killer cells

    • B. 

      Perforins

    • C. 

      Mucus

    • D. 

      Platelets

    • E. 

      Antimicrobial proteins


  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT a sign of inflammation?
    • A. 

      Redness

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Heat

    • D. 

      Mucus production

    • E. 

      Swelling


  • 19. 
    Which of the following intensifies the effect of interferons and promotes the rate of repair?
    • A. 

      Complement proteins

    • B. 

      Perforin

    • C. 

      Fever

    • D. 

      Macrophages

    • E. 

      Natural killer cells


  • 20. 
    Which of the below do NOT induce vasodilation and permeability (increased fluid flow) to an infection site?
    • A. 

      Histamines

    • B. 

      Kinins

    • C. 

      Perforin

    • D. 

      Leukotrienes

    • E. 

      Complement proteins


  • 21. 
    When B and T cells are fully developed and mature, they are known to be
    • A. 

      Immunocompetent

    • B. 

      Pluripotent stem cells

    • C. 

      Primary lymphatic cells

    • D. 

      Specifically promoted

    • E. 

      Germ cells


  • 22. 
    This induces production of a specific antibody.
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Antigen

    • C. 

      Antibody

    • D. 

      Defensin

    • E. 

      Immunoglobulin


  • 23. 
    This can only stimulate an immune response if attached to a larger carrier molecule.
    • A. 

      Epitope

    • B. 

      Antigen

    • C. 

      Hapten

    • D. 

      MHC

    • E. 

      CD8


  • 24. 
    Which of the following is responsible for diversity in the immune system?
    • A. 

      Antigen receptors

    • B. 

      MHC

    • C. 

      Hapten

    • D. 

      MHC and antigen receptors

    • E. 

      Epitopes


  • 25. 
    This class of cels includes macrophages, B cells and dendritic cells.
    • A. 

      Antigen presenting cells

    • B. 

      Primary lymphocytes

    • C. 

      T cells

    • D. 

      RBC

    • E. 

      Epitope cells


  • 26. 
    This can only become activiated when bound to a foreign antigen and simultaneously receiving a costimulate.
    • A. 

      B cell

    • B. 

      T cell

    • C. 

      Interferon

    • D. 

      MHC

    • E. 

      Antigen presenting cell


  • 27. 
    These display CD 4 in their membrane and are associated with MHC class II molecules.
    • A. 

      Cytotoxic T cells

    • B. 

      Helper T cells

    • C. 

      Memory T cells

    • D. 

      MHC

    • E. 

      B cells


  • 28. 
    T cells secrete this toxin that is used to fragment DNA.
    • A. 

      Perforin

    • B. 

      Tumour antigen

    • C. 

      Interferons

    • D. 

      Lymphotoxin

    • E. 

      Toxin T


  • 29. 
    This class of antibodies is mainly found in sweat, tears, breast milk and GI secretions.
    • A. 

      IgG

    • B. 

      IgA

    • C. 

      IgM

    • D. 

      IgD

    • E. 

      IgE


  • 30. 
    This will lead to inflammation, enahancement of phagocytosis and bursting of microbes.
    • A. 

      Classical complement system

    • B. 

      Alternative complement system

    • C. 

      Apoptosis

    • D. 

      Classical and alternative complement systems

    • E. 

      Hapten activation


  • 31. 
    This action makes microbes more susceptible to phagocytosis.
    • A. 

      Opsonization

    • B. 

      Cytolysis

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Comlement

    • E. 

      Hybridoma


  • 32. 
    This is a self-responsive cell that is inactive.
    • A. 

      Deleted cell

    • B. 

      Hybridoma cell

    • C. 

      Epitopic cell

    • D. 

      Anergy cell

    • E. 

      Natural killer cell


  • 33. 

    In the diagram, where do pluripotent stem cells come from?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 34. 

    In the diagram, where do T cells mature?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 35. 

    In the diagram, what is comprised of white and red pulp?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 36. 

    In the diagram this vessel drains lymph from the upper right side of the body into venous blood using a subclavian vein.
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      F

    • D. 

      G

    • E. 

      E


  • 37. 

    In the diagram these are the bronchomediastinal trunks.
    • A. 

      A and F

    • B. 

      B and G

    • C. 

      C and H

    • D. 

      D and I

    • E. 

      E and J


  • 38. 

    In the diagram, what are the principle trunks?
    • A. 

      All of the labeled areas are principle trunks

    • B. 

      A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H

    • C. 

      A, B, D, E, F, G, H, I

    • D. 

      A, B, D, E, F, G, I, J, K

    • E. 

      A, B, D, H, I, J, K


  • 39. 

    In the diagram, this consists of a medulla, medullary sinus and reticular fibres.
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F


  • 40. 

    In the diagarm, cells found in this region include B cells, follicular dendritic cells and macrophages.
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      F


  • 41. 

    In the diagram, cells found in this region include B cells, plasma cells and macrophages.
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      D

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 42. 
    This is characterized by the inability of the immune system to protect the body from a pathogen.
    • A. 

      Immunodeficiency diseases

    • B. 

      Allergy

    • C. 

      Autoimmune disease

    • D. 

      Transplantations

    • E. 

      Graft


  • 43. 
    An acute allergic response can lead to:
    • A. 

      Transplantation

    • B. 

      Retroviruses

    • C. 

      Anaphylactic shock

    • D. 

      Passive immunity

    • E. 

      Active immunity


  • 44. 
    A natural exposure  to an infectious agent leads to:
    • A. 

      Passive immunity

    • B. 

      Active immunity

    • C. 

      Passive and active immunity

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 45. 
    This class of antibodies is produced after an initial exposure to antigens.
    • A. 

      IgA

    • B. 

      IgE

    • C. 

      IgM

    • D. 

      IgD

    • E. 

      IgG


  • 46. 
    Of the following which is considered the body's second major defense?
    • A. 

      Mucous cells

    • B. 

      Germ cells

    • C. 

      Lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Natural killer cells

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 47. 
    Lymphocytes can recognize
    • A. 

      Self cells

    • B. 

      Foreign cells

    • C. 

      B cells

    • D. 

      T cells

    • E. 

      Natural killer cells


  • 48. 
    In B cell receptors, the light/heavy variable regions are located here:
    • A. 

      Transmembrane region

    • B. 

      Tips of the molecules

    • C. 

      There is no variable region on a B cell receptor

    • D. 

      Depends on the type of B cell

    • E. 

      There are only constant regions


  • 49. 
    What is the most polymorphic molecule in the immune system?
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes

    • B. 

      Monocytes

    • C. 

      MHC

    • D. 

      WBC

    • E. 

      RBC


  • 50. 
    The primary response will peak how many days after an exposure?
    • A. 

      1 day or less

    • B. 

      2-7 days

    • C. 

      10-17 days

    • D. 

      20-30 days

    • E. 

      Over a month


  • 51. 
    Which type of immunity defends against any type of invader?
    • A. 

      Nonspecific

    • B. 

      Specific

    • C. 

      Cell mediated

    • D. 

      Antibody mediated

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 52. 
    This is the ability of an antigen to react specifically with the antibodies or cells it has provoked.
    • A. 

      Specificity

    • B. 

      Immunogenicity

    • C. 

      Reactivity

    • D. 

      Epitopes

    • E. 

      Immune response


  • 53. 
    This is a small hormone that can stimulate or inhibit many normal cell functions.
    • A. 

      Enzyme

    • B. 

      Kinins

    • C. 

      Cytokine

    • D. 

      MHC

    • E. 

      Leukocyte


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