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Invertebrates And Vertebrates

116 Questions  I  By [email protected]
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1.  Animals are...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
2.  Invertebrates are lacking a _________. 
3.  Sponges are most accurately described as 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of these statements is true of sponges?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Sponges level of organization is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Central cavity of sponges is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  In sponges, water moves through its _________ and out through its _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A sponge's skeletal materials (spicules, spongin) are manufactured by the 
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Vertebrates and tunicates share
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What are the cells in a sponge that are primarily responsible for trapping food particles from circulating water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following are NOT associated with sponges?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which chemical is not  normally found in any sponges?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What are the two cell types found in sponges?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Choanocytes (Collar Cells) are flagellated and are used to create movement of water and ingest food.
A.
B.
15.  Amoebocytes... take up food from water and choanocytes, digest food, carry nutrients, and manufacture tough skeletal fibers and flexible spongin fibers. 
A.
B.
16.  Sponges sexually are
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  All of the following are characteristics of the phylum Cnidaria except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  A central digestive compartment sac is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Cnidarians have (a)
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Cnidarians have two (2) body plants which are made up of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Cnidarians have which level of organization ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Cnidarians include which animals 
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A nasty sting with poison that can lead to death is the defense of what Cnidarian? (note: the only animal that has a defense against the poison is sea turtles) 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Cnidarians have a brain
A.
B.
25.  Platyhelmenthes aka__________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  In Platyhelmenthes (flat worms), gas is exchanged by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Platyhelmenthes: Flat worms include all of the following except 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which is the king of regeneration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Tubellaria reproduce 
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which infects 200 millino people each year and can evade the immune system for over 40 years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Cestoda-tapeworms have no mouth or gastrovas cavity 
A.
B.
32.  Rotifers are 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
33.  Mollusks included what animals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Mollusks is made up of three main parts, Muscular foot,  visceral mass, and mantle. What are the functions of each part as listed. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Is the head present in the mollusks-Gastropods?
A.
B.
36.  Mollusks-Bivalves 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Mollusks-Cephalopods 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  ______ moves by jet propulsion siphon, _______ has a complex brain 
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  which are included in the Phylum-Annelida class also known as "little rings" 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
40.  Earthworms cross fertilize and are hermaphroditic 
A.
B.
41.  Phylum: Nematoda includes which 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  How do Phylum: Nematoda reproduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  1.3 Million people worldwide are infected with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Also known as Guinea worm disease, which is the first disease to be eradicated? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Phylum: Arthropods
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Phylum: Arthropods are unique because they have wings
A.
B.
47.  Phylum: Arthropods includes which of the following 
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Insects...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Phylum: Echinodermata (spiny Skin) includes what animals 
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The water vascular system in Phylum:Echinodermata is for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Phylum-Chordata 
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Craniate are Cordates that have a head; including a brain, eyes, and other sensory organs and skull 
A.
B.
53.  Craniate-Hagfish
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
54.  Which produces artificial slime that could act as a space filling gell in surgery 
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which vertebrate is jawless and usually dies after reproducing 
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  "Jaw Mouths"  include
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which of the following senses are jawmouths strongest
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Jawmouths eggs are 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
59.  Which is true about Ray Finned Fish and Lobe fins 
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Ray Finned Fish and Lobe Fins breath by drawing water over 4 or 5 pair of gills located in chambers covered by protective bony flap called 
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Swim Bladders are air sacs that allow Ray Finned Fish and Lobe Fins to control their buoyancy
A.
B.
62.  Ray Finned fish, including tuna, clownfish, sea horse, and moray eels have fins that help in maneuvering, defense, and other functions 
A.
B.
63.  Lobe fins are
A.
B.
64.  Amphibians include
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Caecillians...
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Fertilization of Amphibians 
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Most Amphibians rely on moist skin for gas exchange 
A.
B.
68.  Reptiles include 
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Fertilization of reptiles 
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Snakes lack
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Birds...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
72.  Platypus and Echidnas are the only mammals that lay eggs. They belong to what group
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Opossums, Kangaroos, Koalas all nurse inside a maternal pouch. They belong to which group 
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Primates include 
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Apes have  Long arms Short legs No Tail & spend time in trees
A.
B.
76.  Humans have  Large brains  bipedal locomotion  reduced jaws
A.
B.
77.  Match the following
A. Level of organization is cells
A.
B. carry nutrients throughout sponge
B.
C. Three main body parts
C.
D. studied becuase of ability to regenerate
D.
E. kills penicillin resistant streptococcus-produced by sponges
E.
F. causes Schistosoma;snail intermediate host; 2nd host-human
F.
G. can survive with only femals; parthenogensis occurs
G.
H. class cestoda; have scolex; get from u
H.
I. considered most intelligent invertebrates
I.
J. aerate soil; castings improve texture of soil
J.
K. platyhelminthes
K.
L. parasites; have tough cuticle; causes trichinosis
L.
M. used to drain blood that accumulates in tissues following certain injuries or surgeries
M.
N. have two body plans- medusa or polp
N.
O. secreted by leeches; keeps blood from coagulating
O.
P. speedy animal uses jet propulsion from siphon
P.
Q. most successful of all animal phyla-10 billion billion living on earth
Q.
R. most common roundworm infection worldwide affects as many as 1.3 billion people worldwide
R.
S. most common roundworm in America among children
S.
T. Undergo incomlete metamorhosis
T.
U. have a water vascular system and star shaped body
U.
78.  can be 3 meters in length, hunts deer, lay shelled eggs on land, and includes lizards, snakes, turtles, crocidialians and birds 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Means "both ways of life" and lay shell-less eggs in water or moist envioment
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  are jawless vertebrates and parasites of fish that use tongue to penetrate skin of fish and ingest fish's blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Invertebrates; lack jaws; bottom dwelling scavengers-feed on sick or dead fish, is studied because might could use an artificial slime like its slime to curtail bleeding during surgery 
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  gains buoyancy by storing large amount of oil in its huge liver 
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which of the following is not a shared characteristic of all chordates 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  which are the most abundant and diverse of the extant vertebrates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which of these statement accurately describes a similarity between sharks and fishes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The bony fishes are characterized by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Differentiation of teeth is greatest in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which is not characteristic of all mammals 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  which of the following classifications do not apply to both dogs and humans 
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  How are primates different from all other mammals 
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  In which vertebrates is fertilization exclusively internal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Match the following
A. internal fertilization, amniotic egg, skin that resists drying, heaving bones
A.
B. three major groups: egg laying, pouched, and placental
B.
C. may have lungs, or gills and may use skin as a respiratory surface
C.
D. honeycombed bones, femals with one ovary, no teeth
D.
93.  Corals are most closely related to which groups 
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  which characteristic is shared by both cnidarians and flatworms 
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Generally, members of which flatworm class are nonparasitic 
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  In a small stream, you pick up a rock and observe many small, flattened worms crawling on its undersurface. You decide that they belong to the phylum Platyhelminthes. To which class do they probably belong?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  What would be the most effective method of reducing the incidence of blood flukes in a human population
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The Larvae of many common tapeworms affecting humans are usually found
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  While vacationing in a country that lacks adequate meat inspection, a student ate under cooked ground beef. Sometime later the student became easily fatigued, and lost body weight. At about the same time, whitish, flattened, rectangular object full of small white spheres started appearing in his feces. Administration of niclosamide cured the problem. The student had probably been infected by a 
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  All of the following characterize the phylum Rotifera except 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  A terrestrial mollusc without a shell belongs to which class 
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  While Snorkeling, a student observes an active marine animal that has a series of muscular tentacles bearing suckers associated with its head. Segmentation is not observed, but a pair of large well developed eyes is evident. the student is observing an animal belonging to which class
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Humans most frequently acquire trichinosis by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  The heartworms that can accumulate within the heart of dogs and other mammals have a pseudoccoelom, an alimentary canal, and an outer covering that is occasionally shed. To which phylum does the heartworm belong 
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  While working in your garden, you discover a worm-like segmented animal with two pairs of jointed legs per segment. The animal is probably a 
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  What distinguishes complete metamorphosis from incomplete metamorphosis in insects? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  They can extend the stomach through their mouth to feed 
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  All of the following animal groups include terrestrial life form except 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  Which of these characteristics is common to both snails and earthworms 
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  Match the following
A. protostomes that have an open circulatory system and an exoskelton of chitin
A.
B. protostomes with a unique drape of tissue that may secrete a shell
B.
C. protostomes that have a closed circulatory system and obvious segmentation
C.
111.  Nematodes are most closely related to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Grasshoppers respire via
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Which of these is a characteristic of sea stars
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  a land snail, a clam, and an octopus all share
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  The water vascular system of echinoderms 
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  Eutherians-Placental mammals  
A.
B.
C.
D.
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