Weather Final Practice Quiz (exam 2)

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1.  The precipitation associated with a stationary front is typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The best path for large hailstone growth in a thunderstorm cloud is ______ the freezing level and nearly ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The surface pressures at the bases of warm and cold columns are equal. Air pressure in the warm column of air will ______ with increasing hight _______ than the cold column 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A station at an altitude of 900 m (about 3000 feet) above sea level measures an air pressure of 930 mb. Under normal conditions, which of the values below do you think would be most realistic sea level pressure for this station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Cyclonic flow means ______ in either the northern or southern hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The weather conditions associated with the flood of '93 included a strong stationary high pressure system sitting over
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A group of thunderstorms which develop in a line one next to the other, each in a different stage of development, are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  From the gas law, we know that if pressure is kept constant, density must _____ as temperature increases
A.
B.
C.
9.  A conditionally unstable environment needed for thunderstorm development means that air above the lowest levels of the atmosphere must ______ with increasing height 
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Cloudy ice in a hailstone indicates the hailstone formed in an environment that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  When two air masses collide at a front, one air mass is pushed upward by the other. This is because 
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  At a warm front, the warm air
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  An ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm is most intense during the ______ stage
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following on average are responsible for the most fatalities each year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following explain why it is possible to see clouds on satellite images taken at night? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Hail grows by
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What stage of the lightning process produces thunder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What percentage of lightning flashes reach the earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Isobars on a surface weather map represent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The extent of property damage from hail depends on 
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Sheet lightning is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  On an upper-level chart, normally we find warm air associated with ______ pressure, and cold air associated with ______ pressure
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  An ordinary thunderstorm begins to dissipate when
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  When war air is moving into a region of colder temperatures, the boundary between the colder and warmer temperatures is called a 
25.  The wind around a surface low pressure center in the Southern Hemisphere blows
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which statement below is NOT correct concerning the Coriolis force? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  If you see a lightening stroke and then, 15 seconds later, hear the thunder, the lightning is about ___ miles away
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A type of thunderstorm that does not commonly produce hail is a(n) _______ thunderstorm
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A ______ usually indicates clearing weather or fair weather
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The strength of the radar energy that returns to a weather radar is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The flood of 1993 had its greatest impact during the _______ months
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The lifting mechanism in which cold air from one thunderstorm pushes up the air outside of the storm is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Compared to an mP air mass, mT air is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Monitoring river levels in the U.S. is mainly conducted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader travels ______ and the return stroke travels ________ 
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The coldest of all air masses is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The difference in damage potential for pea-size hail (1/4 inch diameter) versus 1 inch diameter hail (size of a quarter) is about _____ times
38.  Occluded fronts may form as
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  To correctly monitor horizontal changes in air pressure, the most important correction for a mercury barometer measurement is the correction for
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What is considered the "fuel" that enables thunderstorm development? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Observations indicate that ball lightening 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Updrafts and downdrafts both occur during the ________ stage of an ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm
43.  Geostationary satellites
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Lines connecting points of equal pressure are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The amount of pressure change that occurs over a given horizontal distance is called the
46.  Severe thunderstorms are different from air-mass thunderstorms in that severe thunderstorms
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The force that would cause a stationary parcel of air to begin to move horizontally is called the
48.  For a weather radar, range is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader makes contact with
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Which statement is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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