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Weather Final Practice Quiz (exam 2)

50 Questions  I  By Bailee
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1.  The coldest of all air masses is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Isobars on a surface weather map represent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Observations indicate that ball lightening 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following on average are responsible for the most fatalities each year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A station at an altitude of 900 m (about 3000 feet) above sea level measures an air pressure of 930 mb. Under normal conditions, which of the values below do you think would be most realistic sea level pressure for this station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Occluded fronts may form as
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What stage of the lightning process produces thunder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The difference in damage potential for pea-size hail (1/4 inch diameter) versus 1 inch diameter hail (size of a quarter) is about _____ times
9.  The best path for large hailstone growth in a thunderstorm cloud is ______ the freezing level and nearly ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The strength of the radar energy that returns to a weather radar is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which statement is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Severe thunderstorms are different from air-mass thunderstorms in that severe thunderstorms
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Updrafts and downdrafts both occur during the ________ stage of an ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm
14.  A conditionally unstable environment needed for thunderstorm development means that air above the lowest levels of the atmosphere must ______ with increasing height 
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  From the gas law, we know that if pressure is kept constant, density must _____ as temperature increases
A.
B.
C.
16.  An ordinary thunderstorm begins to dissipate when
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  When war air is moving into a region of colder temperatures, the boundary between the colder and warmer temperatures is called a 
18.  At a warm front, the warm air
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The amount of pressure change that occurs over a given horizontal distance is called the
20.  Lines connecting points of equal pressure are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  When two air masses collide at a front, one air mass is pushed upward by the other. This is because 
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Geostationary satellites
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The precipitation associated with a stationary front is typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  To correctly monitor horizontal changes in air pressure, the most important correction for a mercury barometer measurement is the correction for
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The lifting mechanism in which cold air from one thunderstorm pushes up the air outside of the storm is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A ______ usually indicates clearing weather or fair weather
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader makes contact with
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The weather conditions associated with the flood of '93 included a strong stationary high pressure system sitting over
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The flood of 1993 had its greatest impact during the _______ months
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The wind around a surface low pressure center in the Southern Hemisphere blows
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  On an upper-level chart, normally we find warm air associated with ______ pressure, and cold air associated with ______ pressure
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  An ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm is most intense during the ______ stage
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which statement below is NOT correct concerning the Coriolis force? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader travels ______ and the return stroke travels ________ 
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Cyclonic flow means ______ in either the northern or southern hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Sheet lightning is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  If you see a lightening stroke and then, 15 seconds later, hear the thunder, the lightning is about ___ miles away
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A group of thunderstorms which develop in a line one next to the other, each in a different stage of development, are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  What is considered the "fuel" that enables thunderstorm development? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The extent of property damage from hail depends on 
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Monitoring river levels in the U.S. is mainly conducted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  What percentage of lightning flashes reach the earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  For a weather radar, range is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Compared to an mP air mass, mT air is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The surface pressures at the bases of warm and cold columns are equal. Air pressure in the warm column of air will ______ with increasing hight _______ than the cold column 
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following explain why it is possible to see clouds on satellite images taken at night? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Hail grows by
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A type of thunderstorm that does not commonly produce hail is a(n) _______ thunderstorm
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The force that would cause a stationary parcel of air to begin to move horizontally is called the
50.  Cloudy ice in a hailstone indicates the hailstone formed in an environment that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
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