Weather Final Practice Quiz (exam 2)

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1.  The extent of property damage from hail depends on 
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following on average are responsible for the most fatalities each year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The precipitation associated with a stationary front is typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The flood of 1993 had its greatest impact during the _______ months
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The weather conditions associated with the flood of '93 included a strong stationary high pressure system sitting over
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  If you see a lightening stroke and then, 15 seconds later, hear the thunder, the lightning is about ___ miles away
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What stage of the lightning process produces thunder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Occluded fronts may form as
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  On an upper-level chart, normally we find warm air associated with ______ pressure, and cold air associated with ______ pressure
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  A type of thunderstorm that does not commonly produce hail is a(n) _______ thunderstorm
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Sheet lightning is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  From the gas law, we know that if pressure is kept constant, density must _____ as temperature increases
A.
B.
C.
13.  A station at an altitude of 900 m (about 3000 feet) above sea level measures an air pressure of 930 mb. Under normal conditions, which of the values below do you think would be most realistic sea level pressure for this station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The best path for large hailstone growth in a thunderstorm cloud is ______ the freezing level and nearly ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Hail grows by
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  A ______ usually indicates clearing weather or fair weather
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following explain why it is possible to see clouds on satellite images taken at night? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The wind around a surface low pressure center in the Southern Hemisphere blows
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Compared to an mP air mass, mT air is
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Monitoring river levels in the U.S. is mainly conducted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Geostationary satellites
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader travels ______ and the return stroke travels ________ 
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The surface pressures at the bases of warm and cold columns are equal. Air pressure in the warm column of air will ______ with increasing hight _______ than the cold column 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which statement below is NOT correct concerning the Coriolis force? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  An ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm is most intense during the ______ stage
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  A conditionally unstable environment needed for thunderstorm development means that air above the lowest levels of the atmosphere must ______ with increasing height 
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  An ordinary thunderstorm begins to dissipate when
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The lifting mechanism in which cold air from one thunderstorm pushes up the air outside of the storm is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What percentage of lightning flashes reach the earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Isobars on a surface weather map represent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  At a warm front, the warm air
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  When two air masses collide at a front, one air mass is pushed upward by the other. This is because 
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader makes contact with
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Lines connecting points of equal pressure are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is considered the "fuel" that enables thunderstorm development? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  For a weather radar, range is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The coldest of all air masses is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Observations indicate that ball lightening 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  To correctly monitor horizontal changes in air pressure, the most important correction for a mercury barometer measurement is the correction for
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Cyclonic flow means ______ in either the northern or southern hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Severe thunderstorms are different from air-mass thunderstorms in that severe thunderstorms
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Cloudy ice in a hailstone indicates the hailstone formed in an environment that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which statement is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A group of thunderstorms which develop in a line one next to the other, each in a different stage of development, are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The strength of the radar energy that returns to a weather radar is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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