Weather Final Practice Quiz (exam 2)

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1.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader makes contact with
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Severe thunderstorms are different from air-mass thunderstorms in that severe thunderstorms
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The flood of 1993 had its greatest impact during the _______ months
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Hail grows by
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A station at an altitude of 900 m (about 3000 feet) above sea level measures an air pressure of 930 mb. Under normal conditions, which of the values below do you think would be most realistic sea level pressure for this station?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which statement below is NOT correct concerning the Coriolis force? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The extent of property damage from hail depends on 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A type of thunderstorm that does not commonly produce hail is a(n) _______ thunderstorm
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A ______ usually indicates clearing weather or fair weather
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The weather conditions associated with the flood of '93 included a strong stationary high pressure system sitting over
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Cloudy ice in a hailstone indicates the hailstone formed in an environment that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  To correctly monitor horizontal changes in air pressure, the most important correction for a mercury barometer measurement is the correction for
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A conditionally unstable environment needed for thunderstorm development means that air above the lowest levels of the atmosphere must ______ with increasing height 
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  For a weather radar, range is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The strength of the radar energy that returns to a weather radar is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following explain why it is possible to see clouds on satellite images taken at night? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The surface pressures at the bases of warm and cold columns are equal. Air pressure in the warm column of air will ______ with increasing hight _______ than the cold column 
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The wind around a surface low pressure center in the Southern Hemisphere blows
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Isobars on a surface weather map represent
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  If you see a lightening stroke and then, 15 seconds later, hear the thunder, the lightning is about ___ miles away
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The precipitation associated with a stationary front is typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  An ordinary thunderstorm begins to dissipate when
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What stage of the lightning process produces thunder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  On an upper-level chart, normally we find warm air associated with ______ pressure, and cold air associated with ______ pressure
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  An ordinary (air-mass) thunderstorm is most intense during the ______ stage
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  From the gas law, we know that if pressure is kept constant, density must _____ as temperature increases
A.
B.
C.
27.  When two air masses collide at a front, one air mass is pushed upward by the other. This is because 
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The coldest of all air masses is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Observations indicate that ball lightening 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which statement is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A group of thunderstorms which develop in a line one next to the other, each in a different stage of development, are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following on average are responsible for the most fatalities each year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The best path for large hailstone growth in a thunderstorm cloud is ______ the freezing level and nearly ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The lifting mechanism in which cold air from one thunderstorm pushes up the air outside of the storm is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Monitoring river levels in the U.S. is mainly conducted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  In cloud-to-ground lightning, the stepped leader travels ______ and the return stroke travels ________ 
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Sheet lightning is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  At a warm front, the warm air
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Cyclonic flow means ______ in either the northern or southern hemisphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Occluded fronts may form as
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  What percentage of lightning flashes reach the earth's surface?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  What is considered the "fuel" that enables thunderstorm development? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Lines connecting points of equal pressure are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Geostationary satellites
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Compared to an mP air mass, mT air is
A.
B.
C.
D.
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