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Psychology - Life Span - Chapter 4 - Pt 2

25 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Psychology 237 Life Span

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The proper order for human growth before birth is:
    • A. 

      Germinal period, embryonic period, fetal period

    • B. 

      Embryonic period, fetal period, germinal period

    • C. 

      Embryonic period, germinal period, fetal period

    • D. 

      Fetal period, embryonic period, germinal period

  • 2. 
    The first 2 weeks of development after conception is called the:
    • A. 

      Fetal period

    • B. 

      Germinal period

    • C. 

      Embryonic period

    • D. 

      Implantation period

  • 3. 
    What percent of developing organisms fails to properly implant?
    • A. 

      50 %

    • B. 

      40 %

    • C. 

      60 %

    • D. 

      70 %

  • 4. 
    The neural tube eventually develops into:
    • A. 

      The visual system

    • B. 

      The skeletal system

    • C. 

      The cardiovascular system

    • D. 

      The central nervous system

  • 5. 
    Which of the following happens during the fetal period?
    • A. 

      The indifferent gonad differentiates

    • B. 

      Implantation

    • C. 

      The neural tube forms

    • D. 

      The blastocyst becomes an embryo

  • 6. 
    The age of viability refers to:
    • A. 

      The moment when fusion occurs and the zygote is formed

    • B. 

      The age at which the fetus can survive outside of the uterus with specialized medical care

    • C. 

      The age at which the embryo becomes a fetus

    • D. 

      The age at which a woman can conceive a child

  • 7. 
    Eight-year-olds who had been born very early are more likely than those who were born "full-term" to:
    • A. 

      Have allergies

    • B. 

      Exhibit signs of depression

    • C. 

      Have cerebral palsy

    • D. 

      Suffer from sinus headaches

  • 8. 
    Advances in which area are critical in attaining the age of viability?
    • A. 

      Lung functioning

    • B. 

      Heart functioning

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Brain functioning

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements about teratogens is true?
    • A. 

      All teratogens increase the risk of damage

    • B. 

      In order to be teratogen, a substance must always cause damage

    • C. 

      The placenta screens out most harmful substances

    • D. 

      Alcohol was the first teratogen to be formally identified

  • 10. 
    Why are women encouraged to stop using recreational drugs prior to pregnancy?
    • A. 

      Most recreational drugs interfere with fertility

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage is a critical period for physical structure and form

    • C. 

      Both alcohol and tobacco have been associated with incomplete implantation

    • D. 

      Genetic susceptibility to teratogens is greatest during the embryonic period

  • 11. 
    A term that refers to the result of a combination of teratogens is:
    • A. 

      Genetic vulnerability

    • B. 

      Critical period

    • C. 

      Interaction effect

    • D. 

      Kangaroo care

  • 12. 
    Jean and Sean are dyzygotic twins whose mother drank alcohol throughout her pregnancy. Jean shows symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome but Sean does not. The likely explanation for this difference between the twins is:
    • A. 

      Jean's circulation absorbed more alcohol from the mother's blood than did Sean's

    • B. 

      A teratogen's effects vary depending on when exposure occurs

    • C. 

      Females are more vulnerable to prenatal alcohol exposure

    • D. 

      A teratogen may or may not be harmful depending on the individual's genetic makeup

  • 13. 
    Tetracycline use during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      Can harm the teeth

    • B. 

      Can affect the development of the baby's facial features

    • C. 

      Can cause heart abnormalities

    • D. 

      Can cause limb deformities

  • 14. 
    Eating undercooked meat or handling cat feces can lead to:
    • A. 

      AIDS

    • B. 

      Toxoplasmosis

    • C. 

      Rubella

    • D. 

      Malnutrition

  • 15. 
    The use of heroin during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      May affect the baby's lungs

    • B. 

      Can harm the baby's teeth

    • C. 

      May cause premature labor

    • D. 

      Can cause deafness

  • 16. 
    The use of caffeine during pregnancy:
    • A. 

      Should be avoided

    • B. 

      In combination with alcohol can be deadly

    • C. 

      May cause an abnormally small head

    • D. 

      Is not a problem as long as it is used in moderation

  • 17. 
    Antiviral drugs:
    • A. 

      Can prevent prenatal transmission of HIV

    • B. 

      Are highly teratogenic

    • C. 

      Have been shown to increase the rate of spontaneous abortion

    • D. 

      Interfere with brain development

  • 18. 
    The spontaneous onset of labor at approximately 266 days after conception is set in motion by:
    • A. 

      Intervention by the mother's physician

    • B. 

      Fetal hormones that pass into the mother's circulation

    • C. 

      Rupture of the amniotic tissue

    • D. 

      Stretching of mother's cervix by the fetal head

  • 19. 
    Anoxia is to low birthweight as ___________ is to ________________.
    • A. 

      Serious; common

    • B. 

      Risk; deficita

    • C. 

      Brain damage; mental retardation

    • D. 

      Obesity; cerebral palsy

  • 20. 
    ____________ is a condition characterized by difficulties with movement and speech resulting from brain damage
    • A. 

      Cerebral palsy

    • B. 

      FAS

    • C. 

      Asperger syndrome

    • D. 

      Anoxia

  • 21. 
    Low birthweight infants have an increased risk of ___________ in adulthood
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Being overweight

    • C. 

      Drug dependency

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 22. 
    What is the worst and most prevalent cause of SGA (small for gestational age)?
    • A. 

      Tobacco

    • B. 

      Caffeine

    • C. 

      Cocaine

    • D. 

      Alcohol

  • 23. 
    The primary reason that adolescent mothers often have small babies is:
    • A. 

      Maternal malnutrition

    • B. 

      The mother's young age

    • C. 

      Inadequate immunizations

    • D. 

      Premature birth

  • 24. 
    Kangaroo care is a technique designed to help:
    • A. 

      Babies with anoxia

    • B. 

      Babies in intensive care

    • C. 

      Low-birthweight babies

    • D. 

      Mothers with postpartum depression

  • 25. 
    According to research, which statement is true of the concept of early skin-to-skin contact?
    • A. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is essential for humans

    • B. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is sometimes essential for humans

    • C. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact is not essential for humans

    • D. 

      Early skin-to-skin contact can be harmful to humans