Importance of community.
Need for equality.
Desire for freedom.
Uncertainty of religious faith.
"If you get there before I do"
"A band of angels coming after me"
"Tell all my friends I'm coming too:
"Coming for to carry me home"
The refrain introduces a biblical context for the spiritual.
The refrain separates the soloist and chorus.
The refrain reinforces the idea of deliverance.
The refrain ends the spiritual on a happy note.
Quotations from Moses
Lack of a refrain or chorus
Warnings of rebellion
References to biblical figures
Shared religious convictions.
Composed religious songs.
Liked to travel.
They were insulting to white people.
They carried hidden messages.
They rejected organized Christianity.
They kept alive African musical traditions.
A young soldier named Willie.
How a lieutenant lost his arm.
The Battle at Gettysburg.
A conflict between a soldier and a doctor.
It takes place outdoors.
In this tale an ordinary man's life is shaped by a force he cannot control, but he endures this life-changing event.
It shows the harsh realities of everyday life rather than an optimistic view of the world.
It shows the sentimental side of war.
Was the foundation of Romanticism.
Focused on showing that people's lives are often shaped by forces they can't understand or control.
Focused on ordinary people faced with the harsh realities of everyday life.
Grew out of Naturalism.
Slavery harms both master and slave.
A little learning is a dangerous thing.
Human nature cannot be changed.
Knowledge makes slaves better workers.
Under the care of a decent master, slavery can be tolerable.
What makes slavery evil is how comfortable it becomes.
Slavery is only possible for children to endure.
Slavery goes against the nature of both slaves and slave-holders.
Having Mrs. Auld teach him.
Memorizing books read by Mrs. Auld.
Buying books from Mr.Knight on Thames street.
Getting his young white playmaes to teach him in exchange for biscuits.
To describe the effects of the war on women and children.
To provide insight into the treacherous nature of the Union soldiers.
To generate sympathy for the Southern cause.
To explain why Peyton Farquhar is being hanged.
Objective, as well as first person
Objective and third-person limited
First person and third person
Only third-person limited
He has escaped.
The bridge collapses.
He has been hanged.
One of the soldiers has freed him.
A D B E C F
A E F C B D
B E F A C D
D B A C E F