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Napoleon's Buttons Chapter 5

15 Questions
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Test on Chapter 5 of Napoleon's Buttons

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Although the structures of explosive molecules vary widely most often they contain a(n)
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide molecule

    • B. 

      Oxide compound

    • C. 

      Nitro group

    • D. 

      Water vapor molecule

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT a component of gunpowder?
    • A. 

      Potassium nitrate

    • B. 

      Isopropyl alcohol

    • C. 

      Carbon

    • D. 

      Sulfur

  • 3. 
    All explosive reactions produce large amounts of heat.  What type of reactions are these?
    • A. 

      Combustion

    • B. 

      Endothermic

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Exothermic

  • 4. 
    What gives the structure of a diatomic nitrogen molecule its stability?
    • A. 

      Strength of the triple bond

    • B. 

      Size of the molecule

    • C. 

      Charge od the molecule

    • D. 

      Length of the triple bond

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT a property of explosive reactions?
    • A. 

      Production of heat

    • B. 

      Production of gases

    • C. 

      Absorption of energy

    • D. 

      They are extremely rapid

  • 6. 
    Of the four compunds listed, which one does NOT contain a nitro group
    • A. 

      Dinitrotoluene

    • B. 

      Toluene

    • C. 

      TNT

    • D. 

      Nitrotoluene

  • 7. 
    Whose experiments with nitric acid led to the discovery of nitroglycerin, the explosive component in dynamite?
    • A. 

      Roger Bacon

    • B. 

      Emil Nobel

    • C. 

      Ascanio Sobrero

    • D. 

      Alfred Nobel

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is a starting material for making nitric acid?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Ammonia

    • C. 

      Toluene

    • D. 

      Picric acid

  • 9. 
    Our atmosphere is composed of approximately ________% oxygen gas and __________% nitrogen gas.
    • A. 

      80 and 20

    • B. 

      50 and 50

    • C. 

      20 and 80

    • D. 

      30 and 70

  • 10. 
    What are the differneces between the structures of nitroglycerin and pentaerythritoltetranitrate (PETN)?
    • A. 

      Nitroglycerin has 5 carbons instead of 3, and 1 more nitro group than PETN

    • B. 

      Nitroglycerin has 7 carbons instead of 5, and 3 more nitro groups than PETN

    • C. 

      PETN has 5 carbons instead of 3, and 1 more nitro group than nitroglycerin

    • D. 

      PETN has 7 carbons instead of 5, and 3 more nitro groups than nitroglycerin

  • 11. 
    As well as being a molecule found in explosivses, nitric oxide, (NO) ,has many physiological roles. Which of the following is NOT one of the physiological roles of NO?
    • A. 

      Dilation of blood vessels

    • B. 

      Aiding digestion

    • C. 

      Treatment for a sore throat

    • D. 

      Establishing long-term memory

  • 12. 
    Which of the following coefficient groups correctly balances the equation for the chemical reaction for the explosion of gunpowder?
    • A. 

      5, 5, 3, 1, 3, 5, 4, 13

    • B. 

      1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 12

    • C. 

      7, 4, 1, 5, 8, 11, 7, 2

    • D. 

      4, 7, 1, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is responsible for the propulsion of a cannonball or bullet?
    • A. 

      The explosive nature of sulfur

    • B. 

      The hot expanding gases produced from the rapid burning of gunpowder

    • C. 

      A mixture of alcohol and water

    • D. 

      The urine from a clergyman

  • 14. 
    Which of the following was often to refered to as "Chinese snow"?
    • A. 

      Potassium nitrate

    • B. 

      Sulfur

    • C. 

      Potassium sulfide

    • D. 

      Potassium carbonate

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is the definition of an isomer?
    • A. 

      Compounds that contain one or more triple bonds

    • B. 

      Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different structures

    • C. 

      Compounds that contain a nitro group

    • D. 

      Compounds that have the same chemical structures but different formulas