The North, where the Jim Crow laws were in effect.
The South, where they were not allowed to work.
The South, where the Jim Crow laws were in effect.
Black middle and upper classes emerged.
Blacks did no better than they had in the South.
Most blacks worked as sharecroppers.
For a chance at a better future
To save money for legal reform in the South
To serve in the military
Explored the pains and joys of being black in America.
Is largely forgotten today.
Argued for the separation of races.
Harlem did not welcome African American writers or musicians.
The residents of Harlem refused to support the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
Harlem was a central place for African Americans to voice concerns about racial problems.
His supporters lacked the money to keep his organization going.
There was no effective leadership after Garvey was deported to Jamaica.
White-owned newspapers and radio stations did not give the movement publicity.