Economics

100 Questions  I  By MichaelDodd423

  
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1.  A monolpy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A monopoly:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Product differentiation:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Marginal revenue is the change in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The theory of monopolistic competition predicts that in long-run equilibrium a monopolistically competitive firm will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Compared to monopoly, the market results with monopolistic competition are usually expected to be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A major characteristic of the theory of oligopoly is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A monopolist faces a downward-sloping demand curve because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following statements best describes the price, output, and price conditions of monopoly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  In the short run, if a perfectly competitive firm is producing at a price above average total cost, its exonomic profit must be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Firms in a monopolistically competitive industry produce:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A competivie firm maximizes its profits (or minimizes is losses) by producing the quantity where the market price equals the firm's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A natural monolpy is a market where:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  If the equilibrium wage rate in Exhibit 11-4 increased, the cause could be that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The kinked demand curve:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  In the short run, if a perfectly competitive firm is producing at a price below average total cost, its economic profit is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  For a monopolist:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is true under natural monopoly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A perfectly competitive firm maximizes profits or minimizes losses in the short-run by producing at the output level at which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Graphically, the marginal revenue curve of a monopolist:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  In the long run, monopolisticaly competitive firms have:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The point of maximum profit for a business firm is where:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A firm in a price-taker market:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A monopolistic competitive firm is inefficient because the firm:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Under perfect competition, a firm is a price taker because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  In long-run equilibrium for a perfectly competitive firm, price equals which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following is the most accurate definition of a worker's "marginal revenue product"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A firm that is a price taker can:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  In which of the following market structures must the price and output decisions of an individual firm include the possible price and output reactions of the firm's rivals?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The monopolistic competition market structure is characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Firms should hire additional units of a resource as long as the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  A technological advance that increases the productivity of teachers can be expected to have what effects on the equilibrium labor market for teachers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following statements best describes the price, output, and profit conditions of monopoly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Game theory is an expecially useful model for analysis in the following types of markets:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  In Exibit 8-11, the profit-maximizing output level at the price of $8 is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  To maximize long-run profits, the monopolistically competitive firm shown in Exhibit 10-3 will charge a price per unit of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Perfect competition is a market structure in which there is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The demand for a factor of production depends on the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following is characteristic of a monopolistisally competitive firm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  An increase in demand for French fries will cause equilibrium wage rates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A cartel:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Perfect competition is defined as market structure in which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  An oligopoly is a market structure in which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Supporters of advertising claim that it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  In Exhibit 11-4, the equilibrium wage and the number of food servers employed per day, respectively, are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following firms best fits the definition of a monopoly?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A market situation where a small number of sellers dominate the entire industry is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  In long-run equilibrium, the typical perfectly competitive firm will:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Game theory is a model for describing oligopoly price decisions among firms that are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The demand curve any monopolist uses in making output decisions is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  If all firms in a monopolistic competitve industry have demand and cost curves like those shown in Exhibit 10-3, we would expect that in the long run:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Monopolists are criticized because they are inefficient. What is meant by this statment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Marginal revenue product is defined as the extra:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  When Pepsi is considering a price hike, it needs to consider how Coke may react.  This situation is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  As represented in Exhibit 10-3, the maximum long-run economic profit earned by this monopolistic competitive firm is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following is the best example of a monopolisticaly competitive market?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Although a monopoly can charge any price it wishes, it chooses:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Refer to Exhibit 11-1.  If the markey wage rate is $25 per day, how many workers should the firm hire if it wants to maximize profits?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The optimal hiring rule is to employ labor up to the point where:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following can shift the labor demand curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The marginal revenue product of a resource:
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  A perfectly competitive firm in the short-run can earn:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The goal of any monopolist is to maximize:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  A worker's accumulated investment in education, training, experience, and health is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which of the following is the best example of an investment in human capital?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following best explains why the monopolist's marginal revenue is less than the selling price?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Nonprice competition, price leadership, and cartels are models in the ____ market structure(s).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  As presented in Exhibit 10-3, the long-run profit-maimizing output for the monopolistic competitive firm is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  In the long run, a monopolistic competitive firm will operate at a price which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Which of the following statements best describes firms under monopolistic competition?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  In a price leadership oligopoly model,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Which of the following is true of a perfectly competitive firm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  When a perfectly competitive firm or a monopolisticaly competitive firm is making zero economic profit,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A characteristic of an oligopoly is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Excluding foreign competition, which of the following is an oligopoly in the United Sates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  One reason the supply of carpenters is geater than the supply of physicians is because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following statements concerning the supply of labor is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following best explains why a firm in a perfectly competitive market must take the price determined in the market?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  In Exhibit 9-3, how much vaccine should GeneTech produce to maximize its profits?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following would be a human captial investment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  As shown in Exhibit 9-3, in order to maximize profits, what price should GeneTech charge for its vaccines?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which of the following market structures describes an industry in which a group of firms formally agree to control prices and output of a product?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  As shown in Exhibit 8-12, suppose the firm's price is OB. The firm's total economic profit at this price is equal to the area of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Compared to a competitive input market, a monosonist will hire:
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  In Exhibit 11-4, suppose that in the interest of boosting incomes of the working poor, Congress imposes a minimum wage of $6.00 per hour.  The minimum wage rate creates a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The monopolist, unlike the perfectly competitive firm, can continue to earn an economic profit in the long run because of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The marginal cost of labor for a perfectly competitive firm is given by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  A union may atttempt to obtain stricter certification requirements or longer apprenticeships.  These changes would raise workers' wages because they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  A monopsony is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  A monopolist will maximize profits by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  A profit-maximizing monopolixtically competitive firm will expand output to the point where:
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  In Exhibit 11-4, assume that both input and output markets are perfectly competitive. If one additional server increased the number of meals sold by four per day and each meal sells for $10, each additional food server will be paid:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Critics of advertising argue that it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Refer to Exhibit 11-1.  What is the marinal revenue product of the fifth unit of labor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  A firm's demand for labor depends on, in part, the demand for the firm's product.  To summarize this idea, economist say that the demand for labor is:
A.
B.
C.
D.