Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Book Quizzes & Trivia

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
23.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
26.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
28.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
41.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
55.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
67.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
84.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.