Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
2.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
21.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
25.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
33.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
61.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
78.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
84.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top


to post comments.

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz