Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38 on April 2, 2012

  

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1.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
29.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
43.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
51.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
59.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
68.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
75.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
90.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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