Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38 on April 2, 2012

  

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1.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
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B.
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D.
E.
3.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  During the postabsorptive state
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B.
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D.
E.
11.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
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B.
12.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
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B.
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D.
E.
13.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
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E.
14.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
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D.
E.
15.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
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D.
E.
16.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
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B.
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D.
E.
17.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
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B.
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D.
E.
18.  Oxygen ?
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B.
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D.
E.
19.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
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D.
E.
20.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
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E.
21.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
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B.
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D.
E.
23.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
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B.
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D.
E.
24.  Heat exhaustion results from
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E.
25.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
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B.
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D.
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26.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
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B.
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D.
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27.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
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B.
28.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
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B.
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D.
E.
30.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
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D.
E.
31.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
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32.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
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B.
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D.
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34.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Most body 's fat is stored in
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B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
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B.
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D.
E.
38.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
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B.
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D.
E.
39.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
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D.
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40.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
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D.
E.
42.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
44.  These are all membranous organelles except
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B.
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D.
E.
45.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
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B.
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D.
E.
47.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
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D.
E.
48.  The liver does not
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49.  The human genome consists of?
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D.
E.
50.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
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B.
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D.
E.
51.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
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B.
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D.
E.
53.  During the postabsorptive state
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D.
E.
54.  During the postabsorptive state
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D.
E.
55.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
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D.
E.
56.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  HDL comes from _________?
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B.
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D.
E.
59.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
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B.
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D.
E.
60.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
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D.
E.
61.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
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D.
E.
62.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
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D.
E.
63.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
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B.
64.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
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B.
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E.
65.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
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E.
66.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
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D.
E.
67.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
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B.
68.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
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D.
E.
69.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
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B.
70.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
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B.
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D.
E.
71.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
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D.
E.
72.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
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D.
E.
73.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
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B.
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D.
E.
74.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
75.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
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D.
E.
78.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
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B.
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D.
E.
79.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
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B.
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D.
E.
80.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
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D.
E.
81.  Macronutrients include
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D.
E.
82.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
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B.
84.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
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B.
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D.
E.
85.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
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D.
E.
86.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  During the absorptive state
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B.
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D.
88.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
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D.
E.
89.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
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D.
E.
90.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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