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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
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1.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
6.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
11.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
16.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
31.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
66.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
70.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
80.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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