Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Book Quizzes & Trivia

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
3.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
5.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
8.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
43.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
44.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
66.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
90.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.