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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
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1.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
11.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
51.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
58.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
68.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
71.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
77.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
89.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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