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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Chapter 3, 4, & 26

  
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1.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
3.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
12.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
18.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
49.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
70.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
72.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
76.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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