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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
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1.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
4.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
11.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
32.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
45.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
49.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
68.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
70.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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