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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Chapter 3, 4, & 26

  
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1.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
24.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
26.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
28.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
33.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
47.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
82.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
86.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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