Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Book Quizzes & Trivia

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
35.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
59.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
62.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
64.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
65.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
73.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
87.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.