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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Chapter 3, 4, & 26

  
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1.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
7.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
8.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
26.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
36.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
54.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
57.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
86.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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