Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38

  
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1.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
4.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
7.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
8.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
32.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
69.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
71.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
79.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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