Chapter 3, 4, & 26

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1.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
29.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
33.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
44.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
53.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
70.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
71.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
78.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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