Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38

  
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1.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
6.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
17.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
27.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
52.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
65.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
69.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
72.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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