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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
Chapter 3, 4, & 26

  
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1.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
24.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
28.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
30.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
36.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
38.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
82.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
85.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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