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Chapter 3, 4, & 26

90 Questions  I  By Shardman38
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1.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
4.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
8.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
43.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
49.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
62.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
75.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
88.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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