Chapter 3, 4, & 26

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1.  ___________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas _________  yield about 9kcal/g
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.   The quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate heat loss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  During the absorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "E" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The synthese of glucose from amino acids belongs to a metabolic process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  HDL comes from _________?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  All of the following are directly involved in translation except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of these processes occurs during a cell's first gap (G1) phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  ________ is a product of glycolysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called __________, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The highest rate of tissue protein turnover happens in the
A.
B.
12.  Macronutrients include
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  _______ is a product of aerobic respiration.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Most protein in the body is found in ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Hemophilia is caused by a sex-linked recessive allele. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Heat exhaustion results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The stage at which chromosomes aggregate along the equator of a cell is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The enzyme RNA polymerase participates in translation.
A.
B.
19.  Fatty acids are catabolized by a process called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  People on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly. This is for all the following reasons except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The human genome consists of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Microvilli and cilia differ in their function but have the same internal structure.
A.
B.
23.  Vitamin                        deficiency is the most common worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  _________  constitutes the so-called "bad cholesterol."
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.   Which of the following omits some stage(s) of the cell cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The loss of body heat by conduction can be enhanced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Only approximately _____________% of the energy in the glucose molecule winds up in ATP, the rest is lost as body heat.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Mitosis is responsible for embryonic development and tissue growth.
A.
B.
31.  These are all membranous organelles except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.   ____________ gives structural support, determines the shape of a cell, and directs the movement of substances through the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The sodium-potassium (Na+-K+) pump transports both sodium and potassium __________ their concentration gradients in a process called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces ____________, which might lead to ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of these is (are) always hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  A red blood cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. The concentration of solutes in the solution is __________ than the concentration of solutes in the intracellular fluid and will cause the cell to ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  All of the body's nonreproductive cells, called ________________, usually have ______________ and are thus called ____________ cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  ___________________ are turned on or off by regulatory proteins in accordance with changing needs for the ___________________ they encode.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Most body 's fat is stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A cell finishing mitosis has ________________ DNA molecules, while a cell finishing DNA replication has ______________ DNA molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The greater the concentration gradient the faster the diffusion rate.
A.
B.
42.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Most carbohydrates in the body are found in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "A" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Proteins are associated with all these functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which is the healthiest ratio?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Oxidation of a typical fatty acid can yield
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Glycogenesis is stimulated by ____________, and glycogenolysis is stimulated by ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  High-quality _________  proteins are those that provide all the essential amino acids
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of these is hydrophobic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Copying genetic information from DNA into RNA is called ________________________, whereas using the information contained in mRNA to make a polypeptide is called ________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  A karyotype shows the __________________ chromosomes sorted and isolated from a cell in ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The liver does not
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following processes could occur only through the plasma membrane of a living cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Minerals are ________   , whereas vitamins are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  ___________ is secreted during the postabsorptive state.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  During periods of fasting, fat is said to have a protein-sparing effect because the body
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  An _______________ is composed of two or more tissues types, whereas ____________ are microscopic structures in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Fats should account for about _______ percent of the daily caloric intake.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Carbohydrates function as structural components of other molecules including all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane are made up of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded in the membrane are ________, while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.   ______ provide motility to a cell, ______ act as sensory "antenna" in many cells, and ____________ increase cell's surface area.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What metabolic process produces ammonia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.   _____________ does not raise total metabolic rate (TMR).
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Which of these is an example of active transport?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to _____________ them
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Many genes occur in alternative forms called alleles.
A.
B.
71.  What function would immediately cease if the ribosomes of a cell were destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Oxygen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  After mitosis each chromosome consists of two parallel filaments called sister chromatids.
A.
B.
75.  . ______ describes the number of particles of a solute in a solution, whereas ______ is the ability of a solution to affect the fluid volume in a cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Most of the NADH contributing energy to ATP synthesis is produced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Which of the following would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  This figure shows translation of mRNA. What does "C" show?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  If one allele is not phenotypically expressed in the presence of another, we say that it is a(an) ________________ allele.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  During the postabsorptive state
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Lipid functions include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Transcription occurs in the _________________, but most translation occurs in the _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Facilitated diffusion and active transport have in common that both
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  A patient was severely dehydrated, losing a large amount of fluid. The patient was given intravenous fluids of Normal saline. Normal saline is ________ to your blood cells and is about __________ NaCl.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The liver performs all of the following functions except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.   Since there are no genes coding for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, or lipids, how do cells produce them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  After translation, a protein may undergo structural changes called ________________ modifications.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The basal metabolic rate should be measured when a person
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Cytokinesis overlaps with which phase of mitosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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