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Carbonic acid; bicarbonate ion
Bicarbonate ion; carbonic acid
The volume of water intake.
The rate of cellular respiration.
The formation of metabolic water.
The volume of metabolic water.
The metabolic use of water.
1, 2, 4, 6
1, 3, 5, 6
1, 3, 4
2, 4, 6
1, 4, 5, 6
Albumin is considered the main protein buffer in blood plasma.
Albumin is the most abundant buffer in blood plasma and intracellular fluid.
The functional components of a protein buffer system are the carboxyl group and the amino group.
Protein buffers are the primary buffers of acids in urine.
Proteins can buffer both acids and bases.
1, 3, 5
1, 2, 3
2, 4, 5
2, 3, 4
1, 3, 4
Hypoventilation: respiratory alkalosis
Severe diarrhea: metabolic acidosis
Excessive vomiting: metabolic alkalosis
Airway obstruction: respiratory acidosis
Inability of kidneys to excrete H+ from dietary protein metabolism: metabolic acidosis