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Chapter 18 Quiz

20 Questions
Book Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz for Chapter 18

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      The lowest temperature possible in nature is 
    • A. 

      0 degrees C

    • B. 

      -273 degrees C

    • C. 

      4 K

  • 2. 
    A volume of air has a temperature of 0 degrees Celsius. An equal volume of air that is twice as hot has a temperature of
    • A. 

      0 degrees C

    • B. 

      64 degrees C

    • C. 

      100 degrees C

    • D. 

      None of the above choices are correct

  • 3. 
    To wholly convert a given amount of heat energy into mechanical energy is
    • A. 

      Possible using a steam engine

    • B. 

      Possible using an atomic reactor

    • C. 

      Possible using a simple machine

    • D. 

      Impossible regardless of the technique used

  • 4. 
    To totally convert a given amount of mechanical energy into heat is
    • A. 

      Possible

    • B. 

      Impossible

    • C. 

      Impossible to answer without additional information

  • 5. 
    The greater the difference in temperature between the input reservoir and the output reservoir for a heat engine, the
    • A. 

      Greater the efficiency

    • B. 

      Less the efficiency

    • C. 

      Neither efficiency of a heat engine doesn't depend on temperature difference

  • 6. 
    The first law of thermodynamics is a restatement of the
    • A. 

      Principle of entropy

    • B. 

      Law of heat addition

    • C. 

      Carnot cycle

    • D. 

      Conservation of energy

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 7. 
    Chinook winds tend to
    • A. 

      Warm an environment

    • B. 

      Cool an environment

    • C. 

      Cool deserts at night

    • D. 

      Warm deserts at sunrise

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Less entropy

    • B. 

      More entropy

    • C. 

      No entropy

  • 9. 
    A temperature inversion occurs when the upper layers of air are
    • A. 

      Warmer than the lower regions of air

    • B. 

      Cooler than the lower regions of air

    • C. 

      At the same temperature as lower regions of air

  • 10. 
    Entropy measures
    • A. 

      Temperature at constant pressure

    • B. 

      Temperature at constant volume

    • C. 

      Temperature as pressure increases

    • D. 

      Temperature as volume increases

    • E. 

      Messiness

  • 11. 
    Entropy is closely related to the
    • A. 

      1st law of thermodynamics

    • B. 

      2nd law of thermodynamics

    • C. 

      Both of these

    • D. 

      Neither of these

  • 12. 
    Blow on your hand with your open mouth and you feel the warmth of your breath. Pucker your lips so your breath expands as you blow and your breath is
    • A. 

      Warmer still

    • B. 

      Cooler

    • C. 

      Neither warmer nor cooler

  • 13. 
    The earth's atmosphere gets most of its heat
    • A. 

      Near the surface of the Earth

    • B. 

      At high altitudes closer to the sun

    • C. 

      From the Earth's core

  • 14. 
    Industrialization on Earth eventually heats our surroundings to temperatures that are higher than usual. Industrialization in space habitats using exclusively solar power eventually will thermally pollute the solar 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Cannot be determined without additional information

  • 15. 
    Adiabatic processes occur 
    • A. 

      Only in the atmosphere

    • B. 

      Only in the oceans

    • C. 

      Only in the earth's mantle

    • D. 

      In both the atmosphere and the oceans

    • E. 

      In the atmosphere, oceans and the earth's mantle

  • 16. 
    When an ideal gas is subjected to an adiabatic process
    • A. 

      No work is done on the gas

    • B. 

      The temperature of the gas does not change

    • C. 

      The internal energy of the gas does not change

    • D. 

      Choices A, B, and C are all true

    • E. 

      None of the above choices are true

  • 17. 
    During an adiabatic compression of an ideal gas
    • A. 

      The internal energy of the gas remains constant

    • B. 

      The temperature of the gas does not change

    • C. 

      No heat is supplied to or removed from the gas

    • D. 

      No work is done on the gas

    • E. 

      None of the above choices are true

  • 18. 
    A process which takes place at constant temperature is
    • A. 

      An adiabatic process

    • B. 

      An isothermal process

    • C. 

      Impossible

  • 19. 
    A quantity of water has more entropy when it is 
    • A. 

      Frozen ice

    • B. 

      Boiling

    • C. 

      At room temperature

  • 20. 
    Entropy can be
    • A. 

      Created but not destroyed

    • B. 

      Neither created nor destroyed

    • C. 

      Sometimes destroyed but never created

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