# Chapter 18 Quiz

20 Questions  I  By Sarringhaus
Quiz for Chapter 18

Changes are done, please start the quiz.

 1 The lowest temperature possible in nature is
 A. 0 degrees C
 B. -273 degrees C
 C. 4 K
 2 A volume of air has a temperature of 0 degrees Celsius. An equal volume of air that is twice as hot has a temperature of
 A. 0 degrees C
 B. 64 degrees C
 C. 100 degrees C
 D. None of the above choices are correct
 3 To wholly convert a given amount of heat energy into mechanical energy is
 A. Possible using a steam engine
 B. Possible using an atomic reactor
 C. Possible using a simple machine
 D. Impossible regardless of the technique used
 4 To totally convert a given amount of mechanical energy into heat is
 B. Possible
 C. Impossible
 5 The greater the difference in temperature between the input reservoir and the output reservoir for a heat engine, the
 A. Greater the efficiency
 B. Less the efficiency
 C. Neither efficiency of a heat engine doesn't depend on temperature difference
 6 The first law of thermodynamics is a restatement of the
 A. Principle of entropy
 C. Carnot cycle
 D. Conservation of energy
 E. None of these
 7 Chinook winds tend to
 A. Warm an environment
 B. Cool an environment
 C. Cool deserts at night
 D. Warm deserts at sunrise
 8
 A. Less entropy
 B. More entropy
 C. No entropy
 9 A temperature inversion occurs when the upper layers of air are
 A. Warmer than the lower regions of air
 B. Cooler than the lower regions of air
 C. At the same temperature as lower regions of air
 10 Entropy measures
 A. Temperature at constant pressure
 B. Temperature at constant volume
 C. Temperature as pressure increases
 D. Temperature as volume increases
 E. Messiness
 11 Entropy is closely related to the
 A. 1st law of thermodynamics
 B. 2nd law of thermodynamics
 C. Both of these
 D. Neither of these
 A. Warmer still
 B. Cooler
 C. Neither warmer nor cooler
 13 The earth's atmosphere gets most of its heat
 A. Near the surface of the Earth
 B. At high altitudes closer to the sun
 C. From the Earth's core
 14 Industrialization on Earth eventually heats our surroundings to temperatures that are higher than usual. Industrialization in space habitats using exclusively solar power eventually will thermally pollute the solar
 A. True
 B. False
 C. Cannot be determined without additional information
 A. Only in the atmosphere
 B. Only in the oceans
 C. Only in the earth's mantle
 D. In both the atmosphere and the oceans
 E. In the atmosphere, oceans and the earth's mantle
 16 When an ideal gas is subjected to an adiabatic process
 A. No work is done on the gas
 B. The temperature of the gas does not change
 C. The internal energy of the gas does not change
 D. Choices A, B, and C are all true
 E. None of the above choices are true
 17 During an adiabatic compression of an ideal gas
 A. The internal energy of the gas remains constant
 B. The temperature of the gas does not change
 C. No heat is supplied to or removed from the gas
 D. No work is done on the gas
 E. None of the above choices are true
 18 A process which takes place at constant temperature is