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Chapter 10

52 Questions  I  By Sparkles12345
Chapter 10

  
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1.  A plant has a unique photosynthetic pigment. The leaves of this plant appear to be reddish yellow. What wavelengths of visible light are being absorbed by this pigment?
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D.
E.
2.  What are the products of the light reactions that are subsequently used by the Calvin cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What is the relationship between wavelength of light and the quantity of energy per photon?
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B.
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D.
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4.  What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve?
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D.
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5.  In a protein complex for the light reaction (a reaction center), energy is transferred from pigment molecule to pigment molecule, to a special chlorophyll a molecule, and eventually to the primary electron acceptor. Why does this occur?
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D.
E.
6.  Which statement describes the functioning of photosystem II?
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D.
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7.  Produces NADPH
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Produces molecular oxygen (O2)
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B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  If plant gene alterations cause the plants to be deficient in photorespiration, what would most probably occur?
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B.
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D.
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10.  Reduction of NADP+ occurs during
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B.
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11.  The alternative pathways of photosynthesis using the C4 or CAM systems are said to be compromises. Why?
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12.  Reduction of oxygen which forms water occurs during
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B.
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D.
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13.  Suppose the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to a pH-8 solution. What would be likely to happen?
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B.
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D.
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14.  The splitting of carbon dioxide to form oxygen gas and carbon compounds occurs during
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D.
E.
15.  The sugar that results from three "turns" of the Calvin cycle is glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P). Which of the following is a consequence of this?
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B.
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D.
E.
16.  Which of the following statements best represents the relationships between the light reactions and the Calvin cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  In autotrophic bacteria, where are the enzymes located that can carry on organic synthesis?
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D.
E.
18.  Where do the enzymatic reactions of the Calvin cycle take place?
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B.
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D.
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19.   In the thylakoid membranes, what is the main role of the antenna pigment molecules?
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D.
E.
20.  In any ecosystem, terrestrial or aquatic, what group(s) is (are) always necessary?
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21.  What are the products of linear photophosphorylation?
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D.
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22.  In thylakoids, protons travel through ATP synthase from the stroma to the thylakoid space. Therefore the catalytic "knobs" of ATP synthase would be located
A.
B.
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D.
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23.  Requires ATP 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following are directly associated with photosystem I?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  P680+ is said to be the strongest biological oxidising agent. Why?
A.
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D.
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26.  Which of the events listed below occur in the light reactions of photosynthesis?
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B.
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D.
E.
27.  Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the thylakoid is no longer separated from the stroma. This damage will have the most direct effect on which of the following processes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Produces three-carbon sugars
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Produces NADH
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B.
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D.
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30.  Why are C4 plants able to photosynthesise with no apparent photorespiration?
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B.
C.
D.
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31.  Where does the Calvin cycle take place?
A.
B.
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D.
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32.  Requires glucose
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B.
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D.
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33.  Carotenoids are often found in foods that are considered to have antioxidant properties in human nutrition. What related function do they have in plants?
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34.  Which of the following are products of the light reactions of photosynthesis that are utilised in the Calvin cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  When oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis, it is a by-product of which of the following?
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B.
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D.
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36.  If photosynthesising green algae are provided with CO2 synthesised with heavy oxygen (18O), later analysis will show that all but one of the following compounds produced by the algae contain the 18O label. That one is
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  Synthesis of ATP by the chemiosmotic mechanism occurs during
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D.
E.
38.  The reaction-center chlorophyll of photosystem I is known as P700 because
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39.  As a research scientist, you measure the amount of ATP and NADPH consumed by the Calvin cycle in 1 hour. You find 30,000 molecules of ATP consumed, but only 20,000 molecules of NADPH. Where did the extra ATP molecules come from?
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B.
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D.
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40.  Where are the molecules of the electron transport chain found in plant cells?
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B.
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D.
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41.  In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from
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D.
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42.  Some photosynthetic organisms contain chloroplasts that lack photosystem II, yet are able to survive. The best way to detect the lack of photosystem II in these organisms would be
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43.  Requires CO2
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B.
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D.
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44.  Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during
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45.  Cyclic electron flow may be photoprotective (protective to light-induced damage). Which of the following experiments could provide information on this phenomenon?
A.
B.
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D.
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46.  Some photosynthetic bacteria (e.g., purple sulfur bacteria) have photosystem I but not II, while others (e.g. cyanobacteria) have both PSI and PSII. Which of the following might this observation imply?
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B.
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D.
E.
47.  What is the primary function of the Calvin cycle? 
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B.
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D.
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48.  In an experiment studying photosynthesis performed during the day, you provide a plant with radioactive carbon (14C) dioxide as a metabolic tracer. The 14C is incorporated first into oxaloacetate. The plant is best characterised as a
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D.
E.
49.  CAM plants keep stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water. They can do this because they
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D.
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50.  In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Photorespiration lowers the efficiency of photosynthesis by preventing the formation of
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B.
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D.
E.
52.  Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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