Chapter 10

52 Questions  I  By Sparkles12345

  
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1.  In mitochondria, chemiosmosis translocates protons from the matrix into the intermembrane space, whereas in chloroplasts, chemiosmosis translocates protons from
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2.  Cyclic electron flow may be photoprotective (protective to light-induced damage). Which of the following experiments could provide information on this phenomenon?
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3.  Which of the following statements best represents the relationships between the light reactions and the Calvin cycle?
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4.  Where do the enzymatic reactions of the Calvin cycle take place?
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5.  Produces three-carbon sugars
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6.  What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve?
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7.  If photosynthesising green algae are provided with CO2 synthesised with heavy oxygen (18O), later analysis will show that all but one of the following compounds produced by the algae contain the 18O label. That one is
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8.  Reduction of NADP+ occurs during
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9.  If plant gene alterations cause the plants to be deficient in photorespiration, what would most probably occur?
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10.  What is the primary function of the Calvin cycle? 
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11.  In any ecosystem, terrestrial or aquatic, what group(s) is (are) always necessary?
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12.  Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration?
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13.  Synthesis of ATP by the chemiosmotic mechanism occurs during
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14.  Some photosynthetic bacteria (e.g., purple sulfur bacteria) have photosystem I but not II, while others (e.g. cyanobacteria) have both PSI and PSII. Which of the following might this observation imply?
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15.  Carotenoids are often found in foods that are considered to have antioxidant properties in human nutrition. What related function do they have in plants?
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16.  Assume a thylakoid is somehow punctured so that the interior of the thylakoid is no longer separated from the stroma. This damage will have the most direct effect on which of the following processes?
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17.  The reaction-center chlorophyll of photosystem I is known as P700 because
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18.  What are the products of linear photophosphorylation?
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19.  What is the relationship between wavelength of light and the quantity of energy per photon?
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20.  CAM plants keep stomata closed in daytime, thus reducing loss of water. They can do this because they
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21.  Suppose the interior of the thylakoids of isolated chloroplasts were made acidic and then transferred in the dark to a pH-8 solution. What would be likely to happen?
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22.  Reduction of oxygen which forms water occurs during
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23.  In thylakoids, protons travel through ATP synthase from the stroma to the thylakoid space. Therefore the catalytic "knobs" of ATP synthase would be located
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24.  Generation of proton gradients across membranes occurs during
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25.  Requires glucose
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26.  What are the products of the light reactions that are subsequently used by the Calvin cycle?
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27.  In autotrophic bacteria, where are the enzymes located that can carry on organic synthesis?
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28.  Which statement describes the functioning of photosystem II?
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29.  Where does the Calvin cycle take place?
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30.  Requires CO2
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31.  Produces NADH
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32.  The splitting of carbon dioxide to form oxygen gas and carbon compounds occurs during
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33.  Which of the following are products of the light reactions of photosynthesis that are utilised in the Calvin cycle?
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34.  In a protein complex for the light reaction (a reaction center), energy is transferred from pigment molecule to pigment molecule, to a special chlorophyll a molecule, and eventually to the primary electron acceptor. Why does this occur?
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35.  The sugar that results from three "turns" of the Calvin cycle is glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (G3P). Which of the following is a consequence of this?
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36.  Which of the following are directly associated with photosystem I?
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37.   In the thylakoid membranes, what is the main role of the antenna pigment molecules?
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38.  In a plant cell, where are the ATP synthase complexes located?
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39.  Some photosynthetic organisms contain chloroplasts that lack photosystem II, yet are able to survive. The best way to detect the lack of photosystem II in these organisms would be
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40.  When oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis, it is a by-product of which of the following?
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41.  The alternative pathways of photosynthesis using the C4 or CAM systems are said to be compromises. Why?
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42.  Produces molecular oxygen (O2)
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43.  Why are C4 plants able to photosynthesise with no apparent photorespiration?
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44.  In an experiment studying photosynthesis performed during the day, you provide a plant with radioactive carbon (14C) dioxide as a metabolic tracer. The 14C is incorporated first into oxaloacetate. The plant is best characterised as a
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45.  Photorespiration lowers the efficiency of photosynthesis by preventing the formation of
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46.  P680+ is said to be the strongest biological oxidising agent. Why?
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47.  As a research scientist, you measure the amount of ATP and NADPH consumed by the Calvin cycle in 1 hour. You find 30,000 molecules of ATP consumed, but only 20,000 molecules of NADPH. Where did the extra ATP molecules come from?
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48.  Which of the events listed below occur in the light reactions of photosynthesis?
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49.  A plant has a unique photosynthetic pigment. The leaves of this plant appear to be reddish yellow. What wavelengths of visible light are being absorbed by this pigment?
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50.  Requires ATP 
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51.  Produces NADPH
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52.  Where are the molecules of the electron transport chain found in plant cells?
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