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Ch. 18 Permanent Waving

50 Questions
Ch. 18 Permanent Waving
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The main active ingredient or reducing agent in alkaline perm is?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen Peroxide

    • B. 

      Ammonium Thiglycolate

    • C. 

      Sodium Hydroxide

  • 2. 
    The main active ingrediant in acid-balanced waving lotion is?
    • A. 

      Glycerol Monothioglycolate

    • B. 

      Hydrogen Peroxide

    • C. 

      Ammonium Thiglycolate

  • 3. 
    The degree to which hair absorbs the waving lotion is related to its?
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Texture

    • C. 

      Length

  • 4. 
    The action of waving lotion is to ?
    • A. 

      Discolor the hair

    • B. 

      Shrink the hair

    • C. 

      Expand the hair

  • 5. 
    If hair breaks under very slight strain it has?
    • A. 

      Little or no elasticity

    • B. 

      Average elasticity

    • C. 

      Very good elasticity

  • 6. 
    A method of wrapping a permanent wave that is suitable for very long hair is the?
    • A. 

      Double tool technique

    • B. 

      Single-halo method

    • C. 

      Strait-back method

  • 7. 
    Ask.                          that allow you to find out why the client wants the texture service and what results are expected.
    • A. 

      Open ended questions

    • B. 

      Rhetorical questions

    • C. 

      Personal questions

  • 8. 
    Hair texture describes the .                           .  of a single strand of hair and is classified as fine, medium, or coarse
    • A. 

      Diameter

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Curl

  • 9. 
    Waves that process more quickly and produce firmer curls than true acid waves are considered to be?
    • A. 

      Alkaline

    • B. 

      Sodium Hydroxide

    • C. 

      Acid-Balanced

  • 10. 
    The perm that is activated by heat created chemically within the product is know as?
    • A. 

      Endothermic

    • B. 

      Exothermic

    • C. 

      Alkaline

  • 11. 
    The polypeptide chains are long chains of amino acids joined together by?
    • A. 

      Hydroxide bonds

    • B. 

      Peptide bond

    • C. 

      Amino acids

  • 12. 
    A perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hair hood-type hair dryer is known as?
    • A. 

      Sodium hydroxide

    • B. 

      Endothermic

    • C. 

      Exothermic

  • 13. 
    Bonds that are formed when the sulfur atoms in two adjacent polypeptide chains are joined together are known as?
    • A. 

      Disulfide

    • B. 

      Salt

    • C. 

      Chemical

  • 14. 
    The chemical action of .                     . breaks the disulfide bonds and softens the hair
    • A. 

      Ammonia

    • B. 

      Waving lotion

    • C. 

      Neutralizer

  • 15. 
    When hair has assumed the desired shape the broken disulfide bonds must be.                   . rebonded
    • A. 

      Physically

    • B. 

      Temporary

    • C. 

      Chemically

  • 16. 
    Strait Rods are equal in?
    • A. 

      Length

    • B. 

      Width

    • C. 

      Diameter

  • 17. 
    .                     .   Rods have a small diameter in center area and gradually increase to their largest diameter at the ends resulting in a tighter curl at hair ends with a loose curl at the scalp.
    • A. 

      Concave

    • B. 

      Convex

    • C. 

      Strait

  • 18. 
    What type of hair is more fragile, easier to process, and more susceptible to damage from perm services?
    • A. 

      Coarse texture

    • B. 

      Fine texture

    • C. 

      Non-elastic

  • 19. 
    What type of hair requires more processing than medium or fine hair and may also be more resistant to processing?
    • A. 

      Coarse texture

    • B. 

      Medium texture

    • C. 

      Fine texture

  • 20. 
    All perm wraps begin by sectioning the hair into panels which are further divided into subsections called?
    • A. 

      Base section

    • B. 

      Base control

    • C. 

      Panel

  • 21. 
    Base control refers to the position of the tool in relation to its .                           .     and is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.
    • A. 

      Base panel

    • B. 

      Scalp position

    • C. 

      Base section

  • 22. 
    The basic perm wrap is also called a .                 .  wrap.
    • A. 

      Strait set

    • B. 

      Bricklay perm

    • C. 

      Weave technique

  • 23. 
    The .                   wrap creates a movement that curves within sectioned-out panels.
    • A. 

      Curvature perm

    • B. 

      Weave technique

    • C. 

      Straight perm

  • 24. 
    The .              . wrap that uses zigzag partings to divide base areas.
    • A. 

      Weave technique

    • B. 

      Curvature perm

    • C. 

      Bricklay perm

  • 25. 
    When the strand of hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base section, it will result in?
    • A. 

      On base placement

    • B. 

      Half-off base

    • C. 

      On-stem placement

  • 26. 
    When the strand of hair is wrapped at an angle of 90 degrees perpendicular to its base section, it will result in?
    • A. 

      On base placement

    • B. 

      Half-off base placement

    • C. 

      On-stem placement

  • 27. 
    End wraps are absorbent papers used to .                     . of the hair when wrapping and winding hair on the perm.
    • A. 

      Decrease moisture

    • B. 

      Control ends

    • C. 

      Control elasticity

  • 28. 
    When you place one end wrap on top of the hair strand and hold it flat, its called the?
    • A. 

      Double-flat wrap

    • B. 

      Single-flat wrap

    • C. 

      Top-hand wrap

  • 29. 
    When one end paper is folded in half over the hair ends like an envelope it is called?
    • A. 

      Double-end paper wrap

    • B. 

      Single-end wrap

    • C. 

      Book-end wrap

  • 30. 
    What can be used to determine the actual processing time needed to achieve optimum curl results when giving a perm for the first time on a client?
    • A. 

      Patch Test

    • B. 

      Porosity test

    • C. 

      Preliminary test curl

  • 31. 
    If too many .                       . bonds are broken in the perming process the hair will be too weak to hold a firm curl.
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Disulfide

    • C. 

      Salt

  • 32. 
    Under processing is caused by .                    . processing time of the waving lotion.
    • A. 

      Excessive

    • B. 

      Increasing

    • C. 

      Insufficient

  • 33. 
    In permanent waving most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrates within the first .              . minutes
    • A. 

      1 to 2

    • B. 

      5 to 10

    • C. 

      3 to 4

  • 34. 
    The length of time required for the hair strands to absorb the waving lotion and for the hair to re-curl is called?
    • A. 

      Processing time

    • B. 

      Rinsing time

    • C. 

      Development time

  • 35. 
    Always rinse perm solution from the hair for at least .               . minutes before applying the neutralizer.
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      3

  • 36. 
    Some manufactures recommend the application of a .                              . after blotting and before application of the neutralizer.
    • A. 

      Pre-neutralizing conditioner

    • B. 

      Post-processing moisturizer

    • C. 

      Pre-neutralizing shampoo

  • 37. 
    Neutralization rebuilds the .                  . by removing the extra hydrogen bonds created by the waving solution.
    • A. 

      Salt bonds

    • B. 

      Disulfide bonds

    • C. 

      Polypeptide chains

  • 38. 
    If the hair is not .                . , the hydrogen peroxide in the neutralizer can react with waving lotion and cause the hair color to lighten.
    • A. 

      Thoroughly shampooed

    • B. 

      Lightly rinsed

    • C. 

      Rinsed properly

  • 39. 
    Relatively week physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between opposite charges are .                   . bonds
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Oxgen

  • 40. 
    An .                     liquid protein conditioner can be applied to the hair and dried under a warm dryer for 5 minutes or more prior to neutralization if hair is damaged. 
    • A. 

      Acidic

    • B. 

      Alkaline

    • C. 

      Ammonia free

  • 41. 
    In neutralization, the bonds in the hair are re-formed .               .
    • A. 

      Immediately

    • B. 

      Slowly

    • C. 

      Randomly

  • 42. 
    Chemical bonds that join amino acids together to form polypeptide chains are .                  . bonds.
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Peptide

  • 43. 
    Metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause .                    . severe discoloration or hair breakage.
    • A. 

      Smooth curls

    • B. 

      Uneven curls

    • C. 

      Mild odor

  • 44. 
    Perming only a section of a whole head of hair is called?
    • A. 

      Partial perming

    • B. 

      Section perming

    • C. 

      Limited perming

  • 45. 
    If you suspect metallic salts are present, mix 1 oz of 20  volume with 20 drops of 28% .                      . and immerse at least 20 strands for 30 minutes.
    • A. 

      Bleach

    • B. 

      Petroleum

    • C. 

      Ammonia

  • 46. 
    The .               . wrap is used to prevent noticeable splits and to blend the flow of the hair.
    • A. 

      Bricklay perm

    • B. 

      Basic perm

    • C. 

      Spiral perm

  • 47. 
    The .                  . wrap is done at an angle that causes the hair to spiral along the length of the tool, like the grip on a tennis racket.
    • A. 

      Spiral

    • B. 

      Croquignole

    • C. 

      Barber pole

  • 48. 
    When performing a procedure for a preliminary test curl, wrap one tool in each different area of the head including the top, the side, and the .                    .
    • A. 

      Nape

    • B. 

      Bang

    • C. 

      Temple

  • 49. 
    In order to make a smooth transition from the rolled section of the head to an unrolled section, use a large tool for the last tool next to an unrolled section when giving a .                      
    • A. 

      Spiral perm

    • B. 

      Partial perm

    • C. 

      Full perm

  • 50. 
    Many male clients are looking for added .                     .  fullness,style, and low maintenance that only a per can provide.
    • A. 

      Texture

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Shine