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Anatomy: The Vertebral Column

60 Questions  I  By Askanes
Anatomy: The Vertebral Column

  
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1.  How many vertebrae are in the vertebral column?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  How many regions are in the vertebral column?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which region of the vertebral column contains 5 vertebrae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
4.  What causes the primary curvature of the vertebral column?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The vertebral column is part of the appendicular skeleton.
A.
B.
6.  What causes the secondary curvature of the vertebral column?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  When does the primary curvature occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  When does the secondary curvature occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A patient arrives at your clinic with a dowager’s hump what is the clinical name for this abnormal curvature?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  How many processes sprout from typical vertebrae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The arch is attached to the body of a typical vertebrae via:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Between the pedicle and lamina there are ____ processes
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The vertebrae are interlocked via their:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Spinal Nerves exit the spine via:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  IVDs consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
16.  In a herniation of L5/S1 disc, which spinal nerve is likely to be compressed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Disc hernitation of L4/L5 damages
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What is a key feature of a typical cervical vertebrae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What is a key feature of a typical thoracic vertebrae
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  What is a key feature of a typical lumbar vertebrae
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  A climber fell and broke his neck but a certain ligament of the neck prevented compression of the spinal cord by the dens. Which of the following is the ligament?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which cervical vertebrae are atypical?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
23.  Which are characteristics of the Atlas?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which are characteristics of the Axis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Where are the joints of Luschka found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  In an automobile accident, a man has an undisplaced fracture of the dens with rupture of the ligaments attached to it: yet could move all 4 limbs and had function of his diaphragm. Which is the anatomical basis of this surprising presentation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  If the transverse ligament of the atlas had been ruptured with the other ligaments in the previous example what would you expect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What does NOT travel through the transverse foramen of typical cervical vertebra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What is the most important feature of the thoracic vertebra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which is NOT a feature of a typical lumber vertebrae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which is an important clinical feature of the Sacrum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Sacral hiatus is foremed by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Sacral cornua is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The thinnest part of IVDs is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The clinical significance of the lamellae of the annuli fibrosis becoming thinner and less numerous posteriorly is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Zygapophyseal are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which is a craniovertebral joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which is NOT a feature of Craniovertebral joints:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Mobility of the vertebral column is affected by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  After a physical examination convinced the physician that he was dealing with a case of meningitis, she decided to do a spinal tap to confirm her diagnosis. Which of the following ligaments would she have to breach on her way to the subarachnoid space?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
41.  Anterior Longitudinal ligament is located:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Where is the ligament flava attached?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  If a metastatic spreads to the 4th lumbar intervertebral foramen, what spinal nerve is it likely to affect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A postero-laeral protrusion of the intervertebral disc between L4 and L5 vertebrae is likely to affect which spinal nerve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  In a rear-end automobile collision, an automobile driver sustained a whiplash injury. Which of the following cervical vertebrae served as the fulcrum of the whiplash?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which ligament is likely to rupture in a hyperextension injury?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  C5-C7 act as the whip in hyperextension what action do they perform during this injury?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Burst Fracture of C1 is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  As a form of capital punishment, a certain leader was hanged in the gallows until he died. Which of the following cervical vertebral parts was fractured in the process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is a stress fracture of L5 laminae or articular processes called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  What neural structures pass through the posterior sacral foramina?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Where is the vertebral venous plexus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which Region has spinal nerves emerging superior to their corresponding vertebrae?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  In order to investigate a patient with most features of meningitis, a physician decides to perform a lumbar puncture to withdraw CSF from …… space
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  In a caudal epidural anesthesia, the needle is inserted into which one of the following spaces of the vertebral structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which is lateral deviation of the spine?
A.
B.
C.
57.  What direction does an IVD normally prolapse?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
58.  Which vertebrae have a heart shaped body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which vertebrae have an uncovertebral joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which ligament is the "lifesaver"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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