Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

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CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

  
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1.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
3.  HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
4.  NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
6.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
7.    Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
9.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
10.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
11.  IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
13.  Substances  that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances  
14.  WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
15.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
16.  How are Ioninc bonds created?
17.  PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
18.  WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
19.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
21.  This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
22.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
23.  HOW MANY LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION DOES PROTEIN HAVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
26.  Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
30.  HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
31.  THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
32.  IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
33.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
34.  DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
35.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
36.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
37.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
38.  TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
39.  DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
40.  Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
41.   IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
42.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
43.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
44.  Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
47.  NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
48.  NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
49.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
50.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
52.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
53.  IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
54.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
55.  WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
56.  IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
57.  NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
58.  IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
59.  Substances that release ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
61.  DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
62.  NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
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