Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

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CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

  
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1.  DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
2.  HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
3.  Substances that release ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
5.  IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
6.  NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
7.  DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
8.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
9.  NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
10.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
11.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
13.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
14.  NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
15.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
16.  This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
17.  DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
18.  HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
20.    Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
22.  How are Ioninc bonds created?
23.  IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
24.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
25.  Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
27.  DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
28.  Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  HOW MANY LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION DOES PROTEIN HAVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
32.  TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
33.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
34.  THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
35.  AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
36.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
37.  NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
38.  WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
39.  WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
40.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
42.  NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
43.  IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
44.  Substances  that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances  
45.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
46.  WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
47.  NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
49.  WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
50.  Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
53.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
54.  IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
55.  IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
56.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.   IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
58.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
59.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
61.  HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
62.  IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
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