Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

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CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

  
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1.  THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
2.  DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
3.  TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
4.  Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
6.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
7.  Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
8.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
9.  ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
10.  Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
13.  NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
14.  NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
15.  Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
17.  WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
18.  IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
19.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
20.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
21.  TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
22.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
23.   IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
24.  WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
25.  NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
26.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
27.  NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
28.  This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
29.  DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
30.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
33.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
34.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
35.  NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
37.  HOW MANY LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION DOES PROTEIN HAVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
40.  AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
41.  HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
42.    Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
44.  How are Ioninc bonds created?
45.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
46.  IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Substances that release ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
49.  WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
50.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
51.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
52.  NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
53.  Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
55.  DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
56.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
57.  IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
58.  Substances  that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances  
59.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
60.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
62.  IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
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