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Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

62 Questions  I  By Smensah
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

  
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1.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
2.  TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
3.   IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
4.  This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
5.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
6.  TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
7.  DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
8.  NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
9.    Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
15.  WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
16.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
17.  NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
18.  IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
19.  WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
20.  IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
22.  Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
24.  IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
25.  IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
26.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
27.  ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
28.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
29.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
30.  Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
32.  Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
34.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
35.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
36.  DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
37.  NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
38.  How are Ioninc bonds created?
39.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
40.  PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
41.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
43.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
46.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
47.  NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
48.  WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
49.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
50.  NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
51.  Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
52.  Substances that release ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  HOW MANY LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION DOES PROTEIN HAVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
55.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
56.  Substances  that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances  
57.  IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
58.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
59.  IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
60.  AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
61.  WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
62.  HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
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