Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

62 Questions  I  By Smensah
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

  
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1.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
4.  HOW MANY LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION DOES PROTEIN HAVE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Substances  that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances  
6.   IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
7.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
8.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
9.  WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
10.  DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
11.  Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
13.  IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
14.  IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
15.  Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.    Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
18.  How are Ioninc bonds created?
19.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
20.  IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
21.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
22.  Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
24.  Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
25.  IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
26.  NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
27.  This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
28.  Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
30.  AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
31.  NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
32.  WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
33.  HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
34.  NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
35.  Substances that release ions in water
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
37.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
38.  DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
39.  DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
40.  TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
41.  NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
42.  WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
43.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
44.  IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
45.  IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
46.  IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
47.  IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
50.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
51.  IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
52.  HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
54.  THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
55.  TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
56.  ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
57.  NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
59.  Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
61.  ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
62.  WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
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