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Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 2

62 Questions
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

CHEMICAL ATOMS. CHEMICAL STRUCTURE

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Anything that takes up space and has weight; composed of elements is called:
    • A. 

      NUCLEUS

    • B. 

      CHEMICAL ELEMENT

    • C. 

      MATTER

    • D. 

      ATOMS

    • E. 

      MOLECULES

  • 2. 
  • 3. 
    Smallest particle of an element that participates in chemical reactions
  • 4. 
    NAME THE SUBATOMIC PARTICLES OF ATOM:
  • 5. 
    ATOM THAT CARRIES A POSITIVE CHARGE
  • 6. 
    ATOM THAT CARRIES A NEGETIVE CHARGE
  • 7. 
    ATOMS THAT CARRIES NO CHARGE
  • 8. 
    WHAT IS THE MASS WEIGHT OF AN ELECTRON
  • 9. 
    NAME THE FOLLOWING COMPONENT:-IT IS MADE UP OF PROTONS AND NEUTRONS-ELECTRONS SURROUNDS IT
  • 10. 
    DEINE THIS ELEMENT:NUMBER OF PROTONS IN THE NUCLEUS OF ONE ATOMEACH ELEMENT HAS A UNIQUE ATOMIC NUMBEREQUALS THE NUMBER OF ELECTRONS IN THE ATOM   
  • 11. 
    IDENTIFY THIS DESCRIPTION:ELECTRON DO NOT CONTRIBUTE TO THE WEIGHTTHE NUMBER OF PROTONS PLUS THE NUMBER OF NEUTRONS IN ONE ATOM
  • 12. 
    Particles that formed when two or more atoms chemically combine
    • A. 

      STUCTURAL FORMULA

    • B. 

      COVALENT BOND

    • C. 

      IONIC BOND

    • D. 

      COMPOUND

    • E. 

      MOLECULE

  • 13. 
    Particles that formed when two or more atoms of different elements chemically combine
    • A. 

      COMPOUND

    • B. 

      IONIC BOND

    • C. 

      MOLECULE

    • D. 

      COVALENT BOND

    • E. 

      ATOMIC MASS

  • 14. 
      Depict the elements present and the number of each atom present in the molecule          
    • A. 

      COMPOUND FORMULA

    • B. 

      ATOMIC MASS

    • C. 

      ATOMIC NUMBER

    • D. 

      STRUCTURAL FORMULA

    • E. 

      CHEMICAL FORMULAS

  • 15. 
    DEFINE THIS SUBATOM:FOUND IN REGIONS OF SPACE CALLED ORBITALSEACH SHELL CAN HOLD A LIMITED NUMBER OF ELECTRONSFOR ATOMS WITH ATOMIC NUMBER   
  • 16. 
    NAME THE ELEMENT FOR THE DEFINITION BELOW:ATOMS THAT HAS GAINED OR LOST AN ELECTRONELECTRICALLY CHARGEDATOMS FORM IONS TO BECOME STABLE  
  • 17. 
    How are Ioninc bonds created?
  • 18. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:IONIC COMPOUND DISSOCIATE WHEN THEY DISSOLVE IN WATER   
  • 19. 
    HOW ARE ELECTROLYTES FORMED:
  • 20. 
    IN ORDER FOR NA+ TO BE CREATED. SHOULD ELECTRONS LOOSE AN  ATOM
  • 21. 
    HOW ARE COVALENT BONDS CREATED
  • 22. 
    This show how atoms bond and are arranged in various molecules
  • 23. 
    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF COMPOUND THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF:
  • 24. 
    IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:GENERALLY DO NOT CONTAIN CUSUALLY SMALLER THAN ORGANIC MOLECULESWATER, OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INORGANIC SALTS   
  • 25. 
    IDENTIFY THIS COMPOUND:CONTAIN C AND HUSUALLY LARGER THAN INORGANIC MOLECULESCARBOHYDRATE, PROTEINS, LIPIDS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS   
  • 26. 
    NAME THE FOUR INORGANIC SUBSTANCES: ALPHABETICAL ORDER
  • 27. 
    Substances that release ions in water
    • A. 

      BASE

    • B. 

      ELECTROLYTES

    • C. 

      SALT

    • D. 

      ACID

    • E. 

      COMPOUND

  • 28. 
    Electrolytes that release hydrogen ions in water
    • A. 

      INORGANIC SALT

    • B. 

      BASE

    • C. 

      ELECTROLYTE

    • D. 

      COMPOUND

    • E. 

      ACID

  • 29. 
    Substances that release ions that can combine with hydrogen ions
    • A. 

      COMPOUND

    • B. 

      ELECTROLYTE

    • C. 

      BASE

    • D. 

      ACID

    • E. 

      SALT

  • 30. 
    Electrolytes formed by the reaction between an acid and a base 
    • A. 

      ELECTROLYTE

    • B. 

      BASE

    • C. 

      SALT

    • D. 

      ACID

    • E. 

      COMPOUND

  • 31. 
    IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION:CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS THAT CAN EITHER PICK UP OR RELEASE H+ TO KEEP A SOLUTIONS PH CONSTANT, MAINTAIN NORMAL PH BODY FLUID, NEEDED BECAUSE P CAN BE HRMFUL TO BODY CELLS   
  • 32. 
     IDENTIFY THIS DEFINITION: Concentration of hydrogen ions in solution
  • 33. 
    NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF MACROMOLECULE (ALPHABETICAL ORDER) 
  • 34. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:SIMPLEST CARBOHYDRATE  
  • 35. 
    NAME THE THREE COMPONENTS OF CARBOHYDRATE: (aLPHABETICAL ORDER AND ADD AN S)
  • 36. 
    IDENTIFY THE MACROMOLECULE FUNCTIONS BELOW:PROVIDES ENERGY TO CELLSSUPPLIES MATERIALS TO BUILD CELL STRUCTUREWATER SOLUBLECONTAINS C, H AND O
    • A. 

      LIPID

    • B. 

      CARBOHYDRATE

    • C. 

      NUCLEIC ACID

    • D. 

      PROTEIN

    • E. 

      WATER

  • 37. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
  • 38. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING 2 MONOSACCHARIDES   
  • 39. 
    DEFINE THE THREE TYPES OF LIPIDS
  • 40. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF SACCHARIDE:FORMED BY CHEMICALLY COMBINING MANY MONOSACCHARIDES   
  • 41. 
    IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THE MACROMOLECULE:SOLUABLE IN WATER, FATS, CONTAINS C,H BUT LESS O THAN CARBS.USED FOR ENERGY AND CELL MEMBRANE  
    • A. 

      LIPID

    • B. 

      CARBOHYDRATE

    • C. 

      WATER

    • D. 

      NUCLEIC ACID

    • E. 

      PROTEIN

  • 42. 
    IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF TRIGLYCERIDE: PLANT TRIGLYCERIDES OR OILS. ONE OR MORE DOUBLE C-C BONDS, MONOSATURATED AND POLYUNSATURATED 
  • 43. 
    TRUE OR FALSE:PHOSPHOLIPIDS ARE NOT SOLUBLE IN WATER
  • 44. 
    IDENTIFY THIS LIPID:COMPONENT OF CELL MEMBRANEBASIS FOR SOME HORMONES   
  • 45. 
    IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS MACROMOLECULE:STRUCTURAL MATERIALRECEPTORSENZYMESANTIBODIESBUILDING BLOCKS ARE AMINO ACIDHELD TOGETHER BY PEPTIDE BONDS   
  • 46. 
    PROTEINS ARE LARGE, COMPLEX MOLECULES COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES.  WHAT ARE THE MA OF THIS SMALLER MOLECULES? 
  • 47. 
    THERE ARE 20 DIFFERENT TYPES OF AMINO ACIDS AND EACH CONTAINS C, H, O AND N.  AMINO ACIDS ARE CONSIST OF TWO GROUPS WHAT ARE THEY? 
  • 48. 
    IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:COMPOSED PARTS OF BODY CELLS AND TISSUES, WHERE THEY PROVIDE SUPPORT AND STRENGTH IN BINDING PARTS TOGETHER 
  • 49. 
    IDENTIFY THE CLASSIFICATION OR TYPE OF THE PROTEIN:PROVIDES A VARIETY OF DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS IN THE BODY. ANTIBODIES THAT PROVIDES IMMUNITY AND ENZYMES WHICH SPEEDS UP CHEMICAL REACTION. 
  • 50. 
    AMINO ACIDS ARE JOINED BY WHAT?
  • 51. 
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      6

  • 52. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:CONSTITUTE GENESPLAY ROLE IN PROTEIN SYNTHESISBUILDING BLOCKS ARE NUCLEOTIDES    
    • A. 

      WATER

    • B. 

      LIPID

    • C. 

      CARBOHYDRATE

    • D. 

      NUCLEIC ACID

    • E. 

      PROTEIN

  • 53. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING PROTEIN:IT CATALYZES (SPEEDS UP) ONE PARTICULAR CHEMICAL REACTIONAID IN CONVERSION OF A SUBSTRATE INTO A PRODUCT   
  • 54. 
    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF NUCLEIC ACID
  • 55. 
    WRITE OUT THE FOLLOWING ABREVIATION (ATP)
  • 56. 
    HOW MANY STRANDS DOES THE DNA CONTAIN?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      3

    • E. 

      5

  • 57. 
    DEFINE CONDENSATION SYNTHESIS
  • 58. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MOLECULE:MODIFIED NUCLEOTIDE WITH ADENOSINE AND 3 PHOSPHATESTEMPORARILY STORES ENERGY EXTRACTED FROM NUTRIENTS BY CELLSONLY MOLECULE TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE ENERGY TO KEEP CELLULAR PROCESSES GOING  
  • 59. 
    IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION BELOW WATER IS REMOVED WHEN BOND IS FORMED
  • 60. 
    WATER IS ADDED WHEN BOND IS FORMED IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION ABOVE
  • 61. 
    WITHIN ENZYME REACTION IDENTIFY THIS FUNCTION:CHEMICAL THAT SPEEDS REACTION BUT IS NOT PART OF THE REACTION 
  • 62. 
    NAME ONE FUNCTION OF THE ENZYME IN ENZYME REACTION:
    • A. 

      Enzymes brings together substrates but does not allow them to react more easily

    • B. 

      Enzymes pull apart substrates in which allows them to react more easily

    • C. 

      Enzymes bring together the substrates and allow them to react more easily.

    • D. 

      Enzymes do not bring together substrates

    • E. 

      None of the above