Phonology And Phonemes

Total Flash Cards » 20
 
1. 

What is phonology?

 

The description of the systems and patterns of speech sound in a language

 
2. 

What is phonology unconcious knowledge of?

 

the sound patterns of one's language, the mental aspect of the sounds of language

 
3. 

How is phonology written?

 

not in brackets, but in slash marks

 
4. 

What is a syllable?

 

a unit of sound consisting of a vowel and optional consonants before or after the vowel

 
5. 

What are the two basic elements of a syllable?

 

onset and rime

 
6. 

What does the rime consist of?

 

a vowel (nucleus) plus any following consonants (coda)

 
7. 

What is the onset?

 

one or more consonants

 
8. 

What is a consonant cluster?

 

two or more consonant sounds in sequence

 
9. 

What is a phoneme?

 

a distinct sound in a language, the smallest unit of sound that has a mental image and distinguishes meaning

 
10. 

How does a phoneme function?

 

contrastively; there has to be something that distinguishes one phoneme from the other

 
11. 

What are the three most significant features in English?

 

voice, place, manner

 
12. 

How would you write the features of [b]?

 

voiced, bilabial, stop

 
13. 

What is a minimal pair?

 

two words of different meaning that differ by only one phoneme; allow us to identify the phonemes of a language

 
14. 

What is a minimal set?

 

a group of words that are different by one phoneme (always in the same position)

 
15. 

What are allophones?

 

all the ways a given phoneme is articulated

 
16. 

What is aspiration?

 

the little puff of air after the initial sounds in words like: case (aspirated) and lack (non-aspirated)

 
17. 

What is nasalization?

 

when phonemes surrounding a nasal consonant take on the features of the nasal consonant

 
18. 

What are the two processes of co-articulation?

 

assimilation and elision

 
19. 

What is assimilation?

 

when one segment or phoneme "copies" another in a sequence of phonemes wehther between words or letters within words

 
20. 

What is elision?

 

not producing a sound segment that might otherwise be present in deliberate pronunciation