Human Growth and Development

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1. 
Piaget Used the Term ________to describe the process by which new experiences are easily incorporated into existing schemes.
 
Assimilation
 
2. 
According to Piaget, when a scheme is modified based in some experience,________has occurred.
 
Accommodation
 
3. 
Sylvester has just learned how to pick up his cat Chester. Chester likes to be picked up and does not struggle. Later, Sylvester tries to pick up another cat named Thai. Thai is a Siamese cat who hates to be picket up and puts up a struggle. Sylvester learns to adjust his original cat lifting scheme after he has been scratched by Thai. This is an example of______-
 
Accommodation
 
4. 
Piaget saw equilibration as a balance between________
 
assimilation and Accommodation
 
5. 
In Order to overcome a state of disequilibrium, a child must
 
Recognize his or her schemes.
 
6. 
Bob is a normal developing 18 month old child. According to Piaget, Bob is most likely in the _________-period of cognitive development.
 
Sensorimotor.
 
7. 
The Phrase "out of sight , out of mind", best exemplifies the Piaget concept of
 
Object Permanence.
 
8. 
Franciska does a pretty good job of completing spelling problems but does a much better job if she is given directions by her teacher. The difference between what Francesca can do alone and with assistance is nest defined as
 
Zone of proximal development
 
9. 
Scaffolding involves a teaching style in which assistance is always
 
Based on the level of the learners needs.
 
10. 
According to Vygotsky, Private speech is aimed at
 
Self regulation
 
11. 
According to Vygotsky, __________speech is the same as thought
 
Inner.
 
12. 
The unique sounds that are combined to create spoken words are called
 
Phonemes.
 
13. 
2 year old Ariel parents bought a Aquarium. They point at the moving things inside and call them fish. Arial have never heard the word fish before. But Ariel figure out that the moving things inside the tank are what is called Fish. This is an example of_____
 
Fast Mapping
 
14. 
Applying rules to a word that is actually an exception to the rule is called
 
0verregularization
 
15. 
When Andy bumps in to the TV he says to it,"you bumped into me because you are mean" Andy is exhibiting____
 
animism
 
16. 
By definition, attention determines
 
which sensory information receives additional precessing.
 
17. 
________is defined as a diminished response to a familiar stimulus.
 
Habitation
 
18. 
Junior is learning the values, behaviors and roles of his culture. In other words, Junior experiences
 
Socialization
 
19. 
After his mother hear her son swear, she washes his mouth out with soap. If this action leads to reduction of swearing, his moms strategy can bee seen as a
 
Punishment
 
20. 
As the third child is born. Fletcher should expect that his parents will______than they did towards his older siblings.
 
Set more realistic expectations.
 
21. 
According to Ericson, which is the foundation for the human development
 
Trust in self and others
 
22. 
Tiffany is an infant who has acquired Hope. which crisis of psychosocial development has she successfully resolved.
 
Basic trust vs Mistrust
 
23. 
Lily has begun to play "teacher""mommy""doctor".
Lily is probably in which of Ericson stages of psychosocial development.
 
Initiative vs guilt
 
24. 
Dr Wilson studies how Children form lasting social emotional relationships with adults. Dr Wilson is most likely interested in studying
 
Attachments
 
25. 
Else has been playing alone, upset in her room. When her mother returns she is not comforted bet seems angry with her mother, Else is most likely exhibiting a ________ attachment.
 
Resistant
 
26. 
When Faith's mother leaves her alone in the room, she does not move and appears a bit dazed. Faith is most likely exhibiting an _______attachment.
 
Disorganized
 
27. 
Pride, embarrassment, and guilt are all example of
 
Complex emotion
 
28. 
The Phrase "interest but no interaction" best describes ______-
 
Parallel play
 
29. 
As a Piagetian, Faye would believe that a concrete operational child's ability to reverse thought is due to their acquisition of______--
 
Mental operations
 
30. 
Angelica and her younger brother Houston are both given 3 fountain pens, each with clear ink, and informed that some combination of ink will yield a color.
Because Angelica is a formal operational thinker and Houston is a concrete operational thinker, how will their behavior likely differ?
 
Angelica will spend more time thinking about the task and be more systematic when attempting to solve it.
 
31. 
Working memory is best described as being________
 
Temporary and limited in capacity
 
32. 
Long term memory?
 
permanent and unlimited capacity
 
33. 
Although he has severely limited cognitive abilities, Leslie is an extremely talented pianist. Given this description, Leslie is best categorized as
 
A savant
 
34. 
A a gifted child, Alicia is most likely_____than her peers
 
Has fewer emotional problems.
 
35. 
Convergent thinking focuses on generating the most _____ answer?
 
Correct
 
36. 
A child with outstanding divergent thinking skills would defiantly have lot of
 
Originality
 
37. 
By definition, mental retardation involves both a below average intelligence and____.
 
Poor adaptive behaviors
 
38. 
When Dr Z tells a parent " your child is best categorized as having organic mental retardation" what does he mean?
 
The child's retardation is due to biological or physical problems.
 
39. 
Ten year old Ziggy is best described as Mildly mentally retarded. His intelligence is just below the normal range.His retardation is not due to any biological damage. Ziggy is best categorized_____.
 
With familial mental retardation.
 
40. 
_____is the most common are negatively impacted in someone with learning disability?
 
Reading
 
41. 
If asked to list key symptoms for ADHD, you should avoid saying
 
In-articulation
 
42. 
Six month old Teddy is playing alone with his favorite toy.Suddenly as stuffed bear falls down from a shelf and completely coves his bear. According to Piaget, teddy would most likely_____
 
Neither reach nor search for the bear
 
43. 
Adam waves "bye Bye" when he leaves his room and pretends to eat imaginary food. In other words, Adam is ______
 
Using symbols
 
44. 
Jon who is a per-operational thinker , watches as a movie character appears to turn from nice teenager to a werewolf. What is Jon's most likely reaction?
 
Terror! He is likely believes that the individual has actually become a werewolf.
 
45. 
Pavlos research involving a dog, salvation and a bell is correctly associated with_______-theory
 
Classical Conditioning
 
46. 
_______theory places the greatest emphasis on the relationship between consequences and the probability of a behavior reoccurring.
 
Operant Conditioning
 
47. 
Meltzoff and Moore's controversial finding that a 3 week olds would stick out their tongue to match an adult performing the same act has been used to support the notion of early life.
 
Imitation
 
48. 
Amanda is a 4 year old who was the only witness to a robbery. As Amanda's friend and "psychology expert" what advice would you give her to help ensure that Amanda provides the most accurate testimony to the court.
 
I would let Amanda know that the investigators might ask tricky questions so it is OK id she does not have all the answers.
 
49. 
Carmella is struggling in the "autonomy vs guilt and shame"stage of psychosocial development. What aspect of her psychosocial development will result from her successful resolution of this conflict.
 
Will
 
50. 
According to Ericson,how would parents establish trust in their 6 month old?
 
Consistently responding to their babies need.
 
51. 
You are the infants "playmate". when distressed this child does not prefer you, but when the child wants to play, she chooses you.You are probably the child's______?
 
father
 
52. 
According to Lewis ( 2000), the only 2 emotional experiences by newborn's are?
 
Pleasure and distress
 
53. 
We would know that 2 month old Brenda is exhibiting a social smile when she smiles in response to_______?
 
Her mothers face
 
54. 
Which action would most likely cause anger in a 6 month old?
 
Taking away a toy they are playing with
 
55. 
Which is true regarding childhood play?
 
Girls tend to favor enabling and boys tend to favor constricting.
 
56. 
An altruistic act?
 
Cannot directly benefit one's self.
 
57. 
Elita is feeling guilty about sending her 18 month old to day care. assuming that she is sending her baby to a quality daycare, should she be worried?
 
No, as long at she is providing good mothering at home.
 
58. 
Dick and wendy wants their child to work hard. They have rules and expect their child to obey them. without question. dick and Wendy is most likely__________parents.
 
Authoritarian
 
59. 
When Sam asked his parents if he can buy a car, his parents say no but sit down and explain to him the reasoning for their decision. They express affection towards him and tell him they might reconsider at a later time. which parenting style are they using?
 
Authoritative
 
60. 
When all of his friends call home to tell their parents they will be getting home late from the game, Jon doesn't bother. " My folks a too busy to care"
Ig Jon is correct, his parents are exhibiting a_______parenting style.
 
Uninvolved
 
61. 
______occurs when a parent tells a child what to do, when to do it, and why it should be done.
 
Direct instructions
 
62. 
Whenever Roger says"please" his father gives roger what he asks for.This increases Roberts likelihood to use the work Please again.. This is a form of
 
reinforcement.
 
63. 
Ian's mother tells him to stop watching TV and do his homework. Ian starts to whine and wont stop. Eventually his mom gives up and lets him watch TV as long as he stops whining. This is a form of?
 
Negative reinforcement trap
 
64. 
When Ester misbehaves her mothers makes her sit in a small quit place in the house.Esters mother is probably using?
 
Time Ou
 
65. 
Priscilla is pregnant. She and her husband has very high expectations about this child. They will be more affectionate and more punitive towards this child than towards any other.
This child is most likely the couples______child?
 
First
 
66. 
When George is angry as his children he looses control and strikes them. He is guilty of_______them
 
Physically abusing
 
67. 
"I am mainly interested in developing ways of measuring intelligence and personality factors"
 
Psychometrician
 
68. 
Jon is having a hard time rememebring the capital of Wisconsin. His dad will be mad if he flunks his state capital test. Suddenly, Jon starts to connect between these 2 events. Dad will be "mad-at-his-son" = Madison
Jon is clearly using_______to aid his memory.

 
Elaborating
 
69. 
If a person believes in "general intelligence" then they believe that?
 
Some people are smart and others are dumb, no matter the situation.
 
70. 
The definition of a "learning disability" always includes?
 
Normal intelligence
 
71. 
Yaakov has problems in math.Though he is of normal intelligence, he just don't understand math. Yaakov is most likely
 
Learning disabled.
 
72. 
What is the causal relationship between food additives, sugar consumption, and ADHD
 
Neither are major causes of ADHD
 
73. 
If Fiona is a typical 6 year old, she would most likely weigh? height?
 
Weigh 45 pounds and be 45 inches tall
 
74. 
You are a parent of a 9 year old boy. How many calories should you ensure that your child consumes each day to maintain a normal rate of development?
 
2400
 
75. 
Which task would an average elementary-age girl perform better than an average elementary boy?
 
Write her name in cursive
 
76. 
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they are smiling at each others and trade blocks from time to time.It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in?
 
Simple Social Play
 
77. 
Angelica is well liked by most of all her class mates. She would be best descried as?
 
Popular
 
78. 
Stevens classmates don't particular hate him;they just never pay him any attention.Steven would probably be best described as
 
Neglected