CIS 111 Chapter 6

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1. 
Most notebooks have a fast transfer pot like USB 2.0 or__________.
 
eSATA
 
2. 
The video subsystem consists of the__________ and the__________.
 
video card, monitor
 
3. 
CPU speed is measured in__________
 
gigahertz
 
4. 
In a Windows PC, the__________ window identifies which CPU you have in your system, as well as its speed.
 
system properties
 
5. 
A computer system becomes memory bound when:
 
there is not enough RAM installed
 
6. 
Level 2 cache is slightly farther away from the CPU than Level 1 cache or on a separate chip.
 
TRUE
 
7. 
Windows 7 includes__________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.
 
windows easy transfer
 
8. 
Level 2 cache memory always contains more storage area than Level 2 cache.
 
TRUE
 
9. 
Modern processors are defined by the combination of processor speed, front side bus speed, and the amount of__________.
 
cache memory
 
10. 
__________ is the type of RAM memory used most often in today's computers.
 
DDR2
 
11. 
The current surround-sound standard is from__________D
 
Dolby
 
12. 
Upgrading your CPU can increase how quickly data can move to or from the CPU.
 
FALSE
 
13. 
Soled state drives have no platters or motors.
 
TRUE
 
14. 
Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to:
 
clear out unnecessary files
 
15. 
__________ provides quick processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.
 
Hyperthreading
 
16. 
__________ sound is good at convincing the human ear that sound is omnidirectional.
 
3D
 
17. 
The CPU is located on the motherboard.
 
TRUE
 
18. 
RAM is stored directly on the CPU.
 
FALSE
 
19. 
__________ optical discs can hold four hours of high-definition video with both audio and video quality that is superior to those of a DVD or CD.
 
Blu-ray
 
20. 
To determine whether your system has the right hardware components to do what you want it to do, you should perform a__________.
 
System evaluation
 
21. 
A CD_RW device that specifies speeds of 52X32X52 can rewrite data at a speed of__________.
 
32X
 
22. 
The primary circuit board of a computer system is the__________.
 
motherboard
 
23. 
When your computer is using virtual memory, the operating system builds a file called the__________ on the hard drive that allows processing to continue.
 
Page file
 
24. 
The CPU consists of two parts....
 
1. Control unit 2. Arithmetic logic unit
 
25. 
The RAM included with a graphics card is call a__________ memory.
 
video
 
26. 
When referring to hard drives, the period of time that it takes for the correct sector to spin to the read/write head is called__________.
 
latency
 
27. 
On a Windows system, you can determine how much RAM you have by looking in the__________ window.
 
system properties
 
28. 
Front side bus speed is measured in:
 
megahertz
 
29. 
An expansion card that translates binary data into images is a:
 
video card
 
30. 
__________ determines how quickly the CPU can work.
 
clock speed
 
31. 
The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in:
 
GB
 
32. 
Two types of video memory are:
 
GDDR3 and GDDR6
 
33. 
A computer's memory subsystem is made up only of RAM.
 
TRUE
 
34. 
Moore's Law predicts that the number of trasistors inside a CPU will double every 18 months.
 
TRUE
 
35. 
__________ drives have much faster access times than flash drives, around 0.1 ms.
 
Solid state
 
36. 
__________ memory is a form of random access memory that is more accessible to the CPU than regular RAM.
 
cache
 
37. 
A video card is an expansion card installed inside your:
 
system unit
 
38. 
The percentage of time your CPU is working is referred to as CPU:
 
usage
 
39. 
Kernel memory is:
 
RAM memory used by the operating system.
 
40. 
Windows 7 incorporates__________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.
 
Easy Transfer
 
41. 
RAM is your computer's permanent storage space for data that is entered from the keyboard.
 
FALSE
 
42. 
Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?
 
completion of all arithmetic calculations.
 
43. 
If you want to be able to use a form of optical media (such as a CD or DVD) that you can write to as many times as you like, your media should be in__________ format.
 
read / write
 
44. 
The time it takes a storage device to locate stored data and make it available for processing is called__________ time.
 
access
 
45. 
The minimum RAM requirement for running all the new features in Windows 7 is__________.
 
1 GB
 
46. 
The percentage of time that your CPU is working is referred to as processing time.
 
FALSE
 
47. 
When referring to hard drives, seek time and latency are the two factors that make up:
 
access time
 
48. 
The number of bits the video uses to represent each pixel on the monitor is called:
 
bit depth
 
49. 
The __________ can be considered the highway on which data travels between the CPU and RAM.
 
front side bus
 
50. 
Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?
 
Blu-ray drives
 
51. 
__________ discs have the greatest storage of all types of optical discs.
 
Blu-ray
 
52. 
Hard drive access time is measured in milliseconds.
 
TRUE
 
53. 
Each o the following is a computer subsystem EXCEPT the:
 
data subsystem
 
54. 
RAM is an example of __________ storage because when the power is off, RAM is cleared out.
 
volatile
 
55. 
When your computer's performance suddenly seems to drop off, the Windows program called__________ gives you easy access to performance information.
 
Task Manager
 
56. 
If your computer is often using virtual memory, adding more RAM will increase performance.
 
TRUE
 
57. 
__________ are the small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips.
 
Memory modules
 
58. 
When there is not enough RAM installed in your system, the system becomes memory bound.
 
TRUE
 
59. 
When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in:
 
milliseconds
 
60. 
When you evaluate your video cards and monitor, you are evaluating your__________ subsystem.
 
Video
 
61. 
Which of the following statements is true about optical media?
 
A blu-ray burner will most likely burn both CDs and DVDs.
 
62. 
Moore's Law is a rule that predicts:
 
the pace at which CPUs improve.
 
63. 
Because displaying graphics demands a lot of the CPU, video cards also come with their own:
 
graphics processing unit
 
64. 
Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.
 
False
 
65. 
The control unit coordinates the activities of all computer components except for the CPU itself.
 
TRUE
 
66. 
The audio subsystems consists of the speakers and__________.
 
a sound card
 
67. 
Hard drives have been growing in storage capacity by about 50 percent each year.
 
TRUE
 
68. 
When your operating system is using virtual memory, it builds a file called the__________ on the hard drive.
 
page file
 
69. 
The __________ move over the spinning platters to retrieve data from the hard disk.
 
read/write heads
 
70. 
To make sure your computer performs reliably, you can do all of the following EXCEPT:
 
increase the front side bus speed
 
71. 
The memory your operating system uses is referred to as__________ memory.
 
Kernel
 
72. 
__________ hard drive use much thinner cables and can transfer data more quickly than IDE drives.
 
Serial ATA
 
73. 
Temporary data and instructions are not stored on the hard drive because it is faster to retrieve data from RAM.
 
True
 
74. 
A stoppage of the hard drive that often results in data loss is called a__________.
 
head crash
 
75. 
Cache memory levels are determined by:
 
the chip's proximity to the CPU
 
76. 
The CPU is connected to the system memory by the:
 
front side bus
 
77. 
A __________ handles the same type of processes as a CPU but is specialized for 3-D and image and graphic processing.
 
graphics processing unit
 
78. 
A dual-layer blu-ray disc has a storage capacity of up to__________.
 
50 GB
 
79. 
Blu-ray players are __________ and can play both DVDs and CDs.
 
backward compatible
 
80. 
Notebooks are equipped with__________ slots that allow you to add fax modems, wireless adapters, network connections, and more.
 
Express Card
 
81. 
Front side bus (FSB) speed is measured in__________.
 
megahertz
 
82. 
RAM is nonvolatile storage.
 
FALSE
 
83. 
All of the following are advantages of notebook computers EXCEPT:
 
you get more speed for a lower price
 
84. 
Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
 
An accumulation of temporary internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance.
 
85. 
The __________ table in the Performance tab of Windows Task Manager shows both the total amount of physical memory you have installed and the available memory you have.
 
Physical memory
 
86. 
Cache memory is a form of ROM.
 
FALSE
 
87. 
All of the following are forms of RAM except:
 
XRAM
 
88. 
The use of multiple cores on one CPU ship allows the execution of two sets of instructions at the exact same time.
 
TRUE
 
89. 
__________ provides high speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.
 
Hyperthreading
 
90. 
Which of the following is NOT a main disadvantage of a desktop computer as compared to notebooks?
 
A desktop computer is more expensive
 
91. 
The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the__________ memory.
 
physical
 
92. 
Computer systems with insufficient amounts of temporary memory, or __________, often crash.
 
RAM
 
93. 
A __________ performs the same kind of computational work that a CPU performs but is specialized to handle 3_D graphics and image and video processing.
 
GPU
 
94. 
The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called:
 
memory modules
 
95. 
__________ predicts that the number of transistors inside a CPU will doubles every 18 moths
 
Moore's Law
 
96. 
Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will:
 
make the hard drive work more efficiently
 
97. 
You can determine the amount of RAM in your system by looking in the __________ window.
 
System properties