CIS 111 Chapter 6

Total Flash Cards » 97
 
1. 

Most notebooks have a fast transfer pot like USB 2.0 or__________.

 

eSATA

 
2. 

The video subsystem consists of the__________ and the__________.

 

video card, monitor

 
3. 

CPU speed is measured in__________

 

gigahertz

 
4. 

In a Windows PC, the__________ window identifies which CPU you have in your system, as well as its speed.

 

system properties

 
5. 

A computer system becomes memory bound when:

 

there is not enough RAM installed

 
6. 

Level 2 cache is slightly farther away from the CPU than Level 1 cache or on a separate chip.

 

TRUE

 
7. 

Windows 7 includes__________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.

 

windows easy transfer

 
8. 

Level 2 cache memory always contains more storage area than Level 2 cache.

 

TRUE

 
9. 

Modern processors are defined by the combination of processor speed, front side bus speed, and the amount of__________.

 

cache memory

 
10. 

__________ is the type of RAM memory used most often in today's computers.

 

DDR2

 
11. 

The current surround-sound standard is from__________D

 

Dolby

 
12. 

Upgrading your CPU can increase how quickly data can move to or from the CPU.

 

FALSE

 
13. 

Soled state drives have no platters or motors.

 

TRUE

 
14. 

Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to:

 

clear out unnecessary files

 
15. 

__________ provides quick processing of information by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.

 

Hyperthreading

 
16. 

__________ sound is good at convincing the human ear that sound is omnidirectional.

 

3D

 
17. 

The CPU is located on the motherboard.

 

TRUE

 
18. 

RAM is stored directly on the CPU.

 

FALSE

 
19. 

__________ optical discs can hold four hours of high-definition video with both audio and video quality that is superior to those of a DVD or CD.

 

Blu-ray

 
20. 

To determine whether your system has the right hardware components to do what you want it to do, you should perform a__________.

 

System evaluation

 
21. 

A CD_RW device that specifies speeds of 52X32X52 can rewrite data at a speed of__________.

 

32X

 
22. 

The primary circuit board of a computer system is the__________.

 

motherboard

 
23. 

When your computer is using virtual memory, the operating system builds a file called the__________ on the hard drive that allows processing to continue.

 

Page file

 
24. 

The CPU consists of two parts....

 

1. Control unit 2. Arithmetic logic unit

 
25. 

The RAM included with a graphics card is call a__________ memory.

 

video

 
26. 

When referring to hard drives, the period of time that it takes for the correct sector to spin to the read/write head is called__________.

 

latency

 
27. 

On a Windows system, you can determine how much RAM you have by looking in the__________ window.

 

system properties

 
28. 

Front side bus speed is measured in:

 

megahertz

 
29. 

An expansion card that translates binary data into images is a:

 

video card

 
30. 

__________ determines how quickly the CPU can work.

 

clock speed

 
31. 

The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in:

 

GB

 
32. 

Two types of video memory are:

 

GDDR3 and GDDR6

 
33. 

A computer's memory subsystem is made up only of RAM.

 

TRUE

 
34. 

Moore's Law predicts that the number of trasistors inside a CPU will double every 18 months.

 

TRUE

 
35. 

__________ drives have much faster access times than flash drives, around 0.1 ms.

 

Solid state

 
36. 

__________ memory is a form of random access memory that is more accessible to the CPU than regular RAM.

 

cache

 
37. 

A video card is an expansion card installed inside your:

 

system unit

 
38. 

The percentage of time your CPU is working is referred to as CPU:

 

usage

 
39. 

Kernel memory is:

 

RAM memory used by the operating system.

 
40. 

Windows 7 incorporates__________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.

 

Easy Transfer

 
41. 

RAM is your computer's permanent storage space for data that is entered from the keyboard.

 

FALSE

 
42. 

Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?

 

completion of all arithmetic calculations.

 
43. 

If you want to be able to use a form of optical media (such as a CD or DVD) that you can write to as many times as you like, your media should be in__________ format.

 

read / write

 
44. 

The time it takes a storage device to locate stored data and make it available for processing is called__________ time.

 

access

 
45. 

The minimum RAM requirement for running all the new features in Windows 7 is__________.

 

1 GB

 
46. 

The percentage of time that your CPU is working is referred to as processing time.

 

FALSE

 
47. 

When referring to hard drives, seek time and latency are the two factors that make up:

 

access time

 
48. 

The number of bits the video uses to represent each pixel on the monitor is called:

 

bit depth

 
49. 

The __________ can be considered the highway on which data travels between the CPU and RAM.

 

front side bus

 
50. 

Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?

 

Blu-ray drives

 
51. 

__________ discs have the greatest storage of all types of optical discs.

 

Blu-ray

 
52. 

Hard drive access time is measured in milliseconds.

 

TRUE

 
53. 

Each o the following is a computer subsystem EXCEPT the:

 

data subsystem

 
54. 

RAM is an example of __________ storage because when the power is off, RAM is cleared out.

 

volatile

 
55. 

When your computer's performance suddenly seems to drop off, the Windows program called__________ gives you easy access to performance information.

 

Task Manager

 
56. 

If your computer is often using virtual memory, adding more RAM will increase performance.

 

TRUE

 
57. 

__________ are the small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips.

 

Memory modules

 
58. 

When there is not enough RAM installed in your system, the system becomes memory bound.

 

TRUE

 
59. 

When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in:

 

milliseconds

 
60. 

When you evaluate your video cards and monitor, you are evaluating your__________ subsystem.

 

Video

 
61. 

Which of the following statements is true about optical media?

 

A blu-ray burner will most likely burn both CDs and DVDs.

 
62. 

Moore's Law is a rule that predicts:

 

the pace at which CPUs improve.

 
63. 

Because displaying graphics demands a lot of the CPU, video cards also come with their own:

 

graphics processing unit

 
64. 

Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.

 

False

 
65. 

The control unit coordinates the activities of all computer components except for the CPU itself.

 

TRUE

 
66. 

The audio subsystems consists of the speakers and__________.

 

a sound card

 
67. 

Hard drives have been growing in storage capacity by about 50 percent each year.

 

TRUE

 
68. 

When your operating system is using virtual memory, it builds a file called the__________ on the hard drive.

 

page file

 
69. 

The __________ move over the spinning platters to retrieve data from the hard disk.

 

read/write heads

 
70. 

To make sure your computer performs reliably, you can do all of the following EXCEPT:

 

increase the front side bus speed

 
71. 

The memory your operating system uses is referred to as__________ memory.

 

Kernel

 
72. 

__________ hard drive use much thinner cables and can transfer data more quickly than IDE drives.

 

Serial ATA

 
73. 

Temporary data and instructions are not stored on the hard drive because it is faster to retrieve data from RAM.

 

True

 
74. 

A stoppage of the hard drive that often results in data loss is called a__________.

 

head crash

 
75. 

Cache memory levels are determined by:

 

the chip's proximity to the CPU

 
76. 

The CPU is connected to the system memory by the:

 

front side bus

 
77. 

A __________ handles the same type of processes as a CPU but is specialized for 3-D and image and graphic processing.

 

graphics processing unit

 
78. 

A dual-layer blu-ray disc has a storage capacity of up to__________.

 

50 GB

 
79. 

Blu-ray players are __________ and can play both DVDs and CDs.

 

backward compatible

 
80. 

Notebooks are equipped with__________ slots that allow you to add fax modems, wireless adapters, network connections, and more.

 

Express Card

 
81. 

Front side bus (FSB) speed is measured in__________.

 

megahertz

 
82. 

RAM is nonvolatile storage.

 

FALSE

 
83. 

All of the following are advantages of notebook computers EXCEPT:

 

you get more speed for a lower price

 
84. 

Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?

 

An accumulation of temporary internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance.

 
85. 

The __________ table in the Performance tab of Windows Task Manager shows both the total amount of physical memory you have installed and the available memory you have.

 

Physical memory

 
86. 

Cache memory is a form of ROM.

 

FALSE

 
87. 

All of the following are forms of RAM except:

 

XRAM

 
88. 

The use of multiple cores on one CPU ship allows the execution of two sets of instructions at the exact same time.

 

TRUE

 
89. 

__________ provides high speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.

 

Hyperthreading

 
90. 

Which of the following is NOT a main disadvantage of a desktop computer as compared to notebooks?

 

A desktop computer is more expensive

 
91. 

The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the__________ memory.

 

physical

 
92. 

Computer systems with insufficient amounts of temporary memory, or __________, often crash.

 

RAM

 
93. 

A __________ performs the same kind of computational work that a CPU performs but is specialized to handle 3_D graphics and image and video processing.

 

GPU

 
94. 

The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called:

 

memory modules

 
95. 

__________ predicts that the number of transistors inside a CPU will doubles every 18 moths

 

Moore's Law

 
96. 

Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will:

 

make the hard drive work more efficiently

 
97. 

You can determine the amount of RAM in your system by looking in the __________ window.

 

System properties