Chapter 19 Quiz 1

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1. 
Proponents of the New South believed that the South should
 
Industrialize
 
2. 
Why did tenant farmers have no incentive to take care of the farmland that they were on?:
 
It was not their land
 
3. 
Methods used to reduce the black vote stripped many poor whites ot the vote as well: (true or false)
 
True
 
4. 
The Mississippi plan of disenfranchisement included all the following except a:
 
Provision disqualifying anyone that owned less than $300 in personal property.
 
5. 
Six states were created from the western territories in the years 1889-1890. These states were not admitted before 1889 because:
 
Democrats in Congress were reluctant to create states out of territories that were heavily republican.
 
6. 
Following the 1867 “Report on the condition of the Indian Tribes, “Congress decided that the best way to end the Indian Wars was:
 
to persuade the Indians to live on out-of-the-way reservations
 
7. 
The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination in the Battle of Little Bighorn was the:
 
Sioux
 
8. 
A prolonged drought on the plains played a significant role in the buffalo’s disappearance.: ( True or False)
 
True
 
9. 
In 1877, President Rutherford Hayes addressed the American approach to dealing with Native Americans saying:
 
“Indian wars have had their origin in broken promises and acts of injustice on our part”.
 
10. 
Which of the following statements about the cowboys’ frontier is NOT true?:
 
With two or three noble exceptions, blacks were not allowed to be cowboys.
 
11. 
The great boom in the range-cattle trade did not last long because cattle drives were economically unsound. ( True or False)
 
True
 
12. 
Cattle Drives:
 
were largely over by 1886 due to the invention of refrigerated rail cars.
 
13. 
Much of the development of the western plains has been shaped by its:
 
Aridity
 
14. 
All of the following is true of the Homestead Act of 1862 except:
 
it allowed cattle ranchers to gain title to federal land simply by staking out a claim and keeping cattle on it for five years.
 
15. 
This export crop spurred growth in agriculture in the late nineteenth century:
 
Wheat
 
16. 
The fight for survival in the trans-Mississippi West made men and women: more
 
more equal partners than were their eastern counterparts
 
17. 
The historian Frederick Jackson Turner argued that:
 
the frontier shaped America’s national character
 
18. 
Power sources (such as water, coal, wood, electricity, and oil) were more expensive in the United States than in other nations around the world: (true or false)
 
False
 
19. 
Federal and state government leaders after the Civil War actively encouraged the growth of business by doing all of the following EXCEPT:
 
providing prison labor to railroad companies
 
20. 
The first transcontinental railroad:
 
was built by the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroads
 
21. 
The Pennsylvania oil rush:
 
outweighed, in economic importance, the California gold rush of a decade before
 
22. 
Which of the following best accounts for the success of Standard Oil?
 
Its corporate structure—known as vertical integration—allowed the company to grow tremendously
 
23. 
Holding companies:
 
are firms that control the stock of other companies
 
24. 
During the Gilded Age, the rich were getting richer and:
 
a lot of other people were at least better off
 
25. 
For industrial workers in Gilded Age America:
 
working and living conditions remained precarious
 
26. 
Marxism, one strain of socialism, was imported to the United States mainly by:
 
Germans
 
27. 
The Pinkertons were _____________ who were often used to ________________. :
 
“detectives” and security guards; control workers
 
28. 
By 1920, more than half the U.S. population was urban.:
 
True
 
29. 
Most of the people who moved to the Pacific coast and elsewhere in the American West lived:
 
In Urban areas
 
30. 
By 1900, all of the following technologies but __________ had helped transform mass transit.:
 
gasoline powered busses
 
31. 
The spread of mass transit was a major factor in the growth of the suburbs: (true or false)
 
True
 
32. 
In major cities, politics was often a form of public entertainment.: (true or false)
 
True
 
33. 
Ellis Island
 
was used mainly to process new immigrants, not to comfort or assist them
 
34. 
Women’s access to higher education:
 
came slowest in the South and at the oldest colleges in the East
 
35. 
Tenement houses in New York City:
 
had higher mortality rates than among the general population
 
36. 
After the Civil War, the ___________ system became the basis for the modern American university.:
 
German
 
37. 
During the Gilded Age, voter turnout was significantly higher than it is today. (true or false)
 
True
 
38. 
Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?
 
Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own rules for merit appointments.
 
39. 
When first created, the ICC was too weak to regulate the railroads effectively. (true or false)
 
True
 
40. 
People living during the Gilded Age expected what type of support from the federal government?
 
very little
 
41. 
One of the biggest problems farmers faced was falling commodity prices, caused in part by overproduction (true or false)
 
True
 
42. 
One of the biggest problems farmers faced was falling commodity prices, caused in part by overproduction (true or false)
 
True
 
43. 
One of the biggest problems farmers faced was falling commodity prices, caused in part by overproduction (true or false)
 
True
 
44. 
The Pendleton Civil Service Act:
 
provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams
 
45. 
Grover Cleveland:

 
had a strictly limited view of government’s role
 
46. 
Which of the following was NOT a factor in the decline of commodity prices during the Gilded Age?
 
The Sherman Silver Purchase Act decreased the amount of silver purchased by the government and therefore caused deflation and lower prices
 
47. 
All the following were included in the 1892 Omaha platform of the People’s party EXCEPT:
 
halting the free and unlimited coinage of silver
 
48. 
In the election of 1888, Cleveland won the popular vote, but ­­­_________ won the Electoral College and thus the presidency.
 
Benjamin Harrison
 
49. 
In the depression of 1893, unemployment hovered around:
 
20%
 
50. 
Where did almost all of the Indians live after 1865, and why?
 
They were on reservations (an area of land managed by a Native American tribe under the United States Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs)
 
51. 
How did the Great Plains Indians survive, and what were the results of this lifestyle?
 
They were nomads (followed buffalo)- They used every part of what they got and never threw away anything. For example, they hunted the buffalo: they used it's skin for clothes. They used it's bones for weapons. Even the gall bladder had a role of being a waterbag.
 
52. 
Why did the US government have an inconsistent Indian Policy, and what were the policies?
 
some were forced into reservations, some killed, most had different ideas
 
53. 
What problems hindered western cattle buisness and how were those problems overcome?
 
Drive was long, then refirdgerated rail cars shipped 60% more. Faster and easier
 
54. 
What was the "New South"?
 
South after reconstruction, after civil war.

a phrase that has been used intermittently since the American Civil War to describe the American South, after 1877. The term "New South" is used in contrast to the Old South and the slavery-based plantation system of the antebellum period.
 
55. 
In what ways did buisness managers try to establish efficiency and cost control in the later half of the 1800s?
 
?
 
56. 
What was the ultimate outcome of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and how was that outcome contrary to the intentions of the Act?
 
Broke up the monopolies. Standard oil got broke up
 
57. 
How did new immigration differ from old immigration?
 
They tried to open it up to the west and get people out there. // Old immigrants were generally from North and West Europe and commonly could be classified as WASPS (White Anglo Saxon Protestants). New Immigrants were from South and East Europe where they were Catholic and had different cultures than what Americans at that point were used to. Also, there were immigration from Asia, mostly the Chinese, on the West Coast.
 
58. 
How and why did US foreign policy change in the late 1800s?
 
?
 
59. 
How did the monitization of silver lead to the dwindling supply of gold in the US treasury?
 
?
 
60. 
Why was there a shortage of money in the South and West?
 
all the tresurary bonds and bills, once the south fell it didn’t matter anymore.