Bio 102 flash cardz

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1. 

Fungi are harmful in that they:

 

Cause Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight

Cause diaper rash and ringworm infection

d. Both A and B are correct

 
2. 

Within the fungi, classification is based on:

 
Reproductive structures
 
3. 

A plant disease called ergot is caused by:

 

Claviceps purpurea

 
4. 

Which of the following is not a phylum of the fungi?

 

Angiosperms

Gymnosperms

e. Both A and D are correct

 
5. 
Fungi are beneficial in that they:
 

Have helped biologists learn about genetics

Have helped in the making of cheese and bread

Have helped in the making of fuel

Have been used to make antibiotics

e. All of the above are correct

 
6. 

Ruminants such as cattle could not digest cellulose without the help of:

 

Chytridiomycetes and bacteria

 
7. 

Associations of fungi and plant roots are called:

 
Micorrhizae
 
8. 
In fungi when two individuals fuse a stage is formed that is:
 

Dikaryotic

Unique to fungi

d. Both A and B are correct

 
9. 

Histoplasma capsulatum:

 

Is a fungus

Likes to inhabit bird droppings

e. Both A and B are correct

 
10. 
In a fungus aggregated hyphae form a specialized spore producing organ called a:
 

Fruiting body

Mushroom

Puff ball

Truffle

e. All of the above are correct

 
11. 
The fungus Arthrobotrys anchonia, a carnivorous fungus, belongs to the:
 
Ascomycota
 
12. 

Zygospores:

 

Are produced by fungi from the merger of two haploid cells

Have a distinctive spiny dark wall

d. Both A and C are correct

 
13. 

Ascomycetes aid in the production of:

 

Penicillin

Cyclosporine

Bread and cheese

Beer and wine

e. All of the above are correct

 
14. 
Fungi that produce a thick-walled diploid cell called a zygospore formed from the union of two cells are:
 
Zygomycetes
 
15. 

Fungi that do not have a known sexual phase are:

 
Deuteromycetes
 
16. 

The fungi that produce sexual and asexual spores that have flagella are:

 
Chytridiomycetes
 
17. 

Microscopic reproductive cells produced by most fungi are:

 
Gills
 
18. 
The fungi that are referred to as "primitive fungi" are:
 
Chytridiomycetes
 
19. 
Fungi that can live only in association with roots of plants may be placed into a phylum named:
 
Glomeromycota
 
20. 
Yeasts are:
 

Single-celled heterotrophs

 
21. 
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly referred to as:
 
The bread yeast
 
22. 

Which of the following is not an example of a basidiomycete?

 
Truffle
 
23. 
Which of the following is a correct statement?
 

Fungi are heterotrophs, but plants are essentially autotrophs

 
24. 
Fungi and animals are similar in that they both:
 

Carry out photosynthesis

Have cell walls made of chitin

Use starch as their main storage carbohydrate

e. None of the above are correct

 
25. 

Coccidioides immitis causes a potentially fatal disease called:

 
Valley fever
 
26. 
A dual organism that forms when a fungus harbors green algae is a:
 
Lichen
 
27. 
Scientists that specialize in the study of fungi are:
 
Mycologists
 
28. 

In the ecosystems of the world fungi act primarily as:

 
Decomposers
 
29. 
Single-celled yeasts commonly reproduce by
 
Budding
 
30. 
Mushrooms like the "death angel" produce a poison that if ingested may
 

Prevent RNA production in cells

Prevent enzyme production in cells

Cause liver failure

Cause kidney failure

e. All of the above are correct

 
31. 

If an animal is an invertebrate, this means that the animal:

 

Does not have a backbone

 
32. 
An animal that uses one opening to take in food and eject waste most likely has a(an):
 

Incomplete digestive tract

Gastrovascular cavity

e. Both B and C are correct

 
33. 

Spiders and scorpions belong to the phylum:

 
Arthropoda
 
34. 
Sponges belong to the phylum:
 

Cnidarian

Platyhelminthes

Mollusca

Annelida

e. None of the above are correct

 
35. 

If an animal is a vertebrate, this means that the animal:

 
Has a backbone
 
36. 
The groups of flatworms are
 

Flukes

Free living

Tapeworms

Nonsegmented

e. All of the above are correct

 
37. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of an arthropod?

 

They have a coelom

They have bilateral symmetry

They have a complete digestive tract

They exhibit body segmentation

e. None of the above are correct

 
38. 
The embryonic germ layer of tissue in animals that develops into the digestive tract and organs derived from the digestive tract is the:
 

Endoderm

 
39. 
The first animal to have its genome sequenced was:
 

A nematode

Caenorhabditis elegans

e. Both B and C are correct

 
40. 
Which of the following does not have a true coelom?
 
Roundworm
 
41. 
An example of an annelid is:
 

A leech

An earthworms

A polychaete

A segmented worm

e. All of the above are correct

 
42. 

A mollusk that has arms connecting directly to the head of the animal is a:

a. Gastropod

 
Cephalopod
 
43. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of an annelid?

 
They have an incomplete digestive tract
 
44. 

Cnidarians are:

 

Aquatic animals

 
45. 

Corals and jellyfish belong to the phylum:

 
Cnidaria
 
46. 
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a cnidarian?
 

They have a coelom

 
47. 
A fluid-filled body cavity that forms completely within the mesoderm of animals is a:
 
Coelom
 
48. 

Flukes and tapeworms belong to the phylum:

 
Platyhelminthes
 
49. 
Snails and squids belong to the phylum:
 

Mollusca

 
50. 

Which of the following characteristics do all animals share?

 

They are multicelled

They are eukaryotic

d. Both A and B are correct

 
51. 
The embryonic germ layer of tissue in animals that develops into the muscles and reproductive system is the:
 
Mesoderm
 
52. 

The causative agent of a disease called elephantiasis is:

 
Wuchereria bancrfti
 
53. 

In animals, a sphere of embryonic cells surrounding a fluid-filled cavity that has folded in on itself and contains primary germ layers is called a:

 
Gastrula
 
54. 
In animals, a sphere of embryonic cells surrounding a fluid-filled cavity is called a:
 
Blastula
 
55. 
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a nematode?
 
They have a coelom
 
56. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the echinoderms?

 

They do exhibit cephalization

 
57. 

Animals that are segmented:

 

Are millipedes

Are centipedes

Have repeated body parts

Are earthworms

e. All of the above are correct

 
58. 

The first animals arose about:

 
570 million years ago
 
59. 
The type of body symmetry in which only one plane divides the body into mirror images is:
 
Bilateral symmetry
 
60. 
If an organism like Symbian pandora is immobile during a stage of its life cycle, during this time it is referred to as being:
 
Sessile
 
61. 

The chordates are a group containing about:

 
55,000 species
 
62. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a Tunicate?

 
They are endothermic
 
63. 
Mammals that lay eggs are:
 
Monotremes
 
64. 
Fishes are:
 

Aquatic animals

Vertebrates

Animals that have gills

Animals that have fins

e. All of the above are correct

 
65. 
Animals that have a backbone are referred to as
 
Vertebrates
 
66. 
Which of the following is a reason why it is not a good idea to own wild-caught animals as pets?
 

They may carry diseases

They may represent physical danger to their owners

If they are released or escape, they may threaten native species

Owning these animals may reduce their ability to repopulate their species in the wild

e. All of the above are correct

 
67. 
Mammals that nurse their young in pouches are:
 

Marsupials

Kangaroos

d. Both A and C are correct

 
68. 

Which of the following is not an example of an amphibian?

 
Turtle
 
69. 
Mammals arose:
 

During the Triassic period

 
70. 

An animal whose body temperature tends to fluctuate with the external environment is a(an):

 
Ectotherm
 
71. 

Which of the following is not a crocodilian?

 
Tuatara
 
72. 

Reptiles evolved from amphibians during the:

 

Carboniferous period

 
73. 

Which of the following are characteristics of reptiles?

 

They are ectotherms with lungs

They have amnions and limbs

d. Both A and B are correct

 
74. 
Bony fishes make up ________________ of existing fish species.
 
96%
 
75. 
Lampreys:
 

Are jawless fishes

Are probably responsible for the decline of lake trout in the Great Lakes

d. Both A and B are correct

 
76. 

Which of the following is not a ray-finned fish?

 
Lungfish
 
77. 
The primary function of external gills in aquatic animals is to:
 

Exchange gases with the atmosphere

 
78. 
The only surviving member of the lobe-finned fishes is the:
 
Coelacanth
 
79. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of an amphibian?

 
They have a cartilaginous skeleton
 
80. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the phylum Chordata?

 

They have true tissues

They have bilateral symmetry

They have a gastrula with three germ layers

They have a true coelom

e. None of the above are correct

 
81. 
A bony or cartilaginous structure that surrounds and protects the brain of chordates is a(an):
 
Cranium
 
82. 

Birds that are flightless are classified as:

 
Ratites
 
83. 

Which of the following is not a vertebrate?

 
Hagfishes
 
84. 

Which of the following is a characteristic of the phylum Chordata?

 
They have a notochord
 
85. 
Birds that have a breastbone designed for flight are classified as:
 
Carinates
 
86. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of mammals?

 

They have a two-chambered heart

 
87. 

Which of the following is not a characteristic of a lancelet?

 

a. They do not have lungs

b. They are ectothermic

c. They are aquatic animals

d. They are invertebrates

e. None of the above are correct

 
88. 

Animals that lack a backbone are referred to as:

 
Invertebrates
 
89. 

The function of vertebrae is to:

 

Protect the nerve chord

Provide attachment points for muscles

d. Both A and B are correct

 
90. 

Which of the following is not an ecosystem that meets to help create great diversity in the vertebrate life at Tan Dao in Vietnam?

 

The Siberian peninsula

 
91. 
Many chemical compounds that plants produce that we can use for a variety of purposes are:
 

Terpenes

Alkaloids

Phenolics

Secondary metabolites

e. All of the above are correct

 
92. 

Which of the following is not an edible vegetative part of a plant?

 
Cucumber
 
93. 
The root cap:
 

Protects the meristem from abrasion

Is located at the tip of the root

Secretes a lubricant for the growing root

Plays a role in sensing gravity

e. All of the above are correct

 
94. 

A plant that has very little or no woody tissue is a:

 

Herbaceous plant

Dandelion

d. Both A and B are correct

 
95. 

The main vegetative parts of plants include:

 
Roots, stems and leaves
 
96. 
The type of plant cell that provides support without interfering with growth and is familiar as the "strings in celery" is a:
 
Collenchyma cell
 
97. 

Common softwood trees:

 

Are Pine

Are Spruce

Are Fir

Produce wood that consists primarily of tracheids

e. All of the above are correct

 
98. 
Stems that grow along the soil surface asexually forming new plants at their nodes are:
 
Stolons
 
99. 
The primary organ of photosynthesis in a plant is the:
 
Leaf
 
100. 

Which of the following is not an example of an edible root?

 
Potato
 
101. 
The main phloem conducting cells are
 

Sieve tube elements

 
102. 
The ________________ transports water and dissolved minerals from the roots of the plant to the shoots of the plant.
 
Xylem
 
103. 

A waxy layer secreted by the epidermal cells of a plant is the:

 
Cuticle
 
104. 
The tissue that regrows a leaf from its base is the
 
Intercalary meristem
 
105. 
The patch of actively dividing cells that is found near the tip of roots and shoots of plants is the:
 

Apical meristem

 
106. 

If a gardener wanted to help prevent erosion along a slope it would be best to:

 

a. Plant plants with taproots

b. Plant grasses

c. Plant plants with fibrous roots

d. Both A and B are correct

e. Both B and C are correct

 
107. 

Which of the following is not a function of a stem of a plant?

 

Production of pollen

 
108. 

The type of plant cell that divides to produce the adventitious roots in a houseplant cutting is a:

 
Parenchyma cell
 
109. 
The type of plant cell that provides rigid support and is dead at maturity is a:
 
. Sclerenchyma cell
 
110. 

Which of the following is not a function of the root of a plant?

 

Produce energy that the plant can use to carry out metabolism

 
111. 
Swollen regions of underground stems that store starch are
 
Tubers
 
112. 
The pores through which leaves exchange gases with the atmosphere are:
 
Stomata
 
113. 

Compound leaves are defined as being divided into:

 
Leaflets
 
114. 
Internodes of plants are:
 
Located on the stems
 
115. 

The cells that surround each stoma and control its opening and closing are:

 

Guard cells

 
116. 

The protective layer of dermal tissue that covers a woody stem or root is the:

 
Periderm
 
117. 

If a plant exhibits determinate growth the plant:

 
Stops growing when the plant reaches its mature size
 
118. 
The shoot of a plant is:
 

The above ground part of a plant

The below ground part of a plant

The stem and leaves of the plant

d. Both A and C are correct

 
119. 

Stems that coil around surrounding objects for support are:

 
Tendrils
 
120. 
Aromatic herbs in the mint family include:
 

Peppermint and spearmint

Sage and basil

Lavender and rosemary

d. All of the above are correct