Bio 102 Flash Cardz

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Fungi are harmful in that they: Cause Dutch elm disease and chestnut blight Cause diaper rash and ringworm infection d. Both A and B are correct
Within the fungi, classification is based on: Reproductive structures
A plant disease called ergot is caused by: Claviceps purpurea
Which of the following is not a phylum of the fungi? Angiosperms Gymnosperms e. Both A and D are correct
Fungi are beneficial in that they: Have helped biologists learn about genetics Have helped in the making of cheese and bread Have helped in the making of fuel Have been used to make antibiotics e. All of the above are correct
Ruminants such as cattle could not digest cellulose without the help of: Chytridiomycetes and bacteria
Associations of fungi and plant roots are called: Micorrhizae
In fungi when two individuals fuse a stage is formed that is: Dikaryotic Unique to fungi d. Both A and B are correct
Histoplasma capsulatum: Is a fungus Likes to inhabit bird droppings e. Both A and B are correct
In a fungus aggregated hyphae form a specialized spore producing organ called a: Fruiting body Mushroom Puff ball Truffle e. All of the above are correct
The fungus Arthrobotrys anchonia, a carnivorous fungus, belongs to the: Ascomycota
Zygospores: Are produced by fungi from the merger of two haploid cells Have a distinctive spiny dark wall d. Both A and C are correct
Ascomycetes aid in the production of: Penicillin Cyclosporine Bread and cheese Beer and wine e. All of the above are correct
Fungi that produce a thick-walled diploid cell called a zygospore formed from the union of two cells are: Zygomycetes
Fungi that do not have a known sexual phase are: Deuteromycetes
The fungi that produce sexual and asexual spores that have flagella are: Chytridiomycetes
Microscopic reproductive cells produced by most fungi are: Gills
The fungi that are referred to as "primitive fungi" are: Chytridiomycetes
Fungi that can live only in association with roots of plants may be placed into a phylum named: Glomeromycota
Yeasts are: Single-celled heterotrophs
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is commonly referred to as: The bread yeast
Which of the following is not an example of a basidiomycete? Truffle
Which of the following is a correct statement? Fungi are heterotrophs, but plants are essentially autotrophs
Fungi and animals are similar in that they both: Carry out photosynthesis Have cell walls made of chitin Use starch as their main storage carbohydrate e. None of the above are correct
Coccidioides immitis causes a potentially fatal disease called: Valley fever
A dual organism that forms when a fungus harbors green algae is a: Lichen
Scientists that specialize in the study of fungi are: Mycologists
In the ecosystems of the world fungi act primarily as: Decomposers
Single-celled yeasts commonly reproduce by Budding
Mushrooms like the "death angel" produce a poison that if ingested may Prevent RNA production in cells Prevent enzyme production in cells Cause liver failure Cause kidney failure e. All of the above are correct
If an animal is an invertebrate, this means that the animal: Does not have a backbone
An animal that uses one opening to take in food and eject waste most likely has a(an): Incomplete digestive tract Gastrovascular cavity e. Both B and C are correct
Spiders and scorpions belong to the phylum: Arthropoda
Sponges belong to the phylum: Cnidarian Platyhelminthes Mollusca Annelida e. None of the above are correct
If an animal is a vertebrate, this means that the animal: Has a backbone
The groups of flatworms are Flukes Free living Tapeworms Nonsegmented e. All of the above are correct
Which of the following is not a characteristic of an arthropod? They have a coelom They have bilateral symmetry They have a complete digestive tract They exhibit body segmentation e. None of the above are correct
The embryonic germ layer of tissue in animals that develops into the digestive tract and organs derived from the digestive tract is the: Endoderm
The first animal to have its genome sequenced was: A nematode Caenorhabditis elegans e. Both B and C are correct
Which of the following does not have a true coelom? Roundworm
An example of an annelid is: A leech An earthworms A polychaete A segmented worm e. All of the above are correct
A mollusk that has arms connecting directly to the head of the animal is a: a. Gastropod Cephalopod
Which of the following is not a characteristic of an annelid? They have an incomplete digestive tract
Cnidarians are: Aquatic animals
Corals and jellyfish belong to the phylum: Cnidaria
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a cnidarian? They have a coelom
A fluid-filled body cavity that forms completely within the mesoderm of animals is a: Coelom
Flukes and tapeworms belong to the phylum: Platyhelminthes
Snails and squids belong to the phylum: Mollusca
Which of the following characteristics do all animals share? They are multicelled They are eukaryotic d. Both A and B are correct
The embryonic germ layer of tissue in animals that develops into the muscles and reproductive system is the: Mesoderm
The causative agent of a disease called elephantiasis is: Wuchereria bancrfti
In animals, a sphere of embryonic cells surrounding a fluid-filled cavity that has folded in on itself and contains primary germ layers is called a: Gastrula
In animals, a sphere of embryonic cells surrounding a fluid-filled cavity is called a: Blastula
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a nematode? They have a coelom
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the echinoderms? They do exhibit cephalization
Animals that are segmented: Are millipedes Are centipedes Have repeated body parts Are earthworms e. All of the above are correct
The first animals arose about: 570 million years ago
The type of body symmetry in which only one plane divides the body into mirror images is: Bilateral symmetry
If an organism like Symbian pandora is immobile during a stage of its life cycle, during this time it is referred to as being: Sessile
The chordates are a group containing about: 55,000 species
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a Tunicate? They are endothermic
Mammals that lay eggs are: Monotremes
Fishes are: Aquatic animals Vertebrates Animals that have gills Animals that have fins e. All of the above are correct
Animals that have a backbone are referred to as Vertebrates
Which of the following is a reason why it is not a good idea to own wild-caught animals as pets? They may carry diseases They may represent physical danger to their owners If they are released or escape, they may threaten native species Owning these animals may reduce their ability to repopulate their species in the wild e. All of the above are correct
Mammals that nurse their young in pouches are: Marsupials Kangaroos d. Both A and C are correct
Which of the following is not an example of an amphibian? Turtle
Mammals arose: During the Triassic period
An animal whose body temperature tends to fluctuate with the external environment is a(an): Ectotherm
Which of the following is not a crocodilian? Tuatara
Reptiles evolved from amphibians during the: Carboniferous period
Which of the following are characteristics of reptiles? They are ectotherms with lungs They have amnions and limbs d. Both A and B are correct
Bony fishes make up ________________ of existing fish species. 96%
Lampreys: Are jawless fishes Are probably responsible for the decline of lake trout in the Great Lakes d. Both A and B are correct
Which of the following is not a ray-finned fish? Lungfish
The primary function of external gills in aquatic animals is to: Exchange gases with the atmosphere
The only surviving member of the lobe-finned fishes is the: Coelacanth
Which of the following is not a characteristic of an amphibian? They have a cartilaginous skeleton
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the phylum Chordata? They have true tissues They have bilateral symmetry They have a gastrula with three germ layers They have a true coelom e. None of the above are correct
A bony or cartilaginous structure that surrounds and protects the brain of chordates is a(an): Cranium
Birds that are flightless are classified as: Ratites
Which of the following is not a vertebrate? Hagfishes
Which of the following is a characteristic of the phylum Chordata? They have a notochord
Birds that have a breastbone designed for flight are classified as: Carinates
Which of the following is not a characteristic of mammals? They have a two-chambered heart
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a lancelet? a. They do not have lungs b. They are ectothermic c. They are aquatic animals d. They are invertebrates e. None of the above are correct
Animals that lack a backbone are referred to as: Invertebrates
The function of vertebrae is to: Protect the nerve chord Provide attachment points for muscles d. Both A and B are correct
Which of the following is not an ecosystem that meets to help create great diversity in the vertebrate life at Tan Dao in Vietnam? The Siberian peninsula
Many chemical compounds that plants produce that we can use for a variety of purposes are: Terpenes Alkaloids Phenolics Secondary metabolites e. All of the above are correct
Which of the following is not an edible vegetative part of a plant? Cucumber
The root cap: Protects the meristem from abrasion Is located at the tip of the root Secretes a lubricant for the growing root Plays a role in sensing gravity e. All of the above are correct
A plant that has very little or no woody tissue is a: Herbaceous plant Dandelion d. Both A and B are correct
The main vegetative parts of plants include: Roots, stems and leaves
The type of plant cell that provides support without interfering with growth and is familiar as the "strings in celery" is a: Collenchyma cell
Common softwood trees: Are Pine Are Spruce Are Fir Produce wood that consists primarily of tracheids e. All of the above are correct
Stems that grow along the soil surface asexually forming new plants at their nodes are: Stolons
The primary organ of photosynthesis in a plant is the: Leaf
Which of the following is not an example of an edible root? Potato
The main phloem conducting cells are Sieve tube elements
The ________________ transports water and dissolved minerals from the roots of the plant to the shoots of the plant. Xylem
A waxy layer secreted by the epidermal cells of a plant is the: Cuticle
The tissue that regrows a leaf from its base is the Intercalary meristem
The patch of actively dividing cells that is found near the tip of roots and shoots of plants is the: Apical meristem
If a gardener wanted to help prevent erosion along a slope it would be best to: a. Plant plants with taproots b. Plant grasses c. Plant plants with fibrous roots d. Both A and B are correct e. Both B and C are correct
Which of the following is not a function of a stem of a plant? Production of pollen
The type of plant cell that divides to produce the adventitious roots in a houseplant cutting is a: Parenchyma cell
The type of plant cell that provides rigid support and is dead at maturity is a: . Sclerenchyma cell
Which of the following is not a function of the root of a plant? Produce energy that the plant can use to carry out metabolism
Swollen regions of underground stems that store starch are Tubers
The pores through which leaves exchange gases with the atmosphere are: Stomata
Compound leaves are defined as being divided into: Leaflets
Internodes of plants are: Located on the stems
The cells that surround each stoma and control its opening and closing are: Guard cells
The protective layer of dermal tissue that covers a woody stem or root is the: Periderm
If a plant exhibits determinate growth the plant: Stops growing when the plant reaches its mature size
The shoot of a plant is: The above ground part of a plant The below ground part of a plant The stem and leaves of the plant d. Both A and C are correct
Stems that coil around surrounding objects for support are: Tendrils
Aromatic herbs in the mint family include: Peppermint and spearmint Sage and basil Lavender and rosemary d. All of the above are correct