Art 100 3 exam

Total Flash Cards » 90
 
1. 

Paint in its most basic form is composed of_________ and a targeted binder.

 

Pigment

 
2. 

This component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products.

 

Pigment

 
3. 

The binding agent in encaustic painting is_________.

 

Beeswax

 
4. 

Encaustic is usually painted on this kind of support:

 

Wood

 
5. 

The binding agent for tempera paint is________.

 

Egg

 
6. 

Tempera lends itself to high __________ because it is usually applied with a fine brush in short, thin strokers

 

Detail

 
7. 

Islamic an renaissance artists oftened used tempera in conjunction with oil and this material, which adds a rich appearance to the work.

 

Gold leaf

 
8. 

This painting process relies on freshly applied lime platter to hold the pigment in place.

 

Fresco

 
9. 

The earliest examples of fresco, found at the palace of knossos on the mediterranean island of _______, date to c. 1600-1500bce.

 

Crete

 
10. 

There are two types of fresco. Fresco secco, which means dry fresco, and this kind, which means good fresco.

 

buba

 
11. 

Diego Rivera's mural for Rockefeller Center in NY was removed because ________.

 

It included a portrait of Vladimir Lenin,

 
12. 

Taking 4 years to complete, the sistine chapel ceiling was painted by this artist in sections using the boon fresco method.

 

Michelangelo

 
13. 

This Flemish painter was credited during the renaissance with the invention of oil paint.

 

Jan Van Eyck

 
14. 

The process called glazing in which thin layers of oil paint are applied, appear lit from within, or are said to have a high degree of ________.

 

Huminosity

 
15. 

Camera Obscures is latin for _______.

 

Dark Room

 
16. 

When were the first successful photographs made using a camera?

 

early 1800's

 
17. 

Daguerro types are made on ______.

 

polished metal plates

 
18. 

Which of the following photographers is best known for making portraits of famous people?

 

Nadar

 
19. 

Where Dorothea Lange made the photograph called Migrani mother, she wanted to show:

 

the conditions of migrant workers during the depression

 
20. 

Landscape photographs, such as those taken by Ansel Adams, help raise awareness about:

 

nature's grandeur and the wilderness of americas west.

 
21. 

A Still Life composition shows:

 

items arranged, often on table

 
22. 

Italian Baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi used that medium for her Allegory of pointing a self-partrait of the artist with a paintbrush in his hand

 

oil paint

 
23. 

One of the advantages of acrylic paint is that it can be cleaned up using this liquid:

 

water

 
24. 

Acrylic paint allowed artist Helen Frankenhaler to make paintings with her soak-stain process without the ________ effort that oil based paint had had.

 

drying

 
25. 

This painting medium is transparent, applied to a paper surface, and has gum arabic binder.

 

watercolor

 
26. 

An artist paints the US flag using the medium of watercolor, but he forgets to do the white stars. To add them to the painting , the artist just needs to use the white watercolor pigment.

 

False

 
27. 

This painting technique was used by the prehistorics cave painters of Lascaux, France, and is still used by contemporary graffiti artist.

 

spray paint

 
28. 

Graffiti artist like Keith Haring used art to make _______.

 

Political statements.

 
29. 

In order for photojournalistic news photos to be effective they need to be seen as _________.

 

Truthful

 
30. 

Philosopher Lewis Wickes Hine went undercover in the factories and mines to expose the injustices of child labor.

 

True

 
31. 

___________ is considered to be the father of photojournalism

 

Matthew Brady

 
32. 

What did Matthew Brady invent that allowed him to make timely photographs of the civil war dead?

 

A moveable dark room in a carriage

 
33. 

In his photograph Two ways of life, Oscar Gustav Rejlander employed methods that emulated the processof _______.

 

Painting

 
34. 

Loretta lux digitally manipulates such elements as __________.

 

all of the answers

 
35. 

Alfred stieglitz was the first to show photography __________.

 

In a commercial gallery

 
36. 

Mary Mattingly's photographs of a dystopic futuristic tribe of nomads are examples of ________.

 

Photomontage

 
37. 

The visual effect created by a camera obscura can occur in any room , whether it is light or dark.

 

false

 
38. 

Which of these is not an additive process of sculpting?

 

chiseling

 
39. 

Michelangelo believed _________ to be the finest and most challenging of all the visual arts.

 

Sculpting

 
40. 

The carving technique Michelangelo used for his sculpture Awakening slave makes the figure appear to be permanently trapped within the stone

 

True

 
41. 

Michelangelo planned a grand sculpture for the tomb of pope julius II, although it was never completed. This sculpture was intended for that tomb.

 

Moses

 
42. 

Why does Michelangelo's sculpture of moses appear to have horns?

 

idk

 
43. 

What is one of the main reasons that the creation of the Olmec colossal heads is so impressive?

 

They were created without metal tools

 
44. 

When an artist is using the subtractive method of carving in stone, it makes no difference whether or no the intended final shape extends beyond dimensions of the original stone.

 

False

 
45. 

artist who model forms using soft pliable materials, such as clay or wax, sometimes employ thin kind of support when creating there work.

 

an armature

 
46. 

This sculpting process involves adding a liquid or pliable material to a mold.

 

canting

 
47. 

Ancient greek sculptors sometimes created cast sculptures from ____________ , an alloy of copper and tin

 

benzen? something that looks like this on test

 
48. 

The name of this bronze-casting process relies on a molded original form made from a pliable material. This method is known as ________.

 

lost-wax casting

 
49. 

Marble sculpture from ancient greece was often remade by roman artist because ________.

 

The greek originals didn't fit roman ideals of beauty

 
50. 

Sculptures created using this method often require the movement of large amounts of soil from one location to another.

 

Earthworks

 
51. 

This earthwork constructed by the prehistoric inhabitants of north america, is located in ohio.

 

Great serpent mound

 
52. 

This american artist created a large earthwork titles spiral jetty in the great salt lake in utah in 1969-70.

 

Robert Smithson

 
53. 

he natural world is simply the "" on which an artist .... their earthwork.

 

false

 
54. 

What method of sculpture is the artist using when they assemble component parts in order to create an artwork?

 

ends in tion

 
55. 

This spanish artist combined a bike seat and handlebars into a form that was reminicent of a bulls head.

 

Pablo Picasso

 
56. 

A sculpture intended by the artist to move is called ________ sculpture.

 

a kinetic

 
57. 

American minimalist artist Dan flasvin used ______ to create sculptures.

 

Borescent lighting tubes

 
58. 

Anthony Gormley's work asian field 180,000 terracotta figurines in a large warehouse , is an example of:

 

None of these answers are correct

 
59. 

When an artist is using the subtractive method of carving in stone it makes no difference whether or not the intended final shape extends beyond the dimensions of the original stone.

 

False

 
60. 

Stonehenge is an example of this type of early construction method.

 

post and lintel

 
61. 

Eary cultures created a type of arch by stacking stones so that they provide slightly beyond the one unknown. This is known as ________.

 

corbeling

 
62. 

Roman aqueducts utilize this type of structure:

 

corbel

 
63. 

What changes did abbot suger make to St. denis that ushered in the ___________

 

flying butters

 
64. 

Who is considered the father of modern american architecture:

 

Louis sullivan

 
65. 

What did Le cerbusier believe houses should be?

 

Machines for living

 
66. 

this is an example of international style architecture

 

Glass pavilion

 
67. 

In this house for the kaufman family, falling water, frank lloyd wright designed the house to take advantage of ________.

 

the natural site

 
68. 

Frank lloyd wright also designed another building we've seen. Which of these was it ?

 

The guggenheim museum

 
69. 

The great hall at karnak in egypt is an example of a ________.

 

Corbelled structure

 
70. 

The seagram building employs a _______ style of construction.

 

Curtain wall

 
71. 

The terraces at falling water are examples of this kind of construction that was one of Frank lloyd wright's signature elements.

 

Cantilevered reinforced concrete.

 
72. 

All sculptures have this characteristic in common:

 

they exist in 3d space

 
73. 

Which of these materials can be used to create a sculpture?

 

all of the answers are correct

 
74. 

Matthews Barney's cremaster cycle video art piece begins where?

 

idk

 
75. 

Bill Viola's oceans without a shore is about _________.

 

idk

 
76. 

Dorothea lange

 

worked for the FSA making documentary pictures of the great depression.

 
77. 

Ansel Adams

 

Known for very detailed landscape photographs of the american west

 
78. 

Sally Mann

 

Photographed her family members in both fictional and no fictional settings

 
79. 

Lewis wickes hine

 

Used photographs to expose the unsafe and inhumane working conditions in factories to the establishment of child labor laws in the US.

 
80. 

Sandy Skoglund

 

makes brightly colored tableaux using elaborate scenery sculptures.

 
81. 

Contemporary photographer Sandy Skoghunds radioactive cats is considered __________.

 

a narrative tableau

 
82. 

Sally Manns 1989 photograph the new york mothers was made ___________.

 

In black and white

 
83. 

which of these is not a subtractive method of sculpting?

 

casting

 
84. 

It is possible to create a sculpture using both high and bas relief.

 

true

 
85. 

When a sculpture is designed to be viewed from one side, and portrudes dynamically from its background plane or is carved with deeply incised marks, this is called ________.

 

High relief

 
86. 

The sculptural process in which the artist carves only in shallow depth is called _______.

 

Bas-relief

 
87. 

Giambologna's rape of a sabine was cut from a single column of marble; the views can see a different ______ as he/she spirals around the sculpture.

 

perspective

 
88. 

Giambologna's rape of a sabine was commissioned to show off florentine political might.

 

True

 
89. 

Unlike freestanding sculpture, this type of sculpture is created to be viewed from one side only.

 

relief

 
90. 

Another name for freestanding sculptures is ________.

 

in the round