Psychology Final Exam

Total Flash Cards » 89
 
1. 

Motivation is best understood as a state that...

 

Energizes and directs behavior

 
2. 

One shortcoming of the instinct theory of motivation it...

 

Does not explain human behavior, it simply names them.

 
3. 

Few Human behaviors are rigidly patterned enough to qualify as...

 

Instincts

 
4. 

One Problem with the idea of motivation as drive reduction is that...

 

Because some motivated behaviors do not seem to be based on physiological needs, they cannot be explained in terms of drive reduction.

 
5. 

Instinct theory and drive-reduciton theorybother emphasizes ____ Factors in Motivation.

 

biological

 
6. 

Which of the following is not an example of homeostasis?

 

Feeling hungry at the sight of an appetizing food.

 
7. 

Which of the following is a difference between a drive and a need?

 

Needs are physiological states, Drives are psychological states.

 
8. 

Homeostatic refers to

 

The tendency to maintain a steady internal state.

 
9. 

Which of the following is inconsistent with the drive reduction theory of motivation.

 

Monkey will work puzzles even if not given a food reward.

 
10. 

Mary loves hang gliding. It would be difficult to explain to Mary's behavior according to.

 

Drive Reduction Theory

 
11. 

For two weeks, Orlando has been on a hunger strike. Orlando's willingness to starve conflicts with the throey of motivation by.

 

Maslow

 
12. 

Beginning with the basic needs, which of the following represents the correct sequence of needs in the hierarchy by Maslow.

 

Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and love, self fulfillment

 
13. 

According to Maslow's theory

 

All the above

 
14. 

In his study of men on a semi diet, Keys found that

 

Subjects become obsessed with food.

 
15. 

Increase in insulin will

 

Lower blood sugar and trigger hunger.

 
16. 

Emotions are

 

All the Above

 
17. 

Two years ago, Maria was in an automobile crash in which her spinal cord was severed...

 

James- Lange theory

 
18. 

You are on your way to school to take a big exam...

 

James- Lange Theory

 
19. 

Which theory of emotion implies that every emotion is associated with a unique physiological theory

 

James- Lange Theory

 
20. 

Which emotion emphasizes the simultaneous experience of body response.

 

Cannon- Bard theory

 
21. 

The Cannon Bard theory of emotion states that

 

The conscious experience of an emotion occurs at the same time as the body's physical reaction.

 
22. 

Which of the following was not raised as a critism of the James Lange theory of emotion

 

People with a spinal cord injury at the neck typically experience less emotion.

 
23. 

Schachter's two factor theory emphasizes that emotion involves both.

 

Physical arousal and cognitive label.

 
24. 

After hitting a grand slam, mike noticed that his heart was pounding. Later after having a collision while driving...

 

two Factor theory

 
25. 

Who will probably be angrier after learning that his car has recievd a parking ticket.

 

Dan who just finished a tennis Match.

 
26. 

In the schacter-singer experiment which subjects reported feeling and emotional change in the presence of experimenter's highly emotional confederate?

 

Those receiving epinephrine but not expecting to feel physical arousal

 
27. 

Which of the following was not presented in the text as evidence that some emotional reactions involve no deliberate rational thinking?

 

Arousal of the sympathetic nervous system will rigger an emotion reaction ever when artificially induced by and injection of epinephrine.

 
28. 

Several studies have shown that physical arousal can intensify just about any emotion...

 

Cognitive labels of arousal in the conscious experience of emotions

 
29. 

Evidence that changes in facial expressions can directly affect people's feelings and body states conviced Robert Zajonc that..

 

Cognition is not necessary for emotion

 
30. 

Margret is a finalist... The two dimensions of her current emotion would be a ___ and ___.

 

Positive Valence, High Arousal

 
31. 

The field of health psychology is concerned with

 

All the above

 
32. 

Dr. Williams Who conducts smoking cession clinics, explains to his clients...

 

Behavioral

 
33. 

according to the text, one-half of all deaths from the 10 leading causes of death in the US can be attributed to.

 

Behavior

 
34. 

Behavioral and medical knowledge anout factors influencing health for the basis of what field:

 

Behavioral Medicine

 
35. 

Stress is defined as:

 

the Process by which we percieve and respond to challenging or threatening events.

 
36. 

Connie complains that she has too much stress in her life. the psychologist says the level of stress people experience depends on.

 

How they appraise the events of life

 
37. 

The stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the ___ Gland in response to stimulation by the __ Branch of the nervous system.

 

Adrenal: Sympathetic

 
38. 

In order, the sequence of stages in the general adaptation syndrome is:

 

Alarm reaction, stage of resistance, stage of exhaustion

 
39. 

During which stage of general adaptation is a person especially vulnerable to disease.

 

The exhaustion stage

 
40. 

"Tend and Befriend." refers to:

 

An alternative to fight or flight response that may be more common in women.

 
41. 

Bob does not start to study until just before midterms. He works through the night, which makes him sick, because he is in___ phase of ___.

 

Exhaustion: General adaptation

 
42. 

Research studies demonstrate that after catastrophe, rates of ___ often increase.

 

All the above

 
43. 

Karen and Kyumi are taking the same course with different instructors...

 

Kyumi

 
44. 

You have just transferred to a new campus and find yourself in a potential enviroment. according to the test, what would help you cope?

 

All the above

 
45. 

In one experiment, both executive rats and subordinate rates recieved identical electric shocks, the only dif. being whether the shocks could be.

 

Controlled

 
46. 

Which of the following was not mentioned in the text as a critism for Freud's theory?

 

There is no evidence of anything like an "unconscious"

 
47. 

The text defines personality as:

 

An indivdual's characteristics patter of thinking, feeling and acting.

 
48. 

Which of the following places the greatest emphasis on the unconscious mind?

 

The psychoanalytic perspective

 
49. 

A major difference between the psychoanalytic and trait perspectives is that:

 

All the above

 
50. 

According to Freud's theory, personality arises in response to conflicts between:

 

Our biological impulses and social restraints against them.

 
51. 

According to the psychoanalytic perspective, a child who frequently "slips" and call her teacher "mom" probably:

 

Has some unresolved conflicts conerning her mother

 
52. 

ID is to Ego as ___ is to ____

 

Pleasure principle, Reality Principle

 
53. 

According to Freud, ____ is the process by which children incorporate their parents values into their ___

 

Identification : Superego

 
54. 

Psychoanalytic would characterize a person who is impulsive and self indulgent as possessing a strong__ and a Weak___

 

ID. Superego

 
55. 

Which of the following is the correct order of psychosexual stages proposed by Freud:

 

Oral; anal; phallic; latency; genital

 
56. 

Jill has a biting sarcastic manner. According to Freud she is fixated on

 

The oral stage of development

 
57. 

The Oedipus and Electra complexes have their roots in the

 

Phallic Stage

 
58. 

Suzy bought... the car's attractiveness, good acceleration, and stereo. According to Freud she is using a defense mechanism of.

 

Rationalism

 
59. 

according to Freud, defense mechanisms are methods of reducing

 

Anxiety

 
60. 

The personality test Teresa is taking involves her describing random patterns of dots. what type of test is she taking?

 

A projective test

 
61. 

Which of the following is true concerning abnormal behavior?

 

Definitions of abnormal behavior are culture- dependent

 
62. 

The criteria for classifying behavior as psychologically disordered

 

are characterized by both A and B

 
63. 

Behavior is classified as disodered when it is

 

all the Above

 
64. 

Our early ancestors commonly attributed disordered behavior to

 

Evil Spirits

 
65. 

French reformer who insisted that madness was not demon possession and who called humane treatment of patients was

 

Pinel

 
66. 

Which of the following is true of the medical model?

 

It views psychological disorders as a sickness that are diagnosed and treatable

 
67. 

Most mental health workers today view that disordered behavior:

 

Arise that interaction of nature and nurture

 
68. 

schizophrenia are universal and influenced by heredity, where as other disorders such as anorexia are culture bound provides evidence for the ___

 

Bio psycho social

 
69. 

Evidence of envoromental effects on psychological such as___ universal, whereas other, such as ___ are culture bound

 

Depression, Anorexia Nervosa

 
70. 

Many psychological dislike DMA- IV because of its

 

Medical Model Bias

 
71. 

The Diagnostic reliability of DSM-IV

 

Relatively high

 
72. 

Which of the following statements concerning the labeling of disordered behaviors is not true?

 

Labels interfere with effective treatment of psychological disorders

 
73. 

The term insanity refers to

 

Legal definitions

 
74. 

Phobias and OCD behaviors are classified as

 

Anxiety disorders

 
75. 

Sharon os continually tense, jittery, and apprehensive for no specific reason. she would probably be diagnose with.

 

Generalized anxiety disorder

 
76. 

As electri psychotherapist is one who

 

uses a variety of techniques, depending on the client and the problem

 
77. 

The technique in which a person is asked to report everything that comes through the mind is called__ favored by __ therapist

 

Free Association: Psychanalytic

 
78. 

During a session with his psychoanalytic, jamal hesitates while describing a highly embarrassing though. This is an example of?

 

Resistance

 
79. 

Jane has developed strong hate feelings for her therapist. The analytic interprets Jane's behavior in terms of a __ of feeling towards her father

 

Transference

 
80. 

Of the following therapist, who would be most likely to interpret a person's psychological problems of repressed impulses.

 

Psychoanalysts

 
81. 

Which type of psychotherapy would be most likely to use the interactions of dreams as a technique for bringing unconscious feelings into awareness

 

Both A and B

 
82. 

Which of the following is not common criticisms of psychoanalyst

 

It gives therapists too much control over the patient

 
83. 

Unlike traditional psychoanalutic therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy

 

Focuses on current relationships

 
84. 

Of the following categories of psychotherapy, which is known for its nondirective nature

 

Humanistic therapy

 
85. 

Given Jim's therapists attempts to help him by ordering geniuses, acceptance, and empathy she probably practicing

 

Client Centered therapy

 
86. 

Carl Rogers was a ___ Therapist who was the creator of ____

 

Humanist; Client centered therapy

 
87. 

The technique in which a therapist echos and restates what a person says in a non directive manner is called

 

Active listening

 
88. 

Which type of psychotherapy focuses on changing unwanted behaviors rather than on discovering the underlying causes

 

Behavior therapy

 
89. 

The techniques of counter conditioning are based on principle of

 

Classical conditioning