LaFleur Ch. 6 A/P,Word Parts

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1. 
Organs of Urinary System: kidneys
 
two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balances.
 
2. 
Organs of Urinary System: nephron
 
urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.
 
3. 
Organs of Urinary System: glomerulus (pl. glomeruli)
 
cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
 
4. 
Organs of Urinary System: renal pelvis
 
funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter.
 
5. 
Organs of Urinary System: hilum
 
indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney.
 
6. 
Organs of Urinary System: ureters
 
two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches (26 to 33 cm) long that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder.
 
7. 
Organs of Urinary System: urinary bladder
 
muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.
 
8. 
Organs of Urinary System: urethra
 
lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) long in the female and 8 inches (20 cm) in the male, in whom it is also a part of the reproductive system. It carries seminal fluid (semen) at the time of ejaculation.
 
9. 
Organs of Urinary System: urinary meatus
 
opening through which the urine passes to the outside
 
10. 
Combining Form: cyst/o, vesic/o
 
bladder, sac
 
11. 
Combining Form: glomerul/o
 
glomerulus
 
12. 
Combining Form: meat/o
 
meatus (opening)
 
13. 
Combining Form: nephr/o, ren/o
 
kidney
 
14. 
Combining Form: pyel/o
 
renal pelvis
 
15. 
Combining Form: ureter/o
 
ureter
 
16. 
Combining Form: urethr/o
 
urethra
 
17. 
Combining Form: albumin/o
 
albumin
 
18. 
Combining Form: azot/o
 
urea, nitrogen
 
19. 
Combining Form: blast/o
 
developing cell, germ cell
 
20. 
Combining Form: glyc/o, glycos/o
 
sugar
 
21. 
Combining Form: hydr/o
 
water
 
22. 
Combining Form: lith/o
 
stone, calculus
 
23. 
Combining Form: noct/i
 
*note that the combining vowel (CV) is i) night
 
24. 
Combining Form: olig/o
 
scanty, few
 
25. 
Combining Form: son/o
 
sound
 
26. 
Combining Form: tom/o
 
cut, section
 
27. 
Combining Form: urin/o, ur/o
 
urine, urinary tract
 
28. 
Suffix: -iasis, -esis
 
condition
 
29. 
Suffix: -lysis
 
loosening, dissolution, separating
 
30. 
Suffix: -megaly
 
enlargement
 
31. 
Suffix: -ptosis
 
drooping, sagging, prolapse
 
32. 
Suffix: -rrhaphy
 
suturing, repairing
 
33. 
Suffix: -tripsy
 
surgical crushing
 
34. 
Suffix: -trophy
 
nourishment, development
 
35. 
Suffix: -uria
 
urine, urination
 
36. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystitis (sis-TIE-tis)
 
inflammation of the bladder
 
37. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystocele (SIS-toe-seel)
 
protrusion of the bladder
 
38. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) glomerulonephritis (glo-mer-yoo-lo-ne-FRY-tis)
 
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
 
39. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) hydronephrosis (hi-drow-ne-FRO-sis)
 
abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distension of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)
 
40. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephritis (ne-FRI-tis)
 
inflammation of the kidney
 
41. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroblastoma (nef-ro-blas-TOE-ma)
 
kidney tumor containing developing cell (malignant tumor)(also called Wilm's tumor)
 
42. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrohypertrophy (nef-ro-hi-PER-tro-fee)
 
ecessive development (increase in size) of the kidney
 
43. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrolithiasis (nef-RO-lith-EYE-a-sis)
 
condition of stone(s) in the kidney
 
44. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroma (nef-RO-ma)
 
tumor of the kidney
 
45. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephromegaly (nef-ro-MEG-a-lee)
 
enlargement of the kidney
 
46. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroptosis (nef-rop-TO-sis)
 
drooping kidney
 
47. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelitis (pi-e-LI-tis)
 
inflammation of the renal pelvis
 
48. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelonephritis (pi-e-low-ne-FRI-tis)
 
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
 
49. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) uremia (you-REE-mee-a)
 
condition of urine (urea) in the blood (toxic condition resulting from retention of by-products of the kidney in the blood)
 
50. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureteritis (you-ree-ter-EYE-tis)
 
inflammation of a ureter
 
51. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterocele (you-REE-ter-o-seel)
 
protrusion of a ureter
 
52. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterolithiasis (you-ree-ter-o-lith-EYE-a-sis)
 
condition of stones in the ureters
 
53. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterostenosis (you-ree-ter-o-sten-O-sis)
 
narrowing of the ureter
 
54. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) urethrocystitis (you-ree-throw-sis-TIE-tis)
 
inflammation of the urethra and the bladder
 
55. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) epispadias (ep-i-SPAY-dee-as)
 
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
 
56. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) hypospadias (hi-po-SPAY-dee-as)
 
condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect canoccur in the female.
 
57. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) polycystic kidney disease (pol-i-SIS-tik) (KID-nee) (di-zeez)
 
condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
 
58. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal calculi (REE-nal) (KAL-koo-lye)
 
stones in the kidney
 
59. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal hypertension (REE-nal) (hi-per-TEN-shun)
 
elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
 
60. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) sepsis (SEP-sis)
 
a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection (also called septicemia)
 
61. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary retention (YOU-rin-air-ee) (ree-TEN-shun)
 
abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of the inability to urinate
 
62. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary suppression (YOU-rin-air-ree) (soo-PRESH-un)
 
sudden stoppage of urine formation
 
63. 
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary tract infection (YOU-rin-air-ree) (trakt)
 
infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
 
64. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cyctectomy (sis-TEK-toe-mee)
 
excision of the bladder
 
65. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystolithotomy (sis-toe-li-THOT-oh-mee)
 
incision in the bladder to remove a stone
 
66. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystorrhaphy (sist-OR-a-fee)
 
suturing of the bladder
 
67. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystostomy (sis-TOS-toe-mee)
 
creating an artificial opening into the bladder
 
68. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystotomy (sis-TOT-oh-mee) or vesicotomy (ves-i-KOT-oh-mee)
 
incision of the bladder
 
69. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) lithotripsy (LITH-oh-trip-see)
 
surgical crushing of a stone
 
70. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) meatotomy (mee-ay-TOT-oh-mee)
 
incision of the meatus
 
71. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrectomy (ne-FREK-toe-mee)
 
excision of a kidney
 
72. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrolysis (ne-FROL-i-sis)
 
separating the kidney (from other body structures)
 
73. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropexy (NEF-roh-peks-ee)
 
surgical fixation of the kidney
 
74. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropyelolithotomy (nef-roh-pi-e-low-lith-OT-oh-mee)
 
incision through the kidney to the renal pelvis to remove a stone
 
75. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) pyeloplasty (PIE-el-oh-plas-tee)
 
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
 
76. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterectomy (you-ree-ter-EK-toe-mee)
 
excision of a ureter
 
77. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterostomy (you-ree-ter-OS-toe-mee)
 
creation of an artificial opening into the ureter
 
78. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) urethroplasty (you-REE-throw-plas-tee)
 
surgical repair of the urethra
 
79. 
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) vesicourethral suspension (ves-i-koh-you-REE-thral)
 
suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra
 
80. 
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ek-stra-kor-POR-ee-al) (LITH-oh-trip-see)
 
a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stones. By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. Repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine. Also called Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)
 
81. 
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) fulguration (ful-goo-RAY-shun)
 
destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to remove bladder growths)
 
82. 
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) renal transplant (REE-nal) (trans-plant)
 
surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney.