LaFleur Ch. 6 A/P,Word Parts

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1. Organs of Urinary System: kidneys two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balances.
2. Organs of Urinary System: nephron urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.
3. Organs of Urinary System: glomerulus (pl. glomeruli) cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
4. Organs of Urinary System: renal pelvis funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter.
5. Organs of Urinary System: hilum indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney.
6. Organs of Urinary System: ureters two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches (26 to 33 cm) long that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder.
7. Organs of Urinary System: urinary bladder muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.
8. Organs of Urinary System: urethra lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) long in the female and 8 inches (20 cm) in the male, in whom it is also a part of the reproductive system. It carries seminal fluid (semen) at the time of ejaculation.
9. Organs of Urinary System: urinary meatus opening through which the urine passes to the outside
10. Combining Form: cyst/o, vesic/o bladder, sac
11. Combining Form: glomerul/o glomerulus
12. Combining Form: meat/o meatus (opening)
13. Combining Form: nephr/o, ren/o kidney
14. Combining Form: pyel/o renal pelvis
15. Combining Form: ureter/o ureter
16. Combining Form: urethr/o urethra
17. Combining Form: albumin/o albumin
18. Combining Form: azot/o urea, nitrogen
19. Combining Form: blast/o developing cell, germ cell
20. Combining Form: glyc/o, glycos/o sugar
21. Combining Form: hydr/o water
22. Combining Form: lith/o stone, calculus
23. Combining Form: noct/i *note that the combining vowel (CV) is i) night
24. Combining Form: olig/o scanty, few
25. Combining Form: son/o sound
26. Combining Form: tom/o cut, section
27. Combining Form: urin/o, ur/o urine, urinary tract
28. Suffix: -iasis, -esis condition
29. Suffix: -lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
30. Suffix: -megaly enlargement
31. Suffix: -ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
32. Suffix: -rrhaphy suturing, repairing
33. Suffix: -tripsy surgical crushing
34. Suffix: -trophy nourishment, development
35. Suffix: -uria urine, urination
36. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) inflammation of the bladder
37. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystocele (SIS-toe-seel) protrusion of the bladder
38. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) glomerulonephritis (glo-mer-yoo-lo-ne-FRY-tis) inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
39. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) hydronephrosis (hi-drow-ne-FRO-sis) abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distension of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)
40. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephritis (ne-FRI-tis) inflammation of the kidney
41. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroblastoma (nef-ro-blas-TOE-ma) kidney tumor containing developing cell (malignant tumor)(also called Wilm's tumor)
42. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrohypertrophy (nef-ro-hi-PER-tro-fee) ecessive development (increase in size) of the kidney
43. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrolithiasis (nef-RO-lith-EYE-a-sis) condition of stone(s) in the kidney
44. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroma (nef-RO-ma) tumor of the kidney
45. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephromegaly (nef-ro-MEG-a-lee) enlargement of the kidney
46. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroptosis (nef-rop-TO-sis) drooping kidney
47. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelitis (pi-e-LI-tis) inflammation of the renal pelvis
48. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelonephritis (pi-e-low-ne-FRI-tis) inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
49. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) uremia (you-REE-mee-a) condition of urine (urea) in the blood (toxic condition resulting from retention of by-products of the kidney in the blood)
50. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureteritis (you-ree-ter-EYE-tis) inflammation of a ureter
51. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterocele (you-REE-ter-o-seel) protrusion of a ureter
52. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterolithiasis (you-ree-ter-o-lith-EYE-a-sis) condition of stones in the ureters
53. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterostenosis (you-ree-ter-o-sten-O-sis) narrowing of the ureter
54. Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) urethrocystitis (you-ree-throw-sis-TIE-tis) inflammation of the urethra and the bladder
55. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) epispadias (ep-i-SPAY-dee-as) congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
56. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) hypospadias (hi-po-SPAY-dee-as) condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect canoccur in the female.
57. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) polycystic kidney disease (pol-i-SIS-tik) (KID-nee) (di-zeez) condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
58. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal calculi (REE-nal) (KAL-koo-lye) stones in the kidney
59. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal hypertension (REE-nal) (hi-per-TEN-shun) elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
60. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) sepsis (SEP-sis) a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection (also called septicemia)
61. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary retention (YOU-rin-air-ee) (ree-TEN-shun) abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of the inability to urinate
62. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary suppression (YOU-rin-air-ree) (soo-PRESH-un) sudden stoppage of urine formation
63. Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary tract infection (YOU-rin-air-ree) (trakt) infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
64. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cyctectomy (sis-TEK-toe-mee) excision of the bladder
65. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystolithotomy (sis-toe-li-THOT-oh-mee) incision in the bladder to remove a stone
66. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystorrhaphy (sist-OR-a-fee) suturing of the bladder
67. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystostomy (sis-TOS-toe-mee) creating an artificial opening into the bladder
68. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystotomy (sis-TOT-oh-mee) or vesicotomy (ves-i-KOT-oh-mee) incision of the bladder
69. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) lithotripsy (LITH-oh-trip-see) surgical crushing of a stone
70. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) meatotomy (mee-ay-TOT-oh-mee) incision of the meatus
71. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrectomy (ne-FREK-toe-mee) excision of a kidney
72. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrolysis (ne-FROL-i-sis) separating the kidney (from other body structures)
73. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropexy (NEF-roh-peks-ee) surgical fixation of the kidney
74. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropyelolithotomy (nef-roh-pi-e-low-lith-OT-oh-mee) incision through the kidney to the renal pelvis to remove a stone
75. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) pyeloplasty (PIE-el-oh-plas-tee) surgical repair of the renal pelvis
76. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterectomy (you-ree-ter-EK-toe-mee) excision of a ureter
77. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterostomy (you-ree-ter-OS-toe-mee) creation of an artificial opening into the ureter
78. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) urethroplasty (you-REE-throw-plas-tee) surgical repair of the urethra
79. Surgical Terms (built from word parts) vesicourethral suspension (ves-i-koh-you-REE-thral) suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra
80. Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ek-stra-kor-POR-ee-al) (LITH-oh-trip-see) a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stones. By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. Repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine. Also called Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)
81. Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) fulguration (ful-goo-RAY-shun) destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to remove bladder growths)
82. Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) renal transplant (REE-nal) (trans-plant) surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney.