LaFleur Ch. 6 A/P,Word Parts

Total Flash Cards » 82
 
1. 

Organs of Urinary System: kidneys

 

two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balances.

 
2. 

Organs of Urinary System: nephron

 

urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.

 
3. 

Organs of Urinary System: glomerulus (pl. glomeruli)

 

cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.

 
4. 

Organs of Urinary System: renal pelvis

 

funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter.

 
5. 

Organs of Urinary System: hilum

 

indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney.

 
6. 

Organs of Urinary System: ureters

 

two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches (26 to 33 cm) long that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder.

 
7. 

Organs of Urinary System: urinary bladder

 

muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.

 
8. 

Organs of Urinary System: urethra

 

lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) long in the female and 8 inches (20 cm) in the male, in whom it is also a part of the reproductive system. It carries seminal fluid (semen) at the time of ejaculation.

 
9. 

Organs of Urinary System: urinary meatus

 

opening through which the urine passes to the outside

 
10. 

Combining Form: cyst/o, vesic/o

 

bladder, sac

 
11. 

Combining Form: glomerul/o

 

glomerulus

 
12. 

Combining Form: meat/o

 

meatus (opening)

 
13. 

Combining Form: nephr/o, ren/o

 

kidney

 
14. 

Combining Form: pyel/o

 

renal pelvis

 
15. 

Combining Form: ureter/o

 

ureter

 
16. 

Combining Form: urethr/o

 

urethra

 
17. 

Combining Form: albumin/o

 

albumin

 
18. 

Combining Form: azot/o

 

urea, nitrogen

 
19. 

Combining Form: blast/o

 

developing cell, germ cell

 
20. 

Combining Form: glyc/o, glycos/o

 

sugar

 
21. 

Combining Form: hydr/o

 

water

 
22. 

Combining Form: lith/o

 

stone, calculus

 
23. 

Combining Form: noct/i

 

*note that the combining vowel (CV) is i) night

 
24. 

Combining Form: olig/o

 

scanty, few

 
25. 

Combining Form: son/o

 

sound

 
26. 

Combining Form: tom/o

 

cut, section

 
27. 

Combining Form: urin/o, ur/o

 

urine, urinary tract

 
28. 

Suffix: -iasis, -esis

 

condition

 
29. 

Suffix: -lysis

 

loosening, dissolution, separating

 
30. 

Suffix: -megaly

 

enlargement

 
31. 

Suffix: -ptosis

 

drooping, sagging, prolapse

 
32. 

Suffix: -rrhaphy

 

suturing, repairing

 
33. 

Suffix: -tripsy

 

surgical crushing

 
34. 

Suffix: -trophy

 

nourishment, development

 
35. 

Suffix: -uria

 

urine, urination

 
36. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystitis (sis-TIE-tis)

 

inflammation of the bladder

 
37. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystocele (SIS-toe-seel)

 

protrusion of the bladder

 
38. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) glomerulonephritis (glo-mer-yoo-lo-ne-FRY-tis)

 

inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney

 
39. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) hydronephrosis (hi-drow-ne-FRO-sis)

 

abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distension of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)

 
40. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephritis (ne-FRI-tis)

 

inflammation of the kidney

 
41. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroblastoma (nef-ro-blas-TOE-ma)

 

kidney tumor containing developing cell (malignant tumor)(also called Wilm's tumor)

 
42. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrohypertrophy (nef-ro-hi-PER-tro-fee)

 

ecessive development (increase in size) of the kidney

 
43. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrolithiasis (nef-RO-lith-EYE-a-sis)

 

condition of stone(s) in the kidney

 
44. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroma (nef-RO-ma)

 

tumor of the kidney

 
45. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephromegaly (nef-ro-MEG-a-lee)

 

enlargement of the kidney

 
46. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroptosis (nef-rop-TO-sis)

 

drooping kidney

 
47. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelitis (pi-e-LI-tis)

 

inflammation of the renal pelvis

 
48. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelonephritis (pi-e-low-ne-FRI-tis)

 

inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney

 
49. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) uremia (you-REE-mee-a)

 

condition of urine (urea) in the blood (toxic condition resulting from retention of by-products of the kidney in the blood)

 
50. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureteritis (you-ree-ter-EYE-tis)

 

inflammation of a ureter

 
51. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterocele (you-REE-ter-o-seel)

 

protrusion of a ureter

 
52. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterolithiasis (you-ree-ter-o-lith-EYE-a-sis)

 

condition of stones in the ureters

 
53. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterostenosis (you-ree-ter-o-sten-O-sis)

 

narrowing of the ureter

 
54. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) urethrocystitis (you-ree-throw-sis-TIE-tis)

 

inflammation of the urethra and the bladder

 
55. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) epispadias (ep-i-SPAY-dee-as)

 

congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis

 
56. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) hypospadias (hi-po-SPAY-dee-as)

 

condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect canoccur in the female.

 
57. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) polycystic kidney disease (pol-i-SIS-tik) (KID-nee) (di-zeez)

 

condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged

 
58. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal calculi (REE-nal) (KAL-koo-lye)

 

stones in the kidney

 
59. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal hypertension (REE-nal) (hi-per-TEN-shun)

 

elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease

 
60. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) sepsis (SEP-sis)

 

a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection (also called septicemia)

 
61. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary retention (YOU-rin-air-ee) (ree-TEN-shun)

 

abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of the inability to urinate

 
62. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary suppression (YOU-rin-air-ree) (soo-PRESH-un)

 

sudden stoppage of urine formation

 
63. 

Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary tract infection (YOU-rin-air-ree) (trakt)

 

infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract

 
64. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cyctectomy (sis-TEK-toe-mee)

 

excision of the bladder

 
65. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystolithotomy (sis-toe-li-THOT-oh-mee)

 

incision in the bladder to remove a stone

 
66. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystorrhaphy (sist-OR-a-fee)

 

suturing of the bladder

 
67. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystostomy (sis-TOS-toe-mee)

 

creating an artificial opening into the bladder

 
68. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystotomy (sis-TOT-oh-mee) or vesicotomy (ves-i-KOT-oh-mee)

 

incision of the bladder

 
69. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) lithotripsy (LITH-oh-trip-see)

 

surgical crushing of a stone

 
70. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) meatotomy (mee-ay-TOT-oh-mee)

 

incision of the meatus

 
71. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrectomy (ne-FREK-toe-mee)

 

excision of a kidney

 
72. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrolysis (ne-FROL-i-sis)

 

separating the kidney (from other body structures)

 
73. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropexy (NEF-roh-peks-ee)

 

surgical fixation of the kidney

 
74. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropyelolithotomy (nef-roh-pi-e-low-lith-OT-oh-mee)

 

incision through the kidney to the renal pelvis to remove a stone

 
75. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) pyeloplasty (PIE-el-oh-plas-tee)

 

surgical repair of the renal pelvis

 
76. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterectomy (you-ree-ter-EK-toe-mee)

 

excision of a ureter

 
77. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterostomy (you-ree-ter-OS-toe-mee)

 

creation of an artificial opening into the ureter

 
78. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) urethroplasty (you-REE-throw-plas-tee)

 

surgical repair of the urethra

 
79. 

Surgical Terms (built from word parts) vesicourethral suspension (ves-i-koh-you-REE-thral)

 

suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra

 
80. 

Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ek-stra-kor-POR-ee-al) (LITH-oh-trip-see)

 

a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stones. By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. Repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine. Also called Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)

 
81. 

Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) fulguration (ful-goo-RAY-shun)

 

destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to remove bladder growths)

 
82. 

Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) renal transplant (REE-nal) (trans-plant)

 

surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney.