LaFleur Ch. 6 A/P,Word Parts

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Organs of Urinary System: kidneys two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity behind the parietal peritoneum. Their function is to remove waste products from the blood and to aid in maintaining water and electrolyte balances.
Organs of Urinary System: nephron urine-producing microscopic structure. Approximately 1 million nephrons are located in each kidney.
Organs of Urinary System: glomerulus (pl. glomeruli) cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron. The process of filtering the blood, thereby forming urine, begins here.
Organs of Urinary System: renal pelvis funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter.
Organs of Urinary System: hilum indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the ureter leaves the kidney.
Organs of Urinary System: ureters two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches (26 to 33 cm) long that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the posterior portion of the bladder.
Organs of Urinary System: urinary bladder muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine. As it fills, the thick, muscular wall becomes thinner, and the organ increases in size.
Organs of Urinary System: urethra lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. This narrow tube varies in length by sex. It is 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) long in the female and 8 inches (20 cm) in the male, in whom it is also a part of the reproductive system. It carries seminal fluid (semen) at the time of ejaculation.
Organs of Urinary System: urinary meatus opening through which the urine passes to the outside
Combining Form: cyst/o, vesic/o bladder, sac
Combining Form: glomerul/o glomerulus
Combining Form: meat/o meatus (opening)
Combining Form: nephr/o, ren/o kidney
Combining Form: pyel/o renal pelvis
Combining Form: ureter/o ureter
Combining Form: urethr/o urethra
Combining Form: albumin/o albumin
Combining Form: azot/o urea, nitrogen
Combining Form: blast/o developing cell, germ cell
Combining Form: glyc/o, glycos/o sugar
Combining Form: hydr/o water
Combining Form: lith/o stone, calculus
Combining Form: noct/i *note that the combining vowel (CV) is i) night
Combining Form: olig/o scanty, few
Combining Form: son/o sound
Combining Form: tom/o cut, section
Combining Form: urin/o, ur/o urine, urinary tract
Suffix: -iasis, -esis condition
Suffix: -lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
Suffix: -megaly enlargement
Suffix: -ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
Suffix: -rrhaphy suturing, repairing
Suffix: -tripsy surgical crushing
Suffix: -trophy nourishment, development
Suffix: -uria urine, urination
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) inflammation of the bladder
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) cystocele (SIS-toe-seel) protrusion of the bladder
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) glomerulonephritis (glo-mer-yoo-lo-ne-FRY-tis) inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) hydronephrosis (hi-drow-ne-FRO-sis) abnormal condition of water in the kidney (distension of the renal pelvis with urine because of an obstruction)
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephritis (ne-FRI-tis) inflammation of the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroblastoma (nef-ro-blas-TOE-ma) kidney tumor containing developing cell (malignant tumor)(also called Wilm's tumor)
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrohypertrophy (nef-ro-hi-PER-tro-fee) ecessive development (increase in size) of the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephrolithiasis (nef-RO-lith-EYE-a-sis) condition of stone(s) in the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroma (nef-RO-ma) tumor of the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephromegaly (nef-ro-MEG-a-lee) enlargement of the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) nephroptosis (nef-rop-TO-sis) drooping kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelitis (pi-e-LI-tis) inflammation of the renal pelvis
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) pyelonephritis (pi-e-low-ne-FRI-tis) inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) uremia (you-REE-mee-a) condition of urine (urea) in the blood (toxic condition resulting from retention of by-products of the kidney in the blood)
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureteritis (you-ree-ter-EYE-tis) inflammation of a ureter
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterocele (you-REE-ter-o-seel) protrusion of a ureter
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterolithiasis (you-ree-ter-o-lith-EYE-a-sis) condition of stones in the ureters
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) ureterostenosis (you-ree-ter-o-sten-O-sis) narrowing of the ureter
Disease and Disorder Terms (built from Word Parts) urethrocystitis (you-ree-throw-sis-TIE-tis) inflammation of the urethra and the bladder
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) epispadias (ep-i-SPAY-dee-as) congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) hypospadias (hi-po-SPAY-dee-as) condition in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis; a similar defect canoccur in the female.
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) polycystic kidney disease (pol-i-SIS-tik) (KID-nee) (di-zeez) condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enlarged
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal calculi (REE-nal) (KAL-koo-lye) stones in the kidney
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) renal hypertension (REE-nal) (hi-per-TEN-shun) elevated blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) sepsis (SEP-sis) a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection (also called septicemia)
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary retention (YOU-rin-air-ee) (ree-TEN-shun) abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder because of the inability to urinate
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary suppression (YOU-rin-air-ree) (soo-PRESH-un) sudden stoppage of urine formation
Disease and Disorder Terms (NOT built from Word Parts) urinary tract infection (YOU-rin-air-ree) (trakt) infection of one or more organs of the urinary tract
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cyctectomy (sis-TEK-toe-mee) excision of the bladder
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystolithotomy (sis-toe-li-THOT-oh-mee) incision in the bladder to remove a stone
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystorrhaphy (sist-OR-a-fee) suturing of the bladder
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystostomy (sis-TOS-toe-mee) creating an artificial opening into the bladder
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) cystotomy (sis-TOT-oh-mee) or vesicotomy (ves-i-KOT-oh-mee) incision of the bladder
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) lithotripsy (LITH-oh-trip-see) surgical crushing of a stone
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) meatotomy (mee-ay-TOT-oh-mee) incision of the meatus
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrectomy (ne-FREK-toe-mee) excision of a kidney
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephrolysis (ne-FROL-i-sis) separating the kidney (from other body structures)
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropexy (NEF-roh-peks-ee) surgical fixation of the kidney
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) nephropyelolithotomy (nef-roh-pi-e-low-lith-OT-oh-mee) incision through the kidney to the renal pelvis to remove a stone
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) pyeloplasty (PIE-el-oh-plas-tee) surgical repair of the renal pelvis
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterectomy (you-ree-ter-EK-toe-mee) excision of a ureter
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) ureterostomy (you-ree-ter-OS-toe-mee) creation of an artificial opening into the ureter
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) urethroplasty (you-REE-throw-plas-tee) surgical repair of the urethra
Surgical Terms (built from word parts) vesicourethral suspension (ves-i-koh-you-REE-thral) suspension pertaining to the bladder and urethra
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ek-stra-kor-POR-ee-al) (LITH-oh-trip-see) a noninvasive treatment for removal of kidney or ureteral stones. By using ultrasound and fluoroscopic imaging, the stone is positioned at a focal point. Repeated firing of shock waves renders the stone into fragments that pass from the body in the urine. Also called Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) fulguration (ful-goo-RAY-shun) destruction of living tissue with an electric spark (a method commonly used to remove bladder growths)
Surgical Terms (NOT built from word parts) renal transplant (REE-nal) (trans-plant) surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney.