Unit 7 Vocabulary Definitions And Synonyms

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allay (v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
SYNONYMS: reduce, alleviate, moderate
ANTONYMS: aggravate, exacerbate, intensify
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence
and sensibility
SYNONYMS: animal, depraved, loathsome
ANTONYMS: human, humane, clement, virtuous, upright
convivial (adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
SYNONYMS: fun-loving, jovial, merry
ANTONYMS: dour, grim, sullen, unsociable
coterie (n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive,
group of people with a common interest
SYNONYMS: clique, set
counterpart (n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
demur (v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection
SYNONYMS: (v.) protest, object to
ANTONYMS: (v.) assent to, consent to, accept, agree to
effrontery (n.) shameless boldness, impudence
SYNONYMS: gall, chutzpah, nerve, impertinence, cheek
ANTONYMS: shyness, diffidence timidity
embellish (v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
SYNONYMS: ornament, garnish
ANTONYMS: strip, mar, disfigure
ephemeral (adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived
SYNONYMS: fleeting, transient, evanescent, transitory
ANTONYMS: durable, long-lasting, permanent, perpetual
felicitous (adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
SYNONYMS: fortunate, well-put
ANTONYMS: inappropriate, inept, graceless, unhappy
furtive (adj.) done shyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
SYNONYMS: clandestine, covert, surreptitious
ANTONYMS: forthright, aboveboard, open
garish (adj.) glaring, tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
SYNONYMS: gaudy, flashy, tawdry
ANTONYMS: subdued, muted, understated, quiet
illusory (adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
SYNONYMS: specious, spurious, fanciful, imaginary
ANTONYMS: actual, real, factual, objective
indigent (adj.) needy, impoverished
SYNONYMS: penniless, poverty-stricken, destitute
ANTONYMS: wealthy, affluent, prosperous
inordinate (adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
SYNONYMS: exorbitant, extravagant
ANTONYMS: moderate, reasonable, equitable
jettison (v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
SYNONYMS: cast off, discard, dump, junk, abandon
ANTONYMS: conserve, retain, hold on to, keep
misanthrope (n.) a person who hates or despises people
SYNONYMS: people-hater
pertinacious (adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
SYNONYMS: stubborn, dogged, determined

picayune (adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
SYNONYMS: inconsequential, piddling, trifling
ANTONYMS: important, significant, huge, gigantic
raiment (n.) clothing, garments
SYNONYMS: apparel, attire