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World Geography Honors Final

38 Questions
World Geography Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Muscat is the capital of:
    • A. 

      Yemen

    • B. 

      Qatar

    • C. 

      Bahrain

    • D. 

      Jordan

    • E. 

      Oman

  • 2. 
    During the summer, the government of Saudi Arabia relocates to:
    • A. 

      Riyadh

    • B. 

      Mecca

    • C. 

      Medina

    • D. 

      Khobar

    • E. 

      Taif

  • 3. 
    The Empty Quarter refers to the:
    • A. 

      Tanezrouft

    • B. 

      Registan

    • C. 

      Great Sand Sea

    • D. 

      Syrian Desert

    • E. 

      Rub al-Khali

  • 4. 
    Lebanon's historically prized ___ trees are now largely gone.
    • A. 

      Fir

    • B. 

      Pine

    • C. 

      Cedar

    • D. 

      Redwood

    • E. 

      Oak

  • 5. 
    Middle Eastern villagers:
    • A. 

      Were generally unaffected by the influences of European colonialism

    • B. 

      Generally own the village and the surrounding land collectively

    • C. 

      Took in the basic agricultural supplies and raw materials of the nomads and sold them to urbanites after processing or assembly as value-added goods.

    • D. 

      Outnumber both pastoral nomads and urbanites in most Middle Eastern countries

    • E. 

      Have left their villages for the cities in large numbers in recent decades

  • 6. 
    Pastoral nomads:
    • A. 

      Would plunder villages and caravan supply lines

    • B. 

      Use lowlands but not highlands in the region

    • C. 

      Are mainly herders of cattle

    • D. 

      Are no longer identified with tribes

    • E. 

      Have traditionally grown their grain on land rented from villagers

  • 7. 
    The Persian bazaar is known as the _____ in Arabic.
    • A. 

      Medina

    • B. 

      Suq

    • C. 

      Wadi

    • D. 

      Simuum

    • E. 

      Qat

  • 8. 
    Which two languages are written in the same script, yet are unrelated?
    • A. 

      Hebrew and Arabic

    • B. 

      Turkish and Farsi

    • C. 

      Farsi and Arabic

    • D. 

      Pashto and Arabic

    • E. 

      Hebrew and Turkish

  • 9. 
    Which of these statements about Judaism is false?
    • A. 

      Judaism does not have a fixed creed or doctrine

    • B. 

      Judaism is a proselytizing religion similar to Islam and Christianity

    • C. 

      Judaism does not have an acknowledged starting point in time

    • D. 

      There are about 13 million Jews around the world today

    • E. 

      Judaism's First Temple was built by King Solomon in about 950 B.C.

  • 10. 
    Of these five events, which would come second in chronological order?
    • A. 

      Romans quash Jewish rebellion in Jerusalem

    • B. 

      Assyrians attack Israel

    • C. 

      Jews head to Canaan for the second time

    • D. 

      United Kingdom of Israel splits into two kingdoms

    • E. 

      Jews exiled to Mesopotamia

  • 11. 
    Which of these statements about the Temple Mount/Haraam ash-Sharif is false?
    • A. 

      The Western Wall is the most sacred site accessible to Jews

    • B. 

      The Dome of the Rock is known today as the al-Aqsa mosque

    • C. 

      Al-Haraam ash-Sharif means "The Noble Sanctuary" in Arabic

    • D. 

      The Temple Mount/Haraam ash-Sharif is located in the eastern part of Old Jerusalem

    • E. 

      The Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Jesus' surname only became Christ after his death

    • B. 

      Jesus' teachings invalidated many Jewish doctrines

    • C. 

      Roman Emperor Constantine became a Christian in 324 AD

    • D. 

      The Church of the Holy Sepulcher lies in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem

    • E. 

      Muslims regard Jesus as a prophet

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about Sunni and Shi'ite Islam is correct?
    • A. 

      Iran and Syria are the only official Shi'ite Islam countries

    • B. 

      Shi'ite troops murdered Hussein at the battle of Karbala

    • C. 

      Shi'ite Muslims believe only direct descendants of Muhammad can be caliph

    • D. 

      Muhammad named Ali as his successor as caliph

    • E. 

      Shi'ite Muslims do not participate in the hajj

  • 14. 
    Which of these statements about Islam is false?
    • A. 

      The original polytheistic Ka'aba shrine was destroyed in AD 630

    • B. 

      Muslim armies quickly overtook the Byzantine and Sassanian empires after Muhammad's death

    • C. 

      Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are all holy cities in Islam

    • D. 

      Interpretations of the Koran are stricter in Saudi Arabia than in Egypt

    • E. 

      Damascus was once the center of a large Muslim empire

  • 15. 
    Which of these is not one of the five pillars of Islam?
    • A. 

      Almsgiving

    • B. 

      Fasting

    • C. 

      Pilgrimage

    • D. 

      Prayer

    • E. 

      Humility

  • 16. 
    Which of these Gulf countries does not have a large reserve of petroleum?
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      Iran

    • C. 

      United Arab Emirates

    • D. 

      Kuwait

    • E. 

      Bahrain

  • 17. 
    OPEC was created in order to:
    • A. 

      Give oil-producing countries higher shares of profits from petroleum

    • B. 

      Nationalize the oil-producing companies in the Gulf region

    • C. 

      Provide a stabilizing factor in the output and pricing of oil

    • D. 

      Make sure profits from oil production were invested wisely in the Gulf countries

    • E. 

      Give a political voice to oil-producing countries at the United Nations

  • 18. 
    What event led to the Suez Crisis of 1956?
    • A. 

      An Israeli attack upon the Suez Canal

    • B. 

      A joint French and British invasion of Egypt

    • C. 

      The closure of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping

    • D. 

      The construction of new pipelines across Israel to bypass the canal

    • E. 

      The Egyptian nationalization of the canal

  • 19. 
    Which body of water connects on the west to the Strait of Hormuz?
    • A. 

      The Red Sea

    • B. 

      The Gulf of Aqaba

    • C. 

      The Indian Ocean

    • D. 

      The Persian Gulf

    • E. 

      The Gulf of Oman

  • 20. 
    Which country has been the most dependent on oil pipelines?
    • A. 

      Iran

    • B. 

      Israel

    • C. 

      Saudi Arabia

    • D. 

      Turkey

    • E. 

      Iraq

  • 21. 
    Most of the Gulf's oil is marketed to ___ and ____.
    • A. 

      The United States; Western Europe

    • B. 

      The United States; Japan

    • C. 

      Western Europe; China

    • D. 

      Western Europe; Japan

    • E. 

      The United States; China

  • 22. 
    The broadest definiton of "Islamist" usually refers to people who:
    • A. 

      Are members of militant or jihadist terrorist organizations

    • B. 

      Practice Wahhabism and other forms of "fundamentalist" Islam

    • C. 

      Call for Muslim nations to reject Western-style materialism and morality

    • D. 

      Want the overthrow of governments in the region that do not practice shari'a law

    • E. 

      Follow the teachings of the Hadith instead of the Koran

  • 23. 
    The Hadith is:
    • A. 

      The second volume of the Koran

    • B. 

      A collection of writings by 19th and 20th-century Islamists

    • C. 

      A series of religious edicts and injunctions used by al-Qa'ida to justify their actions

    • D. 

      The sayings of the Prophet Muhammad

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    In Osama bin Laden's 1996 fatwa, which of these was not one of his stated goals?
    • A. 

      Liberate the cities of Mecca and Medina

    • B. 

      Drive the Jews out of occupied Palestine

    • C. 

      Remove the U.S. forces from the Arabian Peninsula

    • D. 

      Overthrow the government of Saudi Arabia

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Which of these countries has not suffered a major al-Qa'ida related terrorist attack between 1998 and 2004?
    • A. 

      Morocco

    • B. 

      Tunisia

    • C. 

      Turkey

    • D. 

      Israel

    • E. 

      Philippines

  • 26. 
    Israel regards which country as an "existential threat?"
    • A. 

      Jordan

    • B. 

      Syria

    • C. 

      Iraq

    • D. 

      Iran

    • E. 

      Lebanon

  • 27. 
    Which of these statements is false?
    • A. 

      The "Carter Doctrine" was issued after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

    • B. 

      The WHO calculates that 27 gallons of water per person per day is the minimum necessary for basic health and sanitation

    • C. 

      The Petroline was constructed to bypass the Strait of Hormuz

    • D. 

      The Baluchistan Desert straddles the border of Pakistan and Iran

    • E. 

      Most of northern and western Turkey is devoted to grain and dairy farming

  • 28. 
    In what mountainous area do many Biblical scholars believe Noah's Ark lies?
    • A. 

      The Anatolian Plateau

    • B. 

      The Hindu Kush

    • C. 

      The Pontic Mountains

    • D. 

      The Armenian Knot

    • E. 

      The Zagros Mountains

  • 29. 
    The largest country in the region as measured by area is:
    • A. 

      Saudi Arabia

    • B. 

      Sudan

    • C. 

      Algeria

    • D. 

      Iran

    • E. 

      Libya

  • 30. 
    Which of these statements is false?
    • A. 

      Israel has the highest GDP-PPP in the region as of 2004

    • B. 

      The Six-Day War occurred in 1967

    • C. 

      Al-Qa-ida seldom announces its responsibility for its terrorist actions

    • D. 

      Jordan and Israel produce no oil of their own

    • E. 

      Muslim women can hold and inherit property and keep their maiden names after marriage

  • 31. 
    Which mountains lie just south of the Caspian Sea?
    • A. 

      Pontic Mountains

    • B. 

      Elburz Mountains

    • C. 

      Zagros Mountains

    • D. 

      Taurus Mountains

    • E. 

      Asir Mountains

  • 32. 
    Which of the following statements about the middle eastern ecological trilogy is false?
    • A. 

      The village provides the city with tax revenue, workers and soldiers

    • B. 

      City-dwellers have sought to control the movements and military capabilities of pastoral nomads

    • C. 

      Most pastoral nomads practice transhumance in mountainous areas

    • D. 

      The Middle Eastern villager became the least important part of the trilogy after the mid-20th century

    • E. 

      Villages tend to be composed of closely-related family groups

  • 33. 
    About _____ of the world's proven petroleum reserves are located around the Persian Gulf.
    • A. 

      One-half

    • B. 

      One-third

    • C. 

      Three-quarters

    • D. 

      Two-thirds

    • E. 

      Two-fifths

  • 34. 
    Why is Gulf oil relatively cheap to produce?
    • A. 

      The enormous military presence of the United States in the region helps protect the oil producers and lowers the overall cost

    • B. 

      The vast number of shallow wells reduces the amount of machinery and technology needed to pump the oil, which means lower costs to the consuming nations

    • C. 

      OPEC subsidizes the Middle Eastern-owned oil companies and all the equipment and labor they need to produce a consistent amount of petroleum

    • D. 

      The region's oil-bearing strata is thick, which leads to enormous productivity in each individual oil well, leading to lower extraction costs

    • E. 

      Both a and d

  • 35. 
    Which of these was not a result of the dramatic rising of oil prices after 1973?
    • A. 

      Coal replaced oil in many electricity-generating power stations

    • B. 

      The world entered an economic recession due in part to high oil prices

    • C. 

      Food production in LDCs decreased

    • D. 

      A dramatic increase of oil production in OPEC members to capitalize on the high prices

    • E. 

      Tremendous inflation during the oil embargo in the United States

  • 36. 
    What was one of the first major oil pipelines constructed in the region?
    • A. 

      Petroline

    • B. 

      Iraq-Saudi Arabia Pipeline

    • C. 

      Tapline

    • D. 

      SUMED

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 37. 
    Which of these statements about hydropolitics is false?
    • A. 

      Israel receives about 40% of its fresh water from an aquifer that lies largely under the West Bank

    • B. 

      The Nile Water Agreement allows Egypt to inspect the entire length of the Nile River to ensure the compliance of other nations with the agreement

    • C. 

      Turkey increased the flow of the Euphrates River into Syria in 1987 in exchange for stopping Syria from arming and supporting Kurds in Turkey

    • D. 

      There are fears that Egypt's Toshka Canal project will waste money and that evaporation and salinization will take a huge toll on the country's water supply

    • E. 

      Israel bombed the join Syrian-Jodanian Unity Dam in 1967 to prevent Israel's loss of fresh water from the Jordan River

  • 38. 
    The first terrorist attack upon the World Trade Center occurred in:
    • A. 

      1991

    • B. 

      1992

    • C. 

      1993

    • D. 

      1994

    • E. 

      1995