Psychology- Chapter 5

20 Questions  I  By Natru64
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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    If a gene shows its effects more in one sex than the other because certain hormones activate it, the gene is said to be
    • A. 

      Sex limited

    • B. 

      Recessive

    • C. 

      Sex linked

    • D. 

      Chromosomal


  • 2. 
    Which of the folowing statement would be most conclusive?
    • A. 

      Similarites in monozygotic twins raised apart must be genetic

    • B. 

      Dizygotic twins separated at birth have fewer similarities than monozygotic twins separated at birth, indicating a strong genetic influence

    • C. 

      Similarites between adopted children and their adoptive parents indicates a genetic influence

    • D. 

      If something is under genetic control, it cannot be modified by the enviroment


  • 3. 
    Infant with low birth weight
    • A. 

      May catch up in development to infants with higher birth weight

    • B. 

      Have irreversible brain damage

    • C. 

      Tend to be over achievers

    • D. 

      Usually have enviroments that are similar to infants with higher birth weights.

    • E. 

      Have a lower risk of dying than heavier infants


  • 4. 
    An infant's response to a sound ("ba") decreases every time she hears it. She is showing evidence of
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Disinhibition

    • C. 

      Blocking

    • D. 

      Evolution


  • 5. 
    An infant see a toy car go down a slope and emerge from behind a screen in either a possible or impossible situation. What happened?
    • A. 

      Infants stared longer at the possible than at the impossible event

    • B. 

      Infants stared equally long at both events

    • C. 

      Because infants do not have object permanence, they didnt stare at either event; they assume that the car was gone when it went behind the screen

    • D. 

      Infants stared longer at the impossible than at the possible event


  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of egocentric thought, as Piaget described it?
    • A. 

      Johnny argues that his sister should not touch his toys

    • B. 

      Michael draws a pile of blocks and he sees them, even when asked to draw how they would look from your side

    • C. 

      Diane looks for the candy under the cup indicated by an "informed" adult

    • D. 

      Jamie does not hunt for Easter eggs because he assumes that hidden objects are gone


  • 7. 
    Susie grasps at a new puppy and tries to shake him like a rattle. She is showing
    • A. 

      A lack of conservation

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Concrete operational thought

    • D. 

      Object permanence

    • E. 

      An inability to accommodate


  • 8. 
    A child in the formal operations stage can do which of the following that cannot be dont by a child in the concrete operation stage?
    • A. 

      Show conservation

    • B. 

      Have the concept of object permanence

    • C. 

      Be able to assimilate

    • D. 

      Solve problems systematically

    • E. 

      Distinguish between "pa" and "ba'


  • 9. 
    Piaget argued that children in the preopertational stage fail conservation tasks because they lack the necessary mental processes. Moost research suggests that 
    • A. 

      The relevant mental processes emerge suddenly at a particular age

    • B. 

      Children usually grow out of this stage and successfully pass conservation tasks that they once failed

    • C. 

      Giving children water to pour and balls of clay to squash speeds up their understand of conservation

    • D. 

      Piaget overestimated the abilities of young children

    • E. 

      Children fail the tasks only because they do not understand the question


  • 10. 
    Research suggesting that adults soometime engage in egocenric thinking has shown that 
    • A. 

      Adults are unable to create a picture from another person's picture

    • B. 

      Adults will provide unnecessary information, suggesting they do not fully understand the other person's perspective

    • C. 

      In situations where they are asked to use a model of a room, adults are not able to effectively use the model to "find" the hidden object

    • D. 

      Adults believe that only their perspective is the correct one

    • E. 

      Adults will pour more liquid into a shower, wider glass than a tall, thin glass


  • 11. 
    The tendency for some kinds of people to be more likely than others to drop our of a study known as 
    • A. 

      Systematic variation

    • B. 

      Equilibration

    • C. 

      Evolution

    • D. 

      Accommodation

    • E. 

      Selective attrition


  • 12. 
    Today's 20 year olds scroe higher on an IQ test than today's 60 year olds. To say that this is due to a cohort effect means that 
    • A. 

      IQ declines with age

    • B. 

      The group of 60 year old is a dull group and the 20 year old are a bright group

    • C. 

      The effects are due to the longitudinal design

    • D. 

      There is a correlation, but cause cannot be determined

    • E. 

      The effects may be due to health and education differeneces while the group were growing up.


  • 13. 
    Michael is 21 and he is trying to decide whether to marry now or wait until he has finished graduate school. He is in which of Erikson's stages? 
    • A. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • B. 

      Identity vs. role diffusion

    • C. 

      Ego integrity vs. despair

    • D. 

      Identity foreclosure vs. identity achievement


  • 14. 
    Research on the effect of the quantity of the day care on behavior suggests 
    • A. 

      The likelihood of subsequent behavior problems increase for children who enter daycare after they turn 5

    • B. 

      Children entering day care before age 5 will likely end up as "controversial" children

    • C. 

      The likelihood of subsequent behavior problems increase for children who enter daycare before turning 1

    • D. 

      Children should never be left home with the mother because it will result in an "avoidant" attachment style

    • E. 

      Children will develop lower IQs as the number of children in the daycare center with them increases


  • 15. 
    Adolescence is sometimes characterized as a period of "storm and stress". Which of the following is most true about the "storm and stress" of this period?
    • A. 

      Genes contribute to degree of conflict

    • B. 

      Are most common in teens who are particularly obedient to their parents

    • C. 

      Occurs during the midlife transition

    • D. 

      Occurs only for teenagers who believe strongly in the personal fable


  • 16. 
    Dr. Frodul has just turned 46. He decides that his life is not going anywhere. He has always wanted to backpack through Italy, so he quits his job, buys a backpack and takes off for Italy. Dr. Frodul has experenced 
    • A. 

      A "honeymoon period"

    • B. 

      A failure in gender role identity

    • C. 

      An autonomy vs. shame and doubt crisis

    • D. 

      Midlife transition or crisis

    • E. 

      An ego integrity vs. despair crisis


  • 17. 
    John has worked the same job for the last 37 years. John has centered his entire life around his job. When John retires he will likely experience 
    • A. 

      A sense of loss

    • B. 

      increased stress

    • C. 

      A personal fable

    • D. 

      Identity foreclosures


  • 18. 
    In which situation does a child have the best chance of normal development> 
    • A. 

      The child enter day care at age 3 and day care is poor

    • B. 

      The child enter day care at age 1 and day care is adequate

    • C. 

      The parents have just been divorced and the mother goes to work for the first time

    • D. 

      The child enters day care at age 3 and day care is adequate


  • 19. 
    Research on biracial individuals suggests that 
    • A. 

      Biracial individual usually identify with the rare of their mother

    • B. 

      Biracial individual usually identify with the rare of their father

    • C. 

      Biracial individual usually identify with the both races

    • D. 

      Biracial individual will usually create a new race and identify with it.


  • 20. 
    If an immigrant to the United States is able to alternate between his native culture and that of the United States, he is showing 
    • A. 

      Biculturalism

    • B. 

      Total assimilation

    • C. 

      Bilingualism

    • D. 

      Difficulty with acculturation

    • E. 

      Gender identity


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