A&p II Chapt 10 Test

40 Questions  I  By Bismarkf
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 a&p II chapt 10 test

  
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  • 1. 
    Tremors, increase heart rate, weight loss, and heat intolerance are symptoms of:
    • A. 

      Hypothyroidism

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • C. 

      Hyperadrenalism

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 2. 
    Gigantism is an excess growth hormone that occurs in:
    • A. 

      Children

    • B. 

      Adults

    • C. 

      Any age

    • D. 

      Males only


  • 3. 
    The gland is divided into anterior and posterior segments:
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Adrenal gland

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Thyroid


  • 4. 
    The glands that are responsible for the production of milk are called the
    • A. 

      Gonads

    • B. 

      Adrenals

    • C. 

      Mammary glands


  • 5. 
    Which of the endocrine organs can effectively control the pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Pineal

    • C. 

      Thyroid


  • 6. 
    Chemical messengers released directly into the bloodstream, with the ability to affect cells for hours or days, are called ________.  
    • A. 

      Transmitters

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 7. 
    The ________ gland is important in regulating blood glucose.
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Adrenals

    • C. 

      Pancrease

    • D. 

      All of these


  • 8. 
    _______  steroids are a class of molecules that cause an increase in muscle mass
    • A. 

      NSAIDS

    • B. 

      Prednisone

    • C. 

      Anabolic

    • D. 

      Any of these


  • 9. 
     Insulin and glucagon are produced by the ________.
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Pancrease

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Pineal


  • 10. 
    Melatonin is produced by the:
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Pituitary

    • D. 

      Pineal


  • 11. 
    A condition that is characterized by the need to drink excessive water and normal ADH levels is known as?
    • A. 

      DM

    • B. 

      DM type II

    • C. 

      Psychognic diabetes

    • D. 

      Diabetes insipidus


  • 12. 
    Diabetes insipidus is an endocrine disorder characterized by too little ADH
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    In Graves disease there is an overproduction of thyroid hormone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    The Thymus sits behind the sternum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    The adrenals are located on top of the kidneys.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    The adrenals are divided into 2 layers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    The adrenal cortex produces cortisol as of of its hormones.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    The adrenal cortex produces epinephrine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Prolactin is produced in the anterior pituitary.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    The hypothalamus produces LH and FSH.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Diabetes type II is an autoimmune disease.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 22. 
    The pituitary gland is located _________to the hypothalamus.
    • A. 

      Superior

    • B. 

      Inferior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Medial


  • 23. 
    The thyroid is located in the:
    • A. 

      Base of the brain

    • B. 

      Mid-neck

    • C. 

      Behind the sternum

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 24. 
    A 45 year-old patient with insulin resistance, obesity, using medications for diabetes, and is on a diet and exercise program most likely has:
    • A. 

      Diabetes type II

    • B. 

      Diabetes insipidus

    • C. 

      Diabetes type II

    • D. 

      Hyperadrenalism


  • 25. 
    In homeostasis, the process that opposes or shutsdown a stimulus is known as____________
    • A. 

      Positive feedback

    • B. 

      Negative feedback

    • C. 

      Homeostasis

    • D. 

      Set point


  • 26. 
    Chemical messengers released by the endocrine glands are called hormones.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    The posterior pituitary produces the hormones__________
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Oxytocin

    • C. 

      Melanin

    • D. 

      ACTH

    • E. 

      ADH and OXT

    • F. 

      ACTH and OXT

    • G. 

      MSH and OXT


  • 28. 
    The following substance can shut down ADH
    • A. 

      Citric juice

    • B. 

      Soda

    • C. 

      NSAIDs

    • D. 

      Caffeine

    • E. 

      Alcohol

    • F. 

      NSAIDs and Alcohol

    • G. 

      Caffeine and Alcohol


  • 29. 
    In a patient with diabetes insipidus, if they stop the intake of fluids you would expect__________
    • A. 

      The urine production to continue

    • B. 

      Urine becomes very concentrated due to lack of fluid intake

    • C. 

      The blood sugar to rise rapidly

    • D. 

      The urine becomes very yellow


  • 30. 
    The most common cause of Cushing's syndrome is ____________
    • A. 

      A tumor in the adrenals

    • B. 

      Pituitary mass

    • C. 

      Steroid medications

    • D. 

      Inherited


  • 31. 

    A 45 year-old male presents with complaints of fatigue, depressiion and weight gain. Vital signs are within normal limits except the blood pressure which is elevated. On physical exam you note truncal obesity, blue to purplish striations, and a moon face. A picture on a physical finding is shown below. What is the cause of this patient's condition?
    • A. 

      GH increase

    • B. 

      PRL increase

    • C. 

      Anabolic steroids only

    • D. 

      Steroid medication use

    • E. 

      Heart disease


  • 32. 

    A 47 year-old male presents with complaints of headache and hearing loss.  He has been a patient of your for 20 years. You notice that over the years his voice is become deeper and his hands have been getting larger. He also tells you that he shoe size has increased over the years. All physical exam findings are normal including weight and height. A picture is shown below. What is the most likely cause of his condiiton?
    • A. 

      Smoking

    • B. 

      Anabolic steroids

    • C. 

      Anterior pituitary tumor

    • D. 

      Cortisol levels

    • E. 

      Posterior pituitary tumor


  • 33. 

    The sign shown below is characteristic of____________
    • A. 

      Hashimotos thyroiditis

    • B. 

      Goiter

    • C. 

      Graves disease

    • D. 

      Iodine therapy


  • 34. 
    If serum calcium levels fall, this hormone is likely to increase:
    • A. 

      Calcitonin

    • B. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • C. 

      Thyroid hormone

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 35. 
    Normal levels of fasting blood sugar are_____________
    • A. 

      50 - 100 mg/dL

    • B. 

      70-90 mg/dL

    • C. 

      70 - 110 mg/dL

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 36. 
    Diabetes type 2 is considered a multifactoral disease
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    Diabetes type 2 may be autoimmune in most cases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    The prolonged use of Anabolic steroids may shutdown the hypothalamus and cause the body not to make its own testosterone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    High cortisol levels are associated with stroke in overweight patients
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    Loss of bone density is a common side effect of steroids
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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